Allah’s Name Al Qaadir, Al Qadeer, Al Muqtadir (Part 14 – Last) Sunday 6th May 2012
Posted by Enlightenment into Islam Center
Abu Hurayrah (Radhia Allaahu ‘anhu) reports that the Prophet (Salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: “…..and if something befalls you, then don’t say,’If I only would have done such and such,’ rather say, ‘Allâh ordained this and He does what He wills.’ [QadrAllaahu wa maa shaa’ fa’al] for verily the phrase ‘If I would have’ makes way for the work of the Devil.” (Saheeh Muslim)
There is good behind every calamity. And you may hate something but there is good in it for you. Do not open the gate for Shaytaan to put grief and sorrow in your heart. Repel the whispers and submit yourself to Allah!
There are many forms of saying ‘IF’. Some are permissible and others are forbidden (Haraam or Shirk)
Sheikh Muhammed bin Abdul Wahhab mentioned a chapter with the title, “What is the ruling of saying IF”:
1-“IF” that is said at the time of being afflicted with an undesirable matter or incident which contradicts what you have chosen or planned:
The Sheikh AbdurRahman said: “It is obligatory to submit to the Qadr and establish the obligatory servitude.” So, what is the kind of servitude or act of worship you should practice in such situations? You should be patient if an undesirable matter happens to you. Then you should have a firm belief in the pre-ordained decree that Allah has pre-ordained everything.
This kind of ‘IF’ is Haraam!
Evidence from the Quran: Allah mentions in Surah Ali-Imran (3:154)
“…While another party was thinking about themselves and thought wrongly of Allah- they thought of ignorance. They said, “Have we any part in the affair?” Say: “Indeed the affair belongs wholly to Allah. They hide within themselves what they dare not reveal to you, saying: “If we had anything to do with the affair, none of us would have been killed here.” Say: “Even if you had remained in your homes, those for whom death was decreed would certainly have gone forth to the place of their death,” but that Allah might test what is in your breasts; and to purify that which was in your hearts (Sins), and Allah is All-Knower of what sin is in the breasts.”
The word “if” is used here in this context by the hypocrite, which indicates weak beliefs. They have used the word “if” for what Allah has already decreed and this is an objection on Allah’s Qadr.
Ibn Ishaq recorded that Abdullah Bin Az-Zubair said that “I was with the Messenger of Allah (Salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) when fear intensified and Allah sent sleep to us (during the battle of Uhud). At that time, every man among us (except the hypocrites) was nodding off. By Allah! As if in a dream, I heard the words of Mua’ttib Bin Qushair, “If we had nothing to do with the affair, none of us would have been killed here! I memorized these words of his which Allah mentioned later on.”
Out of Allah’s great mercy with whomever believes in Him and stayed firm on the guidance shown by the Prophet (Salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) and is pleased with Allah as His Lord, He sent down peace and tranquility.
Sleep is sent down by Allah on the soldiers and believers which results in giving the believer steadfast confidence in their choice. By this sleep, Allah cut off the fear and worry (concern) from the hearts of the believers.
Therefore, if you entrust Allah with everything of your affairs and give him full authority in your affairs and made Allah sufficient for you as a disposer of your affair, then don’t worry, Allah will grant you security and open your breast and remove your concern and worry, and you will sleep with comfort.
2-‘IF’ that is said in Objection to the Law of Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala): In Surah Imran Verse 168:
“(They are) the ones that say, (of their brethren slain), while they themselves sit (at ease): “If only they had listened to us they would not have been slain.” Say: “Avert death from your own selves, if ye speak the truth.”
Example: A mother advised her child not to drive fast. One day he met with an accident. She said “IF you had listened to me, this would not have happened”
This is a sin. Her child disobeying her is also a sin, but the accident was an action of Allah. Her child could have listened to her but still would have met with an accident if Allah willed it.
This kind of ‘IF’ is Haraam!
3- Using “If” when afflictions befall you because of something else.
Abu Hurairah (Radhia Allaahu ‘anhu) narrated that the Prophet (Salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: “Aadam and Musa (‘Alayhummassalam) disputed before their lord, and Aadam won the case. Musa (‘Alayhissalam) said: “You are Aadam whom Allah created with his own hand and breathed life in you, and His angels prostrated before you and made you dwell in His Jannah. Then you caused the people to get down to earth because of your lapse (Sin).” Then Aadam said to him, “You are Musa! Allah favored you with Messenger-ship and His (direct) speech and he conferred upon you the Tablets in which everything was clearly explained and granted you the secret council in order to have a confidential talk with you (Allah brought Musa near to Him, for a talk with him) (19:52). What is your opinion, how long was the Torah written before I was created?” Musa said: “Forty years before” Aadam said: “Did you not see the words, ‘Thus Aadam disobeyed his Rabb, so he went astray (Ta-Ha 20-121)”? Musa said: “Yes”. Aadam said: “Do you blame me for an action which Allah had pre-ordained for me forty years before my creation?” The Messenger of Allah (Salla Allaahu ‘alahi wa sallam) said: “So Adam confuted Musa.” (Muslim)
Adam committed the sin and he should be blamed for his sin. But he also repented and whoever repents it is as if he who has no sin. So he will not be blamed for his action.
As for bringing him out of Janna, this is not his action. Allah is the one who brought him out of Jannah.
Therefore when you look at a calamity which occurred because or as a result of somebody’s fault, don’t blame him except for his fault, but what happened as a consequence of his action, this is Allah’s action. It is also not permissible to blame a person who has repented for his action.
This kind of ‘IF’ is forbidden (Haraam)
4– “If” When used for regret and sorrow:
A person believes that whatever happens with the Qadr of Allah but then the Shaytaan whispers thoughts that will pass his mind that make him think that “if” he hadn’t done so-and-son it would have been better although the matter had already occurred and finished. These evil thoughts bring sadness to the heart and makes the slave sad and this may make him stop from doing anything the next time. Instead of saying “if I hadn’t done so-and-so”,
- Look at your previous trial and ask Allah to bring you benefit from it.
- As soon as the Qadr occurs, don’t say anything except what will please Allah. When the matter cools down, discuss and search for the reasons in order to avoid the same matter in the future.
This kind of “if” is also Haraam ( forbidden) 5– ‘If’ used as an excuse to commit a sin or persist in committing a sin: The evidence can be found in the verse (Al-Anaam 6:148):
“Those who took partners with Allah will say “If Allah had willed we would not have taken partners and nor would have our fathers and we would not have forbidden anything except His will. Likewise did those believe who were before them, till they tasted our wrath?”
The disbelievers use “if” as a plea to commit a sin. They claim that “if” Our Lord willed for us not to commit the sin, we would not do it. This is a false excuse, because Allah never commands Fahsha or Munkar as said in Surah al-Araf (7:28)
“And when they commit Fahsha (evil deeds), they say “We found our fathers doing it and Allah commanded it on us” Say, “Nay, Allah never commands Fahsha. Do you say of Allah what you know not?”
If the Fahsha is established in the heart of the person and he insisted on committing the sin, Allah will make it easy for him to commit it.
If you know Allah’s names and attributes with certainty, then you would know that Allah never commands with evil nor he is pleased with it and neither does he accept it. The how can we explain committing sins?
Allah said in Surah As-Saff (61:5):
“So when they turned away from the path of Allah, Allah turned their hearts away from the right way.”
When Allah has given you the strength to do the wrong or commit sin, it is not because he is pleased with the action, but He has given you the strength and the ability in compliance with His wisdom. He is the All-knower of what is concealed and established in the heart of the creation and also He is All-Wise, in making easy for the people of Paradise, the way to it. And He is wise in making it difficult for the Evil people.
Brother and Sisters in Islam, everyone is dealt with according to what is in his heart.
Don’t say, “If Allah wills He will stop me”. Allah has tested your heart; When he opened the way to goodness, you showed laziness and when he opened the door to evil, you became energetic. Don’t say, “If Allah wills, He will prevent me.”
This kind of “If” is Haraam (forbidden)
6- Using “if” for wishing
If you wish for good, you will get good, and if you wish to do evil, you will do evil.
Evidence is from the narration reported in Sahîh Bukhâri:
“If the person said: if I have money, I would do or spend in the good ways, as so-and-so who is spending in good projects. The Prophet (Salla Allaahu alaihi wa sallam) said that both, the person with the money and the one wishing the money have the same reward.” “If you wished to have money to spend it in evil ways like so-and-so, the Prophet (Salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said, they are both the same in disgrace”
This Hadith shows the importance of what is established in the hearts.
‘IF’ can be used, when wishing for something good. This kind of ‘IF’ is permissible.
7- To use “if” to give mere information:
E.g. like the statement, “if you study you will benefit.”
Like the statement of the prophet (Salla Allahu alaihi wa sallam), “if I had formerly known what I came to know lately, I would not have brought the Hady with me. Had there been no Hady, I would have finished the state of Ihram.” (Al-Bukhâri Book of Hajj)
This is just information about a fact and is used for a matter in the future not for a matter that has already happened.
This Kind of ‘IF’ is permissible