Innovations in The Month Of Rajab
The sacred months in Islam are Dhul-Qa’dah, Dhul-Hijjah, Muharram and Rajab.
Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) said in Surat at-Tawbah (9:36):
” إِنَّ عِدَّةَ الشُّهُورِ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ اثْنَا عَشَرَ شَهْرًا فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ يَوْمَ خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ مِنْهَا أَرْبَعَةٌ حُرُمٌ ذَلِكَ الدِّينُ الْقَيِّمُ فَلَا تَظْلِمُوا فِيهِنَّ أَنْفُسَكُمْ “
“Verily the number of months with Allah is twelve months (in a year), so was it ordained by Allah on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth, of them four are sacred. That is the right religion, so wrong not yourselves therein.”
We have to magnify the sacred months by performing more good deeds and avoiding sins because the sins are also magnified in the sight of Allah. The month of Rajab is one of the sacred months.
The people in the Pre-Islamic times used to magnify this month by refraining from fighting each other in it. The name Rajab is derived from the word At-Tarjeeb which means At- Ta’dheem (magnification).
Today, many innovations are being followed by some Muslims in this month.
No particular du’aa said in the Month of Rajab:
There are no authentic narrations that tell us of a particular du’aa when the month of Rajab begins. Therefore invoking with the following du’aa is a form of innovation:
‘Allahumma Barik lana fi Rajaba wa Sha’bana wa ballighna Ramadhaan’
“O Allah, make the months of Rajab and Sha’ban blessed for us, and let us reach the month of Ramadhaan (i.e. prolong our life up to Ramadhaan, so that we may benefit from its merits and blessings).”
[Collected by al-Bazzaar and at-Tabaraanee.]
The Hadeeth was declared Da’eef (weak) by Shaykh Al-Albaani in Dha’eeful Jaami’ (4395)
Specifying ‘Umrah for the Month of Rajab:
Many people are so keen to perform ‘Umrah during Rajab and they call it Umrah Rajabiya. They claim that the Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) also did so.
Ibn al Qayyim (May allaah have mercy on him ) said in his book “Zaad al Ma’aaad”: “Allaah’s messenger (salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa salam) performed ‘Umrah four times after the emigration to madinah, and all of them were in Dhul-Qa’dah according to the Hadith narrated by Anas (radia Allaahu ‘anhu) that the Messenger of Allaah (salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa salam) performed ‘Umrah four times, all of them were in Dhul-Qa’dah.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
The statement of Abdullah bin Umar, “The Prophet (salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa salam) performed ‘Umrah four times, one of them was in the month of Rajab,” is incorrect. when Aisha (radia Allaahu ‘anha),the wife of the Prophet (salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa salam) heard what Ibn ‘Umar was saying, she said,” May Allaah be merciful with Abu Abdur-Rahman! The Prophet (salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa salam) did not perform any ‘Umrah except that he (Ibn ‘Umar) was with him, and he never performed any ‘Umrah in Rajab.” [Agreed upon].
Specifying the Month of Rajab with Fasting:
There are also no Ahadeeth saying there is a significance in fasting a particular day in the month of Rajab. We have to be careful not to particularize the month of Rajab with fasting. Of course one can fast the Mondays and Thursdays, or fast the three white days like every other month, and the reward will be greater in Allah’s sight since the month of Rajab is a sacred month.
Sheikh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (Rahimahullaah) said: ‘There are some people who specify the month of Rajab with fasting all of it and this is a bid’ah, not a sunnah. Even when Abu Bakr (Radhia-Allaahu ‘anhu) entered upon his household and saw that they had collected two pots of water in order to get ready for fasting Rajab, he broke the pots and said, “Do you want to change Rajab into Ramadhaan? ” As for the one who was used to fasting Mondays and Thursdays or the White days, then we say let him continue fasting them. And there is no specified fasting for the month of Rajab in particular.” [Fatwa fil-Hajj – 659]
Particularising the Month of Rajab for sacrificing:
The people in the Pre-Islamic times also used to offer sacrifice to their Idols, which was known as Ateerah, during this month and this has been prohibited in Islam. We must not particularize the month of Rajab for sacrificing
Celebrating the Night of Isra’ and Mi‘raj:
People claim that the 27th night of Rajab was the night Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) ascended to the Heavens. We believe that Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) did ascend to the heavens which is affirmed by Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) in the first verse of Surah Al-Israa, but nobody knows the exact date.
Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) didn’t mention 27th of Rajab as the date this journey took place in any authentic narration. It is an innovation to particularize any kind of worship specifically for this night.
Shaykh ‘Abd al- ‘Azeez bin Baaz (Rahimahullaah) mentioned concerning this:
”The night on which the Isra’ and the Mi‘raj occurred has not been reported in the Hadith Sahih (a Hadith that has been transmitted by people known for their uprightness and exactitude; free from eccentricity and blemish) as having been in the month of Rajab nor in any other specific month. All that has been reported concerning a specific date for this event is not authentically reported from the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam), according to the Hadith scholars. There must be a great wisdom why Allah made people forget the exact night of Isra’ and Mi‘raj; but even if it were specified, still it would not be permissible for Muslims to perform specific acts of ‘Ibaadah (worship) on this night or celebrate it. This is because the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) and his Sahabah (Companions, may Allah be pleased with them) did not celebrate it or perform specific acts of ‘Ibaadah on it. If celebrating this night was prescribed in Islam, the Messenger (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) would have made it known to the Muslim Ummah (nation based on one creed) either in words or in deeds. If anything of this was observed on this night, it would be known by all Muslims and would have been transmitted to us by the Sahabah (may Allah be pleased with them), as they transmitted from the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) everything that the Muslim Ummah needs, and they never neglected anything related to the Deen (religion). In fact, they were the forerunners to every good act. So, if celebrating the night of Isra’ and Mi’raj was lawful, they would have been the first people to do so. The Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) was the sincerest giver of advice to people; he perfectly conveyed the Message of Islam and fulfilled the Amaanah (trust). If honouring this night and celebrating it was part of the Deen of Allah, he (Salla-Allaahu ‘ alaihi wa sallam) would never have concealed or neglected it.” [Majmoo’ Fataawa wa Maqaalaat Mutanawwi’ah li Samaahat Ash-Shaykh ‘Abd al- ‘Azeez bin ‘Abd-Allaah bin Baaz(رحمه الله تعالى) (Volume No. 1; Page No. 183 – 185)]
We have to kill these innovations! If you are told something about the month of Rajab, ask for evidence. We should not participate or encourage these innovations in any way.
The Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: “… and every innovation is misguidance and all misguidance is in the Hellfire.” [Reported by an-Nasaa’ee (1/224) from Jaabir bin Abdullaah and it is saheeh as declared by Shaikh ul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah in Majmoo’ ul-Fataawaa (3/58)]