Riya’a: Nullifier of the Deeds (Part 4) – Sunday, 8th Jan. 2012
Because of the importance of Sincerity, the Prophet (Salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) used to say after every obligatory prayer:
لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له ، له الملك ، وله الحمد وهو على كل شئ قدير ، لا حول ولا قوة إلا بالله ، لا إله إلا الله ، ولا نعبد إلا إياه له النعمة وله الفضل وله الثناء الحسن لا إله إلا الله مخلصين له الدين ولو كره الكافرون- [Muslim]
‘None has the right to be worshipped except Allah, alone, without partner, to Him belongs all sovereignty and praise and He is over all things omnipotent. There is no might nor power except with Allah, none has the right to be worshipped except Allah and we worship none except Him. For Him is all favour, grace, and glorious praise. None has the right to be worshipped except Allah and we are sincere in faith and devotion to Him although the disbelievers detest it.’
“La ilaha illa Allaah wah dahu la shareeka lahu, lahu al mulku wa lahu al Hamdu, wa Huwa ‘ala Kuli shay’in Qadir, La Hawla wala Qu’wata illa billaah, La ilaha illa Allaah, wa la na’a budu illa ‘Iyah, lahu an-ni’ma wa lahu al fadhlu, wa lahu an thanaa’ al Husna, La ilaha illa Allaah, Mukhliseena lahu ad Deen wa law kari’ha al Kafiroon”
Last week, we ended the post with a Hadith which was an evidence that Riyaa’ can be a reason for the person to enter Hell Fire.
Narrated Abu Hurairah (Radia Allaahu ‘anhu): I heard Allah’s Messenger (Salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) saying: “The first among the people whom Allah will judge is a man who is martyred. He is brought and is reminded of Allah’s blessings and he acknowledges them. Allah asks him, “What did you do with these blessings?”. He replies “I fought in your cause until I was martyred.” Allah will say, “You told a lie, you fought in order to be said ‘He is courageous, and then Allah (Subhanaahu wa Ta’ala) commands the Angels to take him, so he is dragged on his face till he is thrown into the Hell fire. Another man acquired the knowledge and taught it (to others) and he recited the Qur’an. He is brought and is reminded of Allah’s blessings and he acknowledges them. Allah (Subhanaahu wa Ta’ala) asks him, “What did you do with them?”. He replies “I acquired knowledge and taught it to the people and I recited the Qur’an for your sake.” Allah will say, “You told a lie, you acquired knowledge to be called ” ‘Alim” and recited the Qur’an to be called “Qaari” , and then Allah (Subhanaahu wa Ta’ala) commands the Angels to take him, so he is dragged on his face till he is thrown into the Hell fire. A third man who Allah broadened for him His provision and granted him different kinds of properties. He was brought and was reminded with the blessings of Allah. He acknowledges them all, then Allah asks him “What did you do regarding them?” He replies: There is no way in Allah’s Cause which Allah loves but I have spent for your sake. Allah (Subhanaahu wa Ta’ala) will say: “You said a lie. You did that in order to be called Generous, and it is said. Then he was commanded to be taken by the Angels on his face, then thrown into the Hellfire.” [Muslim]
Look at these three persons. Look at their deeds! How great and beautiful are they! But look at their end…what an evil destination!
And that is because of their 1- corrupted hearts, 2- wicked conscience and, 3- not being sincere to Allah in their deeds.
These three persons performed great deeds, but because they did not purify their hearts from Riya’a, their end was the Hell Fire.
Sheikh ul Islam (Rahimahullaah) said: “These three persons who show off and perform Sum’aa are opposite cases to the three categories who come after the Prophets in rank:
- Siddiqun (the steadfast who affirmed the truth)
- The Martyrs
- The Righteous
Whoever acquires the knowledge which Allah has sent His Messengers with, and he imparted this knowledge (i.e taught it to others) seeking Allah’s Countenance, then he is a Siddiq.
Whoever fought to make Allah’s word (i.e. Allah’s Religion) superior, and was killed, he is a martyr
Whoever gives charity seeking Allah’s countenance, he is a righteous.” [Explanation of Hadith “The Adulterer does not commit zina while he is a believer.”, by Shaikh ul-Islam (Rahimahullaah)]
Ibn-ul-Qayyim (Rahimahullaah) said: As the best of Allah’s Creation are the Prophets, the Siddiqun, the Martyr,s and the Righteous. The worst of Allah’s creation are those who resembled them and not be one of them. Whoever resembled the truthful people and the sincere ones while merely showing off, he is like who resembled himself with the Prophets and he is a liar.” [Iddatus-Sabireen]
Ibn Rajab (rahimahullaah) said: “The first among the monotheists that will be burnt in the hell fire are the servants who showed off their deeds: The first of those will be the ‘Alim (scholar), the Mujahid (the one who fights in battles) and the Mutassadiq (the one who gives in charity) who did these acts to showoff, because smallest portion of showing off is considered Riya’a.
“What makes the Muraa’ie (one who shows off) show off his deeds to the creation, is his ignorance of the Greatness of the Creator.” [Kalimatul Ikhlas]
An Nawawi (Rahimahullah) said: “The punishment of these three persons for their deeds which were for other than Allah and admitting them into the Hell Fire is a proof that shows the Prohibition of Riya’a and the severe punishment for it. Also, this encourages the obligation of being sincere in one’s deeds.” [Sahih Muslim Sharh an-Nawawi]
Sheikh as Sa’dee (Rahimahullaah) said: “Beware of seeking knowledge for corrupted reasons and with ill intentions such as boasting, competition, showing off, Suma’a or to make it means to attain worldly gain or leadership (high position) with the people. This is not the case of the true people of knowledge.
Whoever sought knowledge or used it to achieve his evil goals, he would not have any share in the Hereafter.” [Al-Majuu’ah al-Kaamilah]
So if the person is Mujahid, fighting the Kuffar, and he was killed in the battle and was not sincere to Allah, thus let him wait for the Hell fire.
If he is a Haafidh (memorizing the Qur’an) and has religious knowledge, calling the people to Allah and Islam, but not sincere to Allah, let him wait for the Hell fire.
If he is one of the wealthy people, and spends all his money on the poor people, and (building schools) to teach Muslims the Shari’ah of Allah, but he was not sincere to Allah, let him wait for the Hell fire! [Al-Kaalimat al Hasaan]
“O the One that shows off! The heart of these who you show off your deed to is in the Hand of the One that can turn their hearts to other than you. Neither will you attain the reward of the sincere ones, nor will you attain what you wished from your Riya’a . The reward is lost and wasted. Neither this nor that you have attained.” [Badda’i al Fawaa’id]