The Name of Allah Al-Hakam, Al-Haakim & Al-Hakeem (Part 8) – Sunday 6th January, 2013
The Book of Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is full of the names of Allaah, His attributes, His actions, etc. One of the most important names which Allaah mentioned profusely is the name Al-Hakeem. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) has mentioned this 94 times. This name implies two attributes: Perfect Decision and Perfect Wisdom.
Previously we talked about Allaah’s Perfect Decision and its three types: Hukm Shar’i, Qadari and Jazaa’i. The scholars concluded all these types of Hukm from the Qur’aan. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) made the Qur’aan easy to be recited and understood.
Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) tells us in Surah Qamar:17 that He made it easy to remember,
وَلَقَدْ يَسَّرْنَا الْقُرْآنَ لِلذِّكْرِ فَهَلْ مِن مُّدَّكِرٍ
And We have indeed made the Quran easy to understand and remember, then is there any that will remember (or receive admonition)?
So we have no excuse.
According to Ibn ‘Abbbas (Radhia-Allaahu ‘anhu) there are 4 types of interpretations:
- Verses which can be understood by everyone
- Few verses which only the scholars understand
- Few verses which only the Arabs understand
- Few verses which only Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) knows the meaning and purpose behind them
But most of the verses can be understood by everyone. You will see that the Qur’an is easy but the problem is that we don’t give the Qur’aan enough time. We are occupied with the Dunya, with our worldly jobs. This is one of the main reasons we don’t understand the Qur’aan.
Though Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) mentioned the name Al-Hakam in one verse of Surah An’am, we can see the impact of this name mentioned profusely in the Qur’aan. We can hardly find one page without Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) mentioning the impact of this name. But we need to understand how to read the Qur’aan.
Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) mentioned in the Qur’aan that He is the best of the judges. He is the one who gives the decision. Why? Because to Him belong the perfect attributes. No one is the most high except Allaah, no one is greater than Allaah, no one is perfect in attributes except Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala), therefore His decision is the most perfect decision.
So then, Will you seek a judge other than Allaah? If you really know Allaah, you will not seek a judgement other than Allaah. The problem with the people is that Allaah gave us minds in order to understand His book but the people use their minds to judge and criticize the book of Allaah and the laws of Allaah! This is what the people are doing > MUSLIMS. Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) gave them minds and they use it to judge on the laws of Allah. They call it ‘freedom’ of speech, to honour their minds and thoughts and not be blind. Whatever is not logical, don’t accept it without realizing that it is from Allaah the best of judges!
Who are you to judge upon the judgement of Allah who created you and gave you the mind!?
Many Muslims follow these man made laws and are fighting Islam and the Muslims. We will be accounted for this world on the day of judgement.
We have to be careful. Whatever you are learning is an Amanah. You will be responsible for it, we have to act upon it and teach it to our children. The fitan is coming severe and you have to hold fast with the Qur’aan. Keep your desires aside, see what pleases Allah ONLY.
Many are blindly saying that these man made laws are good. Whoever seeks a judgement other than Allah’s judgement is considered a hypocrite and condemned of MAJOR hypocrisy.
The name Al Hakam, though it is mentioned once in Surah An’am verse 114:
أَفَغَيْرَ اللَّهِ أَبْتَغِي حَكَمًا وَهُوَ الَّذِي أَنزَلَ إِلَيْكُمُ الْكِتَابَ مُفَصَّلًا ۚ وَالَّذِينَ آتَيْنَاهُمُ الْكِتَابَ يَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّهُ مُنَزَّلٌ مِّن رَّبِّكَ بِالْحَقِّ ۖ فَلَا تَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْمُمْتَرِينَ
[Say (O Muhammad Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam)] “Shall I seek a judge other than Allaah while it is He Who has sent down unto you the Book (The Quraan), explained in detail.” Those unto whom We gave the Scripture [the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)] know that it is revealed from your Lord in truth. So be not you of those who doubt.
What is the relation between the name Al-Hakam and the Kitaab? Because Allaah is Al-Hakam He is the one who decides and sets laws. You find the laws of Allaah in the book. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) mentioned everything in detail.
Will you seek a judge other than Allaah who sent down a book explaining everything in detail? Though this name is mentioned only once it doesn’t mean it is not important in our lives. You can see the meaning of the name and the impact of this name mentioned profusely in the Qur’aan.
NOTE: Either the names of Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) are mentioned directly (Hakeem, Yahkum, Hakama) or sometimes the name is not mentioned but you can understand from the context of the verse that it is talking about Allah’s Hukum. You can apply this to any name of Allah. Either the name is mentioned directly in the verse or the meaning/impact of the name is mentioned.
Surah Nahl (16:97):
مَنْ عَمِلَ صَالِحًا مِّن ذَكَرٍ أَوْ أُنثَىٰ وَهُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ فَلَنُحْيِيَنَّهُ حَيَاةً طَيِّبَةً ۖ وَلَنَجْزِيَنَّهُمْ أَجْرَهُم بِأَحْسَنِ مَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ
Whoever works righteousness, whether male or female, while he (or she) is a true believer (of Islamic Monotheism) verily, to him We will give a good life (in this world with respect, contentment and lawful provision), and We shall pay them certainly a reward in proportion to the best of what they used to do (i.e. Paradise in the Hereafter).
Whoever works righteous deed whether male or female and is a true believer -> Then the Hukm of Allaah is that Allaah will judge him according to Hukm Jazaa’i and will make him live a goodly life and the full reward in the hereafter according to the best of what they used to do:
Surah Ta-Ha Verse 124:
وَمَنْ أَعْرَضَ عَن ذِكْرِي فَإِنَّ لَهُ مَعِيشَةً ضَنكًا وَنَحْشُرُهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ أَعْمَىٰ
“But whosoever turns away from My Reminder (i.e. neither believes in this Qur’aan nor acts on its orders, etc.) verily, for him is a life of hardship, and We shall raise him up blind on the Day of Resurrection.”
Whoever turns away from the Dthikr Allaah’s Hukm is that He will have a life of hardship. And Allah will raise him on the day of judgement, blind. This is Hukm Jazaa’i. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is mentioning about His recompense. Although the name Hakeem is not there, we can conclude that it is the impact of Allaah’s Hukm.
Every Surah in the Qur’aan has a title which gives you a hint of the theme of the Surah. Surah Al-Ma’idah means “The Table”. Usually the title is mentioned in the Surah in a text. You have to know the verses in which the title is mentioned and you will find out the theme of the Surah.
Theme of the Surah = main topic of the Surah. The stories and parables that are mentioned in that Surah are all about a certain topic that Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) wants to draw our attention to.
When you don’t know the theme you read the beginning of the Surah because the beginning of the Surah summarizes the main points of the Surah.
Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) starts this Surah addressing the believers. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) says “يحكم = Yahkum” . This is the first Surah in the Qur’an to start with,
” يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُو”
O you who believe!’
Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is calling the believers.
The first Hukm of Allah is for us to fulfill the obligations. ‘Uqood covers a wide range of meanings such as covenant, promises, oaths, contracts, etc.
This is like a contract. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is commanding the believers to fulfill the obligations, covenants, treaties, etc.
Shaikh Sa’di (Rahimahullaah) said,
“1) This Uqood can be between the slave and Allah and that is by fulfilling the acts of servitude.
2) It can be between the slave and the Prophet by obeying and following him.
2) ‘Uqood between the slaves and parents, fulfilling their rights, keeping their relations.
4) ‘Uqood between the slave and the people, whether selling contracts or buying them, renting, hiring.”
Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) first commanded us to fulfil the obligations.
Then Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) mentions still in the first verse in Surah Al-Ma’idah the halal of food which is the beast of cattle. Camels, cows, sheep, lambs, etc. Then Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) says,
إِلَّا مَا يُتْلَىٰ عَلَيْكُمْ
“..except that which will be announced to you (herein)”
This will be explained in detail in verse 3. You are not supposed to hunt the games while you are in the state of Ihram. Then Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) mentions that He decides what He wills.
The first verse in Surah Al-Ma’idah talks about the lawful and unlawful, and Allah is the One who decides what is lawful and what is unlawful.
Jubayr ibn Rufayl (one of the Tabi’een) went for Hajj and visited Aaishah (Radhia-Allaahu ‘anha) who said “O Jubayr, did you memorize Al-Maa’idah?” He said, “yes” she said, “This was the last Surah revealed. Whatever permissible you find in that Surah then treat it and consider it permissible. Whatever you see unlawful then treat it as unlawful”
This Surah is about the Halal and Haram in Islam, about the Ahkaam.
What is the relation between the first and last verse of Surah Al-Ma’idah?
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَوْفُوا بِالْعُقُودِ ۚ أُحِلَّتْ لَكُم بَهِيمَةُ الْأَنْعَامِ إِلَّا مَا يُتْلَىٰ عَلَيْكُمْ غَيْرَ مُحِلِّي الصَّيْدِ وَأَنتُمْ حُرُمٌ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَحْكُمُ مَا يُرِيدُ
O you who believe! Fulfil (your) obligations. Lawful to you (for food) are all the beasts of cattle except that which will be announced to you (herein), game (also) being unlawful when you assume Ihram for Hajj or ‘Umrah (pilgrimage). Verily, Allaah commands that which He wills. [Surah Al-Ma’idah:1]
لِلَّهِ مُلْكُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَمَا فِيهِنَّ ۚ وَهُوَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ
To Allaah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth and all that is therein, and He is Able to do all things.[Surah Al-Ma’idah:120]
Because the dominion belongs to Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala), He has the right to set Hukm.
Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) tells us that He is the One who created everything, He is the King of the whole world, the upper world and lower world. Since He is the King and owns everything then He is the One who sets the laws, Yahkum.
As if in the first verse when Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) says He decides what He wills, that maybe a doubt might come in your mind, “Why does Allah decide/command what He wills?” The answer is in the last verse, He is the One who belongs the heavens and the earth so He is the one who judges.
Another relation is that Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) mentions the truthful ones, those who fulfil their obligations. Their truthfulness will benefit them on the Day of Judgement as Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) mentions in verse 119,
قَالَ اللَّهُ هَٰذَا يَوْمُ يَنفَعُ الصَّادِقِينَ صِدْقُهُمْ ۚ لَهُمْ جَنَّاتٌ تَجْرِي مِن تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا أَبَدًا ۚ رَّضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمْ وَرَضُوا عَنْهُ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيمُ
Allaah will say: “This is a Day on which the truthful will profit from their truth: theirs are Gardens under which rivers flow (in Paradise) – they shall abide therein forever. Allaah is pleased with them and they with Him. That is the great success (Paradise).
- The Title of the Surah is mentioned in verses 112 to 115
The relation between this story and the theme of the Surah (rulings): The disciples asked Eesa (‘Alayhis-salaam) to invoke Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) to send a table with food for four reasons:
- To eat
- To satisfy their hearts and make it at rest -> to strengthen in faith
- To know that he has said a truth
- To be a witness that it is a sign from Allaah that Jesus (‘Alayhis-salaam) is a Prophet and has brought the truth.
Eesa (‘Alayhis-salaam) asked Allaah to bring the food down and Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) said in verse 115:
قَالَ اللَّهُ إِنِّي مُنَزِّلُهَا عَلَيْكُمْ ۖ فَمَن يَكْفُرْ بَعْدُ مِنكُمْ فَإِنِّي أُعَذِّبُهُ عَذَابًا لَّا أُعَذِّبُهُ أَحَدًا مِّنَ الْعَالَمِينَ
Allaah said: “I am going to send it down unto you, but if any of you after that disbelieves, then I will punish him with a torment such as I have not inflicted on anyone among (all) the ‘Alameen (mankind and jinns).”
Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) ordered us to fulfil our obligations. Whoever breaches the covenant with Allaah, Allah will punish him. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) set laws and took covenants from us. Don’t be like them! Fulfill your obligations. See what Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) did to the disciples. He will do the same to you.
Abu Maysarah said, “You will find 18 obligations in Surah Maa’idah which you will not find in any other surah and which are not abrogated and you will see in Surah Maa’idah that Allaah mentions “Ya ayuhaladhina amanoo” 16 times which you will not find in any other surah. Even Surah Baqarah, which is the longest surah, has it mentioned only 10 times.”
The scholars say whenever Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) says, ‘O you who believe’, listen attentively to what Allaah has to say, whether it is an obligation or something Allaah wants to forbid us from.
They are all the Ahkam of Allaah. We have to know these rulings.