The Attitude of the Believer after any season of Obedience: Sunday 18th Dhul Hijjah 1435 (12th October 2014)
There are people whom Allah guided to perform good deeds during these 10 days, and there are people who missed the virtues of these days.
The attitude of the believer after any season of obedience should be:
1) Rejoice عبادة الفرح
The believer should feel happy that Allah guided him to perform the good deeds during these days.
Allah sends angels who inspire good deeds in the hearts of the believer. It is He who guides the believer and makes it easy for him to perform the good deed.
2) Gratefulness عبادة الشكر
To be grateful that Allah enabled one to reach this season and helped one perform the good deeds. We need to thank Allah profusely for opening the gates of good deeds in order that we may increase in faith. This blessing is only from Allah. Many people planned to do good deeds but they were not helped and guided to do good deeds. This is why we need to sit in solitude and think. Talk to yourself, remind yourself of Allah’s blessings, in order to thank Him as he deserves.
3) Since Allah had made it easy for us to perform good deeds, maintain the reward. Don’t come bankrupt on the Day of Judgement.
Abu Huraira (may Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “Do you know who is bankrupt?” They said, “The one without money or goods is bankrupt.” The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “Verily, the bankrupt of my nation are those who come on the Day of Resurrection with prayers, fasting, and charity, but also with insults, slander, consuming wealth, shedding blood, and beating others. The oppressed will each be given from his good deeds. If his good deeds run out before justice is fulfilled, then their sins will be cast upon him and he will be thrown into the Hell fire.”
(Sahih Muslim 2581)
He exhausts all his good deeds by performing sins until nothing remains and others sins will be added to his record and he will be thrown into the hell fire. We should be careful of the tongue.
The scholars said that just as the Muslim should take strict care of his obligations he should also take strict care of his dealings, morals, manners, etc. It’s not just fasting and prayer; it’s about how we deal with people as well.
4) We have to have priorities in our life. We are all journeying towards Allah. The most important thing we should take care of is our obligations which Allah ordained upon us. We need to establish Islam, carry the responsibility of the Da’wah (Learning and Teaching others), etc.
We will not be able to call people to Islam unless we have knowledge ourselves. We have to acquire religious knowledge and this is the most important thing we need to take care of while we are journeying to Allah. We see an abundant amount of oppression, killing, stealing, etc. in the world. This is all due to ignorance.
The knowledge we are referring to is the religious knowledge inherited from the Prophet. There is no salvation on the Day of Judgement except by acquiring it. It is your knowledge about your religion and how much you act upon that knowledge that will help you.
There is no means of happiness unless you attach yourself to the means of acquiring knowledge. When you know Allaah, this will bring you joy of the heart.
Sincerity is required when you acquire knowledge. The scholars said, “Little knowledge with good intention is more beneficial and greater in blessing than abundant knowledge without giving heed to the sincerity in it.”
(Al-Madkhal by Ibn Al-Haaj)
We need to be sincere when we acquire the knowledge. It should be sought solely for seeking the pleasure of Allah, not worldly gain. Exert your utmost to be sincere because there is great danger in seeking knowledge for worldly gain.
Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet(peace and blessings be upon him) said, “He who doesn’t acquire knowledge with the sole intention of seeking the pleasure of Allah but for gaining the gain of the world, will not smell the fragrance of Paradise on the Day of Resurrection”
(Abu Dawud, Authenticated by Al-Albani)
The scholars said, ‘There is a hastened Paradise on earth, and that is the Paradise of knowing, loving, fearing, having hope and longing for meeting Allah. This feeling is not attained except by knowledge. You will enter the paradise of this world, and whoever enters it will enter the Paradise in the Hereafter’.
You will feel joy when you pray, remember Allah, etc. It will not be heavy on your heart.
We need to learn about Allah, His names and attributes.
The learned person who sought this knowledge for worldly gain will be a regretful person on the Day of Judgement because Allah gave him the tool with which he could enter Paradise but he used it for worldly gain.
In a long narration reported by Muslim we are told that the men whose cases shall be judged first on the Day of Resurrection shall be a man who was martyred, a man who acquired knowledge and taught it, a man who recited the Qur’aan, and a man to whom Allaah had been generous and given many varieties of wealth. These men will acknowledge Allah’s favors upon them, and will claim that they did these deeds for His sake. They will be exposed as liars, for they did not do these deeds for the sake of Allaah. The man who was martyred had been fighting in order to be called brave, the scholar or reciter of the Qur’aan had acted thus in order to gain a reputation as such, and the benefactor had sought recognition as a generous person. Since deeds are judged according to their intentions, these people received what they had sought through these deeds, and so they will not receive reward for them on the Day of Judgement. Hence, they will be dragged into Hell on their faces.
Al Haafidh Abu Abbas al Qurtubi (656 A.H) said “Acquiring knowledge is one of the greatest acts of worship and the most important act of worship. Therefore, it is a must to be performed with Ikhlaas”
Since it is an ‘Ibaadah it requires sincerity. When you come to acquire the knowledge, you need to purify your intention.
Imam Ibn Shaykh Al Hazzamiyyeen (711 AH) said, “Seek the knowledge:
1) Seeking Allah’s countenance
2) To know by it Allah’s laws, obligatory matters and limits
3) To act upon it and teach it to others of the believers
4) Have the intention to establish the religion of Allah among the Muslims
5) To support the religion of Allah and be one of Allah’s soldiers
6) If one is guided through you, that is better for you than all what the sun has risen upon”
Be wary of allowing your heart to be like the scholars of the Dunya, those whose hearts are distracted by the world. He is always looking for the enjoyment of the Dunya.
In Surat Al-‘A`rāf Verse 176
And if We had willed, we could have elevated him thereby, but he adhered [instead] to the earth and followed his own desire. So his example is like that of the dog: if you chase him, he pants, or if you leave him, he [still] pants. That is the example of the people who denied Our signs. So relate the stories that perhaps they will give thought.
Allah granted him knowledge but he is always panting after the Dunya, nothing suffices him. He is learning but for the reason of boasting to his colleagues.
Shaykh bin ‘Uthaymeen, “Knowledge is divided into two categories:
1) The one sought only for the sake of Allah’s Countenance. This is religious knowledge.
2) The worldly knowledge. There is no sin on the person if he seeks it for worldly gain.
The sin is if you acquire religious knowledge for the sake of the Dunya. One should not acquire it except for the sake of Allah. If he seeks this knowledge for worldly gain, he will not smell the fragrance of Paradise”
E.g. A person may not be a graduate which causes the people to look down on her, so she goes and studies the religious knowledge for a couple of years, to attain a degree in order for the people to respect her. She will not smell the fragrance of paradise as she did this for worldly gain.
In present times you may not be able to teach people the religion unless you have a certificate. If you have an intention to get the certificate to be able to teach the people the religion, this is good, there is no harm in this.
“O seekers of knowledge, beware of ill intentions.” Don’t let the legal knowledge be a means to attain worldly gain; this is considered weak-mindedness (foolishness in mind) and misguidance in ones religion. Acquiring the religious knowledge is one of the greatest acts of worship so, direct it to Allah only, seek it to protect the law of Allah, to remove ignorance from yourself and from others, to lead others to the guidance (the knowledge), and to attain the inheritance of the Prophet, because scholars are the inheritors of the Prophets” [Sharh Riyadhus-Saaliheen – Summarised commentary of Shaikh Ibn ‘Uthaimeen]
If the intention is purified while you acquire the knowledge:
1) It will be accepted
2) It will be purified
3) Its blessing will grow and increase
If the knowledge was sought for other than Allah:
1) It will be nullified
2) It will be lost
3) The transaction will be fruitless
4) His effort will be wasted
[Tadhkhiraat as-Saami wal-Mutakallim]
We have to renew our intentions over and over again.
Baker Abu Zaid said, “Nothing destroys knowledge like riyaa’ (showing off) and sum’ah (to be heard) such as to say (loudly to be heard by others): I learned, I memorized, etc.
So get rid of everything that would blemish your effort in seeking knowledge such as loving to show off, to be known, to be distinctive among your colleagues, to obtain status, wealth, or reversion, and seeking praise or directing people’s attention to you, etc. This will all go away with the Barakah of the ‘Ilm”
[Sharh Hilyat Taalib Al-Ilm]
5) While we are journeying to Allah we need Taqwa in all our affairs.
Surat Al-Ĥajj Verses 1-2
يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اتَّقُوا رَبَّكُمْ ۚ إِنَّ زَلْزَلَةَ السَّاعَةِ شَيْءٌ عَظِيمٌ
O mankind, fear your Lord. Indeed, the convulsion of the [final] Hour is a terrible thing.
On the Day you see it every nursing mother will be distracted from that [child] she was nursing, and every pregnant woman will abort her pregnancy, and you will see the people [appearing] intoxicated while they are not intoxicated; but the punishment of Allah is severe.
Since Allah is our Lord الرب, the one who nurtures us, the Obeyed Master, our Creator, Disposer of our affairs in the best way, guiding us, providing us with all the blessings. He deserves to be feared; He deserves to have His right fulfilled (which is Tawheed).
When you fulfill Tawheed and avoid Shirk you become a Muttaqi. Because Taqwa is when you act upon the command of Allah, obey him and avoid shirk and all that He has forbidden.
Have Taqwa and fear Allah. Don’t be of those people whom Allah gives blessings and they thank someone else; don’t be of the people who show ungratefulness; don’t be of the people who use the blessings of Allah to disobey him; don’t defame or criticize others; don’t be of the people whom Allah showed the guidance and they turned away from it.
Allah grants them blessings and they magnify and honour other than Allah. Don’t be of the people who magnify themselves. Taqwa should be in all our affairs.
Allah mentioned many horrors of the Day of Judgement in the Qur’aan.
It is as if Allah is justifying the command, ‘Fear Allah BECAUSE the Day of Judgement is a terrifying matter’. It is as if you are told that the fear of Judgement Day will make you a Muttaqi.
So two things will grant us Taqwa
1) Knowing your Rabb
2) Knowledge of Judgement day
Why is the earthquake mentioned ( in verse 1) particularly after talking about Taqwa? It is as if you are told nobody can extend his hand to help you. Only your fear of Allah can help you. No one thinks of anybody when earthquakes happen, everyone cares about themselves. Your Taqwa will save you on the Day of Judgement.
Out of the severe and intense horror of that day, even the nursing mother will forget her nursling. She has the utmost compassion towards the baby but she will throw him and neglect him.
Every pregnant woman will drop her load. She will have a miscarriage.
The people will look drunk, but they won’t be. The punishment of Allah will take away their minds.
If you just think considerably of these verses you would know how severe this day is.
On that day, the hearts will reach the throats and the eyes will fixedly stare in horror. The son will not avail his father and the father will not avail his son. He will run away from his family. The wrongdoer will bite on their hands and will wish that they followed the Qur’aan and the Sunnah. The balances will be set and the deeds even the weight of an atom will be measured. The records will be spread. Some will receive them with their right hand, others with their left. The Hell Fire will be brought close to the wrongdoers and they will hear it roar. When they are thrown they will cry to Allah and Allah will say, ‘stay there despised and don’t talk to me’. The Most Merciful will become so angry that day; nothing will save the person from the anger of Allah except His Taqwa.
Jannah will be brought near to the Muttaqeen. In paradise there will be a delight beyond our imagination. Things we have never thought of, seen, or heard of.
After the believer knows all this, he will prepare for that day with Taqwa. Let the Taqwa of Allah be your goal. Do what Allah has commanded us with and avoid what Allah has forbidden us from. Don’t waste your time.