The Names of Allaah: Al-Hakam, Al-Haakim & Al-Hakeem (Part 11) Sunday 7th April, 2013
Al-Hakeem: This name is mentioned almost 100 times in the Qur’aan. Whenever Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) mentions a name profusely it indicates:
- The importance of this name in our lives.
- That this name has many meanings which we have to act upon every time.
The name Al-Hakeem is derived from Hakama, Yahkamu (to judge/decide), Yuhkimu (to perfect). The scholars said Al-Hakeem has three basic meanings:
- Al-Muhkim (He who perfects everything He created. He determines the matter with precise determination. He gave it the precise measurement).
Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) says in Surah Furqan (25:2):
الَّذِي لَهُ مُلْكُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَلَمْ يَتَّخِذْ وَلَدًا وَلَمْ يَكُن لَّهُ شَرِيكٌ فِي الْمُلْكِ وَخَلَقَ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ فَقَدَّرَهُ تَقْدِيرًا
He to Whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and Who has begotten no son (children or offspring) and for Whom there is no partner in the dominion. He has created everything, and has measured it exactly according to its due measurements.
This verse shows you the impact of the name of Allaah Al-Hakeem. What does ‘gave it the precise determination’ mean? If you just look at the creation of your body, our blood consists of salt. The ratio of this salt is from 7 to 8 parts of thousands. This ratio is fixed such that if it decreases, the blood cells will shrink and the person may die and if it increases, the blood cells may explode. If it increased, then the excess will come out with urine and if it decreases, the kidney will try and regulate in order to keep this ratio fixed. Allaah, Al-Hakeem, has put how much we need in our blood, no more no less.
- The Wise
A wise person is one who has the best knowledge with the best sciences. It has the meaning of Al-‘Aleem. No one has the absolute knowledge except Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala), whose knowledge is perfect and is not blemished with ignorance, forgetfulness or imperfection. Human beings can be knowledgeable but he forgets, will still make mistakes etc.
- He who puts the right thing in the right amount in the right place and in the right time.
We humans do the opposite. We may say the right word but at the wrong time. A person may visit a sick person and talk about death. This means there is lack of wisdom, sometimes we don’t know when to talk.
Shaikh Abdur-Razzaq al-Badr (hafidhahullaah) in his book, Fiqh Asmaa Al-Husna, said explaining the name Al-Hakeem, “To Allaah belongs the perfect wisdom in His creation, His commands and in His Shari’ (law). He puts the things in their right places and in their right status such that He has not left any chance for anybody from among the people of falsehood to question Him or defame His wisdom.”
Whenever one of the gates of rizq is closed upon you, for example knowledge, da’wah, you have to understand that Allaah, Al-Hakeem closed it. Immediately you need to tell yourself that Allaah is Hakeem because the Shaytaan may use this Qadr to raise anger in your heart. You may wonder why Allaah is closing this gate of goodness for you and not making it easy for you to learn. You will repel this whisper by reminding yourself that Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is wise and He will not close the gate of goodness in vain. When you ask ‘why’ and receive the Qadr with displeasure, this may uproot the faith from your heart immediately. We have to be careful and not receive the Qadr of Allaah with doubt, anger or displeasure. The greatest in crime among the people is he who Allaah bestows abundant blessings upon and he doesn’t see them as blessings. This is considered one of the major sins! So immediately we have to do two things when the gate of rizq is closed:
- Do not question or blame Allaah. Understand who you are. You are just a slave to Allaah. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is our Lord, who is perfect in all aspects, in His wisdom, ability, He is The Most Merciful, Al-Wadood (The Most Loving), Al-Lateef (The Most Subtle), Ar-Ra’uf (One Full of Kindness). Receive the Qadr of Allaah with acceptance, contentment, and submission.
- You need to question yourself:
a) If you are a righteous person or a good doer and this gate is closed upon him then this is a test for him. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) wants to elevate you in ranks with Him. When one gate is closed for you and you receive this closure with acceptance, patience and thinking good of Allaah, He (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) will immediately open for you ten other gates of goodness. In this case you have passed the test. Clear your mind totally of objection upon Allaah’s decree. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is the All-Wise, He will not close any gate of goodness except for a reason, all good is in His hand, He is the most generous, He will give you if it is good for you, and He will prevent what is not good for you because He is wise. You need to think good and expect good. If you are patient Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) will exchange this situation with something better. You will notice that if you accept it with patience and pleasure the gate will immediately be opened for you OR other gates will be opened.
b) If the person is a sinner or committed a sin then Allaah closed this gate for him as a punishment. Although it is a punishment there is wisdom. When Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) makes an affliction befall the person and he receives it admitting his sins and knowing that it’s because of his sin then it will lead him to repentance; so it was good for Him. He will immediately quit the sin. Usually the punishment comes according to the sin that the person does. The recompense is of the same nature as the deed. This is to remind him that this punishment is because of what he did. This punishment is to expiate your sins, so you should repent to Allaah. Behind this punishment there will be good for the person.
E.g.: A student didn’t attend the class purposely showing laziness. The teacher punished him telling him to copy and write a whole chapter from the Sahih ul Bukhari. The good behind it was that when he wrote the chapter he would have gone through every hadith in the chapter. There is no Lord more Hakeem (Wise) than Allaah. We just need to think good of Allaah. He loves for you to succeed with Him and to elevate you in ranks with Him. He doesn’t like to punish His slaves in vain. When Islam became strong after the conquests many people entered Islam. Most of those who entered Islam had weak faith and were on the edge. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) spoke about them in Surah Hajj (22:11):
وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَن يَعْبُدُ اللَّهَ عَلَىٰ حَرْفٍ ۖ فَإِنْ أَصَابَهُ خَيْرٌ اطْمَأَنَّ بِهِ ۖ وَإِنْ أَصَابَتْهُ فِتْنَةٌ انقَلَبَ عَلَىٰ وَجْهِهِ خَسِرَ الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةَ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ هُوَ الْخُسْرَانُ الْمُبِينُ
And among mankind is he who worships Allaah as it were, upon the very edge (i.e. in doubt); if good befalls him, he is content therewith; but if a trial befalls him, he turns back on his face (i.e. reverts back to disbelief after embracing Islam). He loses both this world and the Hereafter. That is the evident loss.
For those in the beginning of the way or just embraced Islam, Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) will test them by taking away some of their worldly affairs they were enjoying before Islam. He will make their worldly affairs deficient. They will lose husbands, families, etc. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) took away some of the worldly things which are harmful to their faith. But the people didn’t see and they thought it was destructive and therefore left Islam. They didn’t understand why Allaah was testing them. There is wisdom. What makes us not pleased?
- We always join the pleasure with our desires.
If something which you like happens, then you are pleased with Allaah, if something contrary to what you like happens then you are displeased with Allaah. The person may not say anything with her tongue but she may have this in her heart. This indicates deficient faith. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is testing our faith in what He decrees upon us and He is wise. Whenever He prevents something from us, even if it is apparently good, we have to know that He is preventing something harmful to us. Narrated in a Hadeeth, Qatadah bin An-Nu’man (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu ) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (Salla-Allaahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “When Allah loves a slave, He prevents him from the world, just as one of you prevents his sick from water.” [at-Tirmidhi Book 28, Hadith 2168 ]
Whenever Allaah prevents something good from you, you have to know that that thing is actually harmful for you.
When we lose any beloved person in our lives we have to understand that one minute extra in his life would not benefit him. This is why Allaah took him. We have to think in this way, that Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is wise in all His decrees and commands. He will not take something from you except that it is harmful for you; this is from the special nurturing of Allaah. When He nurtures His Awliya, He takes away all the obstacles from their way to Him. But most of the people are blind and don’t see that it’s a mercy from Allaah. People generally are in darkness, and Allaah is the one who will give them light to see with. People are dead and Allaah will give them life. It is a blessing to have insight whenever the decree happens, to see the wisdom of Allaah, and to explain to yourself that Allaah is wise and will not take it away if it is not harmful. When you expect good, Allaah will appreciate it and reward you abundantly. You might not see this except on the Day of Judgement but you have to have firm belief. It is very important to judge every situation you go through with the wisdom of Allaah.
- Whisper of the Shaytaan
When the gate of goodness is closed upon them, many people say, ‘its because of my sins’. Sins have evil consequences. But even when Allaah punishes you, He punishes you in order to expiate your sins and bring you back to Him. Don’t say its because of my sins, instead repent to Allaah immediately, and Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) will expiate your sins and give you something good in return. Don’t let your sins prevent you from repenting to Allaah or thinking good about Allaah. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) disposes the affairs in the way which is best for you, and benefits you, because He is the disposer of affairs.