The Name of Allah Al-Hakam, Al-Haakim & Al-Hakeem (Part 2) – Sunday 25th Nov. 2012
Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) has introduced Himself to us in the Qur’an. The Qur’an from beginning to end is all about Allah’s names, attributes, and actions. We just need to contemplate upon the verses to know who Allah is.
If Hukm comes with Ilm with regards to humans it can mean the understanding of the religion or Prophethood.
The name Al Hakeem is joined in the Qur’an with many names. Try to find out in the Quran which names Al Hakeem is joined with.
What does it mean when we say to Allah belongs the perfect decision?
Allah is the only One who decides the matter for His creation by His 3 kinds of Hukm:
- Hukm Shari’
- Hukm Jazaa’I – This is of two kinds: In this life and in the next. There will be people rewarded and punished in this life, and there will be people who will be rewarded and punished in the next. Allah showed us the way to Paradise and Hell, whoever chose the way to Hell then he deserves to be destroyed and doomed, and whoever believed and chose the way to Paradise he will be rewarded. When Allah wills something no one can repel it.
- Hukm Qadari
If these 3 concepts are very clear in your heart then you will accept Allah’s hukm in your life. Therefore, we need to understand this concept very well before we talk about the impacts of knowing this name.
Important matters: –
- Man should know that there is nothing that happens in the universe from its beginning till its end without the will of Allah. If Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) wills something He says BE and it will be. This is the will of Allah. No one can repel the will of Allah, He is the controller and disposer of affairs for the whole creation.
- Everything occurs with Allah’s will, and Allah’s will is joined with His wisdom.
- Allah’s wisdom is joined with His goodness, even if it looks wrong.
(Everything occurs by the Will of Allah Allah’s will is joined with wisdom Allah’s wisdom is joined with goodness.)
A young girl wanted to apply for a job. She needed a medical report so she went to the doctor for a check-up. She was diagnosed with tuberculosis. This came as a shock for her and her family, and since it was a contagious disease everyone avoided her. She felt all her dreams were crushed, and she didn’t have anyone to resort to except Allah. She became a good person, she wore hijab, etc. Later, her brother went to collect a report and it turned out that there was a mistake and she did not actually have tuberculosis. All this happened for the good of that girl.
If we understood the wisdom of Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) we would feel happy in this life, no sorrow or grief would be in our heart. Nothing occurs in this life except for the good of the slave. Whenever the Shaytaan whispers or you wonder why you are suffering so much repel these thoughts and remember it is all for a good reason.
Allah started this Surah with oaths:
1.By the fig, and the olive,
2.By Mount Sinai
وَهَٰذَا الْبَلَدِ الْأَمِينِ
3. And by this city of security (Makkah).
Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) swears by the fig and the olive. These two are specifically mentioned for their great blessings and abundant benefit for the health. These two plants also grow in Sham, and they say it refers to the place of Issa (‘Alayhis-salaam) and because Bayt ul Maqdis is there.
Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) then swears by another sacred place, Mount Tur, where Allah spoke to Musa (‘Alayhis-salaam).
The next oath Allah swears by is Makkah. Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is swearing by these great matters which indicate the Messengers. It is as if Allah is swearing by the messengership.
What is the subject being sworn about?
4. Verily, We created man of the best stature (mould),
Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is assuring that He had created man in the best stature. This means that everything in the creation of man is the best.
What is the relation between the man and the previous oaths?
The man is the one receiving the message. The one who is receiving the message was created in the best form.
The meaning of أَحْسَنِ تَقْوِيمٍ
- When Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) created man, He prepared him in his creation to receive the message. He gave him sound fitrah which is ready to accept the divine teachings, and tells the man what is right and wrong, and makes us love perfection. We love justice and hate oppression. We love high and noble matters. He tells us He is As-Samad (the Self-Sufficient Master,the Eternally Besought by all) so our heart will be attached to Him.
This is why whenever man commits something wrong he feels guilt and regret, and whenever he does something good he feels happy. Allah has put that in his creation, this is natural in everyone, regardless if he is a believer or disbeliever.
- When Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) created man He provided him with tools to attain and increase in faith. He gave us eyes, ears, mind, etc in order to increase in faith, by using them. He can use his mind to analyze, reflect, comprehend, etc.
Whenever human sees things and reflect this will increase him in faith.
- Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) gave man feelings. He gave us love, fear, hope, etc. These are the basis of servitude. To love Allah, to fear Allah, to have hope in Allah, etc. It is in our instinct to love who does good to us, and Allah has been good to us since we were born. We should fear no one except Him. But what has happened to these feelings in us? Why are they weak? Because instead of giving all our love to Allah, we distribute it amongst the creation. We give some to our husbands, children, etc. There is nothing remaining for Allah.
There is no fear. What is the indication that there is no fear? We are easily committing sins, and this indicates a person doesn’t fear Allah.
Instead of being busy with the Bestower of the blessings, we are busy with the blessings. Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) gave us all of this so that we can worship him, to use these blessings to worship Him. We have no excuse on the Day of Judgment. Look into your creation, just contemplate, and you will see that Allah has perfected you in your creation, given you all the means to believe in Him and worship him. But we have no time or feelings for Allah.
When Allah created man, He created him prepared and ready to accept the divine teachings.
The Prophet (Salla-Allaahu alaihi wa sallam) said, “Allah created the fitrah in everyone, but their parents changed them to Christians in Jews” [Saheeh Al-Bukhari]
Your instinct says there is no God worthy to be worshiped except Allah. Your instinct says to attach yourself to the one who gave you this heart.
Being occupied with the worldly life has affected our faith. Therefore our love, fear and hope decreased because of this.
- Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) created in man natural desires. The need for food, the need for drinks, the need for sleep. Even to have children, to get married, to have families is natural in the humans.
Why did Allah create this desire in us?
So they can be a way to worship Him.
Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) created us with a need for food, and the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu alaihi wa sallam) mentioned in a Hadith Qudsi that Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) said, “O my slaves all of you are hungry, except whom I feed, seek the food from Me and I will feed you” [Muslim]
Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) created us with these deficient characters, to be weak, to be in need.
We also have love for wealth. Allah put this in our creation.
How can this desire be a way to Allah?
If you control yourself, don’t sure miserliness, nor spend extravagantly, this way you will be worshiping Allah in the way He is pleased with.
There is a desire between man and woman. How will this desire be a way to worship Allah? When you control yourself. Allah told the men to lower their gaze, and ordered the women to lower their gaze. If you obey Allah you will be doing what He is pleased with.
Allah had put these desires in us so we can worship Him. He created us weak so that we can resort to the All-Strong, we are incapable and fail to accomplish many tasks in order to resort to Him. We are unable, Allah is the one who is able.
La hawla wala quwwata illa billaah There is no might and power but that of Allah.
You are in need and Allah is Rich, and He will enrich you. Use your deficient characteristics to worship Allah by them. This is something good.
We fail in accomplishing many tasks in our life, because Allah wants to teach us to resort to Him.Don’t be deceived with your strength. Allah is reminding us with this.
When He created us with all these blessings, He subjected the whole universe for us. He subjected the sun, moon, seas, animals, etc. To help you worship Allah. An example from Surah Nahl;
See how many times Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) says the word “Lakum” (for You):
Verse 5 – The cattles were subjected for you,
وَالْأَنْعَامَ خَلَقَهَا ۗ لَكُمْ فِيهَا دِفْءٌ وَمَنَافِعُ وَمِنْهَا تَأْكُلُونَ
And the cattle, He has created them for you; in them there is warmth (warm clothing), and numerous benefits, and of them you eat.
Verse 6 – There is beauty in it for you,
وَلَكُمْ فِيهَا جَمَالٌ حِينَ تُرِيحُونَ وَحِينَ تَسْرَحُونَ
And wherein is beauty for you, when you bring them home in the evening, and as you lead them forth to pasture in the morning.
Verse 7 – To carry your load,
وَتَحْمِلُ أَثْقَالَكُمْ إِلَىٰ بَلَدٍ لَّمْ تَكُونُوا بَالِغِيهِ إِلَّا بِشِقِّ الْأَنفُسِ ۚ إِنَّ رَبَّكُمْ لَرَءُوفٌ رَّحِيمٌ
And they carry your loads to a land that you could not reach except with great trouble to yourselves. Truly, your Lord is full of Kindness, Most Merciful.
Verse 10 – Allah sent rain/water for you,
هُوَ الَّذِي أَنزَلَ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً ۖ لَّكُم مِّنْهُ شَرَابٌ وَمِنْهُ شَجَرٌ فِيهِ تُسِيمُونَ
He it is Who sends down water (rain) from the sky; from it you drink and from it (grows) the vegetation on which you send your cattle to pasture;
Verse 11 – He causes crops to grow for you,
يُنبِتُ لَكُم بِهِ الزَّرْعَ وَالزَّيْتُونَ وَالنَّخِيلَ وَالْأَعْنَابَ وَمِن كُلِّ الثَّمَرَاتِ ۗ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَةً لِّقَوْمٍ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ
With it He causes to grow for you the crops, the olives, the date-palms, the grapes, and every kind of fruit. Verily! In this is indeed an evident proof and a manifest sign for people who give thought.
Verse 12 – He subjected the night for you,
And He has subjected to you the night and the day, the sun and the moon; and the stars are subjected by His Command. Surely, in this are proofs for people who understand.
Surah Nahl is full of the word, “Lakum” to tell you the blessings of Allah for you. If you continue you will find that it is mentioned more.
All this is for you, what did you do in return? Instead of thanking Allah for them we are occupied by them. This is not fair.
We are taking pictures of the Sun,moon and everything, and we forget who is behind this creation. We don’t see the great creator behind these scenes. Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) created all this for us.
If Allah asks us about all these blessings what will we say to Allah?
Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) subjected for us all these blessings; we have no excuse not to worship Allah alone. In spite of all of that: –
ثُمَّ رَدَدْنَاهُ أَسْفَلَ سَافِلِينَ
5.Then We reduced him to the lowest of the low,
Interpreters differed into three opinions regarding this verse:
- Man, after Allah has created him in perfect form, He becomes old.
- He went down to immorality
- This is the most correct:- Then we will take him to the depth of hellfire.
Why is this point of view more correct than the previous?
Because the next verse excludes those who believed. Even the believers get old. The exception does not refer to old age or immorality.
Also because, Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) said there will be abundant reward. There is no relation between the reward and old age. This is why the opinion of ibn Kathir (Rahimahullaah); that Asfala Safileen refers to the depth of hellfire is the most correct.
After creating man and giving him all these blessings in order to reach him, he preferred the low state and conduct. He preferred the worldly life over the hellfire. This is why he deserves to be in the lowest of low in the hellfire. Instead of worshiping Allah He is worshiping his desire, or worshiping his creation.
After mentioning the recompense of the disbelievers and believers Allah says the last verse:
فَمَا يُكَذِّبُكَ بَعْدُ بِالدِّينِ
7.Then what (or who) causes you (O disbelievers) to deny the Recompense (i.e. Day of Resurrection)?
أَلَيْسَ اللَّهُ بِأَحْكَمِ الْحَاكِمِينَ
8.Is not Allah the Best of judges?
What is the relation between this part with the previous part?
Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) when He created man in the best form, is not of Allah’s wisdom to leave him without enjoining the laws. Allah will not out of his wisdom, leave man with his desire to control his life.
This is an enquiry, to confirm “O son of Adam, what made you deny the Judgment day and the recompense of Allah? Didn’t you witness the signs of Allah in your creation? Then how come you think that Allah who created you in perfect form will leave you without telling you and guiding you, and without recompense? Isn’t Allah is Al Hakimeen, do you think He will equalize between the believers and disbelievers? Do you think Allah’s wisdom agrees with this? He is the one who created you in perfect form, He is the one who enjoins upon you the perfect laws, and He is the one who will take you to recompense. It is against His wisdom to leave the people without Judgment.”
But what did man do? Instead of following the law of Allah, He used his deficient mind and criticized the law of Allah and asks why we have hijab, polygamy, etc. You are criticizing the law of the perfect one, and whoever does that is considered a major hypocrite. Who are we to criticize the law of Allah?
They ask you if it is logic that women can have only ½ in inheritance. Who are we to say if it is logical or not?
We have deficient minds, and we are trying to judge on the Ahkaam Al Hakimeen!!!?
Whoever criticizes the laws of Allah is condemned of major hypocrisy. Ahkaam Al Hakimeen takes the two meanings of the Hukm of Allah and the wisdom.
Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) made His religion easy. Whatever laws He had set is suitable for us, He will not overburden us beyond our scope. This is the religion of Allah, Ar-Rahman, Ar-Raheem. There are people who claim they are on the right path and they beat themselves and stab themselves. Allah’s religion never asks people to harm themselves.
Allah’s religion is the best religion for mankind. It is easy, but what makes it difficult? Our desires. And all the deviations are from the Shaytaan.
When Allah created man, He enjoined upon man decrees. Maybe this decree doesn’t look good, but all whatever Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) has decreed for you is based on wisdom and there is good in it.
Look into your life. Trials after trials. Why does Allah try us? In order to make us better, in order to purify us from sins and elevate us in ranks. Not that we be depressed, give up, or despair in Allah’s mercy. He wants to purify us to be suitable for His nearness in Jannah. You will not be suitable unless you are purified, and these trials are a means of purification. Look at it in this way.
Sulayman (‘Alayhis-salaam) said in Surah Naml : 40 when the throne of the Queen of Saba came to him:
قَالَ الَّذِي عِندَهُ عِلْمٌ مِّنَ الْكِتَابِ أَنَا آتِيكَ بِهِ قَبْلَ أَن يَرْتَدَّ إِلَيْكَ طَرْفُكَ ۚ فَلَمَّا رَآهُ مُسْتَقِرًّا عِندَهُ قَالَ هَٰذَا مِن فَضْلِ رَبِّي لِيَبْلُوَنِي أَأَشْكُرُ أَمْ أَكْفُرُ ۖ وَمَن شَكَرَ فَإِنَّمَا يَشْكُرُ لِنَفْسِهِ ۖ وَمَن كَفَرَ فَإِنَّ رَبِّي غَنِيٌّ كَرِيمٌ
One with whom was knowledge of the Scripture said: “I will bring it to you within the twinkling of an eye!” then when [Sulaiman (Solomon)] saw it placed before him, he said: “This is by the Grace of my Lord to test me whether I am grateful or ungrateful! And whoever is grateful, truly, his gratitude is for (the good of) his ownself, and whoever is ungrateful, (he is ungrateful only for the loss of his ownself). Certainly! My Lord is Rich (Free of all wants), Bountiful.”
He explained this matter as a test. They looked at every incident in their lives as a test.
After knowing that Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) had created us in the best form and had given us all the blessings in order to worship Him alone and no one else, in order that our hearts be attached to Allah and no one else, to accept his decrees with good heart, shall you seek a judge other than Allah? No one is like Allah. This is how you should receive the Hukm of Allah.
Relation between the beginning of the Surah and the end:
Allah, by His ability, created the Tin and Zaytun, and by His ability will resurrect us on the Day of Judgment.
Allah by his Hukm Qadari created the figs, and created man in the best form. And He by Hukm Shari’ made Balad al Amin, and Mount Tur sacred places. He will judge the people on the Day of Judgment with His Hukm Jazaai’.
Read Surah Tin again and again. And ask yourself these questions: how come you oppose Allah’s laws? Why are you not happy in your life?