Sunnah of the week – Sunday 18th Nov.2012
We are in the month of Muharram and the Sunnah that can be practiced during this month is Fasting.
It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu) said: The Messenger of Allah (Salla-Allaahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “The best fasting after Ramadaan is the month of Allaah Muharram, and the best prayer after the obligatory prayer is prayer at night.”
[Narrated by Muslim,1163.]
The best day to observe the fast is on the day of Ashoora, the 10th of Muharram.
There is a hadith which says we should not observe fasting on Saturday, except the obligatory fasts, and since Ashoora is going to be on Saturday what should we do?
The scholars differed regarding this hadith’s authenticity and ruling because there are hadith’s which are more authentic than it reported by Bukhari and Muslim:
Abu Hurayrah (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu) who said: I heard the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu alaihi wa sallam) say: “No one of you should fast on Friday, unless he fasts (a day) before it or after it.”
Juwayriyah bint al-Haarith (may Allaah be pleased with her), said that the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu alaihi wa sallam) entered upon her on a Friday and she was fasting. He said; “Did you fast yesterday?” She said, “No.” He said: “Do you intend to fast tomorrow?” She said: “No.” He said: “Then break your fast.”
So we have two evidences which are more authentic than that Hadith. Therefore whenever we have a Hadith which contradicts any Hadith which is more authentic, then this is Ash-Shad (strange). Therefore, we take what is more authentic in this case.
There is another Hadith which says that the Prophet Muhammed (Salla-Allaahu alaihi wa sallam) used to observe fast Saturdays and Sundays to contradict the Jews and Christians, as these were the days of Eid for them, and the Prophet was keen to contradict them. (An-Nasaai)
Generally speaking, singling out Saturday with fasting is a weak opinion. This is the opinion of Shaykh bin Uthaymeen (Rahimahullaah) in Bulugh Al maraam.
Imam Ahmed (Rahimahullaah) said most likely we cannot say it is forbidden, but at least we can say that it is disliked to single Saturday out with fasting.
It is Sunnah to observe the 9th and 10th, and even better the 11th.