The Name of Allah Al-Hakam, Al-Haakim & Al-Hakeem (Part 4) – Sunday 9th Dec. 2012

We should worship Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) by His names. We have to know Allaah by His names and attributes and the Qur’aan is full of the names of Allaah. One of the names of Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) that is mentioned in the Qur’an is Al-Hakam.

The name Al-Hakam is mentioned in the Qur’an only once. But you will see the impact of this name in many verses in the Qur’an.

Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is the only Judge. When He says this is Halal or Haraam, we accept without arguing. When Allah  (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) created man, He said in Surah Tin that He created us in the best form. Allaah didn’t give us mind to argue or to fight against His laws. He gave us a mind to reflect, think and contemplate the signs of Allah in the universe.

How can you say Allaah’s laws are not logical? You are judging with your deficient minds. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) gave it to us in order to submit to Him, to fear Him, love Him with our heart but we used it in worldly things. This is the greatest injustice. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) gave us all these tools to reach Him and we are using all these tools to go against Allaah.

All the problems that happen nowadays of repelling Allaah’s decision or not accepting Allaah’s laws, arguing about the decree or will of Allaah, feeling with anger against Allaah, the only solution for these problems is the knowledge of Allaah. If the people knew Allah by His names and attributes all their problems will be solved.

They would accept the Qadar of Allaah willingly, but they don’t know who Allaah is. Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) says in Surah Kahf Verse 26:

قُلِ اللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ بِمَا لَبِثُوا ۖ لَهُ غَيْبُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۖ أَبْصِرْ بِهِ وَأَسْمِعْ ۚ مَا لَهُم مِّن دُونِهِ مِن وَلِيٍّ وَلَا يُشْرِكُ فِي حُكْمِهِ أَحَدًا

 Say: “Allaah knows best how long they stayed. With Him is (the knowledge of) the unseen of the heavens and the earth. How clearly He sees, and hears (everything)! They have no Wali (Helper, Disposer of affairs, Protector, etc.) other than Him, and He makes none to share in His Decision and His Rule.” 

See our attitude when we go to the doctors. When we sit in front of the doctor and they give us instruction like have an operation, etc. we will never argue with him. But whenever Allaah’s command or laws come then we question it. We boldly repel Allaah’s Hukm. Why? Because we don’t know who He is. Where is our La ilaha ilallah?

In Surah Nisa Chapter 4 Verse 65:

فَلَا وَرَبِّكَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ حَتَّىٰ يُحَكِّمُوكَ فِيمَا شَجَرَ بَيْنَهُمْ ثُمَّ لَا يَجِدُوا فِي أَنفُسِهِمْ حَرَجًا مِّمَّا قَضَيْتَ وَيُسَلِّمُوا تَسْلِيمًا

 But no, by your Lord, they can have no Faith, until they make you (O Muhammad Salla-Allaahu alaihi wa sallam) judge in all disputes between them, and find in themselves no resistance against your decisions, and accept (them) with full submission. 

Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is swearing and He negates the belief for those who refer to any other judgement than His. Accepting Allaah’s law is not enough. You should feel with submission and not feel any distress or heaviness. You need to surrender and submit to Allaah’s Hukm. If Allaah says DO, we say we HEAR AND OBEY.

If Allah and His Messenger say no woman should travel without a Mahram, then what is your response?

They will NOT believe unless they take the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) at His lifetime and after His death we should refer to His authentic narrations like Sahih Bukhari and Muslim. The Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said there that no woman should travel without a Mahram. No excuse. This is a test for us.

It is very important if you believe Allaah is Haakim, that you do not accept except Allaah’s Hukm, and you accept it with a good heart. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) has the perfect attributes so we refer to Him in our life.

What are the other impacts of believing in the name of Allaah Al Hakam, Al Hakim, Al Hakeem?

  1. Since to Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) belongs the Hukm, then He only deserves you to show humility to be a slave to and no one else.

In Surah Yusuf Verse 40:

مَا تَعْبُدُونَ مِن دُونِهِ إِلَّا أَسْمَاءً سَمَّيْتُمُوهَا أَنتُمْ وَآبَاؤُكُم مَّا أَنزَلَ اللَّهُ بِهَا مِن سُلْطَانٍ ۚ إِنِ الْحُكْمُ إِلَّا لِلَّهِ ۚ أَمَرَ أَلَّا تَعْبُدُوا إِلَّا إِيَّاهُ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ الدِّينُ الْقَيِّمُ وَلَٰكِنَّ أَكْثَرَ النَّاسِ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ

“You do not worship besides Him but only names which you have named (forged), you and your fathers, for which Allah has sent down no authority. The command (or the judgement) is for none but Allaah. He has commanded that you worship none but Him (i.e. His Monotheism), that is the (true) straight religion, but most men know not.

This verse indicates: Ibaadah is to be humble. Originally it is derived from the word Tareeq Mu’abad = a leveled road. Many people crossed this road so it became leveled. You are told to Allah belongs to Hukm and you should not be a slave to anyone except Him.

We can understand it more from Ayat- ul- Kursi:

اللَّهُ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ الْحَيُّ الْقَيُّومُ ۚ لَا تَأْخُذُهُ سِنَةٌ وَلَا نَوْمٌ ۚ لَّهُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ ۗ مَن ذَا الَّذِي يَشْفَعُ عِندَهُ إِلَّا بِإِذْنِهِ ۚ يَعْلَمُ مَا بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمَا خَلْفَهُمْ ۖ وَلَا يُحِيطُونَ بِشَيْءٍ مِّنْ عِلْمِهِ إِلَّا بِمَا شَاءَ ۚ وَسِعَ كُرْسِيُّهُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ ۖ وَلَا يَئُودُهُ حِفْظُهُمَا ۚ وَهُوَ الْعَلِيُّ الْعَظِيمُ

Allaah! La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists. Neither slumber, nor sleep overtake Him. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on earth. Who is he that can intercede with Him except with His Permission? He knows what happens to them (His creatures) in this world, and what will happen to them in the Hereafter . And they will never compass anything of His Knowledge except that which He wills. His Kursi extends over the heavens and the earth, and He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them. And He is the Most High, the Most Great.

لَا إِكْرَاهَ فِي الدِّينِ ۖ قَد تَّبَيَّنَ الرُّشْدُ مِنَ الْغَيِّ ۚ فَمَن يَكْفُرْ بِالطَّاغُوتِ وَيُؤْمِن بِاللَّهِ فَقَدِ اسْتَمْسَكَ بِالْعُرْوَةِ الْوُثْقَىٰ لَا انفِصَامَ لَهَا ۗ وَاللَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ

 There is no compulsion in religion. Verily, the Right Path has become distinct from the wrong path. Whoever disbelieves in Taghut and believes in Allah, then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that will never break. And Allaah is All-Hearer, All-Knower. 

After Ayat-ul-Kursi Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) tells us that the straight path is clear from the wrong path.  We are told in Ayat -ul-Kursi that Allaah is Al-Hayy (The Ever-Living),  Al-Qayyum ( The Sustainer), etc. and this is the Rushd. That you are a slave to the One who is Ever-Living and never dies and not to be a slave to the one who dies. That you be a slave to the one who is Qayyum, who stands in charge of the whole creation! Everything you see in this life, creation of the humans, guardianship, protection is all Qayumiyyah of Allaah. You are told to be a slave to Al- Qayyum and not to the one who gets tired, needs to sleep, etc. Be a slave to the one, to Him belongs the heavens and earth, who is Rich, not to the one who is poor like you. Be a slave to the one who is Al-’Alee- ul-Kabeer  (The Most High, The Most  Great). Don’t be a slave to the one who is weak. Be a slave to the One who knows everything, not to the ignorant.

Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) mentions all his names and attributes in one verse in order to be a slave to Him and no one else. In everything in your life stand at the door of the one who has everything.  Stay at His gate, ask Him and He will give you. You are told this, to be a slave to Allaah, the king. Don’t be a slave to the people or be distracted amongst the people.  Ask Allaah, in whose Hand everything is.

Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) commands with what He wills and the decision belongs to Him only. He decides what is good for you. So your heart should be attached to Him.

If the Hukm belongs to Allaah, then you will worship Him alone and be a slave to Him alone and no one else.

If you want anything in this life, ask Him because He is the King, the Rich, in whose Hand everything is. So let your heart be attached to the one in whose hand is the Hukm.

Allaah, the King, whenever He decides something, He just gives the permission and it will happen.

Bi-idhn-illaah (By the Permission of Allaah) – What is the meaning of Idhn? What is the difference between permission (Idhn) and the will of Allaah (Masheeah)??

Exp: If you are a teacher in a school and you want to leave early to ask permission you will go to the head of the school and then you will go to the guard and he will open the gate for you. So, if you want to leave early will you go to the guard directly or to the Head in whose hand is the permission? To Allah belongs the best example. If you want anything, for example good health, will you go to the doctor imploring him to cure you or will you go to the one in whose Hand to give the permission to the doctor to cure you? You will go to Allaah!

So for every matter in your life turn to Allaah. If you want money then remember that people are like the guards and we have go straight to the one who can give permission to the guard. Everything you want is in Allaah’s hand. When He wills something, He will give the permission for the person to give you.

A person may ask you for something and you tell her that you will give it to her next week. You might forget to give it to her. Why? Because the King hasn’t given you permission to give it to her yet!  Therefore, you are required to wait and be patient and let your heart be attached to the One in whose Hand is the decision and permission. Everything in your life is related to the permission of Allaah!

Sometimes we think that if we have the means available you get what you want, but we don’t know that we may not get it because the permission has not been given.

Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) starts Surah Maryam mentioning His mercy to Zakariya (‘Alayhis-salaam) who was old and barren. He had a wife and desired a son. He had means but they were extremely weak means. Allah gave the permission and they got an offspring.

Then Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) talks about Maryam. She did not have ANY means to have a child but Allah gave the permission and she became pregnant!

Azar, the father of Ibrahim (‘Alayhis-salaam) , had the strongest means of guidance, yet he was not guided because Allah didn’t give him the permission!

So to whom should your heart be attached to?

You may ask, So shouldn’t I not decide anything in my life? When you will something, you should be keen, take the means, exert your utmost, resolve, rely on Allaah, pray to Allaah, and if your will agrees with the Will of Allaah, then Allaah, Al-Hakam, will give you the permission to get what you want. And if  He wills not for you that matter, whatever you do you will not get it.

Therefore your heart should be attached to Allaah. But Allah tells us at the end of the verse Surah Yusuf: 40,  that most of the people don’t know. This is why they are begging people, seeking it from people. No one can help you, give you, guide you, except Allaah. Their hearts are not attached to Allaah. In Allaah’s hand is the decision and permission. When Allaah tests the patience of the person, He may withhold the provision from him, and suddenly all the gates of provision will be opened for you in an amazing way.

Story: Every member of one family was in a different place and they wished Allaah will gather them. In one Day all the members of the family were gathered in one time, one place in such an amazing way that even if they had planned this they wouldn’t have been able to.

Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is the One who plans. If you want something ask Allah, be patient and stand at His gate. And when He gives, He gives in a wonderful way,  a way you cannot even perceive. But most of the people object and are not happy because they are not patient.

Why is Allaah not guiding your children? Be patient.  Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) will guide them and make them better than you expect. He is the one who changes the state.

The Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said in a Hadith in which there is a doubt in its authenticity, “Out of weak certainty when a man gets something he thanks the people, and whenever he doesn’t he defames them, thinking rizq is in their hand”

This is the case of people nowadays, if they are happy with the ruler they praise him, if they are not they rebel. Humans have nothing in their hands.

Our hearts should be attached to Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) because to Him belongs the decision and perfection.

  1. Many people think whenever Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) makes them own something, a house, a car, property, etc.  that it belongs to them and they can do whatever they want with it. They believe that their decision prevails over Allaah’s and it is THEIRS.

In Surah Qalam, Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) mentions the people of the garden who thought they had full control over their garden. They forgot that their decision is deficient and that Allaah’s decision dominates and prevails over it. This is why Allaah sent a punishment and destroyed their garden in one night. We have to be careful because many people are deceived by the means.

A woman might ask her husband for a house away from her mother-in-law, thinking that she will be happy. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala)  may give her a separate house yet she will become more miserable. Why? Because she believed the means would bring happiness for her, not realizing that Allaah decides the happiness. There was no Tawheed. They didn’t realize that happiness in is Allah’s hands!

We will be in trials until the end of our life; this is the abode of trials! We have to accept. Most of our problems in life is believing happiness lies in the means. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is the One who makes us laugh and He is the One who makes us weep, so seek happiness from Him!

Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is testing us, so don’t let your heart be attached to the means. Any person who owns a means will be tested by Allaah. What will he do with what Allaah has given him? Will he dispose it in a way which pleases Allaah or not?

We have to take the will, exert our utmost, and if something contrary happens to what you wished then say,

Qadr Allaah Ma’shaa Fa’aal”

(It is the Decree of Allaah and He does whatever He wills).

This is what Allaah willed. We took the means and did our best. Know that when Allaah wills something it is the best for you because whatever you decide for yourself could be a cause of your destruction and Allaah is All-Merciful .

If you believe that the Hukm belongs to Allaah, your heart should be attached to Him. Stay at His gate and ask Him for what you want and He will give it to you at the right time.


About Enlightenment into Islam Center

The Enlightenment into Islam Center is a community of sisters who aim to please Allah by seeking knowledge and calling the people (Muslims as well as non-Muslims) to Tawheed and obedience to Allah by spreading the true knowledge of Islam based on the Qur'an and the Sunnah.

Posted on January 28, 2013, in Allah's Names and Attributes, The Names of Allaah: Al-Hakam, Al-Haakim & Al-Hakeem. Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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