Ruling on celebrating birthdays & the Prophet’s (Salla Allahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) birthday
Q: Some scholars say that celebrating birthdays is not correct. Is this true or not?
A: Yes, celebrating birthdays is an act of Bid`ah (innovation in religion). It is not permissible to celebrate birthdays. It is neither permissible to celebrate the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday) nor the birthday of anyone else. That is because the Messenger (peace be upon him) said: Beware of newly-introduced matters (in religion), for every newly-introduced matter is a Bid`ah and every Bid`ah is a Dalalah (deviation from what is right). He (peace be upon him) said in his sermon on Friday: Ama Ba`d (Now then), the best of speech is the Book of Allah, the best of guidance is the guidance of Muhammad (peace be upon him), the most evil of matters are those which are newly-introduced (in religion), and every Bid`ah is a Dalalah (deviation from what is right). Celebrating birthdays is a Bid`ah that neither the Prophet (peace be upon him) nor his Sahabah (Companions of the Prophet) did. It is sufficient for a Mu’min (believer) to follow the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and carry on his tradition, and keeping far from Bid`ahs. Love for the Prophet (peace be upon him) is not in committing Bid`ahs, but in following his way (peace be upon him), abiding by his commands, avoiding his prohibitions, and invoking peace and blessings upon him whenever he is mentioned. May Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him at all times. Introducing Bid`ahs is a means that incurs his anger and the wrath of Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He). As for denouncing the people of Bid`ah, Allah (Glorified be He) says: Or have they partners (with Allâh — false gods) who have instituted for them a religion which Allâh has not ordained? (Part No. 3; Page No. 43)
It is obligatory upon every Muslim to follow Shari`ah (Islamic law), not to introduce Bid`ahs. Following the Shari`ah is sufficient, praise be to Allah. Innovation in religion is a way to evil and trial. All praise is due to Allah, the religion is perfect and no one is permitted to introduce any thing that Allah (Exalted be He) did not prescribe. This is equally applied to celebrating birthdays and other innovations such as building over the graves and taking them as places of worship. These are types of Bid`ahs and a means to Shirk (associating others with Allah in His Divinity or worship). Similarly, plastering graves, building domes, and hanging curtains over them are acts of Bid`ah and a means that lead to Shirk. It is obligatory on the people of Islam to warn against Bid`ahs, and keep apart from them so as not to contradict their Prophet (peace be upon him). Thus, they follow the commands that he (peace be upon him) ordered and abstain from the prohibitions that he (peace be upon him) forbade.
Source : Fatwas of Nur ‘Ala Al-Darb
Ruling regarding celebrating the birthday of the Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam)
Question: Is gathering (the people) on the 12th day of Rabee’ al-Awwal in remembrance of the birth of the Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) permissible?
Response: Celebrating the birthday of the Messenger (sallaa Allaahu `alayhi wa sallam) is an innovation; this is because he (sallaa Allaahu `alayhi wa sallam) did not do this himself and nor did he order this to be done, and nor did any of his companions (radia-Allaahu ‘anhum) do this, and they were the most adherent of people in honoring the Messenger (sallaa Allaahu `alayhi wa sallam) and following his Sunnah. And all good is in following his guidance, and he (sallaa Allaahu `alayhi wa sallam) said:
((Whoever introduces anything into this matter of ours (i.e. Islaam) that which is not from it, will have it rejected)), [Saheeh al-Bukhaaree/2697 and Saheeh Muslim/1718].
And with Allaah lies all success and may Allaah send prayers and salutations upon our Prophet (sallaa Allaahu `alayhi wa sallam) and his family and his companions.
The Permanent Committee for Islaamic Research and Fataawa
|`Abdullah ibn Qa`ud||`Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan||`Abdul-Razzaq `Afify||`Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz|