The Names of Allah: Ar-Rahmaan, Ar-Raheem – Part 1 – Sunday 29th Dhul-Hijjah,1434 ( 3rd November, 2013)
In the Qur’aan Allah mentions His names and attributes, after the Kalimat Tawheed, to teach us that it is knowing and understanding these names that will make our Tawheed strong. For example, in Ayatul Kursi, the first verse of Surah Aal Imran and the last three verses of Surah Hashr, Allah mentions the word Tawheed and mentions many names after that. If we want to correct our Tawheed, we have to take special care of understanding these names of Allah. Ar-Rahmaan is a general mercy and Ar-Raheem is specific for the believers.
Ar-Rahmaan and ar-Raheem are two of the names of Allaah which refer to Allaah’s attribute of Mercy.
Ar-Rahmaan refers to the vastness of Allaah’s mercy, and Ar-Raheem refers to its effect on His creation. So Ar-Rahmaan is the Owner of vast Mercy, and Ar-Raheem is the Owner of Mercy that encompasses His creation.
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (Rahimahullaah) said: “Ar-Rahmaan is the Owner of vast mercy, because the fa’laan form in Arabic indicates vastness and abundance, as it is said rajal ghadbaan (a very angry man) when he is filled with anger.
Ar-Raheem is a name which refers to the action, as the fa’eel form refers to the doer of an action. So the phrase Ar-Rahmaan Ar-Raheem indicates that the mercy of Allaah is vast, as is understood from the name Ar-Rahmaan, and that it encompasses His creation, as is understood from the name Ar-Raheem. This is what some of them meant when they said that Ar-Rahmaan refers to mercy in a general sense and Ar-Raheem refers to mercy that is specifically for the believers. But what we have mentioned is more accurate.” [From Sharh al-‘Aqeedah al-Waasitiyyah, 1/22]
Ar-Rahman= Rahmatun Wasi’a
Ar-Raheem = Rahmatun Wasila
The Impact of Allah’s mercy:
1) The entire creation exists due to His mercy. Don’t wish for death, it is out of Allah’s mercy that you were created.
2) The creation has achieved excellence, many kinds of perfection and attained blessings because of Allah’s mercy. Every good we enjoy is out of Allah’s mercy.
3) We have been saved from all types of calamities by Allah’s mercy. When a calamity is driven away from us it is from Allah’s mercy. We live in safety because of Allah’s mercy.
4) One of His greatest mercy upon His creation is that He made His slaves know about Him. Allah chooses certain servants and teaches them about Him. Have we appreciated this blessing from Allah? This is the special mercy of Allah with us. This is the greatest mercy.
He sent messengers through which we came to know about Allah and revealed books upon them. Whoever learns about Allah and is aware of His mercy will worship Allah and no one else. How would our life be if we don’t know our Lord, who is forgiving and accepts repentance? We will despair and many might even commit suicide. But Allah says whatever sins we commit He will forgive.
What will be our life if we don’t know our Lord is As-Samad, the self-sufficient master who is sought for all our needs? We will be lost, going after people, humiliated and disgraced. But Allah made himself known such that we ask Him and He alone will give us. What will our state be if we don’t know that our Lord is severe in punishment? People will not be merciful to each other, they will transgress since there is no punishment. They will violate Allah’s prohibitions.