The Names of Allah: Al-Hayy, Al-Qayoom –May 31st 2015
Continuation of Studying Surat Al-Baqarah
Ayat-ul-Kursi is the greatest verse in the whole Qur’an, it talks about Allah’s greatness, highness, and perfect attributes. It discusses almost 27 names and attributes of Allah.
Ayat-ul-Kursi talks about our belief in Allah.
Bani Isra’eel refused to follow the commands and were stubborn when they were commanded to slaughter the cow. They didn’t give Allah His due right and showed stubbornness and didn’t submit to the command of Allah. They had no belief in Allah that would have made them submit.
It’s important to study this verse so that it will increase our faith and belief in Allah.
Narrated Abu Musa al Ash’ari (May Allah be pleased with him): “The Messenger of Allah (Salla Allahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) stood up amongst us and said five things. He said, ‘Allah does not sleep, and it is not befitting that He should sleep. He lowers the Scales and raises them. The deed done during the day is taken up to Him before the deed done during the night, and the deed done during the night before the deed done during the day. His Veil is Light and if He were to remove it, the glory of His Face would burn everything of His creation, as far as His gaze reaches.’”
[Sunan Ibn Majah]
اللَّهُ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ الْحَيُّ الْقَيُّومُ ۚ لَا تَأْخُذُهُ سِنَةٌ وَلَا نَوْمٌ ۚ لَّهُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ — Allah – there is no deity except Him, the Ever-Living, the Sustainer of [all] existence. Neither drowsiness overtakes Him nor sleep. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth.
If we know who Allah is, we would love, honour and magnify Him.
Everything belongs to Allah. He is the One who created everything, He owns everything, and He disposes the affairs of everything.
If Allah gives something to you , you have to show gratitude. Don’t feel pride and self-admiration. And If Allah takes it away be pleased, and know that it belongs to Allah and not us. He has given it to you for a certain time, and He has taken it back.
مَن ذَا الَّذِي يَشْفَعُ عِندَهُ إِلَّا بِإِذْنِهِ — Who is it that can intercede with Him except by His permission?
If you want to bring good to someone or protect and repel harm from him, you will ask someone who has power and authority to do that.
Mankind in its entirety will be gathered waiting for the judgment of Allah on the Day of Resurrection. The sun will come close to the heads, and people will sweat severely, and they will go to each Prophet asking him to ask Allah to remove distress from them. The Prophet Muhammad (Salla Allahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) will go and ask permission from Allah to remove this harm. Accordingly Allah will relieve the people it. This is an example of the Intercession on the Day of Judgement.
The شفاعة– Intercession has three conditions:
1) Allah’s permission has to be given
2) Allah has to be pleased with intercessor
3) Allah has to be pleased with the one interceded for
Ibrahim (‘Alaihissalaam) asked for permission to intercede for his father. This was not accepted, because the third condition is not fulfilled.
The person who goes to graves and invokes dead people to intercede for him with Allah, this type of intercession is not accepted because the first and second conditions are not fulfilled. And, you don’t know if the third condition is fulfilled.
يَعْلَمُ مَا بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمَا خَلْفَهُمْ ۖ وَلَا يُحِيطُونَ بِشَيْءٍ مِّنْ عِلْمِهِ إِلَّا بِمَا شَاءَ — He knows what is [presently] before them and what will be after them, and they encompass not a thing of His knowledge except for what He wills.
Allah knows about the past, present, and future. He informs us of His vast knowledge. He does not forget. Nothing escapes His knowledge, and nothing is hidden from Him.
This should make you beware of your actions, including those of your heart.
No one knows about Allah’s knowledge except what Allah has taught them. He teaches the Prophet, Messengers and the Angels.
Whatever the Prophet taught us about Allah, is what Allah has taught us about Himself.
Some people go to fortune tellers, read horoscopes and the like for fun, out of curiosity, or to ‘test’ it. But your prayers will not be accepted for 40 days if you do this. And you are considered a disbeliever if you believe in it.
Nowadays this has taken new forms.
وَسِعَ كُرْسِيُّهُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ ۖ وَلَا يَئُودُهُ حِفْظُهُمَا ۚ وَهُوَ الْعَلِيُّ الْعَظِيمُ –His Kursi extends over the heavens and the earth, and their preservation tires Him not. And He is the Most High, the Most Great.
We don’t know how the Kursi looks like, but we believe that it exists.
Abu Dharr al-Ghifaari (Radhi Allaahu ‘anhu) said that the Messenger of Allaah (Salla Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said, “The seven heavens in comparison to the Kursi is nothing but like a ring thrown in a desert, and the excellence of the ‘Arsh (Throne of Allaah) over the Kursi is like the excellence of that desert over that ring.
Silsilat ul-ahaadeeth is-saheeha Hadeeth no. 109
If this is the greatness of Allah’s creation, then how great is He?
People who persist in sins, stubbornness and disobedience, those who mock, and dishonour the Messengers, etc. don’t know who Allah is. They don’t give Allah his due estimate. We should not be like Bani Isra’eel.
There are some incorrect interpretations which say the Kursi is the ‘Arsh (Throne}. They are two separate creations.
No fatigue touches Allah when He protects the heavens and the earth. No fatigue touches Him, He is The Strong. We believe in the perfect strength of Allah.
Allah is above the 7 heavens. The Sufis say Allah is everywhere, yet Allah tells us He is The Most High. Allah is the most perfect, and the perfect One should always be high. Our natural disposition tells us that the great should always be high. When people are in distress they automatically look up.
If Allah was everywhere why do they raise their hands up when they ask Him?
He rises over the throne in a manner which suits His majesty. We don’t know how, but we believe.
He is high in His being, attributes, power, etc. Everyone is subdued to Allah. We should have submission and humility in our hearts if we believe in these names.
It’s important to let your children memorise Ayat-ul-Kursi with the meaning. The ‘Aqeedah is there.
After Ayat Al Kursi, in Verse 256:
There shall be no compulsion in [acceptance of] the religion. The right course has become clear from the wrong. So whoever disbelieves in Taghut and believes in Allah has grasped the most trustworthy handhold with no break in it. And Allah is Hearing and Knowing.
After talking about His noble self and His perfect attributes, Allah tells us not to compel people to believe. The truth is manifest and clear.
The trustworthy handhold is La ilaaha illa Allah. It is Tawheed.
In Verse 257:
Allah is the ally of those who believe. He brings them out from darkness into the light. And those who disbelieve – their allies are Taghut. They take them out of the light into darkness. Those are the companions of the Fire; they will abide eternally therein.
The fruit of Tawheed is that Allah will be your protector, supporter, etc. Allah has general and special wilayah, the latter of which is only for the believers.
Allah will bring them out of darkness into light. He will grant them light in their lives, where they can see wrong from right, they will have light in their graves and on the Day of Judgment. Allah will grant them strength to do acts of worship, He will grant them success in their lives and will reform all their affairs, both worldly and religious.
We have to have knowledge first, then belief, then love for Allah. If you love Allah you will love whomever Allah loves, and hate whomever Allah hates. Your heart will be attached to Allah. You won’t associate anyone in worship to Allah. In this way you will be one of the Awliyah of Allah.