The Name of Allah Al-Hakam, Al-Haakim & Al-Hakeem (Part 6) – Sunday 23rd Dec. 2012
Review: What is the meaning of Al-Hakam? – Allaah is the Judge, the One who decides.
Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is the only true Hakam and no one else. To Him belongs the Hukum. Why? Because He is perfect in His attributes. No one is perfect like Allaah. Therefore, we should not seek a judge other than Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala). We should not seek a judgment other than from the Qur’aan and Sunnah. If we really believe that Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is the only true Hakam then we should not seek a judgement except from Him.
There are three kinds of Hukm:
- Hukm Shari’
- Hukm Qadari
- Hukm Jazaa’i
It is assign of ones faith to accept and submit to the decision of Allaah. It indicates you are a believer if you accept Allaah’s Hukm whether it is legal, universal or recompense.
What is the impact of belief in the name of Allah Al-Hakam?
- If the harmful Hukm Qadari befalls us we should show patience, if good Hukm Qadari befalls us we should be grateful. If Allaah decrees something pleasant for you, i.e. your daughter got married, you acquired knowledge etc. you should be grateful to Allaah.If something harmful happens to me you should be patient and content. You should be pleased with what Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) writes for you because He is perfect in His Hukm. He is Murabbi, nurturing you through this calamities to purify and elevate you. We have to accept Allaah’s decrees with good acceptance.
- You should receive the Hukm Shari’ with acceptance and Submission.
This is of two kinds: 1) In this life 2) In the hereafter
The recompense of this life is a partial Jaza’a. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) recompenses his slaves in this Dunya partially. This means that Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) may reward some of the believers by elevating them, granting them honour or position, in order to encourage others to be like them. Allaah may punish some of his servants for their evil deeds in order for others to receive admonition.
The full recompense will be in the hereafter. There may be oppressors in this life who may die without receiving a punishment. We have to be sure that there will be another recompense waiting for them on the Day of Judgement because Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is the Just Ruler. No one can escape Allaah.
Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) says in Surah Imran 185:
كُلُّ نَفْسٍ ذَائِقَةُ الْمَوْتِ ۗ وَإِنَّمَا تُوَفَّوْنَ أُجُورَكُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ ۖ فَمَن زُحْزِحَ عَنِ النَّارِ وَأُدْخِلَ الْجَنَّةَ فَقَدْ فَازَ ۗ وَمَا الْحَيَاةُ الدُّنْيَا إِلَّا مَتَاعُ الْغُرُورِ
“Everyone shall taste death. And only on the Day of Resurrection shall you be paid your wages in full. And whoever is removed away from the Fire and admitted to Paradise, he indeed is successful. The life of this world is only the enjoyment of deception (a deceiving thing).”
We are in the abode of working. We are performing deeds and the Day of Judgement is the abode of compensation. We are in Daar ul Amal, and the afterlife is Dar ul Jazaa. You will be recompensed for it on the Day of Judgement.
Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) says in Surah Ta-Ha Verse 15:
إِنَّ السَّاعَةَ آتِيَةٌ أَكَادُ أُخْفِيهَا لِتُجْزَىٰ كُلُّ نَفْسٍ بِمَا تَسْعَىٰ
“Verily, the Hour is coming and My Will is to keep it hidden that every person may be rewarded for that which he strives.
Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) didn’t hide it totally, He made signs. Why did he make a judgement day? In order to recompense everyone according to what he used to do.
You have to do a lot of good deeds now and on the Day of Judgement you will see the result of your deeds. In this world you will see many different divisions, religions, sects. But which is the right one? Everyone claims that they are right. The Christians and Jews, as Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) said in Surah Maaidah, claimed that they were beloved to Allaah. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) said on the Day of Judgement we will know. Everyone claims in this Dunya, on the Day of Judgement they will know.
In Surah Ghafir Verse 48:
قَالَ الَّذِينَ اسْتَكْبَرُوا إِنَّا كُلٌّ فِيهَا إِنَّ اللَّهَ قَدْ حَكَمَ بَيْنَ الْعِبَادِ
Those who were arrogant will say: “We are all (together) in this (Fire)! Verily Allaah has judged between (His) slaves!”
On the Day of Judgement the people of Hell will dispute. The followers will blame their leaders and the leaders will blame their followers. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) has already judged, there is no use of blaming anyone.
In Surah Hajj Verse 17:
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَالَّذِينَ هَادُوا وَالصَّابِئِينَ وَالنَّصَارَىٰ وَالْمَجُوسَ وَالَّذِينَ أَشْرَكُوا إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَفْصِلُ بَيْنَهُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ شَهِيدٌ
“Verily, those who believe (in Allaah and in His Messenger Muhammad Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam), and those who are Jews, and the Sabians, and the Christians, and the Magians, and those who worship others besides Allaah, truly, Allaah will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection. Verily! Allaah is Witness over all things.”
Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) will bring all these people on different religions and will judge between them. On the Day of Judgement they will come to know who is on the right path and who is not.
In this Dunya we can see many people killed, wealth being looted under the banner of freedom and democracy. A lot of mischief is happening nowadays. They violate Allaah’s prohibitions and sanctity’s. Whatever Allaah made lawful they make lawful under the banner of freedom. There will be a time that will come that Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) will judge between his slaves, and they will know who is right and who is wrong.
In Surah Ya-Sin Verse 65:
الْيَوْمَ نَخْتِمُ عَلَىٰ أَفْوَاهِهِمْ وَتُكَلِّمُنَا أَيْدِيهِمْ وَتَشْهَدُ أَرْجُلُهُم بِمَا كَانُوا يَكْسِبُونَ
“This Day, We shall seal up their mouths, and their hands will speak to Us, and their legs will bear witness to what they used to earn”
Many people will deny they did wrong, Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) will seal their mouth and their hands and legs will speak. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is able to do everything. Nothing is impossible with Allaah. He who created us from nothing is able to make our hands and our skin to speak, to witness for or against us. No one can claim anything on that day.
Another impact of believing in the name of Allah Al-Hakam: It is disliked to name someone Abu Al-Hakam.
Hanim ibn Yazeed (Radhia-Allaahu ‘anhu), One of the companions of the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam), came with his tribe as a delegation to the Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam). The Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) noticed that the people called him Abu Al-Hakam so he said, “Oh Hanim why do they call you that”. He said, “Because whenever my people seek a judgement they come to me and I judge between them and they become pleased with my judgement . The Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said, “That is excellent. Do you have children?” He said’ “I have three, I have Shuraih, Muslim and Abdullah.” He said’ “Who is the oldest?” He said, “Shuraih.” So He said, “You are Abu Shuraih.”
The scholars say he changed this name because he hated for someone to share with Allah the attribute of judgement. This is something dangerous.
Benefits from the Hadith:
- Allah’s names should be honoured and one of the names of Allah is Al-Hakam so we should honour it.
Shaikh bin Uthaymeen (Rahimahullaah) said, “The names of Allah are of two categories:
- Names which no one can be called except Allaah. (Such as Ar-Rahman, Ar-Rabb, Allah, Al-Khaaliq, etc) This is due to the meaning of these names.
- Names which someone can be called with (Kareem, Raheem, Ra’oof, Samee’, Baseer) with one condition: Do not point out the attribute i.e. someone called Kareem but you don’t point out the generosity in him or someone called Rafeeq. Don’t look at him all the time and observe how gentle he is. This is disliked. His name is gentle and leave it at that.
If you see someone with a name only Allaah can be called by then you should change it.
Why did the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) change Hanim’s name?
Because his attributes were not being pointed out. There were many companions whose name was Hakam but the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) didn’t change it because the people were not pointing out the attribute.
There were companions who were Hakeem but the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) kept them as they were because the people weren’t pointing out their attributes.
Names such as Abdur-Rasool or Abdul-Hussain should be changed, as we are slaves of Allah and cannot be slaves of people.
The reason why many people name their children these names is because they don’t know the rulings. They aren’t aware that it is not permissible to call someone by that name. No one can be called Qayyum except Allah.
Shaikh Salih Al Shaikh (hafidhahullaah) said, “It is from the proper etiquette that no one is called Al-Hakam, Al-Hakeem, except if it is for executing the laws of Allah.”
Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) called the person who judges between two people “Haakim” in the Qur’an, but this is as long as he is seeking it from the book of Allaah and the Sunnah.
Evidence: Surah An-Nisa’ Verse 35:
وَإِنْ خِفْتُمْ شِقَاقَ بَيْنِهِمَا فَابْعَثُوا حَكَمًا مِّنْ أَهْلِهِ وَحَكَمًا مِّنْ أَهْلِهَا إِن يُرِيدَا إِصْلَاحًا يُوَفِّقِ اللَّهُ بَيْنَهُمَا ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَلِيمًا خَبِيرًا
“If you fear a breach between them twain (the man and his wife), appoint (two) arbitrators, one from his family and the other from her’s; if they both wish for peace, Allaah will cause their reconciliation. Indeed Allaah is Ever All-Knower, Well-Acquainted with all things.”
Shaikh Abdur Razzaq Al-Badr (hafidhahullaah) said “The referee in the football match is called Hakam” These are all permissible. But they should not have this attribute. It is only a title not an attribute.
If a person is appointed as a Hakam to judge between two persons what should your attitude be in this case?
The Prophet (Salla-Allaahu alaihi wa sallam) said, “Al Qudaat (The plural for Qadhi) are of three types. Two of whom will go to hell, one will go to Paradise. The one who will go to Paradise is a man who knows what is right and he gives judgement accordingly but a man who knows what is right and doesn’t give judgement accordingly and acts unjustly will go to hell. And a man who doesn’t know what is right and judges among the people with ignorance, he will go to hell (even if his judgement was correct he will go to hell).” [Abu Dawud, graded Sahih by Albani]
The Qadhi could be anyone who has authority to give a judgement in his hand. It was mentioned, ‘Al Qadhi is the one who settles the dispute amongst the people and shows the legal rulings and abides to it.’
The action of the Qadhi is based on two pillars:
- To mention the legal ruling
- To execute the ruling
If you have to judge between two people be careful. According to this hadith you should have knowledge in what you are settling and execute it according to the Qur’aan and Sunnah. You should be just. A just person is one who abides by the Qur’aan and Sunnah.
This Hadith states two points: A person who doesn’t know the truth and a person who doesn’t act upon the truth will be in hell.
A person could be a pious judge, tried his best and researched evidences, and according to his Ijtihad he gave a ruling. If his Ijtihad was correct he will have double reward, if it was wrong he will have one reward. The other two did not have knowledge and did not act upon it.
The Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said, “He who has been appointed a Qadhi has been slaughtered without a knife” [Abu Dawud, graded Sahih by Albani] . This Hadith indicates the severity the magistrates are subjected to on the Day of Judgement. They will be subjected to a severe interrogation by Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) such that he will wish he didn’t judge between the people. This is not only in the court, it could be you.
Who are titled with Qadhi?
The scholars said the Qadhi could be:
- The Qadhi in the courts.
- Anyone who the people assign to settle disputes
- The teacher in school when she settles the disputes between students or when she correct the exams paper. Shaikh bin ‘Uthaymeen (Rahimahullaah) said, “The exam paper is as if someone is giving you evidence of their work. It is for you to judge if they pass etc. You are going to be a judge”
A mother might see her children fighting and will hit both of them though one is innocent. When you are settling a dispute listen from either side and then according to the Shari’ah, you judge! You have to ask Allaah for help.
The Salaf used to refuse to be judges. Be careful because if you are assigned as a judge you should judge according to the Qur’aan and Sunnah and be just.
- The head of a company/institute when he judges amongst his employees.
- The police officer who has to give his decision.
You have to verify the truth, listen from both sides, refer to the Qur’an and Sunnah, then give your judgement.
Prophet Sulaiman (‘Alayhis-salaam) said in Surah Naml Verse 27:
قَالَ سَنَنظُرُ أَصَدَقْتَ أَمْ كُنتَ مِنَ الْكَاذِبِينَ
“Sulaiman (Solomon)] said: “We shall see whether you speak the truth or you are (one) of the liars”
The hoopoe bird said that the Queen was worshipping other than Allah. Prophet Sulaiman (‘Alayhis-salaam) said to the hoopoe, “We will see if you are truthful or not.”
Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is telling us about this in the Qur’aan so that we may take a lesson!!