The Names of Allah: Al-Hakam, Al-Haakim & Al-Hakeem – Part 18 (1 of 2) – Sunday 18th Rajab, 1434 (26th May, 2013)
Sahl ibn al-Hanzaliyyah (Radhia-Allaahu ‘anhu) said, “The Messenger of Allah (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said, ‘No people gather together to remember (Allah) and then disperse, but it will be said to them, “Get up, you are forgiven.” [Saheeh al-Jaami’, 5507].
When people gather to study His Names and Attributes, this is a kind of remembering Allah. The Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said, “Allah the Most High said, ‘I am as My servant thinks (expects) I am. I am with him when he mentions Me. If he mentions Me to himself, I mention him to Myself; and if he mentions Me in an assembly, I mention him in an assembly greater than it. If he draws near to Me a hand’s length, I draw near to him an arm’s length; and if he comes to Me walking, I go to him at speed.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari]
One kind of remembering and praising Allah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) is studying and talking about His religion. If you gather and study the merits of Islam, you will then be praising Allah, because Allah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) is the One who chose Islam as a religion for us. This religion manifests the perfect attributes of Allah. It shows Allah’s Mercy, Wisdom, Ability, etc. The more you study the religion, the more you will know about Allah. Allah’s Attributes will be shown clearly to you and you will love Allah more. As the merits of Islam are shown to you, accordingly your faith and certainty in the perfection of Allah increases. You will reach the state where you know that the religion of Islam is suitable for every time and place.
Anything Allah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) Commanded His servants With is Beneficial for Them or the Benefits Outweigh the Harm.
Islam is the religion of Ihsan. It encourages on benefiting the humans, even attracting the heart of the unbelievers. Everything Allah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) ordered agrees with our natural disposition. If you study the biographies of the companions of the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam), you will find that before Islam they were in the darkness of disbelief. They committed all kinds of evil sins such as adultery, drinking wine, etc. After they embraced Islam they became the best people on the face of the earth.
What changed them? It was the religion of Islam. One of the companions of the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam), Rabi’ bin `Amir (Radhia-Allaahu ‘anhu) entered upon Rustum, the leader of Persia, who had 280,000 soldiers under him. Rustum asked him “What brings you here?” Rabi’ was wearing a torn robe and had with him a spear and an old horse. Rustam said to him laughingly, while his ministers and companions were sitting with him, “You came to conquer the world with this spear, an old horse and a torn robe?” So Rabi` ibn `Amir (Radhia-Allaahu ‘anhu) responded to him, confident in Allah’s help, “Allah has sent us to take (His) slaves from the servitude of (other) slaves to the servitude of the Lord of slaves, and from the narrowness of this world to the vastness of the hereafter, and from the tyranny of religions to the justice of Islam.” [Al-Bidayah wan-Nihayah/ Part 7]
They weren’t after the worldly gain, they wanted the religion of Allah to prevail in the land. They were praising Allah by talking about the merits of Islam and by holding fast to the religion. Allah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) has informed us in the Qur’aan and Sunnah that He is All-Wise in everything, in His creation, in His laws, in His decrees and in His sending of the messengers and the books.
Why did Allah send Messengers and books? The only reason that Allah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) sent messengers and books is so that the people will know who Allah is, and accordingly worship Him.
The Wisdom of Allah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) in Choosing the Messengers (particularly, Prophet Muhammed- (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam)
Allah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) sent messengers to bring mankind out from the darkness of disbelief, polytheism, ignorance, and bid’ah to the light of belief, knowledge and faith.
1) Allah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) said in Surah Ibrahim Verse 4:
وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَا مِن رَّسُولٍ إِلَّا بِلِسَانِ قَوْمِهِ لِيُبَيِّنَ لَهُمْ ۖ فَيُضِلُّ اللَّهُ مَن يَشَاءُ وَيَهْدِي مَن يَشَاءُ ۚ وَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ
”And We sent not a Messenger except with the language of his people, in order that he might make (the Message) clear for them. Then Allah misleads whom He wills and guides whom He wills. And He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.”
Allah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) didn’t send a messenger except that he spoke the language of their people. In order to show them who their Lord is, what their religion is, and what pleases and displeases Allah. It is illogical to send a messenger whose tongue is not of his people.
2) Allah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) chose the Messengers to be from among the noble people in order for the people to accept their message, not to doubt their lineage and submit to them.
3) Allah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) made the Messengers trustworthy. In Surat Ash-Shu`arā’ Verses 107, 125, 143, etc., every messenger repeated the same statement: “Verily! I am a trustworthy Messenger to you.” They will never change the message of Allah. Accordingly, it is required for us to accept it. This should make you feel confident in whatever they brought.
4) Allah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) chose Prophet Muhammed (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) to be sent to the Arabs and all mankind while the other messengers were sent only to their people. The evidence for that is in Surat Al-‘A`rāf, Verse 158:
قُلْ يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنِّي رَسُولُ اللَّهِ إِلَيْكُمْ جَمِيعًا الَّذِي لَهُ مُلْكُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۖ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ يُحْيِي وَيُمِيتُ ۖ فَآمِنُوا بِاللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ النَّبِيِّ الْأُمِّيِّ الَّذِي يُؤْمِنُ بِاللَّهِ وَكَلِمَاتِهِ وَاتَّبِعُوهُ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَهْتَدُونَ
“Say (O Muhammad- Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam): “O mankind! Verily, I am sent to you all as the Messenger of Allah – to Whom belongs the dominion of the Heavens and the Earth. La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He); It is He Who gives life and causes death. So believe in Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad- Sallallahu ‘Alaihe wa Sallam), the Prophet who can neither read nor write (i.e. Muhammad- Sallallahu ‘Alaihe wa Sallam) who believes in Allah and His Words [(this Qur’aan), the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel) and also Allah’s Word: “Be!” – and he was, i.e. ‘Iesa (Jesus) son of Maryam (Mary)], and follow him so that you may be guided.”
This addresses all of mankind. He introduces who Allah is, the One who sent him (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam). Accordingly you should believe in Allah and His Messenger (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam). Then he (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) describes himself as an illiterate Prophet. So follow him (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam), that you may be guided. Allah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) is commanding us to follow the Prophet Muhammed (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam). He is the Messenger of Allah to all of mankind, the last of the Prophets and his message is the last of the messages.