The Reformation of Hearts: Sunday 13th Jumada Al-Akhir 1435 (13th April 2014)
Your weight on the Day of Judgement will be according to what is established in the heart of belief and love of Allah. This is why we need to focus and work hard on the heart. Allah, out of His Generosity and Mercy, gives us chances to purify our heart.
In Al Anbiya’ (21:47):
وَنَضَعُ الْمَوَازِينَ الْقِسْطَ لِيَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ فَلَا تُظْلَمُ نَفْسٌ شَيْئًا ۖ وَإِن كَانَ مِثْقَالَ حَبَّةٍ مِّنْ خَرْدَلٍ أَتَيْنَا بِهَا ۗ وَكَفَىٰ بِنَا حَاسِبِينَ
And We shall set up balances of justice on the Day of Resurrection, then none will be dealt with unjustly in anything. And if there be the weight of a mustard seed, We will bring it. And Sufficient are We as Reckoners.
The first action of Allah is نضع. Allah puts the موازين (balances).
The description of these balanced are قسط (Just).
Then Allah tells us when these balances will be put: On the Day of Judgement
Then He informs us of a very important fact. فلا تظلم نفس شئ
نفس and شئ are both indefinite
It means that Allah will wrong the person in nothing
He will not increase evil deeds nor will He decrease good deeds
We can’t comprehend the shape or the form of these balances. We know that these balances will weigh everything because Allah says:
Even a deed with the weight of a mustard seed, Allah will bring it and weigh it. Then Allah ended the verse with His name: حاسب (Allah is sufficient as a reckoner).
From this verse we should believe that on the day of judgement Allah will set up great balances, which can encompass the heavens and earth if it were put in it, and even the tiniest good and bad deed will be weighed.
In Surah Zalzalah Allah said:
فمن يعمل مثقال ذرة خير يراه، و من يعمل مثقال ذرة شر يراه ا
So whosoever does good equal to the weight of an atom (or a small ant), shall see it.
What does الحاسب، الحسيب mean?
These names have two meanings:
1) Allah suffices His creation with whatever they need and no one else does this.
2) The meaning which is in this verse according to Shaykh As-Sa’adi is:
a) Allah knows all the deeds of His servants
b) He keeps and maintains these deeds
c) Allah will record these deeds in records
d) Allah knows the amount of the deed that has been performed whether major or minor, good or bad
e) He knows how to recompense them for “it”
Allah will take account of our deeds and weigh them. Everyone will see how much they have done of good or bad deeds on the Day of Judgement. Therefore it is very important to know that their weight with Allah is not according to ones appearance or beauty, it is according to how much faith there is in the heart.
Therefore we have to take care of the heart because it is the place where Allah is watching. We need to purify it and fill it with Eeman. The uprightness of faith depends on the heart and the heart depends on love of Allah. We will not be able to love Allah unless we know Him.
-> What are the deeds which will increase my weight with Allah? <-
عن أبي سلمى رضي الله عنه قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : بخ بخ وأشار بيده لخمس و قال : ما أثقلهن في الميزان سبحان الله والحمد لله ولا إله إلا الله والله أكبر والولد الصالح يتوفى للمرء المسلم فيحتسبه(رواه ابن حبان و صححه الشيخ الألباني في صحيح الترغيب و الترهيب رقم ٢٠٠٩)
Abu Salmi narrated that The Messenger of Allah said : « بخ، بخ » He indicated with his hand « Five things will be heavy in the scale : SubhanAllah, Al Hamdulillah, La Ilaha Illa Allah, Allahu Akbar, the child of the muslim who dies and his parents show patience (and) hope for reward ». (Reported by Ibn Hibban and authenticated by Shaykh Albani in Sahih Targheeb No. 2009)
:The five things which are heavy in the scale are
1) لا إله الا الله
2) سبحان الله
3) الحمد لله
4) الله اكبر
5) A righteous son who dies from a Muslim parent and he hopes to get the reward/compensation for this son he lost. If he shows patience, he will be hoping the reward from Allah.
These statements are heavy on the scale, but we need to understand their meanings:
لا اله الا الله
There is no one in the world whom I love and magnify more than Allah. I will get love and magnification from knowing Allah.
The more I know about Allah the more I will love Him. The more I love and venerate Allah, the more humility I will have in the the heart. Then I will be able to worship Allah alone and no one else.
It is not a matter of saying this, it is about how much love and veneration you have for Allah.
The hypocrites at the time of the Prophet used to say لا اله الا الله. But there is a huge difference between when they say it and when the true believers say it because it is what is established in the heart.
You are freeing Allah from any imperfection. For instance thinking your invocation will not be accepted, these are considered bad thoughts about Allah. Saying سبحان الله and having bad thoughts about Allah is useless.
We need to free Allah from all defects. All these thoughts are from the Shaytan to make us think bad about Allah. Whenever these thoughts come we should say سبحان الله, Allah is far above these imperfections.
When you say سبحان الله you should be saying it with understanding.
You are praising Allah for His perfection. All Allah’s attributes and actions are praiseworthy. There is nothing Allah does except it is praiseworthy. It means that all praise is to Allah for every perfection and every blessing He has given to us. All His actions are praiseworthy and good. Whenever bad things, calamities and constrictions happen, you should say الحمد لله على كل حال
You should be sure that Allah doesn’t do an action except that it is praiseworthy. You will be attributing Allah with perfection.
Allah is greater than my problems, my beloved ones, my concerns, my desires; He is greater than everything.
When we pray, we say الله اكبر and then our hearts are distracted thinking of other things. This indicates that there are things that are greater than Allah in our hearts. If Allah is really the greatest in our life then let Him dispose your affairs. Where is the effect of
الله اكبر in our hearts and actions?
It is not a matter of what we say, it is a matter of what is in our heart. Four words that are so heavy on the scale. We call it ذكر.
Ibn Qayyim and Ibn Taymiyah said, “Dhikr is the head of gratitude. The person who doesn’t remember Allah, doesn’t thank Him”
There is a big relation between Dhikr and Shukr. If your heart is filled with gratitude you will always remember Allah. If you don’t see the blessings of Allah, you will not remember Him.
What is the indication that you are showing gratitude for a specific blessing?
There are 5 things you should do:
1) Acknowledge that this blessing is from Allah and no one else. Even if people are helping you, you confess that Allah brought them. You attribute the blessing to Allah.
2) You should be showing neediness to Allah. You shouldn’t feel like you need another blessing. This is بطر (Ungratefulness).
Ex. Allah gave you a gift through your husband, and in your heart you think, “I wanted something else.” Allah knows what you need and don’t need. Whenever a gift comes to us we don’t understand that Allah is the one who gave us this blessing through people.
3) Proclaim the blessing. You need to talk about it. Say, “Allah gave it to me, He gave it to me at the right time” etc.
Part of a narration related by ash-Sha’bi on the authority of an-Nu’man ibn Bashir that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “…To talk about blessings is gratitude…” (Quoted by al-Qurtubi in his Jami’ Ahkam al-Qur’an Tafsir ‘ala Surah Wa’d-Duha)
4) Use that blessing in obedience to Allah. Are you using the blessings Allah gave you in obedience to Him?
Use these blessings to come closer to Allah.
5) Not using them in disobedience to Allah.
Ex. Allah gave me children. Instead of them bringing me closer to Allah they take me far away from Him. This means that I didn’t use the blessing to come closer to Him.
After you confess the blessing of Allah in your heart it will appear on your tongue.
The fifth thing that is heavy on the scale: A righteous man who loses a son and hopes the reward of Allah
This Hadith revolves around two actions of the heart: صبر and شكر
These two will make my scale heavy on the Day of Judgement.
صبر is not only when we are afflicted with death or loss of children,we have to show patience for everything, for any harm that we receive. It can be harm coming from a husband, a neighbour, a sister, etc. If a person receives any harm with patience, his weight on the scale will be heavy. We have to hope for the reward from Allah.
We should receive offensive words and action by holding back our tongues, hands from doing wrong and hoping for Allah to reward us for the amount of patience we showed. It is as if you are told that whatever harms you is a means that Allah opens to make your scale heavy.
If you look around you, you will find that daily our lives are full of annoyance, harm and troubles from the people around us. Even if you are alone you may receive harm. You can receive calls, messages that attack you, etc. If you show patience and hope for the reward from Allah, that harm which you received will be added to your scale and make your weight heavy with Allah.
Allah is so kind that He opens for us gates that our weight. Yet we don’t take these opportunities.
You may be afflicted with diabetes. A small morsel of food will harm you. If you show patience and hope for the reward of Allah then it will be added to your scale.
We have chances to increase our weight but we don’t take it. There are years of chances we have lost.
From now on, when you see the son or daughter that is making your life miserable, remember that they are means of making your scale heavy.
People who get fed up and want a divorce. Do you think that if you get a divorce your problems will vanish? Allah said in the Quran: لقد خلقنا الانسان في كبد
We are making it difficult on ourselves. In this life we go through problems after problems until we die.
So endure patiently hoping the reward from Allah.
Every situation and hardship we go through is a means of increasing our weight with Allah.
Ibn Taymiyah and ibn Qayyim said that the Salaf used to say, “May Allah bless for you that need which will make you stay knocking on the gate of your master.”
We have many needs in life. As long as we ask Allah this is considered a blessed need. While we are asking Allah, rewards will be added to our scale. Then, on the Day of a Judgement our scale will be heavy because of that one need we wanted from Allah.
When ones faith increases then his patience will increase. If ones faith decreases then his patience will decrease.
If you want to check your faith then see your patience in situations.
Allah bestows upon us many blessings and we should show gratitude to Him. There are many blessings we are heedless of and don’t appreciate. Being Muslim in a Muslim country is a great blessing of Allah. Some people aren’t able to go for Taraweeh in their countries because it isn’t safe for them to leave the houses. Have we thanked Allah for this great blessing?
What makes us ungrateful? The Shaytan.
In Surah ‘Araf (7:16 & 17):
قَالَ فَبِمَا أَغْوَيْتَنِي لَأَقْعُدَنَّ لَهُمْ صِرَاطَكَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ
ثُمَّ لَآتِيَنَّهُم مِّن بَيْنِ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمِنْ خَلْفِهِمْ وَعَنْ أَيْمَانِهِمْ وَعَن شَمَائِلِهِمْ ۖ وَلَا تَجِدُ أَكْثَرَهُمْ شَاكِرِينَ
(Iblis) said: “Because You have sent me astray, surely I will sit in wait against them (human beings) on Your Straight Path.
Then I will come to them from before them and behind them, from their right and from their left, and You will not find most of them as thankful ones (i.e. they will not be dutiful to You).”
The Shaytan will come to us from the right, left, front and behind preventing us from being thankful to Allah. He will make us forget being thankful to Allah so that we don’t appreciate the blessing and won’t say سبحان الله، الحمد الله، etc.
He tries to make us not thank Allah for the blessings He has bestowed upon us. These words should not only be uttered with the tongue.