Sunnat at-Takbeer during the First 10 Days of Dhul-Hijjah
The first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah are greatest days in Allah’s sight. Allah (Subhanaahu wa Ta’ala) swore by them in His Book, and swearing by something indicates its merits , great virtue and benefit.
Allah (Subhanaahu wa Ta’ala) says in Surat al-Fajr, Verse 1-2
وَالْفَجْرِ وَلَيَالٍ عَشْر
“By the dawn” “And [by] ten nights”
Ibn ‘abbas, Ibn Zabayr, Mujahid and others among the Salaf and the latter generations said that “the ten night’s refers to the (first) ten days of Dhul-Hijjah.” Ibn Kateer (Rahimahullaah) says: “This is the correct (opinion).” [Tafser Ibn Katheer]
The Prophet (Salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said:
‘There are no days during which righteous deeds are more beloved to Allaah than these 10 days (i.e. the first days of Dhul-Hijjah).’ The Companions (Radia Allaahu ‘anhuma) said: “O Messenger of Allaah not even Jihaad in the cause of Allaah?’
He (Salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) replied: ‘Not even Jihaad in the cause of Allaah. Except the one who went to fight taking himself and his wealth but did not return with either of them.'” Narrated by Ibn ‘Abbas (Radia Allaahu ‘anhuma) [Al-Bukhaari & At-Tirmidhi]
Among the good deeds that one can perform during these days are the remembrance of Allah by Takbeer and Tahleel, according to the following evidences.
1- Allah (Subhanaahu wa Ta’ala) says in Surat al-Hajj, Verse 28:
لِيَشْهَدُوا مَنَافِعَ لَهُمْ وَيَذْكُرُوا اسْمَ اللَّهِ فِي أَيَّامٍ مَّعْلُومَاتٍ عَلَى مَا رَزَقَهُم مِّن بَهِيمَةِ الْأَنْعَامِ
“That they may witness benefits for themselves and mention the name of Allah on known (specific) days over what He has provided for them of [sacrificial] animals.”
Ibn ‘Abbas (Radia Allaahu ‘anhu) said that the specific days are the ten days of Dhul-Hijjah. Al-Bukhaari narrated this with a disconnected chain a manner denoting his approval of it. [Tafseer Ibn Katheer]
2- Allah (Subhanaahu wa Ta’ala) also says in Surat al-Baqarah, Verse 203:
وَاذْكُرُواْ اللّهَ فِي أَيَّامٍ مَّعْدُودَاتٍ
And remember Allah during [specific] numbered days.
These days are the days of Tashriq (i.e. 11th, 12th and 13th days of the month) of Dhul-Hijjah , spend them by saying the Takbeer.
3- The Prophet (Salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said:
“The Days of Tashriq are days of eating, drinking and remembrance of Allah, the Great and Glorious.” [Reported by Muslim]
The Description of Takbeer
1- To say:
ALLAHu Akbar… ALLAHu Akbar… Laa ilaha illa-ALLAH…. ALLAHu akbar ALLAHu Akbar…. wa lillahil-hamd
2- To say:
ALLAHu Akbar….ALLAHu Akbar….ALLAHu Akbar….Laa ilaha illa-ALLAH….ALLAHu akbar …..ALLAHu Akbar….wa lillahil-hamd
ALLAHu Akbar….ALLAHu Akbar…. ALLAHu Akbar…. Laa ilaha illa-ALLAH….ALLAHu akbar….ALLAHu akbar ….ALLAHu Akbar …wa lillahil-hamd
1- Unrestricted Takbeer
It is Sunnah to say it at any time in the morning and/or evening, before offering the Salat and/or after the Salat, in every time.
It is Sunnah to say it during the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah and the days of Tashriq, starting from the commencement of the month of Dhul-Hijjah (i.e. from the sunset of the last day of the month of Dhul-Qa’idah) till the last days of Tashriq (i.e from sunset of the last days of Tashriq (i.e the Asr prayer of the 13th of Dhul-Hijjah)
Shaikh Bin ‘Uthaimeen (Rahimahullaah) said: “It ends with the sunset of the last day of Tashriq.” [Ash-Sharh al-Mumti’e]
It is said after finishing the obligatory prayers. It starts from the Fajr of the day of ‘Arafah (i.e. 9th of Dhul-Hijjah) till the Asr prayer of the 13th of Dhul-Hijjah (i.e. last day of Tashriq). It is also said in addition to the unrestricted Takbeer, that is when one finished the obligatory prayer and says “Astaghfirullaah” three times and says “Allahumma anta as Salaam wa minkas-salaam, Tabaarakta yaa dhal-Jalaali wal-Ikraam,” he will start saying the Takbeer.
The above explanation is for a non pilgrim. As for a pilgrim:
It is better for him to be occupied with Talbiyah when he is in state of Ihram till he stoned the Jamaratul-Aqabah on the Day of Sacrifice (10th of Dhul-Hijjah) then afterwards, he starts the Takbeer. He starts saying the Takbeer with throwing the first pebble at Jamratul-Aqabah. [Fatawa Shaikh Bin Baaz]
Sheikh Bin Uthaimeen (Rahimahullaah) said: “The pilgrim starts the Takbeer from Dhuhur prayer on the day of sacrifice (10th of Dhul-Hijjah.” [Sharh al-Mumti’e]
Accordingly, the unrestricted Takbeer and the restricted Takbeer join together in five days, which are the days of ‘Arafah, the day of Nahr (10th of Dhul-Hijjah) and the days of Tashriq.
The 8th Day of Dhul-Hijjah and before that, starting from the beginning of the month, the Takbeer is unrestricted.