Allah’s Names: Ar-Rahmaan, Ar-Raheem, 21st Muharram,1435 ( 24th November, 2013)‏

The most important thing that the Muslim should learn is about the belief in Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala). It is to learn about his Creator’s names, attributes and actions and live according to it in his life.

If he lives his life knowing Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala,)he will be able to answer the questions in the grave. It is very important to correct our Tawheed. Nothing will correct our Tawheed except knowledge about Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala). Every Muslim should know Him.

When you know Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) very well you will taste the sweetness of faith. You will love for Allaah’s sake (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala); hate, befriend and make enmity for His sake alone.

Only the believer who has baseerah (insight) will reach this state. Insight is to see the indications of the matters that indicate Allaah’s (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) attributes.

The people are of two categories the one who is blind and the one who sees.

:In Surah Hajj ,Verse 46

أَفَلَمْ يَسِيرُوا فِي الْأَرْضِ فَتَكُونَ لَهُمْ قُلُوبٌ يَعْقِلُونَ بِهَا أَوْ آذَانٌ يَسْمَعُونَ بِهَا ۖ فَإِنَّهَا لَا تَعْمَى الْأَبْصَارُ وَلَٰكِن تَعْمَى الْقُلُوبُ الَّتِي فِي الصُّدُورِ

Have they not travelled through the land, and have they hearts wherewith to understand and ears wherewith to hear? Verily, it is not the eyes that grow blind, but it is the hearts, which are in the breasts that grow blind.

This blind heart cannot understand the purpose behind the creation or the trials and incidents that occur in his life. The believer with insight can see the impacts of Allaah’s perfect attributes (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) in the world. He can explain whatever events happen to him.

Sometimes we go through events in life and can’t interpret them but know what Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) wants from us. This lack of insight is due to the weakness of faith. The more faith you have the more you will be able to see the impacts of Allaah’s attributes (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala). To be able to see the impact of Allaah’s attributes (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala)  around us, we have to strengthen our faith. We have to implore Him to give us this insight such that we will be able to explain the impact of His attributes. One of the attributes of Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala), which has a clear impact in our lives, is His Mercy. There are many people who don’t see or taste the impact of Allaah’s Mercy (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala)  due to the blindness in their hearts.

Many times, Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) has sent many blessings upon us, yet because of our ignorance we consider it as a crisis or a disaster. Every good or blessing that Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) gives us and whatever evil or harm He drives away from us is from the impact of His Mercy. But many people consider these blessings as indignation.

The Name Ar Rahman -Ar Raheem is very important in our lives. We need to live our lives knowing who Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala), Ar Rahman- Ar Raheem is.

Always remember the blessings of Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) and have a good memory of this. Remember how Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) gave you, granted you, drove away evil from you etc. In this way you will strengthen your faith in Allaah’s name (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala), Ar-Rahman Ar-Raheem.

Many people only remember the evil things that happened to them, forgetting that Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) has been treating them with mercy since they were in the wombs of their mothers.  Always expect good from Ar Rahman- Ar Raheem. He is dealing with us with His Mercy.

The impact of Allaah’s general nurturing (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala): He is the One who created them, providing for them, sustaining them, guiding them to the means of their survival in this life.

The impact of Allaah’s special nurturing (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala): He is the One who guides His slaves to attain faith, then He perfects it for them, then He will remove the obstacles that come between them and Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala). Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) will remove anything that harms your religion whether it is a daughter, son, friend etc.

We are all walking to Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) and there are obstacles preventing us from reaching Him. So Allaah, (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) out of His Mercy, will remove it in one way or another. Only the believer who has strong faith in Ar Rahman- Ar Raheem will see this removal as a mercy. He purifies and reforms our hearts, souls and manners. He makes us go through trials and through these events. He purifies our hearts from the sicknesses that are in it.

The General Nurturing of Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala): Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is Ar Rahman- Ar Raheem, whose Mercy is vast, extending and encompassing all of the creation.

In Surah Ta-Ha Verse 5:

الرَّحْمَٰنُ عَلَى الْعَرْشِ اسْتَوَىٰ

The Most Beneficent (Allah) Istawa (rose over) the (Mighty) Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty).

We don’t know how Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) rises over the throne but we believe that He does.

Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is mentioning the name Ar-Rahman and is joining it with His ‘Arsh (Throne). The ‘Arsh is the greatest creation of Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala); there is no creation greater than the ‘Arsh.

The Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said : The seven heavens by the side of the Kursi (footstool) are but like a ring thrown into a desert land and the excellence of the ‘Arsh (throne) with respect to the Kursi is like that of the desert with respect to the ring. (Silsilatul-Ahadeethis-Saheehah no.109).

Ibn Qayyim (Rahimahullaah) said, “The throne is the most vast creation of Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala). It is the dome of the whole world encompassing all of Allaah’s creation” (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala).

Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is joining the most vast attribute of His (Rahma) with His greatest creation (‘Arsh) to show us how great Allaah’s Mercy is (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala).

Due  to our ignorance we made the Mercy of Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) limited. Only when we see something good that goes along with our desire, do we say Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is being merciful to us. We don’t enjoy the Mercy of Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) because of our ignorance. We cannot perceive or imagine Allaah’s Mercy (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala).

In the Arabic language Ar-Rahman is on the wazn (scale) Fa’lan. This means that He is full of that attribute.

His Mercy is so great but we cannot perceive the extent of it. Everything in this world testifies to the Mercy of Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) but we have to look and think considerably to see and taste the Mercy of Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala). We have to live the reality of the names and Attributes of Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) in our life. The Mercy of Allaah (Subhaanahu WA Ta’aala) is shown in everything, even in calamities, afflictions, sicknesses.

How can a sickness be from the Mercy of Allaah (Subhaanahu WA Ta’aala)!? There is Mercy of Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) in everything.

In Surah Maryam Verse 45 (Ibrahim (‘Alayhis-salaam) is talking to his father):

يَا أَبَتِ إِنِّي أَخَافُ أَن يَمَسَّكَ عَذَابٌ مِّنَ الرَّحْمَٰنِ فَتَكُونَ لِلشَّيْطَانِ وَلِيًّا

“O my father! Verily! I fear lest a torment from the Most Beneficent (Allah) overtake you, so that you become a companion of Shaytaan (Satan) (in the Hell-fire).” [Tafsir Al-Qurtubi]

The name Ar-Rahman is joined with punishment. What does this mean? Several indications: One, even punishment that comes from from Ar-Rahman  indicates that if you are going through distress then it is a mercy from Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala).
Second, the scholars said, “Inflicting one with torment indicates a deprivation of Allaah’s mercy” (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala). Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is teaching Him a lesson, so He may deprive Him of  His Mercy for a moment.

For instance, how many times we would be working on a project for something good. At that moment you receive a telephone call and in the few minutes you talked, you backbit someone. Then you would go back to the computer and will see its not working or everything you did is lost.

Did this happen coincidentally? This is a punishment from Ar-Rahman. It is because of that sin you committed. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) wants to send you a message, but many people will not understand and will blame the company or the computer. We give excuses neglecting the real reason why it happened.

You close the computer and go to sleep. You may miss Tahajjud and feel bad. The Salaf used to say, “The slave may commit a sin and will be deprived from Qiyamul Layl or Tahajjud.”  You may get up and not enjoy the Prayer. This is a punishment from Ar-Rahman.

You may get up in the morning with a constricted, upset heart. This is a punishment from Ar-Rahman. Two or five minutes of sin can have this effect on you. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is not afflicting us in vain, He wants us to do Istighfar immediately. He wants us to truly repent to Him, this is what Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) wants. He wants remorse from us. We were doing something good but because we committed that sin, Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) wanted to remove it from you. He wants you to be without sin and maintain the reward of your good deed. Many of us don’t understand that this affliction is from ArRahman- Ar Raheem who, wants good for us.

Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is inflicting us in order that we return to Him. He wants to maintain the reward of our deeds.

Many people don’t see afflictions as being an impact of Allaah’s Mercy(Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala).  Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is nurturing us through these trials. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) wants us to return to Him in repentance.

E.g. – During Tawaf: For every step you take one sin will be forgiven and you will be elevated in one rank with Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala); this displeases the Shaytaan.  Before we start any good deed the Shaytan will make it heavy on our hearts, then if you perform that action he will come to distract you and remind you of your problems.   If you seek refuge with Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala), the Shaytaan will come after finishing the action and try to destroy the reward you had attained in one way or another.  After you finished Tawaf, you sit with a group of women and then you fight for one thing or another. People forget that they are in the Haram, and that even a minor sin there is great in Allaah’s Sight (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) . You may not fight but you may sit and look at the people, in your heart you may commit a sin. You will look down at the people, contempt them, or say she is showing off, etc. These are all considered sins committed with the heart.

Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala)  is not unaware of what is happening in your heart. Do you think He will make your abundant reward go in vain? Out of His mercy, He will make you go through a trial in order to show you the impact of your sin.  You will ask Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) to forgive you such that Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) will remove the effect of the sin and keep the reward. This is the wisdom behind the calamities we go through. There is a mercy. It is a punishment but, from Ar-Rahman. We have to explain every distress we go through in this way.

If you have a stain on something white and immediately work on it then it will be easily removed, but if you forget and keep it for awhile then it will be difficult to get rid of. This is the same with sins. If you delay repentance, your sins lead to other sins.

E. g. -You have a job appointment. You may have not been able to get transport and you miss it. There is a mercy that Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) will show you later, the wisdom and the mercy behind preventing you from going.  But many people think bad about Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala).

In Surah Fussilat Verse 23:

وَذَٰلِكُمْ ظَنُّكُمُ الَّذِي ظَنَنتُم بِرَبِّكُمْ أَرْدَاكُمْ فَأَصْبَحْتُم مِّنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ

And that thought of yours which you thought about your Lord, has brought you to destruction, and you have become (this Day) of those utterly lost!

Where is the mercy of sickness? Many people because of their sickness have been prevented from transgression. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) knows that for them, the wellbeing is not good. They will show humility to Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala), repent to Him. This is good for them in order to reach the high rank Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala)  prepared for them.

Our scholars, like Albani and Bin ‘Uthaymeen, dedicated their lives to serving Islam and the Muslims since they were young. They were afflicted with cancer at the end of their lives and you may wonder why? Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) has prepared for every person a special position in Paradise. This person’s good deeds may not be enough to take him to that position, so Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) makes him go through certain trials as in sickness. He will be afflicted with that illness in order to be a cause of purification of his sins and an elevation in ranks with Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala).

We must explain every distress, every problem, every prevention as a mercy from Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala). Don’t despair of Allaah’s Mercy (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala).

In Surah Rum Verse 50:

فَانظُرْ إِلَىٰ آثَارِ رَحْمَتِ اللَّهِ كَيْفَ يُحْيِي الْأَرْضَ بَعْدَ مَوْتِهَا ۚ إِنَّ ذَٰلِكَ لَمُحْيِي الْمَوْتَىٰ ۖ وَهُوَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ

Look then at the effects (results) of Allah’s Mercy, how He revives the earth after its death. Verily! That (Allah) Who revived the earth after its death shall indeed raise the dead (on the Day of Resurrection), and He is Able to do all things.
Look then at the effects (results) of Allaah’s Mercy (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala), how He revives the earth after its death. Verily! That Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala), Who revived the earth after its death, shall indeed raise the dead (on the Day of Resurrection), and He is Able to do all things.

What does this verse tell us? In the same way Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala), by His Mercy, gives life to the dead land, He is able to give life to the dead hearts. If you committed sins in the past and you see its effect in your life, never despair of Allaah’s Mercy(Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala). He is able to revive your heart again. Cry and ask Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) to revive your heart and when Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) sees your truthfulness, He will revive your heart. He doesn’t want to torture or punish us.

Before Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) tests His slaves, He teaches them. Before any trial comes to you, He teaches you about Him.

Shaikh Sa’di said, when he interpreted the verse in Surah Baqarah, “One of the impacts of the Mercy of Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) with His creation is that He teaches the creation about Himself.”
Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) will never test you before teaching you. He will teach you first and then will make you go through the test. This is a ruling. What is the meaning of this test? Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) teaches you His name Ar-Rahman or what He loves and hates or how to attain His nearness, etc. to make you love that matter. Then He opens the gate of that good deed for you to come close to Him.

Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) said in Surah Aal Imran what He loves. In Verse 134:

الَّذِينَ يُنفِقُونَ فِي السَّرَّاءِ وَالضَّرَّاءِ وَالْكَاظِمِينَ الْغَيْظَ وَالْعَافِينَ عَنِ النَّاسِ ۗ وَاللَّهُ يُحِبُّ الْمُحْسِنِينَ

Those who spend [in Allah’s Cause – deeds of charity, alms, etc.] in prosperity and in adversity, who repress anger, and who pardon men; verily, Allah loves Al-Muhsinun (the good-doers).

Those who spend [in Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala)’s Cause – deeds of charity, alms, etc.] in prosperity and in adversity, who repress anger, and who pardon men; verily, Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) loves Al-Muhsinun (the good-doers)

Who are the good-doers in this verse?

  • Those who spend in adversity and prosperity
  • Those who repress their anger
  • Those who pardon men

After reading the verse Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) will open the gate of good deeds for coming  closer to Him. Because He is Ar-Rahman Ar-Raheem He will open the gate of nearness to Him through trials. After understanding this verse, someone will knock your door asking for charity. Will you give or not?

Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) will make you go through a test. He will send someone who will offend or fight you without reason. This happens because Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) opens the gate of repressing your anger so that He will love you. The person who is arguing with you is the key to enter this gate. This person could be one of your family members, etc.

Don’t only repress your anger, pardon him. Don’t carry any malice or anger in your heart against him. Don’t smile yet your heart is boiling. Pardon him because you sincerely want to be loved by Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala), you want to enter the gate of nearness to Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala). The person will not attain this except after much struggle.

What is the indication that you don’t carry any malice in your heart? The person will go to sleep deeply as if there is no problem. Another indication that you are true in your pardon is that Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) will remove that pain from your heart. You will not feel angry with that person. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) knows if you are truthful in suppressing your anger and you want to be loved by Him.

Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) teaches you something and opens the gate for you immediately. This is from the very hidden aspects of Allaah’s Mercy (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala), when He nurtures His believing slaves. If you go through any event which is hateful to your desire, remember it is a mercy from Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala).

The Prophet said, “Whoever guides someone to something, he will get the reward of that doer without diminishing his reward.”

Who deserves guidance the most in our lives? The ones that are close to us. We forget and neglect them. You learn this and when you go home you are not eager to guide your family. You should take every opportunity to guide them. You will wake them up to pray, remind them of doing good, etc. because you want the reward.

How many times we deal with them according to our desire? If you truly want the reward from Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) then you should be truthful regardless whether you are angry with them or not. Your reward is with Allaah (Subhaanahu WA Ta’aala). The truthful person will not be waiting for the ajr from the people, he will be waiting for it from Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala).
If you felt that this anger or pain isn’t going from your heart, you should immediately ask Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) to remove this pain from your heart. Make du’aa because it is not good to bear malice and hatred in the heart against anyone. It is a sin.

Another impact of Allaah’s Mercy (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is that Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala), by His mercy, is protecting us and our children.

In Surat Yusuf, verse 63,

فَلَمَّا رَجَعُوا إِلَىٰ أَبِيهِمْ قَالُوا يَا أَبَانَا مُنِعَ مِنَّا الْكَيْلُ فَأَرْسِلْ مَعَنَا أَخَانَا نَكْتَلْ وَإِنَّا لَهُ لَحَافِظُونَ

So, when they returned to their father, they said: “O our father! No more measure of grain shall we get (unless we take our brother). So send our brother with us, and we shall get our measure and truly we will guard him.”

Ya’qoob answered them saying in verse 64:

قَالَ هَلْ آمَنُكُمْ عَلَيْهِ إِلَّا كَمَا أَمِنتُكُمْ عَلَىٰ أَخِيهِ مِن قَبْلُ ۖ فَاللَّهُ خَيْرٌ حَافِظًا ۖ وَهُوَ أَرْحَمُ الرَّاحِمِينَ

He said: “Can I entrust him to you except as I entrusted his brother [Yusuf (Joseph)] to you aforetime? But Allah is the Best to guard, and He is the Most Merciful of those who show mercy.”

Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is the Most Merciful of those who show mercy, that is why He is the best to guard. It is not they who will guard his son, it is Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala).

Many mothers because of their love for their children think they are protecting their sons and daughters more than Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) and are afraid about the people her children associates with. She doesn’t want him to go to the Masjid close by because she is scared something will happen to him. Their son will grow up with weak personalities, afraid of everything. This is because of how the mother raised her child.

If you believe Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is the best guardian then you will leave him under the protection and guardianship of Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala).

People sit in their gatherings and say they are afraid to lose things, afraid to become fat, etc. Why are we scared? When we hear someone is afraid of anything we need to tell her that Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is Ar Rahmam- Ar Raheem.  He is the One who protects so don’t expect evil. We are dealt with by Ar-Rabb Al-Alameen, Ar Rahman- Ar Raheem. Since we were in the wombs of our mothers, Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is protecting and guarding us. Surely He would protect and guard us. People need reminders because of weak faith. They live in pessimism. The Shaytaan overpowers them with illusions; be a blessed person and remind them that we are being protected by the Most-Merciful. We have to encourage people. If anyone comes complaining tell them that Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is dealing by His mercy whether it be a sickness, a calamity, something good, etc.
It’s very important to understand the impact of Allaah’s Mercy (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) in our lives and live according to that. We have to teach our children that Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is Ar Rahman- Ar Raheem when they become sick, when they fail, etc.

About Enlightenment into Islam Center

The Enlightenment into Islam Center is a community of sisters who aim to please Allah by seeking knowledge and calling the people (Muslims as well as non-Muslims) to Tawheed and obedience to Allah by spreading the true knowledge of Islam based on the Qur'an and the Sunnah.

Posted on November 24, 2013, in Allah's Names and Attributes. Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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