The Names of Allaah: Al-Hakam, Al-Haakim & Al-Hakeem – Part 15 (1 of 2) – Sunday 5th May, 2013
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (Radhia-Allaahu ‘anhu) said:“The Messenger of Allaah (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: ‘Allaah wills good for a person, He causes him to understand the religion.’” [Sunan Ibn Majah, Book of Sunnah, Hadith no 220, classified as Sahih By Albani (Rahimahullaah)]
The Religion of Islam is mainly based on the belief in Allaah, His names, and attributes. If one comprehends the religion it will mean he knows Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) by understanding His Names and Attributes that have been mentioned in the Qur’aan and Sunnah. The sign which indicates that our hearts are filled with the knowledge about Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is when we are constantly pleased with Allaah’s actions. The one who knows Allaah when he or she goes through any calamity will not be upset as he knows the Attributes of His Lord. He knows that his Lord is The All-Wise, The Most kind, whereas the person who is ignorant will be the one who is unable to explain Allaah’s actions. He does not see any good in Allaah’s actions.
Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) described these ignorant people in the Qur’aan in several verses.
- They are “ghafiloon“, Heedless. They are totally unaware. They don’t know why Allaah is sending them these signs. They are always busy with the life of this world and don’t spare anytime for the sake of Allaah.
- They are at rest towards the dunya and not towards Allaah.
- They make their desire a judge over Allaah’s actions. If the decree of Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is according to their desire, they are pleased with Him and if not, they are displeased with Him.
Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is the All-wise. It is He who puts the right thing in its right place, at the right time with the right amount. He is All-Able to give but He gives and takes at the right time. He will give us whenever He wills and not whenever we want as His decrees are based on His Perfect Wisdom and not on our desires.
Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: “Verily the greater reward is with the greater trial . Verily when Allaah the Most High loves a people He tests them. Therefore, whoever is pleased, then he will have the pleasure (of Allaah), and whoever is angry, then for him is the anger (of Allaah).“ [Graded Hasan (good) by At-Tirmidhî]
The impact of Allaah’s pleasure on a person is that;
- He opens that person’s chest (heart). This allows that person to accept the knowledge and also His laws and decrees.
- He makes that person see the wisdom behind a certain decreed matter.
In many verses in the Qur’aan Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) mentions that He created the Heavens and the Earth in six days, though He is able to create it in less than six days. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is repeating this for us in order to tell us that all of His actions are done deliberately. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is never in haste.
Imam Ahmad recorded Abu Hurayrah (Radhia-Allaahu ‘anhu) saying: `Allaah’s Messenger told me: “Allaah created the dust on Saturday, and He created the mountains on Sunday, and He created the trees on Monday, and He created the unpleasant things on Tuesday, and He created the light on Wednesday, and He spread the creatures throughout it on Thursday, and He created Adam after `Asr on Friday. He was the last created during the last hour of Friday, between `Asr and the night.“
It can be noticed from the above hadith that Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) created the Heavens and the Earth in stages and each stage depends on the previous stage. This also indicates Allaah’s wisdom in His creation.
People may be displeased with the decrees of Allaah due to desires and also due to the Shaytaan.
The Shaytaan whispers in our chests through our weak points and one of these weak points is fear. Each one of us has something that he or she is afraid of. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) has afflicted us with this fear and Shaytaan may try to use this to play with our feelings and make us grieve.
If a person fears for her health, the Shaytaan may whisper to her that it is possible that she might be having the same symptoms of a sickness that she read or heard of. The sister would then begin worrying and grieving over it though she doesn’t even have the sickness. One of the most joyous moments for the Shaytaan is when he sees a believer unhappy or sad.
Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) says in Surah Baqarah verse 155-157:
وَلَنَبْلُوَنَّكُم بِشَيْءٍ مِّنَ الْخَوْفِ وَالْجُوعِ وَنَقْصٍ مِّنَ الْأَمْوَالِ وَالْأَنفُسِ وَالثَّمَرَاتِ ۗ وَبَشِّرِ الصَّابِرِينَ
And certainly, We shall test you with something of fear, hunger, loss of wealth, lives and fruits, but give glad tidings to As-Sabirin (the patient ones, etc.).
الَّذِينَ إِذَا أَصَابَتْهُم مُّصِيبَةٌ قَالُوا إِنَّا لِلَّهِ وَإِنَّا إِلَيْهِ رَاجِعُونَ
Who, when afflicted with calamity, say: “Truly! To Allaah we belong and truly, to Him we shall return.”
أُولَٰئِكَ عَلَيْهِمْ صَلَوَاتٌ مِّن رَّبِّهِمْ وَرَحْمَةٌ ۖ وَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُهْتَدُونَ
They are those on whom are the Salawat (i.e. blessings, etc.) (i.e. who are blessed and will be forgiven) from their Lord, and (they are those who) receive His Mercy, and it is they who are the guided-ones.
Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) tells us that He will test us, but the ones who will succeed this test are those who are patient. The impact of their belief is shown on their tongues when they say “Truly! To Allaah we belong and truly, to Him we shall return..”
When Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) sends ‘Salawaat’ on a person, it means He praises him in the Heavens and He will have mercy on him by giving him all that is good for him and keeping away from him any evil.
Then in verse 158:
إِنَّ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةَ مِن شَعَائِرِ اللَّهِ ۖ فَمَنْ حَجَّ الْبَيْتَ أَوِ اعْتَمَرَ فَلَا جُنَاحَ عَلَيْهِ أَن يَطَّوَّفَ بِهِمَا ۚ وَمَن تَطَوَّعَ خَيْرًا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ شَاكِرٌ عَلِيمٌ
Verily! As-Safa and Al-Marwah (two mountains in Makkah) are of the Symbols of Allaah. So it is not a sin on him who perform Hajj or ‘Umrah (pilgrimage) of the House (the Ka’bah at Makkah) to perform the going (Tawaf) between them (As-Safa and Al-Marwah). And whoever does good voluntarily, then verily, Allaah is All-Recogniser, All-Knower.
Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) then mentions Safa and Marwa, This refers to Hajar when she was in the desert alone with Isma’eel (‘Alayhis-salaam). She was tested and showed patience, so Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) blessed her with Zam Zam water, which is flowing until this day.
When we are afflicted with fear we should:
- Seek refuge with Allaah (Isti’aadha) from the Shaytaan and from whatever you are afraid from. Isti’aadha is you fleeing to Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala), who is the only one who can protect you from the Shaytaan and whatever it is that causes you fear.
- Stay at the gate of Allaah. Go to Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) with all your worries and concerns. Make du’aa to Him. We should have a firm belief that it is Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) who will look after us. We are created weak but Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is our lord. He is the Self-Sufficient, The All- Able, The Strong.
- Do not listen to the whispers of the Shaytaan
- Learn more about Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) and know about the Shaytaan and his plots.
- Remind yourself of how Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) brought you out of all the calamities that you went through previously. Remember Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) profusely as the Shaytaan cannot overpower a person who remembers Allaah much.
This will make you feel at rest with Allah’s decrees