The Fruits of Eeman– Sunday 29th Dhul-Hijjah,1434 (3rd November, 2013)
We need to fulfil two conditions when performing any act of worship:
2) الإتباع Following the Sunnah of the Prophet
We have to follow the manners of attending the gatherings of knowledge. We will be accounted for the way we sit, listen, ask questions, treat others, etc. These types of gatherings are an act of worship. It is known that the Shaytaan is aware of how beloved the gatherings of knowledge are to Allah. This is why he comes and whispers in each person’s heart, distracting her. Shaytaan is our enemy, trying his best to turn our hearts away. We have to strive hard to repel these whispers from the Shaytaan by seeking refuge with Allah from the Shaytaan, make du’aa asking Allah to help you as He is able to drive away the whispers of the Shaytaan from your heart and make it easy for you to concentrate. If we are seeking the blessing in the knowledge, we have to be sincere and follow the manners of attending the gatherings of knowledge.
In Surah Hujuraat Verse 7:
وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ فِيكُمْ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ۚ لَوْ يُطِيعُكُمْ فِي كَثِيرٍ مِّنَ الْأَمْرِ لَعَنِتُّمْ وَلَٰكِنَّ اللَّهَ حَبَّبَ إِلَيْكُمُ الْإِيمَانَ وَزَيَّنَهُ فِي قُلُوبِكُمْ وَكَرَّهَ إِلَيْكُمُ الْكُفْرَ وَالْفُسُوقَ وَالْعِصْيَانَ ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الرَّاشِدُونَ
And know that, among you there is the Messenger of Allah (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam). If he were to obey you (i.e. follow your opinions and desires) in much of the matter, you would surely be in trouble, but Allah has endeared the Faith to you and has beautified it in your hearts, and has made disbelief, wickedness and disobedience (to Allah and His Messenger Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) hateful to you. These! They are the rightly guided ones,
It is not by our own effort that we become believers, Allah is the one who endeared faith in our hearts. Allah guides whomever he wills to Eeman, and His will is related to His wisdom and knowledge. He knows who deserves to be granted faith.
There are 3 actions of Allah in this verse:
1) Allah made faith endeared to our hearts.
2) He adorned it in our hearts.
3) He made Kufr, Fusooq, and ‘Isyan hateful to our hearts.
Belief in Allah is the greatest deed and it is the best of deeds. Afdhal ul A’maal, Belief in Allah, means believing in His names, attributes, actions and legislation we get to know all this from the Qur’aan.
Narrated Abu Huraira (RadhiAllaahu ‘Anhu): Allah’s Messenger (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) was asked, “What is the best deed?” He replied, “To believe in Allah and His Apostle (Muhammad, Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam). The questioner then asked, “What is the next (in goodness)? He replied, “To participate in Jihad (religious fighting) in Allah’s Cause”. [Bukhari]
It was narrated that ‘Abdullah bin Mas’ud (RadhiAllaahu ‘Anhu) said: “I asked the Messenger of Allah (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) which action is most beloved to Allah? He said: ‘Establishing prayer on time, honouring one’s parents and Jihad in the cause of Allah.'” [An-Nasaai]
Your Salaat is the scale for your eeman. If it is good then it indicates that the eeman is strong in your heart, if it is not then it indicates your Eeman is weak.
The first description Allah described the believers with in Surah Mu’minoon was that they offer the Salaat with humility, concentration and submissiveness. This indicates the importance of eeman. We have to take care of the means of strengthening our Eeman; it is not enough to know that Allah is the creator and the Prophet is the Messenger. The Sahabah took care of increasing their eeman because it is the highest matter in the religion. The Sahabah asked about the deeds pleasing to Allah. They did not ask whether it was Sunnah or obligatory. They wanted to know the most beloved deed regardless if it was obligatory or Sunnah. This was their attitude.
1) It is reported that Mu`adh ibn Jabal (radhiAllaahu ‘anhu) would often say to his companions when they were walking, “Let us sit down and believe for a while.”
2) It is also narrated that `Abdullah ibn Rawahah (radhiAllaahu ‘anhu), whenever he met one of the sahabah, used to say, “Come, let us believe in our Lord for a while.”
3) Even the rightly-guided khalifah `Umar ibn al-Khattab (radhiAllaahu ‘anhu) used to say to his companions, “Come on, let us go and increase our faith,”
[Taken from the book of means of increasing and decreasing of Eeman by Shaikh Abdur-Razzaq Al-Badr ]
We can’t judge anyone’s belief because the place of belief is in the heart. When the acts of worship aren’t based on strong belief, they may not be accepted. The hypocrites offered the Salaat and performed jihad but it was not accepted from them. Disbelief and hatred of Islam was in their hearts, therefore Allah had not accepted their acts of worship.
Maybe a small good deed based on strong faith will be rewarded by Allah more than many good deeds based on weak faith.
Evidence: The Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) stated, ”Do not abuse my Companions, for by Him in Whose Hands my life is, if anyone of you spends gold equal to Uhud (in Allah’s Cause) it would not be equal to a Mud (a dry measure of half bushel, 543 grams) or even a half Mud spent by one of them.’‘[Sahih Bukhari, Volume 5, Book 57, Number 22]
We have to take care of our eeman, the most important means of increasing Eeman is by acquiring knowledge about Allah from the Qur’aan and Sunnah. Allah has mentioned about himself in the Qur’aan.
In Surah Nisa Verse 136:
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا آمِنُوا بِاللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ وَالْكِتَابِ الَّذِي نَزَّلَ عَلَىٰ رَسُولِهِ وَالْكِتَابِ الَّذِي أَنزَلَ مِن قَبْلُ ۚ وَمَن يَكْفُرْ بِاللَّهِ وَمَلَائِكَتِهِ وَكُتُبِهِ وَرُسُلِهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ فَقَدْ ضَلَّ ضَلَالًا بَعِيدًا
O you who believe! Believe in Allah, and His Messenger (Muhammad Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam), and the Book (the Qur’aan) which He has sent down to His Messenger, and the Scripture which He sent down to those before (him), and whosoever disbelieves in Allah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, and the Last Day, then indeed he has strayed far away. Allah is addressing the believers who already believe in Allah and His Messenger.
Shaykh Sa’di (Rahimahullaah) said, “Whenever Allah’s command is directed to a person who is not yet equipped with the characteristics of a believer then this is an invitation for him to believe.
Such as In Surah Nisa Verse 47:
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ آمِنُوا بِمَا نَزَّلْنَا مُصَدِّقًا لِّمَا مَعَكُم مِّن قَبْلِ أَن نَّطْمِسَ وُجُوهًا فَنَرُدَّهَا عَلَىٰ أَدْبَارِهَا أَوْ نَلْعَنَهُمْ كَمَا لَعَنَّا أَصْحَابَ السَّبْتِ ۚ وَكَانَ أَمْرُ اللَّهِ مَفْعُولًا
O you who have been given the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Believe in what We have revealed (to Muhammad, Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) confirming what is (already) with you, before We efface faces (by making them like the back of necks; without nose, mouth, eyes, etc.) and turn them hindwards, or curse them as We cursed the Sabbath-breakers. And the Commandment of Allah is always executed.
while if the command is directed to a person who is already a believer Allah wants them/you to do 3 things:
1) To ensure the reformation of their faith by:
a) Checking their Sincerity- whose pleasure are they seeking by performing the deed?
b) Checking their Truthfulness- the truthful person never gives an excuse, he asks Allah to make it easy for him.
c) Avoiding sins and evil- sometimes when you do any good deed, Shaytaan, nafs and pride may come to your heart. Avoid the nullification of deeds.
d) Repentance- if it happened that yourself or the shaytaan overcame you then immediately ask Allah to forgive you. In the way you will be reforming your eeman.
2) You have to take the means to achieve what you have not yet attained by increasing our Eeman. This is by increasing in knowledge about all the aspects of faith and good deeds. For instance, you read the Qur’aan then you have to understand, then believe, then act upon anything you read. In this way you will increase in faith. Apply this to every verse you read in the Qur’aan.
3) Allah is asking us to stay firm and steady upon what we have gained of knowledge. After you learn about Eeman, stay firm upon it until death. Allah commands us in the Qur’aan, to be united. We should act upon this verse after reading it, understanding it and believing in it, whereas the Muslims now a days are fighting and killing each other, not following this commandment from the Qur’aan. This is an indication of weak faith.
[Taken from Tayseer Al Kareem]
1) We have to believe in Allah.
2) We have to believe in His Messenger (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam ) And Message; we show our belief of the prophet by acting upon his Sunnah.
3) We have to believe in the Qur’aan; we show our belief in the Qur’aan by understanding it, contemplating its verses and acting upon it.
The Fruits of Eeman:
In the Qur’aan we usually see , “those who believe and do righteous good deeds” but have we noticed the abundant rewards and fruits that are mentioned after it?
1) A Good Life
Surah Nahl Verse 97:
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ آمِنُوا بِمَا نَزَّلْنَا مُصَدِّقًا لِّمَا مَعَكُم مِّن قَبْلِ أَن نَّطْمِسَ وُجُوهًا فَنَرُدَّهَا عَلَىٰ أَدْبَارِهَا أَوْ نَلْعَنَهُمْ كَمَا لَعَنَّا مَنْ عَمِلَ صَالِحًا مِّن ذَكَرٍ أَوْ أُنثَىٰ وَهُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ فَلَنُحْيِيَنَّهُ حَيَاةً طَيِّبَةً ۖ وَلَنَجْزِيَنَّهُمْ أَجْرَهُم بِأَحْسَنِ مَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ
Whoever works righteousness, whether male or female, while he (or she) is a true believer (of Islamic Monotheism) verily, to him We will give a good life (in this world with respect, contentment and lawful provision), and We shall pay them certainly a reward in proportion to the best of what they used to do (i.e. Paradise in the Hereafter).
As-Saalih Is the indefinite noun so it indicates any righteous good deed whether it is small, big, secretly or openly. But there is one condition: wa huwa mu’min- If he is not a believer it won’t be accepted.
Surah Nur Verse 55:
وَعَدَ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مِنكُمْ وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ لَيَسْتَخْلِفَنَّهُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ كَمَا اسْتَخْلَفَ الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِهِمْ وَلَيُمَكِّنَنَّ لَهُمْ دِينَهُمُ الَّذِي ارْتَضَىٰ لَهُمْ وَلَيُبَدِّلَنَّهُم مِّن بَعْدِ خَوْفِهِمْ أَمْنًا ۚ يَعْبُدُونَنِي لَا يُشْرِكُونَ بِي شَيْئًا ۚ وَمَن كَفَرَ بَعْدَ ذَٰلِكَ فَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْفَاسِقُونَ
Allah has promised those among you who believe, and do righteous good deeds, that He will certainly grant them succession to (the present rulers) in the earth, as He granted it to those before them, and that He will grant them the authority to practice their religion, that which He has chosen for them (i.e. Islam). And He will surely give them in exchange a safe security after their fear (provided) they (believers) worship Me and do not associate anything (in worship) with Me. But whoever disbelieved after this, they are the Fasiqun (rebellious, disobedient to Allah).
2) Authority in the land
3) Allah will grant them the authority to practise their religion
4) Allah will exchange the fear they were in with security and peace in the land.
5) Security and Guidance
Surah An’am Verse 82:
الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَلَمْ يَلْبِسُوا إِيمَانَهُم بِظُلْمٍ أُولَٰئِكَ لَهُمُ الْأَمْنُ وَهُم مُّهْتَدُونَ
It is those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah and worship none but Him Alone) and confuse not their belief with Zulm (wrong i.e. by worshipping others besides Allah), for them (only) there is security and they are the guided
6) Allah will be their supporter, protector and friend, etc. Allah will bring them out of darkness into light.
Surah Baqarah Verse 257:
اللَّهُ وَلِيُّ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا يُخْرِجُهُم مِّنَ الظُّلُمَاتِ إِلَى النُّورِ ۖ وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا أَوْلِيَاؤُهُمُ الطَّاغُوتُ يُخْرِجُونَهُم مِّنَ النُّورِ إِلَى الظُّلُمَاتِ ۗ أُولَٰئِكَ أَصْحَابُ النَّارِ ۖ هُمْ فِيهَا خَالِدُونَ
Allah is the Wali (Protector or Guardian) of those who believe. He brings them out from darkness into light. But as for those who disbelieve, their Auliya (supporters and helpers) are Taghut [false deities and false leaders, etc.], they bring them out from light into darkness. Those are the dwellers of the Fire, and they will abide therein forever.
Surah A’raf Verse 96:
وَلَوْ أَنَّ أَهْلَ الْقُرَىٰ آمَنُوا وَاتَّقَوْا لَفَتَحْنَا عَلَيْهِم بَرَكَاتٍ مِّنَ السَّمَاءِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَلَٰكِن كَذَّبُوا فَأَخَذْنَاهُم بِمَا كَانُوا يَكْسِبُونَ
And if the people of the towns had believed and had the Taqwa (piety), certainly, We should have opened for them blessings from the heaven and the earth, but they belied (the Messengers). So We took them (with punishment) for what they used to earn (polytheism and crimes, etc.).
Surah Nisa Verse 122:
وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ سَنُدْخِلُهُمْ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِن تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا أَبَدًا ۖ وَعْدَ اللَّهِ حَقًّا ۚ وَمَنْ أَصْدَقُ مِنَ اللَّهِ قِيلًا
But those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah – Islamic Monotheism) and do deeds of righteousness, We shall admit them to the Gardens under which rivers flow (i.e. in Paradise) to dwell therein forever. Allah’s Promise is the Truth, and whose words can be truer than those of Allah? (Of course, none).
This is the utmost success. In Paradise we will get to see Allah. Whenever you recite the Qur’aan and you come across “those who believe and do good deeds”, pause and see the fruit that has been mentioned. We will not attain the fruits of believing in Allah unless we know Allah.
In Surah Shura Verses 52-53,
وَأَوْحَيْنَا إِلَىٰ مُوسَىٰ أَنْ أَسْرِ بِعِبَادِي إِنَّكُم مُّتَّبَعُونَ
And We inspired Musa (Moses), saying: “Take away My slaves by night, verily, you will be pursued.”
فَأَرْسَلَ فِرْعَوْنُ فِي الْمَدَائِنِ حَاشِرِينَ
Then Fir’aun (Pharaoh) sent callers to (all) the cities.
Allah is addressing the Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam). Allah is calling the Qur’aan a Ruh (Spirit). The spirit makes a body alive. This means that without the Qur’aan we are dead, the Qur’aan gives us life. The Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) never knew what eeman or the book was, and Allah made it known to him. He made the Qur’aan a light guiding whomever He wills. Allah knows who deserves to be guided with the Qur’aan and who doesn’t. If we want to know more about Allah we have to read the Qur’aan with understanding.
Surah Baqarah Verses 163:
وَإِلَٰهُكُمْ إِلَٰهٌ وَاحِدٌ ۖ لَّا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ الرَّحْمَٰنُ الرَّحِيمُ
And your Ilah (God) is One Ilah (God – Allah), La ilaha illa Huwa (there is none who has the right to be worshipped but He), the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.
Sheikh Sa’di (Rahimahullaah) said, “Allah informs us that He is the One God. He is One and single in:
1) His Being (Essence)
2) His Names
3) His Attributes
4) His Actions
There is neither any partner to Him nor an equal to Him, there is nothing similar to Him, nor there a peer of Him. There is no creator except Allah, and no one manages the creation (disposes the affairs) except Him.” [Tayseer Al-Kareem]