Sunnah after the Congregational Prayer – Sunday 15th Dhul-Hijjah,1434 ( 20th October, 2013)
First: The Ma’moom (the person following the Imaam) leaving the prayer place or the Masjid immediately after the Tasleem, before the Imaam turns away from the direction of the Qiblah.
Many of those who offer the congregational prayer commit the mistake of leaving their places and heading to the gate of the Masjid as soon as the Imaam makes the Tasleem.
Shaikh ul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (Rahimahullaah) said: “The Ma’moom should not leave his praying place till the Imaam turns (his face) away from the direction of the Qiblah. The Imaam should not sit facing the Qiblah after the Tasleem except for a period needed to recite the Istighfaar (seeking Allaah’s forgiveness) thrice and say “Allaahumma Anatas-Salaam wa minkas-Salaam, Tabaarakta yaa dhal-Jalaali wal-Ikraam.” When the Imaam moves away from his place, one may leave, or if he wills he could stay and remember Allaah.” [Al-Fatawa, vol. 22, p. 505]
The aforementioned ruling of Ibn Taymiyyah (Rahimahullaah) is based on the Hadeeth narrated by Anas (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu) in which he (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu) said: “The Messenger of Allaah (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) led us in prayer one day and when he finished he turned his face towards us and said: ‘O people! I am your Imaam, so do not precede me in Rukoo’ (bowing) and Sujood (prostration) and in Qiyaam (standing) and leaving (the prayer place).’” [Muslim]
Second: The Imaam not turning away from the Direction of the Qiblah after finishing the Tasleem
Shaikh Ibn ‘Uthaimeen (Rahimahullaah) said: “It is disliked for the Imaam to prolong his sitting facing the Qiblah after the Tasleem, rather he should lighten his sitting and not exceed the period more than for seeking Allaah’s forgiveness thrice and saying, “Allaahumma Anatas-Salaam wa minkas-Salaam, Tabaarakta yaa dhal-Jalaali wal-Ikraam.” Then he leaves. This is the Sunnah. As for prolonging the sitting after Tasleem facing the Qiblah, this is comprised of the following:
One: It is against the Sunnah.
Two: It is detaining the people because the Ma’moom is prohibited from leaving before the Imaam moves away (from the direction of the Qiblah or from the praying place).
Three: The one who is behind the Imaam might think that the Imaam is remembering something that he forgot (in the Salaat), and this may cause confusion to the Ma’moom.
The Imaam may turn to the right or left after the Salaat has ended and all this is quoted from the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam).
‘Abdullaah ibn Mas’ood (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu) narrated: “None of you should give a share of his self to Shaytaan (Satan) by thinking that it is necessary for him to turn to the right side only (after prayer). I saw the Messenger of Allaah (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) often turning to the left.” [Al-Bukhaari and Muslim]
The Imaam should then face the followers after finishing the prayer with Tasleem. [Reported by Al-Bukhaari on the authority of Samurah ibn Jundub (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu)] Accordingly, if one wishes, he can depart or leave from the right side or the left side after finishing the Salaat. [Kitab as-Salaat-Sharh al-Mumtie’ by Shaikh Ibn ‘Uthaimeen]
The Ma’moom should not leave before the Imaam, in accordance with the statement of the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam): “Do not precede me in leaving or departing.” However, if the Imaam prolongs his sitting facing the Qiblah more than the Sunnah, then the Ma’moom is allowed to depart (in this case). [Majmoo’ Fatawa and Rasaa’il, vol. 13 by Shaikh Ibn ‘Uthaimeen]
Ibn Baaz (Rahmatullaah) said: “Then after making Tasleem, he says “Astaghfirullaah (I seek Allaah’s forgiveness)” thrice, then he says, ‘Allaahumma Anatas-Salaam wa minkas-Salaam, Tabaarakta yaa dhal-Jalaali wal-Ikraam [O Allaah, You are the Salaam (free from every imperfection), and peace comes from You, Blessed are You, O Possessor of glory and honor] The man or the woman would say the same thing (whether praying alone or behind the Imaam). Then the Imaam would turn and face the people afterward and say, “La ilaaha illa Allaahu Wahadahu laa sharika lahu, lahul-mulku wa lahul-Hamd Yuhyee wa yumeet wa huwa alaa kulli shay’in Qadeer (None has the right to be worshipped but Allaah and He has no partner in Lordship or in worship or in the Names and the Qualities, and for Him is the Kingdom and all the praises and thanks are for Him, He gives life and causes death and He is Omnipotent).’”
- The Clarified Ruling of Mistakes Done in Salaat by Mash-hur Hasan al-Salmaan
- Ash-Sharh al-Mumtie’ alaa Zaad al-Mustaqna by Shaikh Ibn ‘Uthaimeen
- Fatawa of Ibn ‘Uthaimeen and Ibn Baaz