Our duty towards the Companions of the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam)

Source:

Summarized and paraphrased from the book “Our Duty towards the Sahaabah (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhum)” by Dr. Abdur-Razzaq al-Badr

Introduction  

The duty of the believers towards the Sahaabah (Companions) of the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) is a great obligation and a noble goal which one should take immense care of.  

The reader should know that our duty towards the Sahaabah (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhum) is a part of our duty towards our religion. The religion of Islam is the religion that Allaah has approved for His servants, and He will not accept any other religion from them, as he says in Surat Aal-‘Imran (3:19): 

إن الدين عند الله الإسلام 

  
“Indeed, the religion with Allaah is Islam” 

 And He (Ta’ala) says in the same Surah (3:85): 

ومن يبتغ غير الإسلام دينا فلن يقبل منه وهو في الآخرة من الخاسرين 
“And whoever seeks a religion other than Islam, it will never be accepted from him, and in the Hereafter he will be one of the losers.” 

He (Ta’ala) also says in Surat al-Ma’idah (5:3): 

اليوم أكملت لكم دينكم وأتممت عليكم نعمتي ورضيت لكم الإسلام دينا 

“This day I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favor upon you, and have chosen for you, Islam as your religion.”  
  

This is the right religion and the right path, the religion of Allaah. Indeed, Allaah (Ta’ala) chose a trustworthy conveyor for it, a wise advisor and a noble Messenger, and that is Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam). He (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) conveyed the religion perfectly and explained it with utmost clarification, (i.e. leaving no doubts). He (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) carried out all what his Lord commanded him with in a perfect way. 

 Allaah (Ta’ala) says in Surat Ma’idah (5:67): 

يا أيها الرسول بلغ ما أنزل إليك من ربك 

“O Messenger [Muhammad (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam)]! Proclaim that which has been sent down to you from your Lord.” 

   
And he (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) did convey the message and fulfilled the trust. He (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) advised his Ummah and strove in the Cause of Allaah with the striving due to Him [i.e. with sincerity and with all his efforts so that Allaah’s Name should be superior].  

There is no good but he guided his Ummah to it, nor is there any evil but he warned against it.  

Allaah (Ta’ala) chose for this noble Messenger, Sahaabah, who were noble, trustworthy supporters, who supported and honored him, and supported the religion of Allaah (Ta’ala). They were the best Companions to the best person who walked on the surface of the earth – the Messenger of Allaah (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam).  They were dutiful Companions, noble brothers who defended the religion of Allaah (Azza wa Jall) and helped in spreading the truth. Allaah (Ta’ala) chose them to be the Companions of His Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) by His Knowledge and Wisdom. They were the best of all the people after the Prophets by the attestation of the Lord of the worlds and the attestation of the noble Messenger (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam).  

Allaah (Ta’ala) says in Surat Aal-‘Imran (3:110): 

كنتم خير أمة أخرجت للناس 

“You are the best nation ever raised up [as an example] for mankind.” 

And the first ones (to be praised) mentioned in this verse are the Companions of the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam). 

It is reported in the Saheehain [al-Bukhaari and Muslim], that the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “The best amongst the people are those living in my century (generation), and then those coming after them, and then those coming after the latter.” Accordingly it should be borne in mind that talking about the Companions and our duty towards them is a part of the religion, a part of the Islamic creed and a part of the faith with which we worship Allaah (Ta’ala). 

Why is our duty towards the Sahaabah part of our duty towards our Religion?   

The Sahaabah (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhum) are the ones who carried this religion and transmitted it to the Muslim nation. Allaah (Ta’ala) honored them by causing them to hear His religion from the Messenger of Allaah (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam); and He (Ta’ala) also honored them by enabling them to see him (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) and to hear his Hadeeth directly, without any mediator. They saw him, heard his speech, memorized it, understood it and transmitted it to the Muslim nation. Is there any Hadeeth (narration) of the Prophet – whether his statement or action – that reached us by other than the Sahaabah? 

If one opens any book of as-Sunnah, such as Saheeh al-Bukhaari or Saheeh Muslim or as-Sunan or al-Masaanid, etc., he will find that the author mentions the Hadeeth by saying: so-and-so narrated from so-and-so till the chain reaches the Companion and the Companion narrates the Hadeeth on the authority of the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam). All the narrations which are authentic and correct and quoted by the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) were transmitted by a noble Companion.  

The Justice (Impartiality) of the Sahaabah 

All the Sahaabah were just. Allaah (Ta’ala) made them firm and strong in His Book, and His Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) made them trusty (trustworthy). Therefore, when the scholars of As-Sunnah were checking the authenticity of a Hadeeth, they looked into the justice of its narrators and their rank of confidence and weakness. They inspected the state of each narrator in the chain (Isnaad); and whether he is trustworthy or weak, is he just or not. However, when the Isnaad reached a Sahaabi, then they would not check into this issue, because all of the Sahaabah are just and trustworthy. This is because Allaah, (the Lord of the worlds) as well as His Messenger (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) made them straight and just, and this is mentioned in many verses in the Qur’an and in many narrations of the noble Messenger (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam). These Companions have attained the largest portion of the prayer of the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) when he said: “May Allaah prosper the affairs of a person who hears something from us and conveys it to others exactly as he has heard it, (i.e. both the meaning and the words).” [Abu Dawoud and at-Tirmidhi and authenticated by al-Albaani in as-Saheeha no. 404] 

They maintained the religion and memorized the narrations of the noble Messenger (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), and then they conveyed it to the nation, pure, clear and complete with all honesty, trust, precision and care. This was their state (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhum). They used to be very keen to sit with the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), and they would compete with each other in attending his assemblies and listening to his speech. They memorized his narrations, understood them and transmitted them to others.  

Defaming the Sahaabah is a Defamation of the Religion 

The scholars said: “Defaming the conveyer (transmitter) is a defamation in the matter that he is conveying.” If the one who conveyed the religion to us are the Sahaabah, and they are defamed, then what will be the state of the religion? Surely, the religion will also be defamed.  

Abu Zur’ah ar-Raazi (Rahimahullaah) said: “If you see a man insulting or defaming one of the Companions of the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), then know that he is Zindeeq (unbeliever in the revealed religion). That is because the Messenger (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) was true with us, and the Qur’an is true and the Companions of the Messenger (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), who preserved the Qur’an and Sunan and conveyed them to us were also true. 

Those who defame the Sahaabah, i.e. our witnesses, intending to invalidate the Qur’an and the Sunnah are the ones who deserve to be defamed and they are unbelievers.” [Al-Kifayah fi Ilm al-Riwayah by al-Khateeb al-Baghdadi] 

 If the Sahaabah are not trustworthy or just, then where is the religion with which we worship Allaah? How can Allaah be worshiped? How can one offer Salaat or prostrate? How can one perform the obligatory acts, etc., if the transmitters of the religion are defamed? Accordingly, any defamation of the Sahaabah, the transmitters of the religion – is considered a defamation of the religion.  

The status of the Sahaabah (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhum) with Allaah (Ta’ala) and His Messenger (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam)

 (1) Allaah (Ta’ala) is pleased with them. 

Allaah (Ta’ala) says in Surat at-Tawbah (9:100): 

والسابقون الأولون من المهاجرين والأنصار والذين اتبعوهم بإحسان رضي الله عنهم ورضوا عنه

“And the foremost to embrace Islam of the Muhajiroon (the immigrants) and the Ansaar (the supporters residing in Madinah), and also those who followed them exactly, Allaah is well pleased with them as they are well pleased with Him.” 

Will Allaah be pleased with the one who is not trustworthy in conveying the religion? Will Allaah be pleased with the one who is treacherous in conveying the speech of the noble Messenger (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam)? How far is that case from them (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhum); because they are all trustworthy and just. They were the chosen leaders who conveyed the religion of Allaah in a perfect way. This is why Allaah is well pleased with them and they with Him. 

(2) Allaah (Ta’ala) says in Surat al-Fat-h (48:18): 

لقد رضي الله عن المؤمنين إذ يبايعونك تحت الشجرة 

“Indeed, Allaah was pleased with the believers when they gave the pledge to you (O Muhammad, Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) under the tree.” 

They were more than one thousand and Allaah was pleased with all of them.  
 
(3) Allaah (Ta’ala) also says in Surat al-Fat-h (48:29): 

محمد رسول الله والذين معه أشداء على الكفار رحماء بينهم تراهم ركعا سجدا يبتغون فضلا من الله ورضوانا، سيماهم في وجوههم من أثر السجود 

“Muhammad (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) is the Messenger of Allaah, and those who are with him are severe against the disbelievers, and merciful among themselves. You see them bowing and prostrating, seeking bounty from Allaah and (His) good pleasure. Their mark (i.e. sign of faith) is on their faces (i.e. foreheads) from the traces of prostration.”  

(4) Allaah’s Messenger (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said, regarding the Companions who participated in the battle of Badr: “Perhaps Allaah looked at the warriors of Badr and said: ‘Do whatever you wish, as I have forgiven you.’” [Al-Bukhaari and Muslim] 

This is a recommendation and a praise for them (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhum). 

 (5) Praises for them are not only mentioned in the Qur’an, but also in the Torah and in the Injeel (the Gospel) even before they were created. Allaah (Ta’ala) praised them again in Surat al-Fat-h (48:29): 

ذلك مثلهم في التوراة ومثلهم في الإنجيل كزرع أخرج شطئه فآزره فاستغلظ فاستوى على سوقه يعجب الزراع ليغيظ بهم الكفار وعد الله الذين آمنوا وعملوا الصالحات منهم مغفرة وأجرا عظيما 

“This is their description in the Torah. But their description in the Gospel is as a plant which produces offshoots and strengthens them so they grow firm and stand upon their stalks, delighting the sowers – so that He may enrage the disbelievers by them [the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) and his Companions]. Allaah has promised those who believe and do righteous deeds among them, forgiveness and a great reward.” 

(6) Another of Allaah’s praises for them is in Surat al-Hashr (59:8). He (Ta’ala) says: 

للفقراء المهاجرين الذين أخرجوا من ديارهم وأموالهم ………… 

“For the poor emigrants who were expelled from their homes and their property, seeking Bounties from Allaah and to please Him, and helping Allaah (i.e. His religion) and his Messenger (Muhammad, Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam). Such are indeed the truthful.” 

Allaah described them as being truthful. Then Allaah (Ta’ala) says about the Ansaar, (the supporters of Madinah) in verse (59:9): 

والذين تبوءوا الدار والإيمان من قبلهم يحبون من هاجر ……………. 

“And those who, before them, had homes, and had adopted the faith – love those who emigrate to them, and have no jealousy in their breasts for that which they have been given, and give them preference over themselves even though they were in need of that.” 

 
The emigrants are people of Makkah who left behind their wealth and land and emigrated in the Cause of Allaah to Madinah, to support (the religion of) Allaah and His Messenger (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam). Allaah said that they were truthful in their faith and in their Companionship, and in their obedience to Him and in their following the religion of Allaah (Ta’ala). 

Allaah says in Surat al-Ahzaab (33:23): 

من المؤمنين رجال صدقوا ما عاهدوا الله عليه فمنهم من قضى نحبه ومنهم من ينتظر وما بدلوا تبديلا

“Among the believers are men who have been true to their covenant with Allaah, of them some have fulfilled their obligations and some of them are still waiting, but they have never changed in the least.” 

As Allaah (Ta’ala) praised the emigrants, He (Ta’ala) also praised the Ansaar in (59:9). They welcomed the emigrants, some gave them half of their properties, half of their wealth, etc. this is the preference which Allaah praised them for in this verse. 

Both the emigrants and Ansaar joined together in supporting the religion of Allaah. They are all supporters of the religion of Allaah. 

The duty of the Muslim towards the Sahaabah 

 Allaah (Ta’ala) says in Surat al-Hashr (59:10): 

والذين جاءو من بعدهم 

And those who came after them

 i.e. after the emigrants and the Ansaar saying: 

يقولون ربنا اغفر لنا ولإخواننا الذين سبقونا بالإيمان ولا تجعل في قلوبنا غلا للذين آمنوا ربنا إنك رؤوف رحيم

‘Our Lord! Forgive us and our brethren who have preceded us in faith and put not in our hearts any hatred against those who have believed. Our Lord! You are indeed full of kindness, Most Merciful.’”  

This verse shows the correct Manhaj (way) that the believer should adopt towards the Sahaabah (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhum.)  

This duty is summarized in two matters: 

First: Soundness of the breast towards the Sahaabah                                      

Our hearts should be sound towards them; bearing no malice, hatred or enmity against them. Rather, we should have love, kindness, and gentleness for (towards) them. This is taken from Allaah’s Statement: 

ولا تجعل في قلوبنا غلا للذين آمنوا 

“And put not in our hearts, any hatred against those who have believed”, i.e. make our hearts sound towards those who preceded us in faith and they are our brothers. Rather, they are the best among our brothers (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhum) (May Allaah be pleased with them all). 

 Therefore, Allaah (Ta’ala) says:  

والذين جاءوا من بعدهم يقولون ربنا اغفر لنا ولإخواننا الذين سبقونا بالإيمان 

“And those who came after them say: ‘Our Lord! Forgive us and our brethren who have preceded us in faith.’” 

So they are our brothers. In addition to that, they are characterized with a great merit and they are honored immensely in Allaah’s Statement: 

الذين سبقونا بالإيمان 

“Those who have preceded us in faith.” 

 And in another verse in Surat at-Tawbah (9:100), Allaah (Ta’ala) says: 

والسابقون الأولون من المهاجرين والأنصار 

“And the foremost to embrace Islam of the Muhajiroon (the emigrants) and the Ansaar.” 

 We are now in the fourteenth century and between us and them were many centuries, and they were with the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) since he was commissioned as a Prophet. They supported him and honored him. They were next to him in every event. Where are we compared to them? 

In order to know their status and worth, bring to your heart their precedence which Allaah has praised them with.  

Second: Soundness of the tongue 

We should not abuse, defame, curse or attack any of them with criticism. Rather, we should invoke for them. This is deduced from Allaah’s Statement in Surat al-Hashr (59:10): 

يقولون ربنا اغفر لنا ولإخواننا الذين سبقونا بالإيمان 

“They say! ‘Our Lord! Forgive us and our brethren who preceded us in faith.’” 

 Is there any mindful person who abuses those who preceded him in faith?  Will he defame them? Will he slander them in their chastity?  No, by Allaah, this is not the attitude of the true believers. Rather, they will say as Allaah (Ta’ala) said in Surat al-Hashr (59:10), invoking for them. 
 

The Merits of the Sahaabah and the Prohibition of abusing them 

The Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) warned his Ummah from abusing the Sahaabah, and at the same time, he (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) showed their high status/ position. 

He (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Do not abuse my Companions, for if anyone of you spent gold equal to Uhud mountain (in Allaah’s Cause), it would not be equal to a Mudd (2/3 kg) or even a half a Mudd spent by one of them.” [Al-Bukhaari and Muslim] 

Meaning: If one of the Sahaabah spent in charity, food equal to a Mudd, to a poor person and you came with gold equal to the mountain of Uhud – to spend in charity, they would not be equivalent. 

There are many narrations regarding the merits of the Sahaabah and their status, such that when some scholars intended to compile the merits of the Sahaabah in one book they could not do that; they would need many volumes because of the abundant narrations quoted regarding their merits. 

 Allaah (Ta’ala) commanded the believers to invoke for the Sahaabah and to ask Allaah’s forgiveness for them and they did act upon the command of Allaah.  However, there are people who did the opposite to what they are told in the Qur’an and Sunnah. Instead of asking forgiveness for them, they abused them and instead of praising them, they defamed them. 

It is reported by Muslim that ‘Aishah (Radia-Allaahu ‘anha) said to ‘Urwah ibn az-Zubair (Radia-Allaahu anhu) – her nephew – “Oh nephew! They were commanded to ask forgiveness for the Companions of the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), but they abused them.” 

There is a wisdom of Allaah in that. ‘Aishah (Radia-Allaahu ‘anha) said, as reported by Ibn al-Atheer in his book “Jami’ul Usool”: 

Jabir (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu) narrated that ‘Aishah (Radia-Allaahu ‘anha) was told: “There are people who are defaming the Companions of the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), even defaming Abu Bakr and ‘Umar (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhuma).” She said: ‘Why do you wonder about that? Their (the Companions) deeds have stopped (by their death) and Allaah loves to continue for them, the reward.’” 

It is known from authentic narrations that the one who defames someone wrongly (unjustly) will have his good deeds taken from him, i.e. the good deed of the abuser will be given to the one whom he unjustly abused and defamed, as recorded in the narration of the bankrupt. 

Abu Hurairah (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu) narrated that the Messenger of Allaah (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Do you know who the bankrupt person is?” The Companions of the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “A bankrupt person among us is one who has neither dirhams nor wealth with him.” The Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “The bankrupt person of my Ummah is the one who comes on the Day of Resurrection with prayers and fasts and Zakaat, but he finds himself bankrupt on that day. He finds he has exhausted his cache of virtues since he abused others, brought calumny against others, unlawfully consumed the wealth of others, shed the blood of others and beat others. His virtues will be credited to the account of the ones (who suffered at his hand) and if his good deeds fall short to clear the account, then their sins will be entered in (his account) and he will be thrown in the Hellfire.” [Kitab (the book) of Injustice] 

This Hadeeth is regarding the one who abused one of the Muslims. Then what about the one who abuses the Companions of the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alahyhi wa sallam)?  This is really the greatest affliction for him when his good deeds are taken by Abu Bakr (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu), taken by ‘Umar (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu), taken by ‘Uthmaan (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu), taken by the wives of the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alahyhi wa sallam). Even the mother of the believers – ‘Aishah (Radia-Allaahu ‘anha) – was not saved from their defamation, although Allaah (Ta’ala) declared her innocence in the Qur’an from what the people of the slander did.  

Allaah revealed the verses in Surat an-Nur (chapter 24) regarding her innocence to be recited till the Day of Judgment. Despite that, there are those who slander her in her chastity till now. So how much will be her share of their good deeds on the Day of Judgment? 

 The difference in Superiority between the Sahaabah (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhum) 

‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu) narrated that the Prophet (Salla- Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Abu Bakr and ‘Umar are the masters of the old men of Paradise.” [Ahmad, at-Tirmidhi and Ibn Maajah and authenticated by al-Albaani in as-Saheeha no. 824] 

Accordingly, the best of mankind in Paradise after the Prophets and Messengers are Abu Bakr and ‘Umar (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhuma). It is reported by al-Bukhaari (Rahimahullaah) on the authority of Ibn ‘Umar (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhuma) that he said: “We used to regard Abu Bakr as the best, then ‘Umar and then ‘Uthmaan (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhum) in the lifetime of the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam). Ibn Abi ‘Aasim in as-Sunnah added: “This was conveyed to the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) and he never denied it.” [At-Tabaraani and authenticated by al-Albaani in Thilaal al-Jannah no. 1193]                     Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu) said: “I asked my father ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu): “Who are the best people after Allaah’s Messenger (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam)?” He (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu) answered: “Abu Bakr.” I asked: “Who then?” He said “‘Umar.” I was afraid he would say ‘Uthmaan, so I said: “Then you?” He said: “I am only an ordinary man from amongst the Muslims.” [Al-Bukhaari]  

It is also reported by Ibn Abi ‘Aasim in as-Sunnah that ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu) said: “If I hear about someone being preferred over Abu Bakr and ‘Umar (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhuma), I would lash him the penalty of the slanderer (liar).” [It is also reported by Ahmad in the Merits of the Sahaabah.] Therefore, it is incumbent upon us to know the difference in excellence that is between the Companions. We should give everyone his due right.  

Didn’t Allaah say in Surat al-Hadeed (57:10): 

لا يستوي منكم من أنفق من قبل الفتح وقاتل، أولئك أعظم درجة من الذين أنفقوا من بعد وقاتلوا، وكلا وعد الله الحسنى والله بما تعملون خبير 

“Not equal among you are those who spent and fought before the conquest. Such are higher in degree than those who spent and fought afterwards. But to both Allaah has promised Al-Husna [the best (reward)]. And Allaah, with what you do, is All-Aware (Acquainted).” 

Al-Husna means Paradise, the Conquest is the Conquest of Makkah, and it is said, the Hudaibiyyah treaty. These Companions who gave the pledge to the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) under the tree on the day of the Hudaibiyyah treaty are not equal in faith nor in status with the Companions who embraced Islam after the Conquest and fought in the Cause of Allaah, although all of them will be in Paradise and all of them are believers and Companions of the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam). 

The Rank of the Sahaabah in Superiority 

1) The best of all the Sahaabah are the four Caliphs. And the best of those four Caliphs are Abu Bakr and ‘Umar and the best of all is Abu Bakr (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhum), the Siddique of this Ummah. None has reached his degree (rank). He is the first one who achieved this honor and was called Abu Bakr as-Siddique (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu). 

His Companionship to the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) is mentioned in the Qur’an in Surat at-Tawbah (9:40): 

إذ يقول لصاحبه لا تحزن إنَّ الله معنا 

“And he [i.e. Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said to his Companion: ‘Do not grieve, indeed Allaah is with us.’” 

He was the first one who embraced Islam from among the men. He was Siddique, [the first and foremost to believe].  Never did he hear something about the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), but he believed in it.  

The Mushrikeen (disbelievers of Quraish) came to him saying: “Do you know what your Companion, i.e. the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) is saying? He says such-and-such, (i.e. he was taken on a journey at night to Bait al-Maqdis in Jerusalem and he ascended to the heavens, and he (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) rode the Buraaq, etc.).” He (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu) said: “If he (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said that, then he is truthful.” [Al-Haakim and authenticated by al-Albaani in as-Saheeha, no. 306]  

One day the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) was relating Hadeeth to the Sahaabah, and Abu Bakr and ‘Umar were not present with him.  Abu Hurairah (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu) narrated that once Allaah’s Messenger (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) offered the morning Salaat (prayer), then he faced the people and said: “While a man was riding a cow and beating it, the cow turned to him saying: ‘We have not been created for this, but we have been created for plowing.’ On that the people said astonishingly: ‘Glorified be Allaah! A cow speaks!’ The Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: ‘I believe this, and Abu Bakr and ‘Umar too believe it; although neither of them was present there.’ The Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) added: ‘While a person was amongst his sheep, a wolf attacked and took one of the sheep. The man chased the wolf till he rescued it (the sheep) from the wolf, whereupon the wolf said: ‘You have rescued it (the sheep) from me; but who will guard it on the day of the wild beasts when there’ll be no shepherd to guard them except I?’ The people said surprisingly: ‘Glorified be Allaah, a wolf speaks! (1) The Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: ‘But I believe this and Abu Bakr and ‘Umar too believe this; although neither of them was present there.’” [See vol. 3, Hadeeth no. 2324 and also vol. 5, Hadeeth no. 3663]  

2) Next in superiority come the ten Companions (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhum) who were given the glad tidings of Jannah (Paradise). 

The Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Abu Bakr in Jannah, ‘Umar in Jannah, ‘Uthmaan in Jannah, ‘Ali in Jannah, Talha in Jannah, Az-Zubair in Jannah, ‘Abdur-Rahmaan ibn ‘Auf in Jannah, Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas in Jannah, Sa’id ibn Zaid ibn ‘Amr ibn Nufail in Jannah, and Abu ‘Ubaidah ibn al-Jarrah in Jannah.” [Ahmad, at-Tirmidhi and an-Nasaa’i and authenticated by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jamie’ no. 50] 

The Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) attested Jannah for those ten among the Sahaabah in one assembly. They used to walk on the earth and they knew they would be in Jannah. The truthful Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) attested that for them.  

3) Next come those who participated in the battle of Badr. 

4) Then next come those who gave the pledge to the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) under the tree on the day of the Hudaibayyah treaty. 

Advice:

  • We should take care of studying the biographies of the Sahaabah, their merits, etc., and that is from the Qur’an and the Sunnah. Also from the blessed Aathaar (the quotations of the early generations and the Imaams)  
  • When one reads the biographies of the Sahaabah it should increase his love for them. One should be praising them and asking Allaah to be pleased with them, saying (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhum) and asking Allaah’s forgiveness for them. 
  • One should be keen to follow their example after knowing their state. As one increases in resembling them in their way of life and religion, that much he will be attaining and increasing in good. This is because Allaah (Ta’ala) said in Surat AaI-‘Imran (3:110): 

كنتم خير أمة أخرجت للناس 

You are the best nation ever raised up for mankind 

And the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “The best of people are my generation.” [Al-Bukhaari] 

So Allaah and His Messenger (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) testified to their goodness. 

  • One should be far away from and avoid defaming them or attacking them with criticism. 

The Attitude of Muslims towards what happened among the Sahaabah of discord (or conflict) 

One of the Salaf said, when he was asked about the discord (fight) that happened between the Sahaabah: “That was a Fitnah (trial, affliction, etc.) which Allaah purified our swords from. Let us purify our tongues from it.” It is reported that ‘Umar ibn ‘Abdul-Azeez said: “This was blood which Allaah purified my hand from, why would I let my tongue indulge in it?” [Hilyat al-Awliyaa’] 

Imaam Ahmad (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu) was asked about similar issues and he recited Allaah’s Statement in Surat al-Baqarah (2:134): 

تلك أمة قد خلت لها ما كسبت ولكم ما كسبتم ولا تسألون عما كانوا يعملون 

“That was a nation who has passed away. They shall receive the reward of what they earned and you of what you earn. And you will not be asked of what they used to do.” 

Suppose one of the Companions made a mistake, will Allaah take you to account for it on the Day of Resurrection? Then why would you indulge yourself in what happened among the Sahaabah of discord? You are not responsible for that, nor are you a witness over them. 

Also, there is another important matter: Let us judge what happened among the Sahaabah in accordance to the Islamic Rulings. 

‘Amr ibn al-‘Aas (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu) narrated that he heard Allaah’s Messenger (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) saying: “If a judge gives a verdict according to the best of his knowledge and his verdict is correct (i.e., agrees with Allaah and His Messenger’s verdict), he will receive a double reward, and if he gives a verdict according to the best of his knowledge and his verdict is wrong (i.e., against that of Allaah and His Messenger), even then he will get a reward.” [Al-Bukhaari- the Book of holding fast to the Qur’an and the Sunnah] 

Accordingly, what is quoted about the Sahaabah of disputes or mistakes are either lies forged against them or it is Saheeh (correct). And if it is correct, then know that they are Mujtahideen (giving a verdict according to the best of their knowledge) and al-Mujtahid is either right (i.e., his verdict agrees with Allaah and His Messenger’s verdict) so he will receive double reward or he is mistaken and he will receive one reward. 

In that case one should not indulge in what happened among the Sahaabah unless he wants to defend them or show their status. May Allaah be pleased with them all. 

――――――――――――

(1) It has been written that a wolf also spoke to a shepherd during the Prophet’s lifetime near al-Madinah as narrated in Musnad Imaam Ahmad in the Musnad of Abu Sa’id al-Khudri (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu):  Abu Sa’id al-Khudri (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu) narrated: “(While a shepherd was with his herd of sheep), suddenly a wolf attacked a sheep and took it away. The shepherd chased the wolf and took back the sheep. The wolf sat on its tail and addressed the shepherd saying: ‘Be afraid of Allaah, you have taken the provision from me which Allaah gave me.’ The shepherd said: ‘What an amazing thing! A wolf sitting on his tail speaks to me in the language of a human being.’ The wolf said: ‘Shall I tell you something more amazing than this? There is Muhammad, the Messenger of Allaah in Yathrib (al-Madinah) informing the people about the news of the past.’ Then the shepherd, after hearing that, proceeded (towards al-Madinah) driving his sheep till he entered al-Madinah, cornered his sheep in a place, and came to Allaah’s Messenger, Muhammad (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) and informed (him of) the whole story. Allaah’s Messenger (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) ordered for the proclamation of a congregational Salaat (prayer). Then he came out and asked the shepherd to inform the people (about his story), and he informed them. Then Allaah’s Messenger said: ‘He, (the shepherd) has spoken the truth. By Him (Allaah) in Whose Hands my soul is, the Day of Resurrection will not be established till beasts of prey speak to the human beings, and the stick and the shoelaces of a person speak to him and his thigh informs him about his family as to what happened to them after him.’”

 

 

 

About Enlightenment into Islam Center

The Enlightenment into Islam Center is a community of sisters who aim to please Allah by seeking knowledge and calling the people (Muslims as well as non-Muslims) to Tawheed and obedience to Allah by spreading the true knowledge of Islam based on the Qur'an and the Sunnah.

Posted on November 2, 2014, in Sacred Months and tagged , , . Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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