Names of Allaah: Ar-Rahmaan, Ar-Raheem (8th December 2013)
Out of Allah’s mercy with His creation He sent them a Messenger and a book in which Allah speaks to the creation guiding them to the means of their salvation in this Dunya and Aakhirah. The Qur’an is one of the impacts of Allah’s mercy.
One of the Salaf used to say “When I want to talk to Allah I pray, but when I want Allah (subhanaahu Wa Ta’ala) to talk to me I read the Quran.”
In order to encourage his creation to hold fast and study the Qur’an, Allah described it with many descriptions.
We are all journeying to Allah. We need guidance in order to reach Allah. The Qur’an teaches us what pleases Allah. We need the Qur’an as it is an essential matter in our lives.
Sometimes we need advice because we don’t know what decision to take. Allah says that the Qur’an is an advice. If we are seeking advice in any matter then read the Qur’an.
Some people only open the Qur’an during the special months. We should read it always.
The greatest matter which Allah teaches us in the Qur’an is about His noble self. He tells us about His names, attributes and actions from the beginning to the end of it.
In Surah Baqarah He (Subhanaahu Wa Ta’ala) said in Verse 163:
“And your Ilah (God) is One Ilah (God – Allah), La ilaha illa Huwa (there is none who has the right to be worshipped but He), the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.”
No one deserves to be loved and magnified except Allah because He is Ar-Rahman Ar-Raheem. Only Allah’s mercy encompasses everything forever.
We can see the impact of His mercy in us and in the Universe.
No ones kindness can be compared to Allah. Every blessing you enjoy is out of the impact of His mercy. No evil is driven away from you except it is from the mercy of Allah.
When you see a verse which ends with “La’lakum Turhamoon” then stop and find out the conditions in order that you may attain Allah’s mercy.
Means of Attaining Allah’s Mercy:-
1) In Surah Aal-Imran Verse 132:
“And obey Allah and the Messenger (Muhammad (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam)) that you may obtain mercy.”
Obedience to Allah and His Messenger requires belief. You need to believe in Allah and the Messengership of the Prophet.
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) narrated that Allah’s Messenger (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said, “By Him (Allah) in Whose Hand Muhammad’s soul is, there is none from amongst the Jews and the Christians (of these present nations) who hears about me and then dies without believing in the Message with which I have been sent (i.e. tawheed), but he will be from the dwellers of the (Hell) Fire.” Sahih Muslim, vol. 1, no. 284
As the person obeys Allah and His Messenger more, He will be more deserving to receive the mercy of Allah.
Obeying Allah and His Messenger means acting upon the command of Allah and His Messenger and avoiding everything He prohibited.
One of the deviated sects called the “Quranists” only believe in the Qur’an and not the Sunnah of the Prophet.
If they just go through the Qur’an they will see how Allah commanded us in the Qur’an to obey Him and His Messenger.
In Chapter 4 Verse 80:
“He who obeys the Messenger (Muhammad (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam)), has indeed obeyed Allah, but he who turns away, then we have not sent you (O Muhammad (salAllaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam)) as a watcher over them.”
Allah joined His obedience with the obedience of the Prophet. In Chapter 59 Verse 7:
“And whatsoever the Messenger (Muhammad (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam)) gives you, take it, and whatsoever he forbids you, abstain (from it) , and fear Allah. Verily, Allah is Severe in punishment.”
Allah ended the verse commanding us to fear Allah. Everything the Prophet said, did and has approved of is the Sunnah of the Prophet. We should follow and obey. The people who disregard the Sunnah are not fulfilling the second part of the Shahadatain. You will not be able to worship Allah except through the message of the Prophet.
Allah said in Chapter 24: 63:
“And let those who oppose the Messenger’s (Muhammad (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam)) commandment (i.e. his Sunnah legal ways, orders, acts of worship, statements, etc.) (among the sects) beware, lest some Fitnah (disbelief, trials, afflictions, earthquakes, killing, overpowered by a tyrant, etc.) befall them or a painful torment be inflicted on them.”
He said in Verse 47 of the same Surah regarding the hypocrites:
“They (hypocrites) say: “We have believed in Allah and in the Messenger (Muhammad salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam)), and we obey,” then a party of them turn away thereafter, such are not believers”
Whoever turns away from obeying the Sunnah of the Prophet are not considered believers. They are hypocrites. The hypocrites mentioned in the Qur’an are those condemned of major hypocrisy.
The Qur’an is the first source of the rulings in our religions and the Sunnah had come as the second source. The Sunnah came to clarify all the matters that had come in the Qur’an. There are matters generally in the Qur’an, like prayer and paying Zakat. Prophet Muhammed (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said, “Pray as you have seen me pray”
The Qur’an did not mention how much you have to pay. The Zakat of the money, of gold, of goods, of cattles, etc. The Sunnah explained everything. If you avoid the Sunnah then you wont know how to pay the Zakat.
All good will be attained if a person follows the Sunnah of the Prophet. Whoever turns away from the Sunnah will be deprived from all good. If you want to receive mercy from Allah you need to obey Him and His Messenger.
2) In Chapter 24 Verse 56:
“And perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), and give Zakat and obey the Messenger (Muhammad (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam)) that you may receive mercy (from Allah).”
Fulfill the Pillars, obligatory acts, conditions required for the Salat and perfect it through Nawafil prayers.
This can be seen when Prophet (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) would tell Bilal (Radia Allaahu ‘anhu) to pronounce the adhan (call to prayer), The Prophet (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) would said, “O Bilal, give us rest with it.” [Abu Dawud]
The previous verse was general, Allah particularized some acts of worship. These are two great acts of worship in our life because the Salaat is related to the rights of Allah while the Zakaat is related to the rights of people.Whoever is seeking mercy without offering Salaat, giving Zakaat or obeying the Prophet then he is deceiving himself. He will never receive the mercy of Allah. If your children go through distress and you tell them to pray they don’t find the connection between the two. The One who relieves your distress is Allah and One of the impacts of the mercy of Allah is relieving your distress. Check your Salaat. Whenever you go through any distress pray to Allah and see how Allah will comfort your heart and relieve you.
3) In Chapter 6 Verse 155:
“And this is a blessed Book (the Quran) which We have sent down, so follow it and fear Allah (i.e. do not disobey His Orders), that you may receive mercy (i.e. saved from the torment of Hell).”
Allah is praising the Qur’an calling it a blessed book. This means it comprises of abundant knowledge. Allah is commanding us to:
Follow the Qur’an
The Qur’an consists of knowledge of the early and late generations. Everything you want to know about the past, present and future is found in the Qur’an.
Shaikh Sa’di said, “There is no good but the Qur’an calls us to it and tells us the wisdom behind it. There is no evil but the Qur’an warns us of it and tells us the evil consequence of it”
The greatest means of attaining the mercy of Allah is following the Qur’an since it is a book that calls us to every good and keeps us away from every evil.
If you want to follow the Qur’an:
You need to understand it
Then you need to adhere and act upon it
Then call the people to it
The meaning of Taqwa in Arabic is to make a barrier between you and the punishment and anger of Allah.
Because the verse talks about the Qur’an, Imam At-Tabari said, “We have to avoid opposing the Qur’an or contradicting it” We shouldn’t make its lawful unlawful or its unlawful lawful. We need to fear Allah regarding this matter in order to receive the mercy of Allah.
Be careful of not acting upon the Qur’an, avoiding, opposing its commands or abandoning it.
In Surah A’raf Verse 63:
“Do you wonder that there has come to you a Reminder from your Lord through a man from amongst you, that he may warn you, so that you may fear Allah and that you may receive (His) Mercy?”
This verse came in the context of Prophet Nuh (‘Alayhissallam). Allah sent Him to his idol worshipping people. This verse was said on the tongue of Prophet Nuh (‘Alayhissallam) while addressing his people.
Allah sent Messengers to warn you against Allah’s punishment and so that you may fear Allah. If they do that then they will receive the mercy of Allah.
If they don’t abandon polytheism Allah will punish them. The means of mercy in this verse is fearing Allah. Leave other than Allah, this is the only way to receive the mercy of Allah.
In Surah Ya-Sin Verse 45:
“And when it is said to them: “Beware of that which is before you (worldly torments), and that which is behind you (torments in the Hereafter), in order that you may receive Mercy (i.e. if you believe in Allah’s Religion Islamic Monotheism, and avoid polytheism, and obey Allah with righteous deeds)”
They need to have Taqwa and this is by believing in the oneness of Allah, that there is no God except Allah. If you fear Allah by repentance from Shirk and believe in Allah then Allah will have mercy on you. This is the general meaning of this verse.
4) Chapter 49 Verse 10:
“The believers are nothing else than brothers (in Islamic religion). So make reconciliation between your brothers, and fear Allah, that you may receive mercy.”
This is a very important matter.This brotherhood is not a word we say, it requires many duties from us towards each other.
We need to love for our sister what we love for ourselves and to hate for our sisters what we hate for ourselves. How much do we fulfill this Islamic brotherhood?
Abu Hurairah (radia Allaahu ‘anhu) reported Allah’s Messenger (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) as saying, don’t nurse malice against one another, don’t nurse aversion against one another and don’t be inquisitive about one another and don’t outbid one another (with a view to raising the price) and be fellow-brothers and servants of Allah. – Sahih Bukari, Book 32 , Number 6216
And He said, “Don’t spy on each other, Don’t search for faults in your brothers or sisters” We are not supposed to scandalize or expose our brother and sisters.
Narrated by Abu Hurairah (radia Allaahu ‘anhu): ” The Prophet (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said, “Be brothers O worshippers of Allah. The muslim is the brother of another muslim. He should not oppress him, insult him and he should not despise him”” – Sahih Muslim, Number 35
Narrated by Abu Musa: “The Prophet (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said, “A believer to another believer is like a building of different parts enforcing each other. Then the Prophet clasped his hands with fingers interlaced.” This is how the muslims should be together, supporting each other and not fighting in order to receive the mercy of Allah. – Sahih Muslim, Number 35, Hadith no: 468
Allah and His Messenger are commanding us to fulfill the rights of our brothers to bring love between them not dissention and difference among them. We need to be united.
Narrated from Abu Hurayrah (radia Allaahu ‘anhu) that the Messenger of Allaah (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: The Prophet (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said, “Shall I tell you about something if you do you will love each other? Spread the Salaam”. Muslim (54), Ahmad (2/391), and al-Tirmidhi (2513)
There is a manner which many Muslims do not practice nowadays. They only greet whomever they know and this is against the Sunnah of the Prophet. It is one of the signs of the Day of Judgment, that the people will only greet whom they know. Many people abandon this Sunnah. We have to revive this Sunnah.
Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) as saying: Six are the rights of a Muslim over another Muslim. It was said to him: Allah’s Messenger, what are these? Thereupon he said: When you meet him, offer him greetings; when he invites you to a feast accept it, when he seeks your council give him, and when he sneezes and says: “All praise is due to Allah,” you say Yarhamuk Allah (may Allah show mercy to you); and when he fails ill visit him; and when he dies follow his bier. (Muslim)
We need to act upon these commands because they are duties. We need to fulfill every muslim’s right regardless of his nationality. This is the true brotherhood.
If any conflict happens between two people then reconcile. It is a great deed having great reward if you reconcile between two Muslims.
The Prophet (salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said, “There is no deed that the son of Adam performs which is more virtuous than the Salaat, making reconciliation between two people, good conduct”
In another narration he said, “Shall I tell you about a matter which is better in rank than fasting, praying, and giving charity? Reconciliation between Muslims” – Abu Dawud
Corrupting the relationship between the people is considered AlHaliqa. AlHaliqa means shaving. He is shaving his religion, corrupting it. Whoever corrupts the relationship between people is corrupting his religion.
We need to fulfill the rights of the brothers in Islam and from among your duties is to reconcile between them.
The other command in the verse is to Fear Allah.
Whoever breaks the relation between the people and doesn’t fear Allah will be deprived from the mercy of Allah.
What is Taqwa?
It is derived from the word “Waqa, Wiqaya” which means protection. We are surrounded with dangers and we need protection.
The danger we need protection from is following our desire. Anyone who follows his desire without limiting it to the Sharee’ah may transgress and commit all kinds of evil starting from minor sins until Kufr.
Allah has naturally placed desire in us in order to live. We have desire for food, for drinking, etc. Allah placed this in us, this is our nature. Desire for wealth, etc. Every desire has a limit decided by Allah and His Messenger.
If you don’t restrain your desire then you may transgress the bounds which Allah has set and make mischief in the land or commit sins. Every mischief in the land is due to following the desire excessively.
For Example: Love for money. If a person is not satisfied with money he will become greedy. He will have no limit and may cheat, devour people’s money and use unlawful ways in order to obtain money.
Allah commands us to eat and drink but to not be excessive. He didn’t make food Haraam. He didn’t make sex haram, you control it with marriage. Anything other than marriage is considered mischief. People fall into fornication and sodomy because they follow their desire. If they control it according to what Allah loves and wants then they are within the limit.
The reward of a person who controls his desire is Jannah. The evidence is in Surah Naziat:
“But as for him who feared standing before his Lord, and restrained himself from impure evil desires, and lusts.
Verily, Paradise will be his abode.”
We will not enter Paradise except with the mercy of Allah. Fear of Allah will help us restrain ourselves.
The more you fear Allah the more you will receive the mercy of Allah.
5) In Surah A’raf Verse 204:
“So, when the Quran is recited, listen to it, and be silent that you may receive mercy.”
Whenever the Qur’an is recited you need to:
a) Listen attentively with a heedful heart
b) Stop talking and leave what is in your hands.
If you do this you will receive the mercy of Allah.
Shaikh Sa’di said, “Whoever acts upon these two commands will attain abundant good, abundant knowledge, continuous increase in faith and guidance, and insight in the religion”
Insight is a light in the heart where you see what the people do not see. You see the right from wrong which people don’t see, it is as if the heart has an eye. This means that if the Qur’an is recited and you don’t listen then you will be deprived from the mercy of Allah.
Shaikh Sa’di added, “From the things a person who listens to the Qur’an is commanded is to listen to the recitation of the Imam in congregation prayer. This is more obligatory on Him than reciting the Fatihah in congregation prayer”
Some people recite Fatihah after the Imam says Ameen in congregational prayer. If the Imam is reciting a Surah of the Fatihah then it is better for him to listen to it then recite the Fatihah. This is the opinion of Sheikh AsSa’di and Albani.
People who play recordings of the Qur’an in their shops while people are buying, selling and talking, are we obliged to listen to it? No we aren’t, Albani said, “The person who played the Qur’an is responsible for it”
Many people play the Qur’an in their offices while they are busy working. They do this seeking barakah and this is not right. If the Qur’an is played we should be listening to it. If you aren’t going to listen to it then turn it off. This is a command from Allah. It is not suitable to play the Qur’an while you are talking, laughing and not listening to it. You will not receive the mercy of Allah.
From the previous verse:
“And this is a blessed Book (the Quran) which We have sent down, so follow it and fear Allah (i.e. do not disobey His Orders), that you may receive mercy (i.e. saved from the torment of Hell).”
You will not receive the Barakah from the Qur’an if you play it without listening. Some mothers play the Qur’an while their children are asleep and this is not right. If you play the Qur’an you should be listening to it.
Shaykh bin Uthaymeen was asked “If someone wants to sleep can he play the Qur’an and listen to it until he sleeps” He said that is fine, because he was listening to it. Some people switch it on while they aren’t in the houses, and this isn’t right. The Shaytan will be repelled and the mercy and barakah from Allah will come down to you if you listen to it attentively.
6) Surah A’raf Verse 56:
And do not do mischief on the earth, after it has been set in order, and invoke Him with fear and hope; Surely, Allah’s Mercy is (ever) near unto the good-doers.
Any sin that has been committed is considered a mischief in the land.
If you want to receive the mercy of Allah then avoid sinning as much as you can.
If you avoid sinning as much as you can this will reform your manners and provision.
In Surah Ra’ad, Allah says, “Whatever calamity befalls you is because of what your hands have earned”
This could be deprivation of rizq. And this is due to our sins. Think of any kind of sin which Allah prohibited. We need to check ourselves, what are the sins we commit.
The second command is: Invoke Allah with Fear and Hope
If you want your du’aa to be answered then you invoke Allah alone with fear from the rejection of your du’aa and from His punishment. You invoke him hoping that he will accept your du’aa and for the reward and mercy of Allah. You should have this all in your heart when you invoke Him.
Invoke Him secretly. Don’t say it loudly or in public. Say it secretly and silently. Invoke Him with a heedful heart. So many people ask Allah while their hearts are elsewhere.
Ihsan is perfection. Check every act of worship you do. Check how much you perfect those acts of worship. The more you perfect them the more you will receive the mercy of Allah.