The rights of the Sahabas & Sahaabiyaat (Radia Allaahu ‘anhum) – 4th Sunday Dec. 2011
The belief in Allah is based on two matters:
- Knowing Him.
- Knowing His Right.
This is the basic principle of all the rest of the beliefs. Next comes the test of these beliefs and then the impact of these beliefs on the believer.
The Prophet (Salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said, his ummah will be separate into 73 sects, all of them will be in hell except one.
Who is the saved sect? What are their descriptions?
They are those who adhere to what he (Salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) brought and his Companions (Radia Allaahu ‘anhum).
Accordingly, Ahl as-Sunnah al-Jama’ah are those who followed and adapted the way of the Prophet (Salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) and his Companions (Radia Allaahu ‘anhum) in the matter of belief and then in the matter of actions.
What is the reason behind the difference and separation?
The Prophet (Salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said, “The best generation is my generation, then those who follow them, then those who follow them.”
In order to be of Ahl as-Sunnah wal- Jama’ah, you should adhere to the Quran, follow the teaching of Prophet (Salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) and his Companions (Radia Allaahu ‘anhum).
The reason behind the difference in behaviour and actions is due to deviation of the belief.
When we check the behaviour that is prevailing nowadays, it all indicates that there is no magnification for Allah nor respect for the Sunnah of the Prophet (Salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) .
for example: Nowadays there is no modesty, nakedness prevailing everywhere.
The Prophet (Salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said, “Modesty is one of the ranks of faith.” This indicates weak faith among people.
Mother of Believers
Their motherhood has been assured from Allah. The evidence of this can be seen when Allah says in Surat al-Ahzab, verse 6
النَّبِيُّ أَوْلَى بِالْمُؤْمِنِينَ مِنْ أَنْفُسِهِمْ وَأَزْوَاجُهُ أُمَّهَاتُهُمْ وَأُولُو الأرْحَامِ بَعْضُهُمْ أَوْلَى بِبَعْضٍ فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُهَاجِرِينَ إِلا أَنْ تَفْعَلُوا إِلَى أَوْلِيَائِكُمْ مَعْرُوفًا كَانَ ذَلِكَ فِي الْكِتَابِ مَسْطُورًا
“The Prophet is more worthy of the believers than themselves, and his wives are [in the position of] their mothers. And those of [blood] relationship are more entitled [to inheritance] in the decree of Allah than the [other] believers and the emigrants, except that you may do to your close associates a kindness [through bequest]. That was in the Book inscribed.”
The Prophet is more worthy of the believers than themselves. (i.e is more worthy of their obedience and loyalty and is more concerned for them than they are for one another), and his wives are (in the position of) their mothers.
This motherhood is religious motherhood, they have more rights upon us than our own blood mothers. This is an honour for the muslims.
The Rights of the Sahabiyas on muslims
- To be dutiful to them (to have correct belief concerning them).
- To praise them
- To talk good about them and advising ourselves with their rights, especially Aisha (Radia Allaahu ‘anha) and Khadijah (Radia Allaahu ‘anha).
- To spread their Aqeedah.
If one holds fast to the Book of Allah, no difference will happen and no deviation.
What belief should be established in our heart regarding the Mothers of Believers?
- To believe that Allah honoured them by making them wives for the Prophet and the Prophet loved them (with different levels of love.) And we love whomever Allah and His Messenger love.
- Allah named them Mothers (We should take them as our mothers)
- They are the wives of our Prophet. We love them because the Prophet loved them.
- Abundant knowledge has been transmitted through them.
- They are pure, chaste and noble women.
Allah says in Surat Al Ahzab, Verse 32:
يَا نِسَاءَ النَّبِيِّ لَسْتُنَّ كَأَحَدٍ مِنَ النِّسَاءِ إِنِ اتَّقَيْتُنَّ فَلا تَخْضَعْنَ بِالْقَوْلِ فَيَطْمَعَ الَّذِي فِي قَلْبِهِ مَرَضٌ وَقُلْنَ قَوْلا مَعْرُوفًا
“O wives of the Prophet, you are not like anyone among women.”
In addition, we should remind ourselves of their statements which were very brief but beneficial.
Aisha (Radia Allaahu ‘anha) was once asked: ‘How are you?’. She answered saying “Good, as long as I am fearing Allah.”
This statement is a statement to be followed as it is very beneficial. (What she meant here was she as long as she feared Allah and she is dutiful to Him, she will be good). She magnified Taqwa and joined it with goodness. SubhanaAllah!
What should our attitude be towards the Sahabas (Radia Allaahu ‘anhum)?
We should believe in the Sahabahs
Bear in mind, that our relation with any muslim is based on honour.
The Prophet (Salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said, in his farewell sermon,
“Verily, your blood, property and your honour are as inviolable as the inviolability of this day of yours, in this month of yours, in this town of yours.” [Muslim]
Who has assigned this inviolability?
Allah has assigned it and He made for every muslim inviolability and rights.
We muslims should Magnify Allah, Honor our Prophet (Salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) and dignify our Sahabas (Radia Allaahu ‘anhum)
Allah has chosen His Messenger (Salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam), He has chosen for him the Sahabahs and He has chosen for him his wives.
Therefore any defame or accusation of the Prophet or his Companions or Wives is considered a defame of Allah’s Wisdom, His Knowledge and Ability.
Allah praised them in many verses in the Quran such as Surat al-Fath, Surat al-Anfal, Surat al-Ahzab.
One should not receive these verses with denial , belie or claim the Quran is changed.
There are series of transgression against the Right of Allah.
We should believe that:
- Allah chose His Messenger and chose for him his Companions and Allah honoured them and we should believe with certainty that if Allah wills something, He will bring into existence the means for it.
- Allah made the Sahabahs the means of spreading Islam after His Messenger.
- We draw close to Allah by loving them for His Sake (and this is the strongest bond of faith; to love whom Allah loves and hate whom He hates).
- We also believe that they are of different ranks: The best two of all the companions are Abu Bakr and Omar (Radia Allaah ‘anhuma) then Othman and Ali (Radia Allaahu ‘anhuma).
- We affirm paradise for whomever the Prophet (Salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) has affirmed paradise for by name. The most famous ten are the one whom the Prophet (Salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) mentioned.
Know that they have rights upon us, (such that if you fulfill you will be considered a believer.)
These rights include:
- To pray for them by asking Allah’s Pleasure for them. (i.e by saying Radia Allaahu ‘anhum). When you say this, you have to believe that Allah is pleased with them and you are asking Allah to be pleased with them.
- To keep silent regarding the dispute and fights that happened among them:
- In order to keep their status high in our hearts. Defaming them is one of the matters that diminish faith; it is Gheebah.
- There is no benefit or interest in talking about this dispute.
3. Spread their merits.
May Allah make it easy for us give the due rights to our Sahabas and Sahabiyas (Radia Allahu ‘anhum). Ameen.