The Names of Allaah: Al-Hakam, Al-Haakim & Al-Hakeem – Part 17 (1 of 2) – Sunday 19th May, 2013

Narrated Al-Abbas bin Abdul-Muttalib (Radhia-Allaahu ‘anhu) that he heard the Messenger of Allah (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) say: “Whoever is pleased with Allah as (his) Lord, and Islam as (his) religion, and Muhammad as (his) Prophet, then he has tasted the sweetness of faith.” [Jami` at-Tirmidhi , Book 40, Hadith 18]

If you want to taste the sweetness of faith you have to be pleased with Allah  (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala), His decrees, His commands, and legislation; And to be pleased with Allah you must know Him by His Names and Attributes. Even the hardships that Allah  (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) afflicts us with is a mercy from Him to us. When we do wrong and are unaware, Allah punishes us by afflicting us with some calamity so that we turn back to Him. Only the believer who knows Allah will understand that He will not decree this for him unless there is wisdom and thus he will accept it, being pleased with Allah, hence tasting the sweetness of faith. It was narrated from Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri that the Messenger of Allah (Salla-Allaahu alaihi wa sallam) said in a hadith: ”Whoever is content with Allah as Lord, Islam as his religion, and Muhammad as Prophet, then he is guaranteed Paradise.” [ Sahih Muslim, Book 33, Hadith 175]

Studying the merits of Islam is a form of drawing near to Allah  (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala), appreciating His favour of making us Muslims. You must feel honoured and not feel that there are many obligations and restrictions in Islam. Allah  (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) never ordained something except there is a good in it. Surat ‘Āal`Imrān,85:

وَمَن يَبْتَغِ غَيْرَ الْإِسْلَامِ دِينًا فَلَن يُقْبَلَ مِنْهُ وَهُوَ فِي الْآخِرَةِ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ

And whoever seeks a religion other than Islam, it will never be accepted of him, and in the Hereafter he will be one of the losers.

If the sound instinct (fitrah) contemplates the rulings of Islaam, it will find that it is based on justice, mercy, and wisdom. While sin, aggression, injustice, and evil are discouraged and abhorred in Islaam.  Islaam enjoins everything that brings people happiness and success in this life and the hereafter, and forbids everything that causes them misery and harm in this life and hereafter. Let us talk about some of the main Islamic rituals. If these acts of worship are examined, it will be found that there are great benefits in them.

The Salaat: The word Salaat is derived from the word Silah صله which can be translated to connection. It is a connection between you and Allah. It reforms the heart of the person and if the heart is reformed, the acts of the limbs will be reformed. The salaat trains the hearts to perform righteous deeds. Sincerity is one of the most important deeds of the heart. When the person intends to pray, he gets up collecting his heart, seeking the pleasure and praise of Allah alone. He tries to prevent his heart from any distraction, reminding himself that he is praying for Allah’s sake alone, as He is the one who commanded him to do so. You perform the Salaat training your heart to be attached to Allah alone, five times a day. When you finish the Salaat and perform any other good deed, you will be doing it with sincerity as you have trained yourself in the Salaat. The Salaat also trains the person to be submissive to Allah. The devotee, while offering the Salaat, is talking to Allah, invoking and praising Him. So after he finishes praying throughout his day, he will be invoking Allah and praising Him submissively as he has been trained to do that in the Salaat. Allah  (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) says in Surat Al-Ma`ārij verses 19-22:

إِنَّ الْإِنسَانَ خُلِقَ هَلُوعًا

Verily, man (disbeliever) was created very impatient;

إِذَا مَسَّهُ الشَّرُّ جَزُوعًا

Irritable (discontented) when evil touches him;

وَإِذَا مَسَّهُ الْخَيْرُ مَنُوعًا

And niggardly when good touches him;

إِلَّا الْمُصَلِّينَ

Except those devoted to Salaat (prayers)

The Salaat is a great means of overcoming these deficiencies in us as it trains one to invoke and ask Allah alone. Therefore whenever one is afflicted by a calamity, he will invoke Allah. And since in his daily prayers he always says

مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ

”The Only Owner (and the Only Ruling Judge) of the Day of Recompense (i.e. the Day of Resurrection)”,

he will know that everything belongs to Allah  (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) thus he will not show miserliness with the favours Allah has bestowed on him. The Salaat trains the person to praise Allah alone. When anyone receives a blessing he will say Alhamdulillah, attributing the blessing to Allah and praising Him. In his daily prayers he always trains himself by saying,

الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ

”All the praises and thanks be to Allah, the Lord of the ‘Aalamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists).”

Another benefit of the Salaat is that it prevents the person from evil, great sins, and wicked deeds. Whenever the person gets up to offer the Salaat and declares the greatness of Allah  (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) and says,

مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ

”The Only Owner (and the Only Ruling Judge) of the Day of Recompense (i.e. the Day of Resurrection)”,

he will be reminding himself of the day of Judgement and of Allah, The Greatest, who will take him into account. Therefore when he finishes the Salaat, he will not be able to commit the sin easily.

The Zakaat: The human beings are misers generally; it is an inborn quality that varies according to their Eeman. Allah  (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) created us with these deficiencies and at the same time ordained Islamic laws to help us overcome these deficiencies. The more you strive to overcome these deficiencies by abiding to these laws, the more successful we will be with Allah. Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) encourages us to spend by telling us of the rewards we will get if we do so. The Islamic law refines your manners. You will not be slaves to your money or properties. You will be giving away easily, hoping to seek the pleasure of Allah. Through the Zakaat, one is able to purify his wealth by helping the poor and needy people. It also helps the person to acquire good qualities such as generosity and mercy.  Zakaat  helps him to rid himself of miserliness and selfishness and accordingly he will be successful with Allah.

Surat Al-Ĥashr verse 9:

وَمَن يُوقَ شُحَّ نَفْسِهِ فَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ

”..And whosoever is saved from his own covetousness, such are they who will be the successful.”

The Fasting:  It helps us to have self-control, in fasting there is training for the self to leave what we desire.

Surat Muĥammad verse 12:

إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُدْخِلُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِن تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ ۖ وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا يَتَمَتَّعُونَ وَيَأْكُلُونَ كَمَا تَأْكُلُ الْأَنْعَامُ وَالنَّارُ مَثْوًى لَّهُمْ

Certainly! Allah will admit those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah Islamic Monotheism) and do righteous good deeds, to Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise), while those who disbelieve enjoy themselves and eat as cattle eat, and the Fire will be their abode.

We are being told of the state of the disbelievers. They fulfil their desires without control and Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) resembles them with the cattle. Fasting trains the human being to have control over his desire. In the night of Ramadan you are told to wake up at night, when sleep is most dear to you; to get up and eat, though you don’t want to eat at that time, for the sake of Allah. Allah loves that act at that moment. He loves that you get up and take the sahoor. You will be doing things which are disliked to the self but pleasing to Allah. During Ramadan, you will be training yourself to please Allah. Fasting strengthens the will and teaches us patience, endurance and self-control. Abu Huraira (Radhia-Allaahu ‘anhu) reported: When any one of you gets up in the morning in the state of fasting, he should neither use obscene language nor do any act of ignorance. And if anyone slanders him or quarrels with him, he should say,” I am fasting, I am fasting.” [Sahih Muslim]  While fasting, you try to control yourself from indulging in vain talk as you know it is not pleasing to Allah.

In Surat Ash-Shams  Verses 7-10:

وَنَفْسٍ وَمَا سَوَّاهَا

”And by Nafs (Adam or a person or a soul, etc.), and Him Who perfected him in proportion;”

فَأَلْهَمَهَا فُجُورَهَا وَتَقْوَاهَا

”Then He showed him what is wrong for him and what is right for him;”

قَدْ أَفْلَحَ مَن زَكَّاهَا

”Indeed he succeeds who purifies his own self (i.e. obeys and performs all that Allah ordered, by following the true Faith of Islamic Monotheism and by doing righteous good deeds).”

وَقَدْ خَابَ مَن دَسَّاهَا

”And indeed he fails who corrupts his own self (i.e. disobeys what Allah has ordered by rejecting the true Faith of Islamic Monotheism or by following polytheism, etc. or by doing every kind of evil wicked deeds).”

Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is the one who perfected our ‘selves’. He placed in our ‘selves’,  the natural instinct to distinguish between right and wrong. It had been put in our instinct that there is a creator behind the whole creation, who is Allah. In everyone there is tendency toward wickedness or righteousness, depending on the situation, but the successful one is the one who purified himself by obeying Allah, controlling  his desires by guiding it to whatever Allah is pleased with. The failure, according to Allah, is the one who corrupted himself by following his self-desires without control. Allah’s laws tell us what is wrong and what is right, we have to control our selves by abiding by them. These laws came to purify our ‘selves’ and if we purify our ‘selves’, we will be successful with Allah.

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Posted on June 17, 2013, in Allah's Names and Attributes, The Names of Allaah: Al-Hakam, Al-Haakim & Al-Hakeem. Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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