The Names of Allah: Al-Hayy, Al-Qayoom – 26th April 2015
Continuation of The Impacts of Allah’s Qayoomiyah.
Surat Ar-Ra’d Verse 33
أَفَمَنْ هُوَ قَائِمٌ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ نَفْسٍ بِمَا كَسَبَتْ ۗ وَجَعَلُوا لِلَّهِ شُرَكَاءَ قُلْ سَمُّوهُمْ ۚ أَمْ تُنَبِّئُونَهُ بِمَا لَا يَعْلَمُ فِي الْأَرْضِ أَم بِظَاهِرٍ مِّنَ الْقَوْلِ ۗ بَلْ زُيِّنَ لِلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مَكْرُهُمْ وَصُدُّوا عَنِ السَّبِيلِ ۗ وَمَن يُضْلِلِ اللَّهُ فَمَا لَهُ مِنْ هَادٍ
Then is He who is a maintainer of every soul, [knowing] what it has earned, [like any other]? But to Allah they have attributed partners. Say, “Name them. Or do you inform Him of that which He knows not upon the earth or of what is apparent of speech?” Rather, their [own] plan has been made attractive to those who disbelieve, and they have been averted from the way. And whomever Allah leaves astray – there will be for him no guide.
This verse has two meanings:-
1) Allah is the One who takes charge, guards, knows about every soul and what it has earned.
2) Allah will deal with every person according to what he has earned.
Allah Will Deal With Every Person According To What He Has Earned:
There is no deed that you do except that Allah will either compensate you for it or nurture you and teach you a lesson.
It is from Allah’s greatest favour that He hastens the punishment of the sinner and takes him to account in this world. Never complain when you are facing calamities in your life, Allah wants to purify you from your sins before you meet Him on the Day of Judgement.
The Prophet (Salla Allahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) faced a lot of persecution in Makkah which he beared with patience. In Surat Al-Qalam which is a Makkan Surah, Allah defends him and emphasises three matters:
a)Allah affirms the Prophethood and the truthfulness of the Prophet (Salla Allahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) and refutes all the doubts the disbelievers forge against him.
b)He narrates the story of the owners of the garden and how Allah dealt with them when they showed ungratefulness.
c) The hereafter, the horrors of the Day of the judgement, the recompense of the believers and the criminals.
In Verses 1 to 7, Allah swears by the pen. This is either the pen which Allah first created or the pen with which the Angels record our deeds.
The matter that Allah is swearing about is mentioned in following verses.
In Verses 8 to 16 Allah mentions the blameworthy characters of the disbelievers.
Particularly about Al-Waleed Ibn Mugheerah who was one of the notables of the Quraish.
When Allah revealed these verses about him, he agreed that these characters were in him, but didn’t know about زنيم , so he asked his mother who his biological father was. She told him that since her husband was barren, she had committed adultery with a shepherd and was impregnated.
He didn’t even know he was illegitimate, Allah exposed him.
Allah sent the Prophet (Salla Allahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) to them as a blessing, but instead of thanking Allah for that blessing, they denied it. Allah dealt with them, the Prophet invoked against them and Allah afflicted them with drought and severe hunger.
He afflicted them just as He afflicted the owners of the garden.
The owners of the garden inherited the garden from their father, who was a righteous man. He used to give one third of the harvest in charity to the poor. When the children inherited it, they decided to discontinue doing that. One night before they slept, they planned to pluck the fruits early in the morning such that nobody would see them. They only had the intention. Allah destroyed the garden and they found it in ruins the next morning.
They didn’t act yet, they just resolved to do evil. This indicates that we are accountable for our resolutions and intentions.
They didn’t say ‘If Allah wills’ and this indicates that they were certain that no one had power over the garden except them. It was after they saw the ruined garden that they reminded themselves. They regretted and turned to Allah in repentance. This was Allah’s nurturing.
This story tells us about three matters:
1) Whoever doesn’t thank Allah for the blessings that Allah has given him, Allah may remove that blessing.
We show gratefulness to the blessing by not denying it, attributing it to Allah and use it in obeying Him.
2) It affirms the statement of Allah in Surat Fatir Verse 43
اسْتِكْبَارًا فِي الْأَرْضِ وَمَكْرَ السَّيِّئِ ۚ وَلَا يَحِيقُ الْمَكْرُ السَّيِّئُ إِلَّا بِأَهْلِهِ ۚ فَهَلْ يَنظُرُونَ إِلَّا سُنَّتَ الْأَوَّلِينَ ۚ فَلَن تَجِدَ لِسُنَّتِ اللَّهِ تَبْدِيلًا ۖ وَلَن تَجِدَ لِسُنَّتِ اللَّهِ تَحْوِيلًا
[Due to] arrogance in the land and plotting of evil; but the evil plot does not encompass except its own people. Then do they await except the way of the former peoples? But you will never find in the way of Allah any change, and you will never find in the way of Allah any alteration.
3)The story emphasizes the following statement of the Prophet (Salla Allahu ‘alaihi wa sallam):
Abu Hurairah (Radi Allahu ‘anhu) narrated that the Prophet (Salla Allahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said, “Every day two angels come down from Heaven and one of them says, ‘O Allah! Compensate every person who spends in Your cause’, and the other (angel) says, ‘O Allah! Destroy every miser.’”
[Bukhari, Vol. 2, Hadith 522]
They plotted to deprive the poor people but it was them who Allah deprived.
Abu Said Al-Khudri narrated that Some Ansari persons asked for (something) from Allah’s Messenger (Salla Allahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) and he gave them. They again asked him for (something) and he again gave them. And then they asked him and he gave them again till all that was with him finished. And then he said ”If I had anything. I would not keep it away from you. (Remember) Whoever abstains from asking others, Allah will make him contented, and whoever tries to make himself self-sufficient, Allah will make him self-sufficient. And whoever remains patient, Allah will make him patient. Nobody can be given a blessing better and greater than patience.”
The Arabic word used for “Whoever abstains from asking others” is يستعفف Yasta’fif, it has two meanings:
1) Because this Hadith is about spending, it means that the person refrains from begging and asking, if one does so, Allah will suffice him and protect his honour.
Whoever doesn’t refrain from asking continously, Every time he asks and takes, Allah will open another gate of neediness for him. His needs will never end and whatever he takes will never be sufficient for him.
If he practices Tawheed, knows that no one can help and suffice him except Allah, he will ask Allah alone and Allah will enrich him.
Humans by nature are hasty. If you are in need the Shaytan may whisper and make you afraid, be in haste and you may ask the people, not Allah. It is better to ask Allah and be patient. The Shaytan wants to make you lose your mind and patience. Stay firm and let your heart be attached to Allah.
Enraging the Shaytan is a kind of worship, it is called Muraghamat il Shaytan. Ignoring the whispers of the Shaytan and obeying Allah and staying firm is the way to enrage him, Tawheed enrages him the most.
2) The more famous meaning of the word Al ‘Isti’faaf is to keep oneself chaste.
In Surat An-Nur Verse 33
وَلْيَسْتَعْفِفِ الَّذِينَ لَا يَجِدُونَ نِكَاحًا حَتَّىٰ يُغْنِيَهُمُ اللَّهُ مِن فَضْلِهِ ۗ وَالَّذِينَ يَبْتَغُونَ الْكِتَابَ مِمَّا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُكُمْ فَكَاتِبُوهُمْ إِنْ عَلِمْتُمْ فِيهِمْ خَيْرًا ۖ وَآتُوهُم مِّن مَّالِ اللَّهِ الَّذِي آتَاكُمْ ۚ وَلَا تُكْرِهُوا فَتَيَاتِكُمْ عَلَى الْبِغَاءِ إِنْ أَرَدْنَ تَحَصُّنًا لِّتَبْتَغُوا عَرَضَ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا ۚ وَمَن يُكْرِههُّنَّ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ مِن بَعْدِ إِكْرَاهِهِنَّ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ
But let them who find not [the means for] marriage abstain [from sexual relations] until Allah enriches them from His bounty. And those who seek a contract [for eventual emancipation] from among whom your right hands possess – then make a contract with them if you know there is within them goodness and give them from the wealth of Allah which He has given you. And do not compel your slave girls to prostitution, if they desire chastity, to seek [thereby] the temporary interests of worldly life. And if someone should compel them, then indeed, Allah is [to them], after their compulsion, Forgiving and Merciful.
If someone isn’t able to get married, Allah commands him to keep himself chaste until Allah enriches Him. The word يستعفف in this verse came in command form.
Shaykh As-Sa’di said, “This is a ruling concerning those who are unable to get married either because they are poor, don’t have the means, or their guardian is refusing to allow them to get married”.
Allah is ordering them to keep themselves chaste and take the means to stay away from the Haraam.
The Prophet (Salla Allahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: “O young men, whoever among you can afford it, let him get married, for it is more effective in lowering the gaze and guarding one’s chastity.”
[Narrated by Al-Bukhaari (5065) and Muslim (1400)]
With all the temptations around us, it is very hard to keep oneself chaste. Whoever strives hard and keeps his chastity, Allah will help him and make him content. He may make that person marry someone righteous.
The scholars said that keeping oneself chaste is one of the means to marriage.
Qurtubi said explaining the previous verse, “Allah mentioned the story of the righteous man in Madyan in Surah Qasas. He offered his daughter to Musa. It is not a shame for the father to offer his daughter to a righteous man”.
Some people now a days consider this a humiliation.
As-Sa’di said explaining Verse 33 of Surat An-Nur that Allah is commanding the fathers and guardians who have single men or women under their guardianship, to get them married.
This is a command of Allah therefore it is an act of worship. Whoever practices it, Allah will bless their marriage.
Surat An-Nur Verse 32
وَأَنكِحُوا الْأَيَامَىٰ مِنكُمْ وَالصَّالِحِينَ مِنْ عِبَادِكُمْ وَإِمَائِكُمْ ۚ إِن يَكُونُوا فُقَرَاءَ يُغْنِهِمُ اللَّهُ مِن فَضْلِهِ ۗ وَاللَّهُ وَاسِعٌ عَلِيمٌ
And marry the unmarried among you and the righteous among your male slaves and female slaves. If they should be poor, Allah will enrich them from His bounty, and Allah is all-Encompassing and Knowing.
When you refuse to let your child get married, You’ll be burdened with the sin if he fulfills his desire unlawfully.
The Prophet (Salla Allahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said:”Whoever gives for the sake of Allah, withholds for the sake of Allah, loves for the sake of Allah, hates for the sake of Allah, and marries for the sake of Allah, he has indeed perfected his faith.”