The Names of Allah: Al-Hakam, Al-Haakim & Al-Hakeem – Part 10 (2 of 3) – Sunday 20th January, 2013
In our previous post we ended by discussing what is Hasad and how can one check oneself from the sickness of Hasad. In this post we will continue on the discussion of the remedy for Hasad .
What is the remedy for this problem?
- Practice Taqwa.
- Accept Allaah’s Hukm. Do not question it.
- Remember Allaah’s favours upon you. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) has given everyone the gate of nearness to Him.
Transgression is the result of envy.
The story starts with “و” (and). It is as if this story if linked with the previous story. This means there is a similarity between this story and the story of Musa (‘Alayhis-salaam).
What is The Relation Between these Two Stories?
- Both broke the covenant by not accepting Allaah’s Hukm. Bani Israel refused to enter Palestine and a brother killed his sibling due to his envy.
- After transgressing, they dared to commit another sin. After Bani Israel refused to enter Palestine, they misbehaved and told Musa (‘Alayhis-salaam) to go with His Lord and fight. After not accepting the Hukm, one brother killed another brother [story of Adam].
- There is a contrasting relationship. In the story of Bani Israel there is dispraise going back and in the story of Adam there is dispraise going forward (by killing his brother).
We concluded all these relations because of the letter و . Therefore when you read the Qur’aan do not overlook a single letter. Each letter has a meaning and is there for a wisdom.
Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) mentions in Surah Al-Ma’idahVerse 32:
مِنْ أَجْلِ ذَٰلِكَ كَتَبْنَا عَلَىٰ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ أَنَّهُ مَن قَتَلَ نَفْسًا بِغَيْرِ نَفْسٍ أَوْ فَسَادٍ فِي الْأَرْضِ فَكَأَنَّمَا قَتَلَ النَّاسَ جَمِيعًا وَمَنْ أَحْيَاهَا فَكَأَنَّمَا أَحْيَا النَّاسَ جَمِيعًا ۚ وَلَقَدْ جَاءَتْهُمْ رُسُلُنَا بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ ثُمَّ إِنَّ كَثِيرًا مِّنْهُم بَعْدَ ذَٰلِكَ فِي الْأَرْضِ لَمُسْرِفُونَ
Because of that We ordained for the Children of Israel that if anyone killed a person not in retaliation of murder, or (and) to spread mischief in the land – it would be as if he killed all mankind, and if anyone saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of all mankind. And indeed, there came to them Our Messengers with clear proofs, evidences, and signs, even then after that many of them continued to exceed the limits (e.g. by doing oppression unjustly and exceeding beyond the limits set by Allaah by committing the major sins) in the land!.
Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) mentions the ruling of murder. It is as if the story of Adam (‘Alayhis-salaam) was an introduction to explaining the ruling. The first killing that happened in history was between the sons of Adam.
Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) mentions the penalty of those who make mischief on the land in Verse 33:
إِنَّمَا جَزَاءُ الَّذِينَ يُحَارِبُونَ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ وَيَسْعَوْنَ فِي الْأَرْضِ فَسَادًا أَن يُقَتَّلُوا أَوْ يُصَلَّبُوا أَوْ تُقَطَّعَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَأَرْجُلُهُم مِّنْ خِلَافٍ أَوْ يُنفَوْا مِنَ الْأَرْضِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ لَهُمْ خِزْيٌ فِي الدُّنْيَا ۖ وَلَهُمْ فِي الْآخِرَةِ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ
The recompense of those who wage war against Allaah and His Messenger and do mischief in the land is only that they shall be killed or crucified or their hands and their feet be cut off on the opposite sides, or be exiled from the land. That is their disgrace in this world, and a great torment is theirs in the Hereafter.
Every punishment in the verse is according to the degree of the crime.
The 6th call to the believers is in Verse 35:
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَابْتَغُوا إِلَيْهِ الْوَسِيلَةَ وَجَاهِدُوا فِي سَبِيلِهِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ
“O you who have believed, fear Allaah and seek the means [of nearness] to Him and strive in His cause that you may succeed.”
Whenever “Fear Allaah” comes alone, then it means you have to fear Allaah by doing good deeds and refraining from evil deeds. But because it came with “and seek the means of nearness”, “Fear Allaah” only refers to refraining from evil deeds.
What is the Relation Between this Verse and the Previous Verse of the Surah?
The previous verse is about mischief in the land. It is as if Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is mentioning why He enjoined Jihad; to stop the mischief in the land.
Whenever Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) commands us with Jihad in the Qur’aan, the reason he enjoins it comes in the verse before it or following it. For example in Surah Nisa Verse 75:
وَمَا لَكُمْ لَا تُقَاتِلُونَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَالْمُسْتَضْعَفِينَ مِنَ الرِّجَالِ وَالنِّسَاءِ وَالْوِلْدَانِ الَّذِينَ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا أَخْرِجْنَا مِنْ هَٰذِهِ الْقَرْيَةِ الظَّالِمِ أَهْلُهَا وَاجْعَل لَّنَا مِن لَّدُنكَ وَلِيًّا وَاجْعَل لَّنَا مِن لَّدُنكَ نَصِيرًا
And what is wrong with you that you fight not in the Cause of Allaah, and for those weak, ill-treated and oppressed among men, women, and children, whose cry is: “Our Lord! Rescue us from this town whose people are oppressors; and raise for us from You one who will protect, and raise for us from You one who will help.”
Another purpose Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) enjoined Jihad is to protect the weak women and children.
In Verses 51, 54 and 57 there are three calls to the believers:
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَتَّخِذُوا الْيَهُودَ وَالنَّصَارَىٰ أَوْلِيَاءَ ۘ بَعْضُهُمْ أَوْلِيَاءُ بَعْضٍ ۚ وَمَن يَتَوَلَّهُم مِّنكُمْ فَإِنَّهُ مِنْهُمْ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الظَّالِمِينَ
O you who believe! Take not the Jews and the Christians as Auliya’ (friends, protectors, helpers, etc.), they are but Auliya’ to one another. And if any amongst you takes them as Auliya’, then surely he is one of them. Verily, Allah guides not those people who are the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers and unjust).
This is Al-Walaa Wal-Baraa (Loyalty to the believers and Disloyalty to the disbelievers). Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is telling us how our relationship should be with the disbelievers. Whoever takes a non-believer as a close friend then he is a wrongdoer. Dhulm means to put something in its wrong place. Dealing with them and getting married to their women is lawful, as Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) has told us in the beginning of the Surah. Loving them, befriending them and supporting them are what is unlawful.
In Verse 57:
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَتَّخِذُوا الَّذِينَ اتَّخَذُوا دِينَكُمْ هُزُوًا وَلَعِبًا مِّنَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ وَالْكُفَّارَ أَوْلِيَاءَ ۚ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ إِن كُنتُم مُّؤْمِنِينَ
O you who believe! Take not for Auliya’ (protectors and helpers) those who take your religion for a mockery and fun from among those who received the Scripture (Jews and Christians) before you, nor from among the disbelievers; and fear Allaah if you indeed are true believers.
In Verse 54, in between these two verses, Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) warns us against apostasy:
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مَن يَرْتَدَّ مِنكُمْ عَن دِينِهِ فَسَوْفَ يَأْتِي اللَّهُ بِقَوْمٍ يُحِبُّهُمْ وَيُحِبُّونَهُ أَذِلَّةٍ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَعِزَّةٍ عَلَى الْكَافِرِينَ يُجَاهِدُونَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَلَا يَخَافُونَ لَوْمَةَ لَائِمٍ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ فَضْلُ اللَّهِ يُؤْتِيهِ مَن يَشَاءُ ۚ وَاللَّهُ وَاسِعٌ عَلِيمٌ
O you who believe! Whoever from among you turns back from his religion (Islam), Allaah will bring a people whom He will love and they will love Him; humble towards the believers, stern towards the disbelievers, fighting in the Way of Allah, and never afraid of the blame of the blamers. That is the Grace of Allaah which He bestows on whom He wills. And Allaah is All-Sufficient for His creatures’ needs, All-Knower.
What is the relation between taking the disbelievers as friends and apostasy?
Taking disbelievers as friends will gradually lead the person to apostasy.
In shaa’Allaah we will continue with Surah Al-Ma’idah in our Next Post.