The Names of Allah: Al-Hayy, Al-Qayoom – 5th April 2015
Tawheed Ar-Ruboobiya can only be fulfilled by attributing every blessing to Allah alone and not letting the heart being turned to people or the means.
The purpose behind our creation is to fulfil Tawheed. You will never be able to fulfil it until you know about Allah.
We should know that Allah is the One providing for us, we sometimes tend to focus on the people who helped us, the medicine that cured us, etc. but in fact it’s only Allah who provides those means for us. Those who attribute the blessings to other than Him are called كافرين disbelievers.
The more you attribute the blessings to Allah the more you will perfect your Tawheed, as people may vary in their level of Tawheed. The detail of all the blessings we enjoy is mentioned in Surat Al- Nahl.
However, by nature we are in need. You could be a billionaire, but you’ll still be in need. By nature we are incapable, and weak. Why did Allah create us like this? In order that we resort to Him.
The true believers admit their weakness, need, and incapacity. The ignorant people rely on themselves, and this is why they fail. Allah is showing them that they are incapable, and that they should rely on Him. Allah makes us fail in order that we implore Him. The reality is that we are all weak and incapable unless Allah gives us the strength, and that is why لا حول و لا قوة الا بالله is one of the treasures of Paradise.
One of the greatest names of Allah is Al-Qayoom. One of the impacts of believing in this name is that it strengthens your Tawakkul. The meaning of Al-Qayoom is “The Subsisting, The Guardian” The name Al-Qayoom implies all actions of Allah.
In Surat Al-Fil, Allah is the One who made their plot go astray. Abrahah was in Yemen and built a huge church in order to divert the attention from the Ka’bah to himself. One of the Arabs smashed filthy things on the wall of his church, which angered Abrahah. He decided to go and destroy the Ka’bah. Allah could’ve destroyed him then and there, but Allah made him go all the way to Makkah as a test for both parties. The people of Quraish ran to the mountains, and no one stayed to defend the Ka’bah.
All the soldiers were killed, except for Abrahah who went back to Yemen to tell his people, where he died
Surat Al-Fil is an important Surah which describes the actions of Allah. This Surah teaches us how to strengthen our Tawakkul توكل. The believer will know that just as Allah destroyed Abrahah at the last moment, He is able to make their plots go in vain.
People who are weak in faith will worry, and get upset, but the true believer will put his trust and confidence in Allah. You need to be certain that Allah will not neglect you, and will take care of you, and will make their plot go astray. This is how you will be kept firm in front of the enemy.
In any situation you go through in your life, remember Allah. Allah may grant oppressors power, to the point that they reach the pinnacle of tyranny, as a test, until He seizes them with punishment.
Like for example the people of Saleh, when they killed the she-camel. Saleh told them to enjoy for three days, in order to do whatever they want and reach the utmost evil such that they will deserve the punishment of Allah.
Don’t be depressed when you see evil doers being given power and authority. The believer knows that this is temporary and will come to an end. Allah is giving them respite. You need to have confidence and certainty that Allah will give victory to the believers. The land is the land of Allah, and He promised to give it to the righteous people. No matter how much the disbelievers take, a time will come when Allah will stop them from their tyranny and oppression.
You may not see the victory now or in your lifetime, but be sure that it will happen.
Some people might say that they are putting their trust in Allah yet they are afraid, worried, unable to sleep at night, etc. This is contrary to Tawakkul. A Muslim should practice Tawakkul in his/her heart first, what matters is what’s in the heart, not the tongue.
This state is not perpetual, it is practiced when there is a need for it. E.g. when you’re afraid of something, or you have a need you want to fulfil, or a task you want to accomplish, etc.
How do you practice this?
1) As soon as the need exists, you need to immediately resort to Allah.
2) Have confidence and trust in Allah. Know that Allah is near, He sees, hears, and knows what you want. In his hand is the entire Dominion, He is able to give you what you want, and take care of you.
You want Allah to comfort your heart, give you peace and tranquility, and nobody amongst the people can give you that. Because the hearts are in Allah’s hand. You can talk to people for hours and they may still never understand you.
Tawakkul is based on three things:
1) Knowledge about Allah
You have to know Allah by His names and attributes. Allah is your Lord, your الوكيل, the One who disposes all your affairs in the best way, He is the One who suffices you, who can give you whatever you want, in His hands are all the graces. He is the One who can bring you out of your difficulty to ease. He is الحكيم, The All Wise, He knows what is good for you, and what is not.
When you know about Allah you will be at rest. Your Lord is الملك who is free of deficiencies, the One who keeps His promises and grants you security, الرقيب، الشهيد، الحفيظ، العزيز, His command is executive, no one can repel it. He is the owner of all might and power. He is الجبار, the One who will mend your heart if it is broken. المتكبر, Nothing is greater than Him. Allah is greater than your problem, and is able to solve it.
When you know all this about Allah, how can your heart turn to other than Him? He is perfect. The more you know about Allah, the more you will feel tranquil.
2) Knowledge about the way of Allah, how He deals with His servants.
The person who knows Allah knows that when He asks Allah he won’t always get his request in the way he wants it. Does this mean that everything you do will go in vain? Nothing goes in vain with Him. Whatever effort you put, Allah will recompense you for it.
One of the names of Allah is Al Lateef, He will bring you provision in the way, time, and amount He knows is best for you, in a subtle, hidden way which you could never have imagined.
3) Knowledge about how Allah recompenses and compensates the believer when he puts his trust in Him.
If the person goes in the way Allah prescribed for him, and he puts his trust in Allah, Allah will recompense him. E.g. you need a job, so you invoke Allah, put your trust in Him, and then proceed to take the means and apply for it. You didn’t get the job in the end. The believer knows that although he didn’t get the job, he is getting reward for all those stages, when you put your trust in him, took the means, etc.
When we don’t get what we want we get depressed, disappointed, and upset. We feel like we wasted our time and regret it. We don’t realize that from the moment we resorted and put our trust in Allah, our efforts didn’t go in vain with Him.
In Surat Taha verse 112:
وَمَن يَعْمَلْ مِنَ الصَّالِحَاتِ وَهُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ فَلَا يَخَافُ ظُلْمًا وَلَا هَضْمًا
But he who does of righteous deeds while he is a believer – he will neither fear injustice nor deprivation.
The person who does righteous deeds and believes in Allah, He should not fear any injustice from Allah nor will He be deprived from the reward of his good deeds. Nothing goes in vain with Allah. Even if the thing you want to get is something worldly, as long as you put the effort and relied on Allah, it is all recorded and you will receive reward for it.
It was narrated by at-Tirmidhi (2446) and an-Nasaa’i from Ibn ‘Abbaas, who said: When the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) was taken on the Night Journey (Isra’), one or two Prophets would pass by him who had a community with them, and one or two Prophets who had a small group with them, and one or two Prophets who had no one with them, until he passed by a great multitude.
Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheehat-Tirmidhi.
They spent years calling people, but only a few or none accepted their call. This will not diminish their reward in the least. You will be rewarded for the amount of effort you put in. For example if you are a teacher, and you prepare and put effort, and yet there is no response from the students, know that Allah is aware of it. Every minute you spend in the cause of Allah, He will appreciate it from you, and reward you for it, even if you see no result in this world. Have this trust in Allah that nothing goes in vain.
Surat Al-Baqarah Verse 153
إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ مَعَ ٱلصَّـٰبِرِينَ
Indeed, Allah is with the patient ones
Surat At-Talaq Verse 3
وَمَن يَتَوَكَّلۡ عَلَى ٱللَّهِ فَهُوَ حَسۡبُهُ ۥۤ
And whosoever puts his trust in Allah, then He will suffice him
You will be rewarded and recompensed as a consequence of your good deeds, but remember if you resort to Allah but still worry and fear then you aren’t really resorting in Him.
Istikharah – استخارة
Istikharah is a kind of putting your trust in Allah. You are entrusting your affair to Allah and giving Him the full authority to dispose it in the best way. It needs to be established in your heart that Allah will either give you regarding what you have consulted Him, or He will not give you, but He will make you pleased.
Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:
Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) used to teach us the Istikharah (seeking guidance from Allah) in all matters as he would teach us a Surah of the Qur’an. He used to say: “When one of you contemplates entering upon an enterprise, let him perform two Rak’ah of optional prayer other than Fard prayers and then supplicate: “Allahumma inni astakhiruka bi ‘ilmika, wa astaqdiruka bi qudratika, wa as-‘aluka min fadlikal-‘azim. Fainnaka taqdiru wa la aqdiru, wa ta’lamu wa la a’lamu, wa Anta ‘allamul- ghuyub. Allahumma in kunta ta’lamu anna hadhal-‘amra (and name what you want to do) khairun li fi dini wa ma’ashi wa ‘aqibati amri, (or he said) ‘ajili amri ajilihi, faqdurhu li wa yassirhu li, thumma barik li fihi. Wa in kunta ta’lamu anna hadhal ‘amra (and name what you want to do) sharrun li fi dini wa ma’ashi wa ‘aqibati amri, (or he said) wa ‘ajili amri wa ajilihi, fasrifhu ‘anni, wasrifni ‘anhu, waqdur liyal- khaira haithu kana, thumma ardini bihi.”
(O Allah, I consult You through Your Knowledge, and I seek strength through Your Power, and ask of Your Great Bounty; for You are Capable whereas I am not and, You know and I do not, and You are the Knower of hidden things. O Allah, if You know that this matter (and name it) is good for me in respect of my Deen, my livelihood and the consequences of my affairs, (or he said), the sooner or the later of my affairs then ordain it for me, make it easy for me, and bless it for me. But if You know this matter (and name it) to be bad for my Deen, my livelihood or the consequences of my affairs, (or he said) the sooner or the later of my affairs then turn it away from me, and turn me away from it, and grant me power to do good whatever it may be, and cause me to be contented with it). And let the supplicant specify the object.”
Furthermore, you should know that when you make Istikharah in any matter, Allah will test you to show you if you were really truthful in what you said.
If you make Istikharah and you worry, this is the first indication that you aren’t really trusting in Allah and have no confidence in Him. The Shaytan will come and whisper “what ifs” and “maybes” in order to nullify your Tawakkul.
If you really put your trust in Allah you should be calm. Your trust in Allah is dependent on your knowledge of Allah.
Bear in mind that you should not be hasty, as you might not get immediate results.
It was narrated from Abu Hurairah that:
The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “It is necessary that you do not become hasty.” It was said: “What does being hasty mean, O Messenger of Allah?” He said: “When one says: ‘I supplicated to Allah but Allah did not answer me.'”
Sunan Ibn Majah Vol. 5, Book 34, Hadith 3853
Wait until Allah broadens your chest for that matter.
Also, many people think badly of Allah. Some people fall into suspicion and think evil of Allah. Some people say, “Every time I make Istikharah something bad happens”. This is accusing Allah. It might appear bad in your perspective, but there could be abundant good behind it. We’ve created our own limited image of good and evil. We don’t realize that good is in whatever Allah has written and chosen for you. That is the best for you.
Don’t be hasty, don’t think evil of Allah, whatever Allah writes for you is good.
If it happened that you made Istikharah and waited and nothing was clear for you, you can perform it again. Then wait a while. If it is still not clear, do it for the third time. If after the third time, the matter isn’t clear, then consult a knowledgeable person in that matter, and see what he guides you to. That is the result of your Istikharah.
Istikharah is an act of worship. We have to be good mannered with Allah when we practice it.
Attribute every blessing and action to Allah:
Another impact of knowing Allah by His name Al-Qayoon is you will attribute every blessing and action to Allah.
In Surat Al-Nahl Verse 83
يَعْرِفُونَ نِعْمَتَ اللَّهِ ثُمَّ يُنكِرُونَهَا وَأَكْثَرُهُمُ الْكَافِرُونََ
They recognise the Grace of Allah, yet they deny it and most of them are disbelievers
They recognize the graces of Allah but deny it by disbelieving in Allah, attributing the blessings to other than Him, being ungrateful to Him, etc.
This verse came after a series of verses [Surat An-Nahl Verses 65-81] which discuss the actions and blessings of Allah.
After all this, still, they say so-and-so gave me, such and such. They attribute the blessings and actions to other than Allah. We have to be very careful in our speech. Don’t attribute any action of Allah to yourself, the means, or someone else.
One of the most famous examples of this is saying, “The doctors cured me”.
The ruling of attributing the blessing to other than Allah:
Shaykh Saleh alShaykh said, “It is deficiency in the completion of Tawheed and is minor Shirk”
“Whoever attributes the favor of the creator to other than Him, He has made a partner in the Lordship of Allah (ربوبيه)” – Ibn Uthaymeen
AlBukhari said, “…as the man says, ‘wouldn’t it been for so-and-so, such-and-such wouldn’t have been accomplished”
When a person says this, He has also committed Shirk in Uloohiya, because gratitude is an act of worship.
But shouldn’t we thank people?
It has been narrated on the authority of ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar (May Allah be pleased with him) who said:
I was present with my father when he was wounded. People praised him and said: May God give you a noble recompense! He said: I am hopeful (of God’s mercy) as well as afraid (of His wrath) People said: Appoint anyone as your successor. He said: Should I carry the burden of conducting your affairs in my life as well as in my death? (So far as Caliphate is concerned) I wish I could acquit myself (before the Almighty) in a way that there is neither anything to my credit nor anything to my discredit. If I would appoint my successor, (I would because) one better than me did so. (He meant Abu Bakr.) If I would leave You alone, (I would do so because) one better than me, i. e. the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ), did so. ‘Abdullah says: When he mentioned the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) I understood that he would not appoint anyone as Caliph.
[Sahih Muslim book 20, hadith 4485]
Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar (May Allah be pleased with him):
The Prophet (ﷺ) said: If anyone seeks protection in Allah’s name, grant him protection; if anyone begs in Allah’s name, give him something; if anyone gives you an invitation, accept it; and if anyone does you a kindness, recompense him; but if you have not the means to do so, pray for him until you feel that you have compensated him.
[Sunan Abi Dawood 1668, classified sahih by Al-Albani]
This is in order to free your heart from attachment and excessive love of the people.