The Names of Allah: Ar-Rahmaan, Ar-Raheem – Part 5– Sunday 27th Muharram,1435 ( 1st December, 2013)

The Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) stated: Allaah has ninety nine names, one hundred minus one; and he who learns them all will enter Al-Jannah (the Garden Of Heaven), and Allah is “witr” (One) and loves the witr (i.e. odd numbers). [At-Tirmidhi]

Whoever knows Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) in this life will know how to deal with Him in the way that suits His majesty.

The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: None of you will enter Paradise by his good deeds, but rather by the Favour of Allaah and His Mercy. They said,Not even you O Messenger of Allaah?’. He (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said, ‘Not even myself, unless Allaah encompasses me with His Favour and His Mercy.’ [ saheeh al-bukhaari and saheeh muslim]

Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) tells us about himself in the whole Qur’aan, about His names and attributes for a great purpose. He wants us to live according to these names and attributes. If we are going through any distress who will support you, help you, guide you? Will you run to the people or the creation to help you?

Those who are barren may go to the doctor for years taking medical treatment. In the end doctors may say she can’t have children. But Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) may grant this person children without any means. He wants to show us that He is all able to give children, even when humans fail. He wants our hearts to be attached to him, not to the means or people.

Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) deals with us with His mercy, kindness and compassion. He wants us to attach our hearts to Him. Yusuf went through distress for about 30 years, according to some interpreters, at the hands of his brothers who threw him in a well. He was then sold to a caravan and was bought by the minister whose wife attempted to seduce him. This resulted in him being thrown into prison. In the end when Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) gathered him with his brothers.  Yusuf explained these trials saying, “Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) has been kind to me”

In Surat Yūsuf verse 100,

وَرَفَعَ أَبَوَيْهِ عَلَى الْعَرْشِ وَخَرُّوا لَهُ سُجَّدًا ۖ وَقَالَ يَا أَبَتِ هَٰذَا تَأْوِيلُ رُؤْيَايَ مِن قَبْلُ قَدْ جَعَلَهَا رَبِّي حَقًّا ۖ وَقَدْ أَحْسَنَ بِي إِذْ أَخْرَجَنِي مِنَ السِّجْنِ وَجَاءَ بِكُم مِّنَ الْبَدْوِ مِن بَعْدِ أَن نَّزَغَ الشَّيْطَانُ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَ إِخْوَتِي ۚ إِنَّ رَبِّي لَطِيفٌ لِّمَا يَشَاءُ ۚ إِنَّهُ هُوَ الْعَلِيمُ الْحَكِيمُ

And he raised his parents to the throne and they fell down before him prostrate. And he said: “O my father! This is the interpretation of my dream aforetime! My Lord has made it come true! He was indeed good to me, when He took me out of the prison, and brought you (all here) out of the bedouin-life, after Shaitan (Satan) had sown enmity between me and my brothers. Certainly, my Lord is the Most Courteous and Kind unto whom He will. Truly He! Only He is the All-Knowing, the All-Wise.

He didn’t see these trials as an indication of Allaah’s hatred  (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) towards him but throughout his life he saw Allaah (Subhaanahu WA Ta’aala) being merciful to him. He said, “My Lord is All-Knower, All-Wise.” He thought good and expected good from Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala). There is wisdom, good and mercy behind suffering which we may not see at the time.

There is a mercy in everything Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) has decreed for us in life.  Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) wants to perfect, nurture and bestow beneficial lessons upon us.  He will make us go through trials in order to show us our mistakes, defects and sins so that we repent to Him and leave our sins.

Sometimes you advise a person and that person may not listen to your advice. They follow through with the wrong action. The person may come back to you with regret. Sometimes we rejoice at their affliction and believe they deserved it because they didn’t listen to us. What happened to them is the decree of Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala). This type of thinking is a sin. We should not rejoice at others misfortune.

Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) will make us go through a similar situation and someone else will rejoice at our affliction, in order to show us that we aren’t supposed to do this to others.

Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) said in Surat Al-Fātiĥah :2-3

الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ

All the praises and thanks be to Allah, the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists).

الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

The Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.

 Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is nurturing the whole world with His Mercy. He makes us go through situations in order to nurture us, guide us, such that we will repent to Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala). It is important to know and think good about Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala). Allaah (Subhaanahu WA Ta’aala) is the King, Al Malik who disposes our affairs in the best way. Don’t think that you can manage your life by yourself, our management is deficient. When we rely on ourselves, Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) makes us fail. He wants to show us that we shouldn’t rely on ourselves, put your trust in Him. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) has said that He is the one managing our affairs and life so put all your trust in Him.

Our life changes, sometimes there is constriction, sometimes we are happy and sometimes we are sad. In all these situations we need Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) to support, guide and enlighten us. This is why Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) tells us about Himself profusely in the Qur’aan.

The most important names of Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) are Ar Rahman- Ar Raheem.

We know about Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) through the Qur’aan and Sunnah.

If you want to understand the Qur’aan you need to go to the early interpretations of the Qur’aan like IbnKathir, IbnJarir, Al-Baghawi. They lived close to the time of the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) and interpreted the Qur’aan according to the correct ‘Aqeedah. We have to be careful and learn the authentic traditions of the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam). Do not take weak or baseless hadiths.

Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) mentioned the name Ar-Rahman 57 times in the Qur’aan while the name Ar-Raheem is mentioned 114 times. This is exactly double the amount of times Ar-Rahman is mentioned.

Ar-Rahman is the One whose Mercy is vast, encompassing everything and everyone in this life.

Ar-Raheem is the One whose Mercy reaches whomever Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) wills, those who are seeking the Mercy of Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) and behave in the way which pleases Him.

Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) sent down one part of His mercy on earth. You can see the impact of this when the creation shows mercy to each other. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) kept the remaining 99 parts of His Mercy with Him to show it on the Day of Judgement.

In the creation of the heavens and earth, the alternation of the day and night, the love an animal show for its young, are all impacts of the one part of mercy.

Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is showing his Mercy in the creation of the heavens and earth. Many people don’t see the mercy of Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) except when Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) gives them something they desire. They don’t see mercy in prevention, distress, etc. There is a mercy in every decree of Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) but we don’t see it.

The person who knows Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) by His names and attributes sees it. This person will explain the problems as mercy from Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala).

How many have we gone through distress and Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) sends someone to guide or relieve us? Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) may send the mercy through a means but instead of being grateful to Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala), our heart becomes attached to the means and attribute the mercy to it.

Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) prevents things from happening to us sometimes in order to show us that He is being merciful to us.

Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is testing our patience. Our reward with Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is how much we are patient with our situation. As long as you are patient the angels are writing in your record.

We have to think good of Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala).

In Surah Maryam, Ibrahim joined the name Ar-Rahman with punishment.

In Surah Maryam Verse 45:

Ibrahim (‘Alayhis-salaam) is talking to his father

يَا أَبَتِ إِنِّي أَخَافُ أَن يَمَسَّكَ عَذَابٌ مِّنَ الرَّحْمَٰنِ فَتَكُونَ لِلشَّيْطَانِ وَلِيًّا

“O my father! Verily! I fear lest a torment from the Most Beneficent (Allah) overtake you, so that you become a companion of Shaytaan (Satan) (in the Hell-fire).” [Tafsir Al-Qurtubi]

This means whatever calamity we go through is from Ar-Rahman. Some interpreters said, the sin which you committed is so grave that He punished you and deprived you of His mercy in that situation in order to make you repent to Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala).

Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) may deprive the person of certain situations, out of His mercy, due to His sins in order to make him  return to Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala).

Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) makes us taste the evil consequences of our sins. We may do wrong and be ignorant but Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) sends a message after a message to enlighten you.

In the event of committing a minor sin, we don’t feel that we have committed a sin, and then Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) by His mercy, makes us go through trials such as a constriction in our hearts, or no blessings in our time, jobs, etc. You may wonder why this is happening.  Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is sending a message that what you did was wrong.

Many people explain the evil consequences of committing sins with The Evil Eye, magic, etc. Everyone thinks good of themselves so they accuse others but they never think that they did wrong, so Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) removed a blessing from their lives.  One of the impacts of sins is removal of Barakah. We are fighting Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) by committing sins so Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) deprives us of His mercy in order for us to return to Him and repent.

Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) teaches His slaves about what He likes and hates, out of His mercy. Then He opens the gate for that person to seek nearness to Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) through that gate. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) tells us that He loves those who show patience. Immediately after Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) teaches us, the gate of that matter will open for you such as an affliction with your husband, your children, friends etc. Will you show patience?

If you show patience then you are seeking nearness to Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) by entering that gate. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) will then deal with you with His Mercy. This is a very hidden aspect of the Mercy of Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala).

Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) protects the whole creation out of His mercy. In Surah Yusuf we understand that Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is the best protecter and He is most merciful.

A person who attains old age  looks at his previous years will see that he transgressed for many years. The Shaytaan will come and make him despair of Allaah’s Mercy (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala). The Shaytaan will make your problems appear big in your eyes and will make you forget that the Mercy of Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is greater. We have to fight the Shaytaan. It is an act of worship which Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) loves. You need to repel the whispers of the Shaytaan with positive thoughts about Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala). It is in this way the Shaytaan will be disgraced.

A mother may be worried about the corruption in the society. She may be concerned about her children. These worries are due to ignorance of Allaah’s Mercy (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala). Allaah’s Mercy (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is so great, just rely and trust Him.  He will protect you and your children. Advise each other with this.  If you do what pleases Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) then Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) will take care and protect you for anything in your life.

We should think better of Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala).

Another impact of Allaah’s Mercy (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala):

The Mercy of Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is shown in His Sharee’ah. All the prohibitions are an impact of the Mercy of Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala). He didn’t make anything haraam except that there is a mercy in it. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) didn’t legislate for us except that which maintains our life, honour, property, souls, etc. There is a mercy in all that Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) commanded and prohibited.

Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) said in Surah Anbiya, Verse 107, regarding the sending of the Prophet Muhammed (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam):

وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَاكَ إِلَّا رَحْمَةً لِّلْعَالَمِينَ

And We have sent you (O Muhammad, Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) not but as a mercy for the ‘Aalamin (mankind, Jinn and all that exists).

Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) sent him as a mercy for the whole world and all that the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) brought of commands and legislations is full of mercy.

He brought us monotheism, so our hearts will be attached to Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) and no one else.

Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) says in Surat Al-Mā’idah: 4

يَسْأَلُونَكَ مَاذَا أُحِلَّ لَهُمْ ۖ قُلْ أُحِلَّ لَكُمُ الطَّيِّبَاتُ ۙ وَمَا عَلَّمْتُم مِّنَ الْجَوَارِحِ مُكَلِّبِينَ تُعَلِّمُونَهُنَّ مِمَّا عَلَّمَكُمُ اللَّهُ ۖ فَكُلُوا مِمَّا أَمْسَكْنَ عَلَيْكُمْ وَاذْكُرُوا اسْمَ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهِ ۖ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ سَرِيعُ الْحِسَابِ

They ask you (O Muhammad  Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) what is lawful for them (as food ). Say: “Lawful unto you are At-Tayyibat [all kind of Halal (lawful-good) foods which Allah has made lawful (meat of slaughtered eatable animals, milk products, fats, vegetables and fruits, etc.)]. And those beasts and birds of prey which you have trained as hounds, training and teaching them (to catch) in the manner as directed to you by Allah; so eat of what they catch for you, but pronounce the Name of Allah over it, and fear Allah. Verily, Allah is Swift in reckoning.”

This is the complete Mercy of Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala). One of His laws that He sent the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) with is to preserve the Islamic identity and by not imitating non-Muslims. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) made for every religion their own law and Muslims are not supposed to imitate the non-Muslims. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) wants us to preserve our Islamic identity.

The Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) didn’t only prohibit us to imitate, he commanded us to oppose them. Do the opposite of what they do in order to keep our identity different.

Ex. They don’t take suhoor when they fast, so we should take suhoor when we fast.

We are commanded to do this in order to be distant from them in their character. Don’t take them as your role models, the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) is our example. He is the one whom we should follow in our dress code, behaviour, manners, etc.

We should be proud that we have our Islamic laws. If we imitate the non-Muslims outwardly then eventually it will affect our hearts and we will imitate them inwardly.

There is nothing in the Shari’ah except there is good in it for us. The people who follow their desire don’t see that the Islamic law is perfect. We don’t have to invent new matters in it.

Ar-Raheem: Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is Ar-Raheem, who shows His Mercy to the believers specifically.

It is mentioned in the Qur’aan in three ways:

Singular Form

In Surah Al-Ahzab Verse 43:

هُوَ الَّذِي يُصَلِّي عَلَيْكُمْ وَمَلَائِكَتُهُ لِيُخْرِجَكُم مِّنَ الظُّلُمَاتِ إِلَى النُّورِ ۚ وَكَانَ بِالْمُؤْمِنِينَ رَحِيمًا

He it is Who sends Salat (His blessings) on you, and His angels too (ask Allah to bless and forgive you), that He may bring you out from darkness (of disbelief and polytheism) into light (of Belief and Islamic Monotheism). And He is Ever Most Merciful to the believers.

Joined with Ar-Rahman

In Surah Fatihah Verse 3:

الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

The Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.

Coupled with another name.

Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) mentioned it with Ghafoor profusely in the Qur’aan.  It is also joined with ‘Aziz nine times in Surah Shu’araa, Tawwab  and once with Barr, in Surah Tur.

The believer should hope to attain the special Mercy of Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala).

He should be keen to attain Allaah’s Mercy (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) by performing good deeds, which Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) loves.

Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) loves those who remember Him profusely.

لَقَدْ كَانَ لَكُمْ فِي رَسُولِ اللَّهِ أُسْوَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ لِمَنْ كَانَ يَرْجُو اللَّهَ وَالْيَوْمَ الْآخِرَ وَذَكَرَ اللَّهَ كَثِيرًا

“In the Apostle of Allah there is certainly for you a good exemplar, for those who look forward to Allah and the Last Day, and remember Allah greatly.”

We should reform our day by remembering Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala).

If you remember Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) profusely in your day, Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) will accordingly love you and show special mercy to you.

Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) loves those who fast. In this case you will fast voluntarily. If you do that, Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) will love you and show mercy to you.

Abu Hurairah (Radhia-Allaahu ‘anhu) said that the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: “Every one of the sons of Adam’s actions is multiplied, a good action will have ten of it’s like or up to seven hundred times and Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) says: ‘Except fasting because it belongs to me, and I reward it…” [Narrated by Muslim (2707). An-Nisaa’i, Ad Daraami and Bayhaqi.]

This means that on the Day of Judgement, after crossing the bridge and when people will take good deeds from each other, Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) will take from the reward of every deed and give it to the oppressed person except fasting. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) will keep the reward of fasting for that person. – Ibn ‘Uthaymeen

It is great in Allaah’s sight (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala).  Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) will not give it to the people whom you wronged. Therefore this should encourage you to observe fast a lot.

You should invoke Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) profusely to grant you His special Mercy and give you protection from His anger and punishment.

You will not be protected from His punishment except by His mercy.

You should treat everyone around you with mercy.

Abdullah Ibn Amr reported: The Messenger of Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala), peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Those who are merciful will be shown mercy by the Merciful. Be merciful to those on the earth and the One above the heavens will have mercy upon you. [At-Tirmidhi]

We should show mercy to everyone whether they are humans or animals. We should show mercy regardless whether we like them or not.

Be of those who always remember the impact of Allaah’s Mercy (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala).

Keep a good memory of Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala)’s mercy. In this way you will be grateful to Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala).

There are people who keep the bad events in their memory and forget how Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) relieved them. This makes them despair, become sad and think wrongly of Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala).

People don’t talk about Allaah’s Mercy (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) to each other. If you want Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) to grant you His special Mercy, then remember the impact of His Mercy.

If you are seeking mercy then don’t let your heart turn to other than Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala).

He is the owner of the mercy and no one else. Single Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) out with seeking mercy. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) sends His mercy through people, but He is the real bestower of mercy.

If you want to attain Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala)’s mercy then single Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) out with this matter.

Don’t talk nicely to someone and in your heart you are seeking His mercy. You want Him to be merciful or to help you. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is watching your heart, don’t seek the mercy except from Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala).

Many wives want to attract the heart of their husband. They may try as hard as they can because they want their husband to show mercy to them. She is seeking the mercy of her husband but he may treat her contrary to what she wants because Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) wants to show her that He is the only one who grants mercy.

Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) wants to honor his slaves, He doesn’t like for you to humiliate yourself to the creation. When you attach yourself to Him only you will be honored. He wants you to be independent of the people and depend on Him and no one else.

There are many Surah’s which mention Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala)’s mercy:

Surah Rahman talks about the impact of Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala)’s mercy from the first verse until the end. Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) is telling the Jinn and humans about the impact of His mercy.

Surah Maryam. The name Ar-Rahman is mentioned here more than any other Surah in the Qur’an. In this Surah Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) tells us how he deals with His Awliya with His mercy and what the means of attaining Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala)’s mercy are. If you are seeking Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala)’s mercy then read Surah Maryam.

The name Ar-Rahman is mentioned about 16 or 17 times in Surah Maryam, while it is only mentioned two times in Surah Baqarah. This should draw your attention.

In Surah Maryam Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) mentioned the story of Ibrahim and how he approached his father. His father worshipped idols.

In Surat Maryam: 44,

يَا أَبَتِ لَا تَعْبُدِ الشَّيْطَانَ ۖ إِنَّ الشَّيْطَانَ كَانَ لِلرَّحْمَٰنِ عَصِيًّا

“O my father! Worship not Shaitan (Satan). Verily! Shaitan (Satan) has been a rebel against the Most Beneficent (Allah).

Shaytan refused to prostrate to Adam and disobeyed Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) out of arrogance. This indicates that whoever follows the footsteps of the Shaytan will be a friend of the Shaytan disobedient to Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala), and whoever follows the Shaytan committing sins will be outcast of the MERCY of Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala).

In Surat Maryam : 45,

يَا أَبَتِ إِنِّي أَخَافُ أَن يَمَسَّكَ عَذَابٌ مِّنَ الرَّحْمَٰنِ فَتَكُونَ لِلشَّيْطَانِ وَلِيًّا

“O my father! Verily! I fear lest a torment from the Most Beneficent (Allah) overtake you, so that you become a companion of Shaitan (Satan) (in the Hell-fire).” [Tafsir Al-Qurtubi]

The word rebellion is added to name Ar-Rahman to signify that committing sins prevent a person from attaining Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala)’s mercy. Don’t follow the footsteps of the Shaytan.

It indicates that if you commit a sin you will be expelled from the mercy of Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala). This indicates the gravity of your sin. You will not be expelled from the mercy of Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) unless you commit a grievous sin. Every sin a person commits will be worshipping the Shaytan and disobeying Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala).

Notice how Ibrahim called his father. The first thing he does is question. It is called Istifham Inkari (Asking in a way of denying). This is important when approaching anyone committing a sin:

“And mention in the Book (the Quran) Ibrahim (Abraham). Verily! He was a man of truth, a Prophet (‘Alayhis-salaam) .

This is to make him think. Most of the people who worship other than Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala) just imitate their forefathers, they are blindly following.


About Enlightenment into Islam Center

The Enlightenment into Islam Center is a community of sisters who aim to please Allah by seeking knowledge and calling the people (Muslims as well as non-Muslims) to Tawheed and obedience to Allah by spreading the true knowledge of Islam based on the Qur'an and the Sunnah.

Posted on December 1, 2013, in Allah's Names and Attributes, The Name of Allaah: Ar-Rahman Ar-Raheem and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

Jazakom Allaahu khayr, any comments?

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