The Names of Allah: Al-Hayy, Al-Qayoom – 12th April 2015
In Surat Ar-Ra’d Verse 1, Allah praises the Qur’an and in verse 2, He describes Himself, who sent down the Qur’an. Allah mentions all of some actions of His so that we will be certain of our meeting with Him.
Reflection makes a person increase in faith. Allah prepared rewards for those who reflect on these signs, and punishment for those who do not reflect and are heedless. Reflecting upon the creation should guide us to Allah.
In Verses 8-10 of this Surah, Allah also tells us about His attribute of knowledge.
When you know Allah, you will feel that He is enough for you. Even if you are alone, you will be fine. Allah is with you, taking care of you, protecting you, sufficing you.
Surat Ar-Ra’d Verse 33:
أَفَمَنْ هُوَ قَائِمٌ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ نَفْسٍ بِمَا كَسَبَتْ ۗ وَجَعَلُوا لِلَّهِ شُرَكَاءَ قُلْ سَمُّوهُمْ ۚ أَمْ تُنَبِّئُونَهُ بِمَا لَا يَعْلَمُ فِي الْأَرْضِ أَم بِظَاهِرٍ مِّنَ الْقَوْلِ ۗ بَلْ زُيِّنَ لِلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مَكْرُهُمْ وَصُدُّوا عَنِ السَّبِيلِ ۗ وَمَن يُضْلِلِ اللَّهُ فَمَا لَهُ مِنْ هَادٍ
Then is He who is a maintainer of every soul, [knowing] what it has earned, [like any other]? But to Allah they have attributed partners. Say, “Name them. Or do you inform Him of that which He knows not upon the earth or of what is apparent of speech?” Rather, their [own] plan has been made attractive to those who disbelieve, and they have been averted from the way. And whomever Allah leaves astray – there will be for him no guide.
This Verse has two meanings:
1) Allah is the Maintainer, the Guardian, and the One who is watching over us. He knows our secrets and all what we do.
This is similar to the statement of Allah in Surat Yunus Verse 61:
وَمَا تَكُونُ فِي شَأْنٍ وَمَا تَتْلُو مِنْهُ مِن قُرْآنٍ وَلَا تَعْمَلُونَ مِنْ عَمَلٍ إِلَّا كُنَّا عَلَيْكُمْ شُهُودًا إِذْ تُفِيضُونَ فِيهِ ۚ وَمَا يَعْزُبُ عَن رَّبِّكَ مِن مِّثْقَالِ ذَرَّةٍ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلَا فِي السَّمَاءِ وَلَا أَصْغَرَ مِن ذَٰلِكَ وَلَا أَكْبَرَ إِلَّا فِي كِتَابٍ مُّبِينٍ
And, [O Muhammad], you are not [engaged] in any matter or recite any of the Qur’an and you [people] do not do any deed except that We are a witness over you when you are involved in it. And not absent from your Lord is any [part] of an atom’s weight within the earth or within the heaven or [anything] smaller than that or greater but that it is in a clear register.
Allah tells us about His detailed knowledge. This should make us fear Him, and stay away from sins, as He is aware of what we are doing. He knows if you are thinking evil or good. He may reward you for your good intention, even if you did not do the deed.
2) Allah takes charge of every soul according to its actions.
Allah deals with the person according to his deeds. He nurtures the Slave according to the Slave’s deeds. If he does good, Allah will be Qaa’im over him with His kindness and mercy. If he does evil, Allah will be Qaa’im over him with His anger and punishment.
In Surat An-Nahl Verse 97:
مَنْ عَمِلَ صَالِحًا مِّن ذَكَرٍ أَوْ أُنثَىٰ وَهُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ فَلَنُحْيِيَنَّهُ حَيَاةً طَيِّبَةً ۖ وَلَنَجْزِيَنَّهُمْ أَجْرَهُم بِأَحْسَنِ مَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ
Whoever does righteousness, whether male or female, while he is a believer – We will surely cause him to live a good life, and We will surely give them their reward [in the Hereafter] according to the best of what they used to do.
Allah mentions that the person has to be a believer, because even disbelievers do good deeds.
The person may not have that much, but he will still be content. This is due to him doing good and believing in Allah.
It is mentioned that the People of the Cave were the children of kings. They abandoned their people and luxurious life because of their belief in Allah. Accordingly, Allah dealt with them with His kindness and mercy. He turned them from right to left while they were asleep for 300 years.
Surat Al-Kahf Verse 18:
The more good you do, the more Allah will deal with you with His kindness and mercy.
In Surat An-Nur Verse 55:
وَعَدَ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مِنكُمْ وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ لَيَسْتَخْلِفَنَّهُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ كَمَا اسْتَخْلَفَ الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِهِمْ وَلَيُمَكِّنَنَّ لَهُمْ دِينَهُمُ الَّذِي ارْتَضَىٰ لَهُمْ وَلَيُبَدِّلَنَّهُم مِّن بَعْدِ خَوْفِهِمْ أَمْنًا ۚ يَعْبُدُونَنِي لَا يُشْرِكُونَ بِي شَيْئًا ۚ وَمَن كَفَرَ بَعْدَ ذَٰلِكَ فَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْفَاسِقُونَ
Allah has promised those who have believed among you and done righteous deeds that He will surely grant them succession [to authority] upon the earth just as He granted it to those before them and that He will surely establish for them [therein] their religion which He has preferred for them and that He will surely substitute for them, after their fear, security, [for] they worship Me, not associating anything with Me. But whoever disbelieves after that – then those are the defiantly disobedient.
Allah promised those who believe and do righteous deeds, three promises:
-He will surely grant them succession [to authority] upon the earth
-He will surely establish for them [therein] their religion which He has preferred for them and
-He will surely substitute for them, after their fear, security.
Peace can never be achieved through disobedience to Allah.
As-Sa’di chose the second meaning when he interpreted Surat Ar-Ra’d Verse 33. He said,
“Allah is taking charge of every person for what he has earned by giving them a hastened recompense and a delayed recompense in the hereafter”.
In Verse 32, Allah mentions that the disbelievers mocked the Prophet. In verse 33, Allah is comforting his heart.
If people commit evil, Allah may not punish them immediately. He may give them respite. But if they persist in committing that sin, Allah will seize them with punishment.
Allah does not hasten the punishment. He is Al Haleem, The Forbearing.
Do not be deceived when you see Allah giving respite. Do not think that Allah loves you or is pleased with you when He does not punish you immediately. He is giving you a chance to turn back to Him in repentance.
The calamities we see in the world and in ourselves can be explained by either being a punishment or an expiation of sins and elevation in ranks with Allah. Moreover, this depends on the righteousness of the person.
There is no deed you do except Allah will compensate you for it.
Abu Huraira reported that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Allah Almighty said: Spend in charity, O son of Adam, and I will spend on you.”
[Sahih Bukhari 5037, Sahih Muslim 993]
Allah is watching and knows everything we do, whether it is good or evil. This should make us happy. It indicates His care for us. It is from His mercy that He watches our actions. If a person does wrong, Allah will nurture him by making him go through a distressful situation, to teach the person lesson.
Whenever Allah takes care of someone, and nurtures him specially, there is hope for this person to be cured from the sickness in his heart.
When you see Allah nurturing you with afflictions, rejoice! You are under His intensive care, which is better than He abandoning you to do whatever you like. This care of Allah will purify the person from sins.
If you do not have problems in life, then you should be afraid. We should not wish calamities for ourselves, but know that when you go through a calamity it is because Allah cares about you. He wants you to turn to Him in repentance, etc.
“The greatest reward comes with the greatest trial. When Allaah loves a people, He tests them. Whoever accepts that wins His pleasure but whoever is discontent with that earns His wrath.”
Narrated by al-Tirmidhi (2396) and Ibn Maajah (4031); classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi.
If Allah does not love a slave then He will not afflict him. Allah wants to purify you of your sins before you death, and this is the greatest thing. This should make the slave love Allah.
Surat Al-An’am Verse 44:
فَلَمَّا نَسُوا مَا ذُكِّرُوا بِهِ فَتَحْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ أَبْوَابَ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ حَتَّىٰ إِذَا فَرِحُوا بِمَا أُوتُوا أَخَذْنَاهُم بَغْتَةً فَإِذَا هُم مُّبْلِسُونَ
So when they forgot that by which they had been reminded, We opened to them the doors of every [good] thing until, when they rejoiced in that which they were given, We seized them suddenly, and they were [then] in despair.
Do not think that Allah loves the people, who have abundant blessings, though they persist in committing evil. Allah will take them with punishment in the end.
Allah may take a person into account in this world before the Aakhirah to purify his sins.
Shaddad and as-Sunabihi (May Allah be pleased with him) narrated that Allah’s Messenger (sallAllahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said, “Allah who is Great and Glorious says, ‘When I afflict a servant of Mine who is a believer and he praises Me, for the affliction I have brought upon him; he will rise from that couch of his as sinless as he was the day his mother gave birth to him.’ The Rabb, Who is Blessed and Exalted, will say, ‘I fettered and afflicted My servant, so record for him what you were recording for him when he was well.’”
[Tirmidhî, Hadeeth 1579 and Ahmad]
If you reach the grave, free of sins then know that it is a gift from Allah. If a person is afflicted with sickness before he dies, know it is something good, especially if that person is righteous.
Purification of sins can be in the form of sickness, harm from beloved ones etc.
Even the misbehaviour of a child is a purification for our sins. It is a type of nurturing from Allah. Allah wants to send us a message- are we doing the right thing or did we go wrong somewhere?
If you bear the afflictions with patience and say Alhamdulillah, Allah will purify your sins and elevate you in ranks.
Look at the calamities as a mercy from Allah.
There are people whom Allah will make go through severe distresses, and through it, they will enter Paradise. This severe situation made them do good.
You hardly find the first line of the mosque filled in areas of people who live in luxury and comfort while in the countries that go through distresses, the mosques are full.
The trials were a means for them to enter Paradise. If they did not have problems, they might’ve been distracted by the life of this world.
When coal is exposed to high temperature and pressure, it turns into a diamond. Likewise, when the person is in distress he will be purified from his sins.
To conclude, if you are obedient to Allah, doing good deeds, and you are facing many problems, this indicates that Allah wants good for you; He wants to elevate you in ranks. If you are disobedient then the trial is a form of punishment. We should have good thoughts about Allah, knowing He never punishes without a reason.
Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SallAllahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said, “I was threatened in Allah’s path as no one was threatened and I was annoyed in Allah’s path as no one was annoyed. O There came upon me thirty days and nights when Bilal and I had no food which ‘those with a liver’ eat, except which was kept under Bilal’s armpit.”