The Names of Allah: Al-Hakam, Al-Haakim & Al-Hakeem – Part 14 (2 of 3) – Sunday 28th April, 2013

Allaah’s Wisdom in Creation“Miftaahu Daar is-Sa’aadah” (translated in English to, “Men and the Universe”) by Ibn Al-Qayyim  (Rahimahullaah)

The Creation of the Earth:

Reflect on the earth, how it is held stable, from the day the Lord created it, so that it forms a habitation and settling- place for animals, plants and objects. It is by this that animals and men are enabled to move about on it. This indicates that The One who created it is All-Able, has the perfect knowledge, wisdom, and is The Most Merciful. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) described the earth with many descriptions in the Qur’aan.

In Surat Taha (20: 53),

الَّذِي جَعَلَ لَكُمُ الْأَرْضَ مَهْدًا

Who has made earth for you like a bed (spread out)

 

In Surat Ghafir (40: 64),

اللَّهُ الَّذِي جَعَلَ لَكُمُ الْأَرْضَ قَرَارًا

Allaah, it is He Who has made for you the earth as a dwelling place

In Surat Adh-Dhāriyāt (51: 48),

وَالْأَرْضَ فَرَشْنَاهَا

And We have spread out the earth

 

The Air/ Wind:

The air is the essence of life. It sustains the living creatures internally as they breathe it and externally as it protects their bodies. It carries sound to near and far places; it is the bearer of odours, cold and heat.   There are many kinds of winds mentioned in the Qur’aan. There are winds of mercy and winds of torment:

The winds of mercy:

1)      Mubashirat – Giving Glad Tidings

وَمِنْ آيَاتِهِ أَن يُرْسِلَ الرِّيَاحَ مُبَشِّرَاتٍ وَلِيُذِيقَكُم مِّن رَّحْمَتِهِ وَلِتَجْرِيَ الْفُلْكُ بِأَمْرِهِ وَلِتَبْتَغُوا مِن فَضْلِهِ وَلَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ

And among His Signs is this, that He sends the winds as glad tidings, giving you a taste of His Mercy (i.e. rain), and that the ships may sail at His Command, and that you may seek of His Bounty, in order that you may be thankful. 

[Surat Ar-Rum, 30: 46]

2)      An-Naashirat – That which spreads the clouds

وَالنَّاشِرَاتِ نَشْرًا

And by the winds that scatter clouds and rain

[Surat Al-Mursalat, 77: 3]

3)      Al-Mursalat

وَالْمُرْسَلَاتِ عُرْفًا

“By those [winds] sent forth in gusts”

[Surat Al-Mursalat, 77: 1]

4)       Adh-Dhāriyāt- The Scattering winds

وَالذَّارِيَاتِ ذَرْوًا

 “By (the winds) that scatter dust.

[ Surat Adh-Dhāriyāt, 51: 1]

5)      Rukhaa – Gentle

فَسَخَّرْنَا لَهُ الرِّيحَ تَجْرِي بِأَمْرِهِ رُخَاءً حَيْثُ أَصَابَ

 So, We subjected to him the wind, it blew gently to His order whither soever He willed.

[Surat Sād,38:36]

6)      Lawaqih (Fertilizer: either it fertilizes the clouds so that they are to bear rain by Allaah’s will or it carries the pollen grains or the winds which carry rain clouds.)

وَأَرْسَلْنَا الرِّيَاحَ لَوَاقِحَ فَأَنزَلْنَا مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً فَأَسْقَيْنَاكُمُوهُ وَمَا أَنتُمْ لَهُ بِخَازِنِينَ

And We send the winds fertilizing (to fill heavily the clouds with water), then caused the water (rain) to descend from the sky, and We gave it to you to drink, and it is not you who are the owners of its stores

[Surat Al-Hijr, 15: 22]

The winds of torment are of two kinds:

  1) Those that are sent in the land

a)      Reehin  Sarsarin (Makes a thunderous sound, severe cold, violent)

وَأَمَّا عَادٌ فَأُهْلِكُوا بِرِيحٍ صَرْصَرٍ عَاتِيَةٍ

And as for ‘Ad, they were destroyed by a furious violent wind

[Surat il Haqqah, 69: 6]

b)      ‘Aqeem (barren of any benefit)

وَفِي عَادٍ إِذْ أَرْسَلْنَا عَلَيْهِمُ الرِّيحَ الْعَقِيمَ

 And in ‘Ad (there is also a sign) when We sent against them the barren wind

[Surah Adh-Dhariyat, 51:41]

2) Those that are sent in the sea

a)      ‘Aasif (stormy wind)

هُوَ الَّذِي يُسَيِّرُكُمْ فِي الْبَرِّ وَالْبَحْرِ ۖ حَتَّىٰ إِذَا كُنتُمْ فِي الْفُلْكِ وَجَرَيْنَ بِهِم بِرِيحٍ طَيِّبَةٍ وَفَرِحُوا بِهَا جَاءَتْهَا رِيحٌ عَاصِفٌ وَجَاءَهُمُ الْمَوْجُ مِن كُلِّ مَكَانٍ وَظَنُّوا أَنَّهُمْ أُحِيطَ بِهِمْ ۙ دَعَوُا اللَّهَ مُخْلِصِينَ لَهُ الدِّينَ لَئِنْ أَنجَيْتَنَا مِنْ هَٰذِهِ لَنَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الشَّاكِرِينَ

He it is Who enables you to travel through land and sea, till when you are in the ships and they sail with them with a favourable wind, and they are glad therein, then comes a stormy wind and the waves come to them from all sides, and they think that they are encircled therein, they invoke Allaah, making their Faith pure for Him Alone, saying: “If You (Allaah) deliver us from this, we shall truly be of the grateful.

[Surat Yunus, 10:22]

b)      Qaasif (Hurricane)

أَمْ أَمِنتُمْ أَن يُعِيدَكُمْ فِيهِ تَارَةً أُخْرَىٰ فَيُرْسِلَ عَلَيْكُمْ قَاصِفًا مِّنَ الرِّيحِ فَيُغْرِقَكُم بِمَا كَفَرْتُمْ ۙ ثُمَّ لَا تَجِدُوا لَكُمْ عَلَيْنَا بِهِ تَبِيعًا

Or do you feel secure that He will not send you back a second time to sea and send against you a hurricane of wind and drown you because of your disbelief, then you will not find any avenger therein against Us?

[Surat Al-‘Isrā’, 17:69]

In Surah Rum (30: 48),

اللَّهُ الَّذِي يُرْسِلُ الرِّيَاحَ فَتُثِيرُ سَحَابًا فَيَبْسُطُهُ فِي السَّمَاءِ كَيْفَ يَشَاءُ

Allaah is He Who sends the winds, so they raise clouds, and spread them along the sky as He wills

There are winds that raise, carry, transport, collect and fertilize the clouds. They fertilize the clouds in order for them to be able to bear rain by Allaah’s will. The Naashirat are those that disperse the clouds such that the rain water will not come all at once and harm the inhabitants of the earth. [Refer to the following verses in the Qur’aan: Surat Al-A’raf (7: 57), Surat An-Nur (24:43), Surat Al- Mursalat verse 33]

There are winds which fertilize the plants by carrying the pollen grains, winds which makes the ships sail in the sea, winds that cool the water, winds that help kindle the fire, and winds that dry what the people want to dry. Have you ever contemplated its benefit in our lives?

The wind has many benefits. This is why the wind of mercy always comes in plural form in the Qur’aan  – “Riyaah” while the wind of torment comes in a singular form “Reeh”.

In Surat Yunus (10: 22):

هُوَ الَّذِي يُسَيِّرُكُمْ فِي الْبَرِّ وَالْبَحْرِ ۖ حَتَّىٰ إِذَا كُنتُمْ فِي الْفُلْكِ وَجَرَيْنَ بِهِم بِرِيحٍ طَيِّبَةٍ وَفَرِحُوا بِهَا جَاءَتْهَا رِيحٌ عَاصِفٌ وَجَاءَهُمُ الْمَوْجُ مِن كُلِّ مَكَانٍ وَظَنُّوا أَنَّهُمْ أُحِيطَ بِهِمْ ۙ دَعَوُا اللَّهَ مُخْلِصِينَ لَهُ الدِّينَ لَئِنْ أَنجَيْتَنَا مِنْ هَٰذِهِ لَنَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الشَّاكِرِينَ

He it is Who enables you to travel through land and sea, till when you are in the ships and they sail with them with a favourable wind.  They are glad therein.  Then comes a stormy wind and the waves come to them from all sides, and they think that they are encircled therein.  They invoke Allaah, making their faith pure for Him Alone, saying: “If You (Allaah) deliver us from this, we shall truly be of the grateful.

The ‘ favourable/good’ wind is mentioned in this verse as a singular form and not plural. Why?

The scholars said that this wind was apparently good but it carried a torment inside it. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) says when they are happy with that good wind, it will suddenly turn into a storm such that  waves from all sides come, and they feel they are doomed. At that moment they forget all their false deities and call upon Allaah alone sincerely.

Another interpreter said if there are many winds from all directions the ship won’t sail, unlike if the wind is coming from one direction only. The most correct point of view is the former.  And Allaah knows best.

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Posted on May 15, 2013, in Allah's Names and Attributes. Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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