The Names of Allah: Al-Hakam, Al-Haakim & Al-Hakeem – Part 10 (1 of 3) – Sunday 20th January, 2013
In Surah Al-Ma’idah there are a few stories mentioned:
1) The Story of Eesa
2) The Story of the Sons of Adam
3) The Story of Musa
Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) draws our attention to important matters by repeating words. In Surah Al-Ma’idah Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) repeats:
1) The call, “O you who believe”, is mentioned 16 times.
2) “Fear Allaah”
3) The Meethaq
Whenever you hear a Hukm, a law of Allaah what should you do? You should say “We hear and We Obey”. This is our covenant with Allaah. We don’t argue with Allaah’s laws, we accept.
In Verse 8:
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُونُوا قَوَّامِينَ لِلَّهِ شُهَدَاءَ بِالْقِسْطِ ۖ وَلَا يَجْرِمَنَّكُمْ شَنَآنُ قَوْمٍ عَلَىٰ أَلَّا تَعْدِلُوا ۚ اعْدِلُوا هُوَ أَقْرَبُ لِلتَّقْوَىٰ ۖ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ خَبِيرٌ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ
O you who believe! Stand out firmly for Allaah and be just witnesses and let not the enmity and hatred of others make you avoid justice. Be just; that is nearer to piety, and fear Allah. Verily, Allah is Well-Acquainted with what you do.
We have to be just in dealing with everyone regardless if he is our enemy or friend.
In Verse 11:
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اذْكُرُوا نِعْمَتَ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ إِذْ هَمَّ قَوْمٌ أَن يَبْسُطُوا إِلَيْكُمْ أَيْدِيَهُمْ فَكَفَّ أَيْدِيَهُمْ عَنكُمْ ۖ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ ۚ وَعَلَى اللَّهِ فَلْيَتَوَكَّلِ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ
O you who believe! Remember the Favour of Allaah unto you when some people desired (made a plan) to stretch out their hands against you, but (Allaah) withheld their hands from you. So fear Allaah. And in Allaah let believers put their trust.
This is the 5th call to those who believe. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is constantly reminding us to remember the favour of Allaah upon us.
After this Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) sets forth an example, telling us not to be like Bani Isra’eel.
In Verse 12:
وَلَقَدْ أَخَذَ اللَّهُ مِيثَاقَ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ وَبَعَثْنَا مِنْهُمُ اثْنَيْ عَشَرَ نَقِيبًا ۖ وَقَالَ اللَّهُ إِنِّي مَعَكُمْ ۖ لَئِنْ أَقَمْتُمُ الصَّلَاةَ وَآتَيْتُمُ الزَّكَاةَ وَآمَنتُم بِرُسُلِي وَعَزَّرْتُمُوهُمْ وَأَقْرَضْتُمُ اللَّهَ قَرْضًا حَسَنًا لَّأُكَفِّرَنَّ عَنكُمْ سَيِّئَاتِكُمْ وَلَأُدْخِلَنَّكُمْ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِن تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ ۚ فَمَن كَفَرَ بَعْدَ ذَٰلِكَ مِنكُمْ فَقَدْ ضَلَّ سَوَاءَ السَّبِيلِ
Indeed Allaah took the covenant from the Children of Israel (Jews), and We appointed twelve leaders among them. And Allaah said: “I am with you if you perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) and give Zakat and believe in My Messengers; honour and assist them, and lend to Allaah a good loan. Verily, I will remit your sins and admit you to Gardens under which rivers flow (in Paradise). But if any of you after this disbelieved, he has indeed gone astray from the Straight Path.”
In Verse 13:
فَبِمَا نَقْضِهِم مِّيثَاقَهُمْ لَعَنَّاهُمْ وَجَعَلْنَا قُلُوبَهُمْ قَاسِيَةً ۖ يُحَرِّفُونَ الْكَلِمَ عَن مَّوَاضِعِهِ ۙ وَنَسُوا حَظًّا مِّمَّا ذُكِّرُوا بِهِ ۚ وَلَا تَزَالُ تَطَّلِعُ عَلَىٰ خَائِنَةٍ مِّنْهُمْ إِلَّا قَلِيلًا مِّنْهُمْ ۖ فَاعْفُ عَنْهُمْ وَاصْفَحْ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُحْسِنِينَ
So because of their breach of their covenant, We cursed them, and made their hearts grow hard. They change the words from their (right) places and have abandoned a good part of the Message that was sent to them. And you will not cease to discover deceit in them, except a few of them. But forgive them, and overlook (their misdeeds). Verily, Allaah loves Al-Muhsinun (good-doers).
Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is mentioning the attitude of Bani Isra’eel, showing us the punishment of breaching the covenant. The covenant with Bani Isra’eel was for them to establish prayer, give in charity, believe and support the Messengers. The reward Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) would give them is that He would expiate their sins and enter them into Paradise. But they breached the covenant with Allaah so the impact of them breaching the covenant was that Allah cursed them. When Allah curses, it means they are removed from the mercy of Allaah! And Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) made their hearts hard, which means that their hearts would not move when admonished, they would not fear Allaah.
And Bani Isra’eel used to distort the words and they forgot a portion of what they were reminded and they were deceitful. These are all the evil consequences of breaching the covenant.
Then Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) set another example of how the Christians breached the covenant. Because they did Allaah planted hatred and enmity amongst them until the Day of Judgement.
In Verse 14:
وَمِنَ الَّذِينَ قَالُوا إِنَّا نَصَارَىٰ أَخَذْنَا مِيثَاقَهُمْ فَنَسُوا حَظًّا مِّمَّا ذُكِّرُوا بِهِ فَأَغْرَيْنَا بَيْنَهُمُ الْعَدَاوَةَ وَالْبَغْضَاءَ إِلَىٰ يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ ۚ وَسَوْفَ يُنَبِّئُهُمُ اللَّهُ بِمَا كَانُوا يَصْنَعُونَ
And from those who call themselves Christians, We took their covenant, but they have abandoned a good part of the Message that was sent to them. So We planted amongst them enmity and hatred till the Day of Resurrection (when they discarded Allaah’s Book, disobeyed Allaah’s Messengers and His Orders and transgressed beyond bounds in Allaah’s disobedience), and Allaah will inform them of what they used to do.
How did they forget a portion of what they were reminded? They claimed Jesus was the son of God.
From Verse 20 to Verse 25 Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) mentions the story of Musa (‘Alayhis-salaam) with Bani Isra’eel. You may ask, How did they breach their covenant with Allaah?
وَإِذْ قَالَ مُوسَىٰ لِقَوْمِهِ يَا قَوْمِ اذْكُرُوا نِعْمَةَ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ إِذْ جَعَلَ فِيكُمْ أَنبِيَاءَ وَجَعَلَكُم مُّلُوكًا وَآتَاكُم مَّا لَمْ يُؤْتِ أَحَدًا مِّنَ الْعَالَمِينَ
And (remember) when Musa (Moses) said to his people: “O my people! Remember the Favour of Allaah to you, when He made Prophets among you, made you kings, and gave you what He had not given to any other among the ‘Aalamin (mankind and jinns, in the past).”
يَا قَوْمِ ادْخُلُوا الْأَرْضَ الْمُقَدَّسَةَ الَّتِي كَتَبَ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ وَلَا تَرْتَدُّوا عَلَىٰ أَدْبَارِكُمْ فَتَنقَلِبُوا خَاسِرِينَ
“O my people! Enter the holy land (Palestine) which Allaah has assigned to you, and turn not back (in flight) for then you will be returned as losers.”
قَالُوا يَا مُوسَىٰ إِنَّ فِيهَا قَوْمًا جَبَّارِينَ وَإِنَّا لَن نَّدْخُلَهَا حَتَّىٰ يَخْرُجُوا مِنْهَا فَإِن يَخْرُجُوا مِنْهَا فَإِنَّا دَاخِلُونَ
They said: “O Musa (Moses)! In it (this holy land) are a people of great strength, and we shall never enter it, till they leave it; when they leave, then we will enter.”
قَالَ رَجُلَانِ مِنَ الَّذِينَ يَخَافُونَ أَنْعَمَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِمَا ادْخُلُوا عَلَيْهِمُ الْبَابَ فَإِذَا دَخَلْتُمُوهُ فَإِنَّكُمْ غَالِبُونَ ۚ وَعَلَى اللَّهِ فَتَوَكَّلُوا إِن كُنتُم مُّؤْمِنِينَ
Two men of those who feared (Allaah and) on whom Allaah had bestowed His Grace [they were Yusha’ (Joshua) and Kalab (Caleb)] said: “Assault them through the gate, for when you are in, victory will be yours, and put your trust in Allah if you are believers indeed.”
قَالُوا يَا مُوسَىٰ إِنَّا لَن نَّدْخُلَهَا أَبَدًا مَّا دَامُوا فِيهَا ۖ فَاذْهَبْ أَنتَ وَرَبُّكَ فَقَاتِلَا إِنَّا هَاهُنَا قَاعِدُونَ
They said: “O Musa (Moses)! We shall never enter it as long as they are there. So go you and your Lord and fight you two, we are sitting right here.”
They spoke as if Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) was not their Lord. So their punishment was:
قَالَ فَإِنَّهَا مُحَرَّمَةٌ عَلَيْهِمْ ۛ أَرْبَعِينَ سَنَةً ۛ يَتِيهُونَ فِي الْأَرْضِ ۚ فَلَا تَأْسَ عَلَى الْقَوْمِ الْفَاسِقِينَ
(Allaah) said: “Therefore it (this holy land) is forbidden to them for forty years; in distraction they will wander through the land. So be not sorrowful over the people who are the Faasiqun (rebellious and disobedient to Allaah).”
For forty years they were lost in the desert as a punishment from Allaah. In these 40 years Musa, Harun (‘Alayhis-salaam), and whoever was older than 40 years, died.
Immediately after the story of Musa (‘Alayhis-salaam), Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) mentions the story of the sons of Adam (‘Alayhis-salaam) :
According to the Interpreters, Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) describes the evil consequence of envy and transgression in the story of the sons of Adam. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) commanded them to do Qurban (any good deed done seeking nearness to Allaah). One of the sons gave the best of his property and the other gave the worst of his property. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) accepted from the son who gave the best and rejected it from the son who gave the worst. Whenever Allaah accepts something this is his Hukm. He decided to accept from one and reject from the other. Allaah’s decision is based on wisdom and knowledge. When the brother became angry that Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) did not accept his, the other brother said: “Indeed, Allah only accepts from the righteous [who fear Him].
The interpreters said that this brother gave the Qurban with sincerity and according to the Sunnah.
How did he know his Qurban was accepted?
In the previous times, when a fire came from the sky burning that Qurban, it was an indication that Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) accepted it. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) made the booty lawful for us to take whereas it wasn’t lawful for the previous nations.
This indicates that when the person has lack of Taqwa this will make him do two things:
1) He will not accept Allaah’s Hukm
2) He will dare to commit another sin. This is indicated when the brother said, “I will surely kill you.”
Shaikh Saa’di (Rahimahullaah) said,“Out of envy and transgression he intended to kill his brother”
What is Hasad?
Hasad is a very serious sickness and a sin in the heart. People think it is only for worldly things but the envy was in something religious in this story. This is similar to the envy of Iblis. He envied Adam (‘Alayhis-salaam) for a religious matter not something worldly. He envied Adam (‘Alayhis-salaam) for his status with Allaah! We should check our hearts because Hasad corrupts the heart and the behaviour It is a MAJOR SIN!
There are two students of knowledge. One may get an A, another may fail. This shouldn’t make you envious. Why do you feel pain when your sister was accepted and you weren’t We have to be careful. Hasad has an effect on your obedience and your status with Allaah. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) will humiliate the one with this sickness in his heart.
Check yourself; How do you accept the Rizq of Allaah regarding religious matters in your heart?
Hasad is the pain felt in the heart when someone is better than you. It does not stop there. As soon as the Shaytaan finds out you have this sickness in your heart he will use this weak point against you. He will point out the other person’s defects to you in order to comfort your heart. He will make you speak about the defects of your sister; backbite her. This is the plot of Shaytaan against the human being. Most people have this defect but they don’t know how to deal with it. It caused the son of Adam (‘Alayhis-salaam) to kill his brother!