Importance of Studying the Names of Allah and His Attributes – Sunday 22nd Dhul-Hijjah,1434 ( 27th October, 2013)

One of the Salaf said, “The people of this world are deprived. They left this world without tasting the sweetest thing in it!” It was asked of him: “And what is that?” He said: “Love of Allāh, knowing Him, and remembering Him.” [al-Waabil as-Sayyib of Ibn Il-Qayyim, p. 44]

This love and knowledge and continuous remembrance is shown clearly in the life of Ibn Taymiya. He suffered at the hands of his enemies yet he used to say, “What can my enemies do to me? My paradise and garden are in my chest, and they are with me wherever I go. My imprisonment is my privacy with Allāh, my killing is martyrdom, and my expulsion from my homeland is tourism.” [al-Waabil as-Sayyib of Ibn Il-Qayyim, p. 44]

These are the people who entered the Jannah of Allah, in the Dunya, and these are those that will be rewarded with the Jannah in the Aakhirah.

The Barakah of the Names of Allah is attained if one knows Allah by His names and attributes.
Whoever knows Allah well by his names and attributes and mentions Allah’s name on anything, Allah will send the Barakah on that thing. The more you know about Allah’s names and attributes the stronger your ‘Bismillaah’ will be.

We might not see the Barakah when we say ‘Bismillaah’ because we don’t have firm belief in Allah’s names and attributes. We need to believe with certainty that when we mention Allah’s names, the Barakah will be bestowed upon us.

‘Uthman bin Abu al-As Al-Thaqafi (radhiAllahu anhu) reported that he made a complaint of pain to Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) that he felt in his body at the time he had become Muslim. Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said:
“Place your hand at the place where you feel pain in your body and say in the name of Allah three times and seven times I seek refuge with Allah and with His Power from the evil that I find and that I fear.  [Muslim 2/280]

If it doesn’t go then it means your belief and knowledge of Allah is not firm.

In Surah Mulk Verse 1:

تَبَارَكَ الَّذِي بِيَدِهِ الْمُلْكُ وَهُوَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ

.Blessed is He in Whose Hand is the dominion, and He is Able to do all things

If you are seeking Barakah then know that it is Allah who grants it. This is one of the attributes of Allah, which require in them, our strong belief.

When you say بسم الله you are asking Allah for two things:

1) To help you in that action 
2) To put Barakah in it

Many people do not understand the concept of Barakah. We do not know that with Allah one plus one could be continuous Barakah and abundant good even after your death. Allah is able to give us what is beyond our imagination.

It was narrated that Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه said: ” A devil attached to a Mu’min met a devil attached to a Kafir; the one of the disbeliever was fat and dressed, while the one attached to the believer was weak and naked. The Kafir’s devil asked the Mu’min’s devil, “Why are you so weak?” He replied, ” I am with a man who mentions Allah when he eats, so I stay hungry; he mentions Allah when he drinks so i stay thirsty; he mentions Allah when he gets dressed; so I stay naked.” So the Kafir’s devil said, “I am with a man who doesn’t do any of these, so I share his food, drink and clothes.” [Reported by al haithami and al Baihaqi]

If you say ‘Bismillah’ for everything in life with firm belief in the names and attributes of Allah, you will have a good life because the Shaytaan will have no power over you.

1) We need to exert our utmost to learn about Allah’s names and attributes

2) After learning, repeat the names to yourself with their meanings in order to reach يقين certainty such that when you mention the name of Allah upon a certain thing, the Barakah will be bestowed upon it.

We need to learn the names of Allah and relate them to whatever we go through. This is when the Barakah will be bestowed upon us.

This يقين is the fruit of your effort in this life for learning about Allah’s names and attributes.

Learning the names of Allah will enable you to perfect the acts of worship, especially the Salaat.

Allah says in Surah Muminoon Verse 1-3,

قَدْ أَفْلَحَ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ

Those who offer their Salat (prayers) with all solemnity and full submissiveness.

الَّذِينَ هُمْ فِي صَلَاتِهِمْ خَاشِعُونَ

Those who offer their Salat (prayers) with all solemnity and full submissiveness.

وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ عَنِ اللَّغْوِ مُعْرِضُونَ

And those who turn away from Al-Laghw (dirty, false, evil vain talk, falsehood, and all that Allah has forbidden).

And then Allah says in Verses 10-11:

أُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْوَارِثُونَ

These are indeed the inheritors.

الَّذِينَ يَرِثُونَ الْفِرْدَوْسَ هُمْ فِيهَا خَالِدُونَ

Who shall inherit the Firdaus (Paradise). They shall dwell therein forever.

الفردوس الاعلى is the highest degree in paradise, the roof of which is the throne of Allah. The prophet said, “if you ask Allah, ask him for Fridaus al ‘ala.”

In the first verse Allah tells us that the successful are the مؤمنون, the believers in Allah.  Their belief made them stand in the Salaat with concentration.

الصلاة ميزان الإيمان The prayer is the scale to check your eeman. If you want to check your eeman, check your prayer.  The more you increase your faith in Allah, the more you will offer the prayer with khushoo’. We need to struggle to attain Firdaus al ‘ala.

Eeman is to believe in all the news that Allah has mentioned in the Qur’aan and in the authentic traditions of the prophet with certainty and feeling. The indication of your belief is your feeling.  When you hear about the punishment and reward what do you feel? The reaction of love, fear, hope and reliance depends on your belief.

Allah defines the believers
in Surah Al-Anfal Verse 2:

إِنَّمَا الْمُؤْمِنُونَ الَّذِينَ إِذَا ذُكِرَ اللَّهُ وَجِلَتْ قُلُوبُهُمْ وَإِذَا تُلِيَتْ عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتُهُ زَادَتْهُمْ إِيمَانًا وَعَلَىٰ رَبِّهِمْ يَتَوَكَّلُونَ

The believers are only those who, when Allah is mentioned, feel a fear in their hearts and when His Verses (this Qur’aan) are recited unto them, they (i.e. the Verses) increase their Faith; and they put their trust in their Lord (Alone)

اذا ذكر الله if Allah’s names and attributes are mentioned to them, their hearts tremble with fear, love or hope.
Fear without any action is a blameworthy fear. The praiseworthy fear is the one which motivates a person to take a positive action.

We are excessively indulged in worldly affairs and as a result our concern is only about our jobs, children, etc. This is why we have no feeling when we are reading the Qur’aan.

Allah said إنما <- It is only the true believers whose hearts’ tremble.

Allah says in Surah Mu’minoon Verse 2:

الَّذِينَ هُمْ فِي صَلَاتِهِمْ خَاشِعُونَ

Those who offer their Salaat (prayers) with all solemnity and full submissiveness.They offer the Salaat with khushoo’. With submissiveness, humbleness, etc. khushoo’ is the action of the heart, therefore you have to take care of your heart if you want to offer a Salaat                       al khaashi’ah.

We need to clear our hearts as the correctness of the Salaat depends on the correctness of the heart.

1) We have to clear our heart تخليه from all it’s diseases, from doubts, desires, shirk, kufr, worldly things. Don’t let all your concern be about worldly things.

Your standing in the salaat in this Dunya will affect your standing before Allah on the Day of Judgement. How you stand in front of Allah in Salaat will be the way you stand in front of Allah on the Day of Judgement. Therefore we must take care of how we stand in front of Allah in this world.

Surah Mu’minoon, verse 3:

وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ عَنِ اللَّغْوِ مُعْرِضُونَ

And those who turn away from Al-Laghw (dirty, false, evil vain talk, falsehood, and all that Allah has forbidden).

What will help you pray a submissive prayer? Staying away from the laghw.

What is اللغو?

In lisaan ularab, it is defined as any talk which has no benefit in your Dunya nor in the Aakhirah.

Another meaning is sinful talk. الإثم. Anything that has no purpose or goal in the life of a Muslim, like false Jokes or untrue stories, etc.
The Qur’aan and Sunnah are full of stories for adults and children, we don’t need fiction.

In the Qur’aan, whenever Allah describes Jannah he says:

Surah Maryam Verse 62:

لَّا يَسْمَعُونَ فِيهَا لَغْوًا إِلَّا سَلَامًا ۖ وَلَهُمْ رِزْقُهُمْ فِيهَا بُكْرَةً وَعَشِيًّا

They shall not hear therein (in Paradise) any Laghw (dirty, false, evil vain talk), but only Salam (salutations of peace). And they will have therein their sustenance, morning and afternoon.

Surah Tur Verse 23:

يَتَنَازَعُونَ فِيهَا كَأْسًا لَّا لَغْوٌ فِيهَا وَلَا تَأْثِيمٌ
There they shall pass from hand to hand a (wine) cup, free from any Laghw (dirty, false, evil vague talk between them), and free from sin (because it will be legal for them to drink).

Surah Waqiah Verse 25 :

لَا يَسْمَعُونَ فِيهَا لَغْوًا وَلَا تَأْثِيمًا

No Laghw (dirty, false, evil vain talk) will they hear therein, nor any sinful speech (like backbiting, etc.).

Surah Naba’ Verse 35:

إِلَّا حَمِيمًا وَغَسَّاقًا

Except boiling water, and dirty wound discharges.

Surah Ghashiah Verse 11:

لَّا تَسْمَعُ فِيهَا لَاغِيَةً

Where they shall neither hear harmful speech nor falsehood…

The recompense is of the same nature of the action of the person. If your action in this world is staying away from vain or obscene talk then your reward would be that you will have Jannah, where you will not hear such speech.

The believers, whom Allah described in Surah Mu’minoon, stay away from laghw as it prevents them from offering the salaat with submissiveness.

2) Fill it (the heart) with knowledge about Allah, His names and attributes.

The Prophet said, “Certainly you will see your Lord as you see this moon and you will have no trouble in seeing Him. So if you can avoid missing (through sleep or business) a salaat before the Sunrise (Fajr) and a salaat before sunset (‘Asr), you must do so.” He then recited Allah’s statement, “And Glorify the praises of your Lord before the rising of the sun and before its setting” (Bukhaari)

Don’t ever miss Fajr and ‘Asr.  Most of people at this time are sleeping or drowsy or busy with worldly matters. If you want to see Allah in paradise, you must have belief in Allah, in the meeting with Him, in seeing Him and take care of your salaat, especially those two.

The Prophet said, “Whoever offers Fajr prayer will be in Allah’s protection.” (Ibn Majah)

Allah says in Surah Isra’ Verse 78:

أَقِمِ الصَّلَاةَ لِدُلُوكِ الشَّمْسِ إِلَىٰ غَسَقِ اللَّيْلِ وَقُرْآنَ الْفَجْرِ ۖ إِنَّ قُرْآنَ الْفَجْرِ كَانَ مَشْهُودًا

Perform As-Salaat (Iqaamat-us-Salaat) from mid-day till the darkness of the night (i.e. the Zuhr, ‘Asr, Maghrib, and ‘Isha’ prayers), and recite the Qur’aan in the early dawn (i.e. the morning prayer). Verily, the recitation of the Qur’aan in the early dawn is ever witnessed (attended by the angels in charge of mankind of the day and the night).

The Prophet said, “It is witnessed by the angels of the night and the angels of the day” [Ahmad]

The Prophet was never more keen about offering the two optional rak’ah at Fajr than offering any other prayer. (Agreed upon)
And the Prophet used to say, “The two rak’ah of the Fajr are better than this world and what it contains” (Muslim)

If we really believe in Allah and in meeting him on the Day of Judgement, we should take care of our prayer.

After taking these means, bear in mind that every action and utterance in the salaat requires us to collect our heart upon the names and attributes of Allah such that from the beginning till the end of the salaat, you will witness with your heart a Lord who is perfect in His attributes.

When we say:

1) الله اكبر this makes you remember the name of Allah الكبير.

The meaning of this is that Allah is the Greatest, greater than everything or anyone in your life. He is greater than all our concerns in life, He is greater than everything you fear and love, He is great in His being, in His attributes and His actions.

2) The opening supplication:

سبحانك  Allah is free from all imperfection and resemblance to His creation .
تبارك You gather the attribute of Allah, the one who grants the Barakah.
و تعلى Allah is The Highest, no one is Higher than Him, He is The Exalted.

3) Al- Isti’aadhah (seeking refuge)

Three things should be established in our heart when we say this:

A) Allah is our support, our only resort, our Haafith. He can protect you from what you are afraid of.

B) Belief and certainty that the shaytaan is your enemy and you are afraid thus fleeing away from him to Allah. Your belief in the enmity of shaytaan will make your isti’aadhah strong.
In 90 verses Allah told us about the enmity of the shaytaan. This is how severe his enmity to us is. No one is able to repel him from us except Allah.

C) The greatest goal shaytaan has is to prevent us from offering the salaat, because he knows very well that if our salaat is spoiled then the rest of our deeds will be spoilt and if we give up our salaat we will be doomed,

The shaytaan named Khanzab will whisper in your heart immediately when you start praying, trying to ruin your prayer.

If he stops a person from offering the salaat, he will no longer whisper in his heart because he had already attained his goal.
The shaytaan tests every one of us and stresses on our weak points. In the salaat and other than the salaat, he will press that weak point in us until we react. If our weak point is our children he will press on that point, reminding you of them in your prayer. If you are a person whose concern is her job then he will come and press on that point such that you will forget the matter of the prayer,
If you want to know your weak points check what you often think about in the prayer.

4) Then you say بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم you ask Allah to help you establish your prayer, by His names of mercy

5) Al-Fatihah is one of the most important pillars in the prayer.

Muslim records on the authority of Abu Hurayrah (radhiAllahu ‘anhu) who said that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said:
“Allah, the Glorious and Exalted said, “I have divided the prayer between Myself and My servant equally and My servant shall be granted what he asked for.” Therefore when the servant says, ‘All praises and thanks are due to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds’, Allah says, “My servant has praised Me.” When he says, ‘The All-Merciful, the Most Merciful,’ Allah says “My servant has extolled me.” When he says, ‘Master of the Day of Judgement ’ Allah says, “My servant has glorified Me.” When he says, ‘You Alone we worship and Your aid Alone do we seek,’ Allah says, “This is between Me and My servant and My servant shall have what he requested.” When he says, ‘Guide us to the Straight Path, the Path of those whom You have favoured, not [the path] of those who have earned [Your] anger, nor of those who have gone astray,’ Allah says, “This is for My servant and My servant shall have what he asked for.” [Muslim Eng Trans, vol. 1, pg. 215, #775]

You’re asking Allah but you need to collect your heart and believe that Allah is replying. This is why it is sunnah to pause after each verse; it indicates that you are waiting while Allah responds to you,

الحمد لله you attribute The Praiseworthy One with perfection. You are attributing perfection to Allah.

6) Then you recite a Surah and bow.

Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) has said: “ When the worshipper gets up to perform the salaat, he comes with all his sins, placed over his shoulder. When he bows into ruku’ or sajdah, his sins fall down” [Abu Nu’aim].

When you say سبحان الله العظيم you are attributing the greatness to Allah.

7) Then you stand up and say:

سمع الله لمن حمده Allah responds to the one praises Him who
When you say this you must hope that Allah will give you the reward for praising Him.

8) In sajdah, you lower the most honoured part of your body for Allah, The Most High.

The Prophet ﷺ said:
أَقْرَبُ مَا يَكُونُ الْعَبْدُ مِنْ رَبِّهِ وَهُوَ سَاجِدٌ
“The closest that a servant is to his Lord is when he is in prostration.” [Muslim]

It is permissible to make du’aa in any obligatory prayer in sujood, in any language.

The Prophet ﷺ taught us:

اكثر من السجود فإنه ليس من مسلم يسجد لله تعالى سجدة الا رفعه بها الله درجة في الجنة وحط عنه بها خطيئة
“Prostrate much because there is no Muslim that prostrates to Allah except that Allah raises him one degree in Paradise by it and forgives for him a sin.” [Ahmad]

The Prophet said, “Coolness of my eyes lies in Salaat” [Ahmad]

When you offer your salaat with a collective heart in this manner, you will offer it with love, it will be the delight of your heart, you wouldn’t want to leave.

9) The Sitting

At the end of our salaat is the sitting. The way you should be sitting must be the sitting of a person who is in need of Allah and wants to ask Him for his needs. First thing he will do is praise Allah, after which he will ask Him to send peace on the Prophet and to give him the safety in the Dunya and Aakhirah.  This indicates the belief in his truthfulness and the truthfulness of his message.

10) Then you greet the angels on the right and left.

In order to get a submissive salaat, you need to struggle against the shaytaan and yourself.
Know the meaning of what you are saying, don’t stick with only one surah. Try to memorize other surahs by accompanying good friends.
There are friends who will distract your heart, and those who will help you offer the salaat well. Increase your faith by taking the means of increasing faith.


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The Enlightenment into Islam Center is a community of sisters who aim to please Allah by seeking knowledge and calling the people (Muslims as well as non-Muslims) to Tawheed and obedience to Allah by spreading the true knowledge of Islam based on the Qur'an and the Sunnah.

Posted on November 6, 2013, in Importance of Studying the Names of Allah. Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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