Takbir during the day of `Eid-ul-Adha and Tashriq
Q: When should a person start Takbir (saying: “Allahu Akbar [Allah is the Greatest]“) following the conclusion of Prayer [during the days of `Eid-ul-Adha (the Festival of the Sacrifice)]? And what is the evidence of this prescription?
A: It is prescribed for the pilgrims to pronounce Talbiyah (devotional expressions chanted at certain times during Hajj and `Umrah) when they enter into Ihram (ritual state for Hajj or `Umrah) until they throw pebbles at Jamrat-ul-`Aqabah (the closest stone pillar to Makkah). This is based on the Hadith reported on the authority of Ibn `Umar (may Allah be pleased with him and his father): We left early in the morning with the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) from Mina to `Arafah; some of us were performing Talbiyah and the others performing Takbir. The obligatory Takbir of Hajj starts after offering the Zhuhr (Noon) Prayer on the Day of Nahr (Sacrifice, 10th of Dhul-Hijjah, when pilgrims slaughter their sacrificial animals) until the `Asr (Afternoon) Prayer on the last of the Days of Tashriq (11th, 12th, and 13th of Dhul-Hijjah). As for non-pilgrims, they should start Takbir starting from after the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer on the Day of `Arafah (9th of Dhul-Hijjah) until the end of the Days of Tashriq. The evidence of the prescription of Takbir is Allah’s Saying: And remember Allâh during the appointed Days and that you must magnify Allâh [i.e. to say Takbîr (Allâhu Akbar; Allâh is the Most Great)] for having guided you This is what the Sahabah (Companions of the Prophet) used to do.
Grand Mufti Of Saudi Arabia His Eminence Shaykh `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah Al Al-Shaykh