The Names of Allaah: Al-Hakam, Al-Haakim & Al-Hakeem – Part 17 (2 of 2) – Sunday 19th May, 2013
The Pilgrimage to Makkah, Hajj:
During Hajj, Muslims from all over the world gather in one land, invoking One Lord. There is no distinction between people at that place. During Hajj, one forsakes wearing stitched clothes, especially the men who wear the same dress code, which consists of two pieces of cloth. This dress code resembles the shroud of dead, in order to remind them of death and to remind them that in this life we are on a journey that will end sooner or later with death, thus encouraging them to work hard for the hereafter. This kind of dress code is also a reminder of the insignificance of this life.
Hajj reminds the Muslims of the prophets and messengers.
It helps to purify the soul from its desire; the pilgrims go to Hajj carrying with them only that much which is sufficient for them in their journey. When they reach there, they settle with group of people in the same room. They leave the luxurious life behind and live there with the least provision; that much that helps them to perform the rituals of the Hajj. The pilgrims leave behind their properties, families, countries, going for a journey to Allah, reminding them that one day they will leave all these worldly things and go back to Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala). Hajj is a training for us to be satisfied with the least provision that we have.
The Islamic Law covers everything in our life, from our acts of worship to how we deal with people. It organizes and regulates our matters.
Consultation is an act of worship that many people are unaware of. You consult the people if you are confused with what decision to make.
Surat ‘Āal `Imrān, 159:
فَبِمَا رَحْمَةٍ مِّنَ اللَّهِ لِنتَ لَهُمْ ۖ وَلَوْ كُنتَ فَظًّا غَلِيظَ الْقَلْبِ لَانفَضُّوا مِنْ حَوْلِكَ ۖ فَاعْفُ عَنْهُمْ وَاسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ وَشَاوِرْهُمْ فِي الْأَمْرِ ۖ فَإِذَا عَزَمْتَ فَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللَّهِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُتَوَكِّلِينَ
”And by the Mercy of Allah, you dealt with them gently. And had you been severe and harsh-hearted, they would have broken away from about you; so pass over (their faults), and ask (Allah’s) Forgiveness for them; and consult them in the affairs. Then when you have taken a decision, put your trust in Allah, certainly, Allah loves those who put their trust (in Him).”
Surat Ash-Shūraá verse 38:
وَالَّذِينَ اسْتَجَابُوا لِرَبِّهِمْ وَأَقَامُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَأَمْرُهُمْ شُورَىٰ بَيْنَهُمْ وَمِمَّا رَزَقْنَاهُمْ يُنفِقُونَ
And those who answer the Call of their Lord [i.e. to believe that He is the only One Lord (Allah), and to worship none but Him Alone], and perform As-Salaat (Iqamat-as-Salaat), and who (conduct) their affairs by mutual consultation, and who spend of what We have bestowed on them;
Whenever Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) commands with something, or praises those who do it, then it is an act of worship. Since consultation is an act of worship, you must have a sincere intention that you are doing this act seeking the pleasure of Allah. Whoever has the good sincere intention while practising this act of worship, Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) will guide him to the best of his affairs. There will be a blessing in that matter that he is consulting with.
There are two conditions that must be fulfilled by the person you are consulting:
- He should be experienced in the matter you are consulting him with.
- He should be a righteous, God-fearing person.
There are some acts which the one consulting must avoid:
- Not choosing the right time or position to consult the person. Both the consulted and the one consulting should have enough time to collect their hearts and bring the proper intention before doing this act of worship.
- Not presenting the case clearly to the consulted.
- Not accepting the consultation after seeking it when it doesn’t go along with his desire.
There are certain guidelines the consulted should also follow when consulting:
- He should seek nearness to Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) while giving the consultation, as it is an act of worship.
- He is required to practise Istihdaa’ (seeking the guidance from Allah) in order to overcome the self confidence in himself.
- He should avoid following the desire when giving the answer.
- He shouldn’t ask irrelevant questions.
- He must avoid revealing the secrets of the consultant.
The scholars have disputed over which one should be done first, Istishaarah (Seeking Consultation) or Istikhaarah (Seek guidance from Allaah).
Sheikh bin ‘Uthaimeen (Rahimahullaah) said you have to first consult Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala), and if you’re still confused then make Salaat-ul-Istikhaarah for a second time, if still confused then a third time. If you are still not able to decide then you can consult the people; and you must understand that whatever they advise you with is what Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) wants you to follow. [Sharh Kitab Riyadh us-Saliheen]