The Names of Allah: Al-Hakam, Al-Haakim & Al-Hakeem – Part 18 (2 of 2) – Sunday 18th Rajab, 1434 (26th May, 2013)
The Wisdom of Allah in choosing the Prophet Muhammed (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) to be the final Prophet –
1) Allah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) told us that the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) is of the best character. In Surah Qalam Verse 4: “And verily, you (O Muhammad –sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) are on an exalted standard of character.” If Allah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) praised him then this means that he is truly a great messenger. The choice of Allah for the Prophet indicates the wisdom of Allah.
2) He made the Prophet the Perfect Model for Humanity.
3) Allah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) chose him from the best of creation.
Wathila b. al-Asqa’ reported: I heard Allah’s Messenger (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) as saying, “Allah purified and chose Kinana out of all descendants of Isma’eel, and He chose Quraish from among children of Kinana, and He chose from Quraish, Banu Hashim, and He chose from amongst Banu Hashim, me.” [Sahih Muslim, Book 44, Hadith 6077]
Abdullah ibn Mas’ud said: When Allah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) created the creation, He distributed the characters among the people just as he distributed their provision. [Saheeh al-Targheeb,1571] Allah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) chose the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) to have this exalted character and Allah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) creates whatever He wills and chooses what He wills, as He (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) said in Surah Qasas verse 68:
وَرَبُّكَ يَخْلُقُ مَا يَشَاءُ وَيَخْتَارُ
”And your Lord creates whatsoever He wills and chooses..”
4) Allah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) chose the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) to be an Arab. The Arabs lived in the Arabian Peninsula which is an arid region. It is barren, full of sand, the water is scarce, and there is heat. This affected the nature of the people. Allah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) chose the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) to be an Arab because of the characters of the Arab. They are patient in enduring hardships and fight for what they believe in, even if it’s wrong. They don’t like anyone to defame them in their honour. If they carry the truth, they will fight for it. There is a zeal in them. They are generous and will spend for the sake of the truth. It’s easy for them.
Allah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) chose the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) to be an Arab because the Arabs will be the ones who carry the message after the Prophet. Talking about the character of the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) is a means of making the people know about him. Many people accepted Islam when they studied the character of the Prophet. How he dealt with his family, with his children, etc. He was kind and merciful and noble. Spreading the quality of the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) makes the people know that Allah is Hakeem (Wise) in choosing the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) as the last messenger. This will increase your belief in Allah. Therefore sending the Salat upon the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) is considered a great act of worship.
This is to say:
“اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ، كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَوَعَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيم، إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ، اللَّهُمَّ بَارِكَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَوَعَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ”.
“O Allah, send Your Salah upon Muhammad and upon the family of Muhammad, as You sent Your Salah upon the family of Ibrahim, verily You are the Most Praiseworthy, Most Glorious. O Allah, send Your blessings upon Muhammad and upon the family of Muhammad, as You sent Your blessings upon the family of Ibrahim, verily You are Most Praiseworthy, Most Glorious.”
Ubayy ibn Ka`b relates: I said, “O Messenger of Allah, I send much blessings on you. What proportion of my prayer should I devote to you?” He said, “As much as you like.” I said, “A quarter?” He said, “As much as you like, and if you increased it would only be better for you.” I said, “Then a half?” He said, “As much as you like and if you increased then it would only be better for you.” I said, “Then two thirds?” He said, “As much as you like and if you increased it would only be better for you.” I said, “I’ll devote all of my prayers to sending blessings on you.” The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “In that case it will suffice you from your worries and your sins will be forgiven. “ [Reported by Tirmidhi who declared it well authenticated]
Whoever contemplates the state of the previous messengers and their descriptions compared to the Prophet Muhammed (Sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) will see a huge difference. This should make you proud to be a follower of the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam). The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: “Certainly my example and the example of prophets earlier than me is like the example of a palace most elegant and most beautifully constructed by a person except (that he left in it) a blank space for a brick in one of its corners and that made the people (who were) going around it wonder (at its marvels) and exclaim, “Why not is this brick inlaid in here!” The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said, “I am that (corner’s last) brick and I am the last of the prophets”. (Bukhari and Muslim)
If you want to send a messenger to a people, you would choose the best man to represent you. When this person goes to the people and they honour him, they are honouring you indirectly because you sent him. When they believe and accept his message it means they are believing in you. This is exactly the case when you send the Salat upon the Prophet. You are praising Allah, because Allah is the One who chose the Prophet.
Therefore, when you send Salat there are some things that should be established in your heart:
1) Your Salat for the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) indicates your belief in Allah’s perfection. The Perfect One has sent the perfect human. This is very important to be established in your heart.
2) You need to collect all the articles of faith in your heart. You believe that Allah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) is perfect, believe in the books, and in Muhammad (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) as a messenger.
3) You should be waiting for the reward and recompense from Allah. The reward is that Allah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) replies 10 times. You are asking Allah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) to praise the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) among the highest dwellings. Upon saying this you will get 10 praises from Allah, because you are praising Allah when you send Salat upon the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam). You are praising Allah for His perfect attributes, for His wisdom in choosing the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) as a Messenger and you believe in his message.
If you contemplate the likes of the greatest people on Earth, you can find that there are secrets in their life which we don’t know. If you check the life of the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam), you wont find any secrets in his life. Everything is known to us. Therefore no one can find any defect in his life and in his message. Only people in whose heart there is a sickness defame him, because they don’t want to follow his message. Allah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) promised that he will defend him even after his death.
Surah Tawbah Verse 128:
لَقَدْ جَاءَكُمْ رَسُولٌ مِّنْ أَنفُسِكُمْ عَزِيزٌ عَلَيْهِ مَا عَنِتُّمْ حَرِيصٌ عَلَيْكُم بِالْمُؤْمِنِينَ رَءُوفٌ رَّحِيمٌ
“Verily, there has come unto you a Messenger (Muhammad Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) from amongst yourselves (i.e. whom you know well). It grieves him that you should receive any injury or difficulty. He (Muhammad Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) is anxious over you (to be rightly guided, to repent to Allah, and beg Him to pardon and forgive your sins, in order that you may enter Paradise and be saved from the punishment of the Hell-fire), for the believers (He – Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam – is) full of pity, kind, and merciful.”
1) عَزِيزٌ عَلَيْهِ (Azīzun `Alayhi)– Grievous to him is what you suffer. It hurts him to see us in pain and suffering.
2) حَرِيصٌ عَلَيْكُم (Hareesun`Alaykum) He is keen for our guidance.
3) With the believers he is رَءُوفٌ رَّحِيمٌ (Ra’oof ur-Raheem), kind, compassionate, and merciful. Allah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) is describing him to us, and praising the Prophet Muhammed (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam). He was kind to everyone. Whenever he was given the choice between two matters he would choose the easiest, because he didn’t want to cause hardship for his Ummah. He always raised his hand saying Ummati, Ummati. He always asked Allah to take care of his Ummah, relieve them and guide them. When he went to Taif and the people stoned him until he bled, Allah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) sent angels who gave him a choice to destroy the people of Taif but his response was, “No, I hope that God will bring out from their offspring people who worship Him alone and associate no partners with Him.” He never took revenge, his concern was always the guidance of the people.
The companions (Radia Allaahu ‘anhum) said, “There is nothing good, except he taught us. There is no evil which causes us to be far from Allah, but he warns us from it. There is no bird flying, except he is telling us something good about him.” [Saheeh Mawaarid, pg 62] Even 1400 years ago he warned the people of the trials which happen now. If the people now follow his guidance, they would not fall into the trials of their religion.
He was a merciful messenger. He was merciful to his wives, his children, to other children. He was merciful to the animals.
”The Messenger of Allah (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) entered an orchid belonging to an Ansari and saw there a camel. When it saw him, it began to groan and its eyes shed tears. The Messenger of Allah (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) approached it and patted it on the hump and the base of its head until it quieted down. Then he (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) asked, “Who is the owner of this camel? To whom does it belong?” An Ansari youth stepped forward and said: “It is mine O Messenger of Allah!” He said, “Do you not fear Allah in respect of this beast which Allah has placed in your possession? This camel is complaining to me that you starve it and put it to toil.” [Abu Dawud] The animals recognized him as a Messenger of Allah.
Studying the biography of the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) will increase your faith in Allah, who chose him to be a messenger of all of mankind. This doesn’t make us disbelieve in the other messengers. Our faith will not be complete unless we believe in all the messengers since Adam. Allah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) spoke Musa (‘Alayhis-salaam) in Surah Taha Verse 13: “And I have chosen you. So listen to that which is inspired to you.” This is an indication that we are to believe in and follow the other messengers because a sign of weak faith is not to love the other messengers like Ibrahim, Musa (Moses), Eesa (Jesus),etc. We have to love them all. Allah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) tells Musa (‘Alayhis-salaam) that He chose him.
In Verse 41:
“And I have chosen you, for Myself.”
Shaikh As-Sa’dee explains, “Allah chose Musa (‘Alayhis-salaam), bestowed upon him blessings, favours and brought him up to an extent that he became high and exalted as a Messenger. If a loving person wants to bring up his beloved one, he will take care of him, exert his utmost in teaching him everything good until he reaches that level. Then what about Allah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) when he tells this to Musa?” [Tayseer Al-Kareem by Shaikh As-Sa’di]
This is a great status of Musa with Allah. Allah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) chose Musa (‘Alayhis-salaam) to be the best person at that time.
One impact of your belief in Allah’s wisdom is to study the stories of all Allah’s prophets and messengers such that you will say that Allah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) is really wise in sending these Prophets to their people. You will see Allah’s wisdom in choosing these Prophets and Messengers. If anyone claims that they believe in all the messengers but they’ll follow their own messenger, this is not accepted. If she is a Jew who follows Moses (‘Alayhis-salaam) , or a Christian who follows Jesus (‘Alayhis-salaam) , will this be accepted from him/her? No.
In Surah ‘Imran Verse 81-82,
وَإِذْ أَخَذَ اللَّهُ مِيثَاقَ النَّبِيِّينَ لَمَا آتَيْتُكُم مِّن كِتَابٍ وَحِكْمَةٍ ثُمَّ جَاءَكُمْ رَسُولٌ مُّصَدِّقٌ لِّمَا مَعَكُمْ لَتُؤْمِنُنَّ بِهِ وَلَتَنصُرُنَّهُ ۚ قَالَ أَأَقْرَرْتُمْ وَأَخَذْتُمْ عَلَىٰ ذَٰلِكُمْ إِصْرِي ۖ قَالُوا أَقْرَرْنَا ۚ قَالَ فَاشْهَدُوا وَأَنَا مَعَكُم مِّنَ الشَّاهِدِينَ
And (remember) when Allah took the Covenant of the Prophets, saying: “Take whatever I gave you from the Book and Hikmah (understanding of the Laws of Allah, etc.), and afterwards there will come to you a Messenger (Muhammad SAW) confirming what is with you; you must, then, believe in him and help him.” Allah said: “Do you agree (to it) and will you take up My Covenant (which I conclude with you)?” They said: “We agree.” He said: “Then bear witness; and I am with you among the witnesses (for this).”
فَمَن تَوَلَّىٰ بَعْدَ ذَٰلِكَ فَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْفَاسِقُونَ
Then whoever turns away after this, they are the Fasiqun (rebellious: those who turn away from Allah’s Obedience).
Allah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) took a covenant with all the Prophets. He gave them a book and Hikmah and told them a Messenger will come who will confirm what is with them. What should they do with him? They should believe in him and support him. If a Prophet appeared during their lifetime they should believe and follow him. Therefore every Prophet told all his people that a Prophet will come and they advised their people to follow him. You can find the description of the Prophet Muhammed (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) in the Old and New Testament because every Prophet took a pledge. If he appeared after their death, their people should also believe and follow him.
Allah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) commanded each Prophet to take a pledge from their nation and this is shown clearly in the Israa wal Mir’aj. When the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) went to Jerusalem he led the prayer of all the Prophets and Messengers. This is an indication that he is the leader, and Allah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) chooses whatever He wills.
On the Day of the Judgement when the people are in severe distress, they will go to every Messenger asking to intercede with Allah and they will say they can not. They will keep directing the people to other Messengers until they are directed to the Prophet Muhammed (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam). Then, the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) will intercede for all of mankind with Allah. At that stage he will ask for his Ummah first. Therefore no one can claim that they can follow their own Prophet.
Allah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) says that whoever turns away, they are the rebellious, disobedient to Allah. This belief indicates Allah’s wisdom in choosing the Prophets and Messengers and specifically the Prophet Muhammed (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam).