The Names of Allah: Al-Hayy, Al-Qayoom – June 7th 2015
Ayat-ul-Kursi is the greatest verse in the Qur’an. In it Allah introduces His noble self to us. No one deserves to be worshipped except Him because He is Al-Hayy, Al-Qayoom. Everything in this universe will die, except Him. No slumber or sleep overtakes Him, His life is perfect. Everything in the heavens and earth belongs to Him. No one can intercede with Him without His permission. Allah knows everything we did, we are doing and what will be our state in the future. We don’t know anything about His knowledge, except what He teaches His Prophets and Messengers.
His footstool extends over the heavens and earth, this indicates Allah’s greatness.
No fatigue touches Him in preserving the heavens and earth. Be at rest, don’t worry. Allah is taking care of you and everything. He is the Most High and Great.
In the next verse Allah tells us that there is no compulsion in religion. We can’t force people to believe. The truth about Allah is already manifest. Falsehood is known and the truth is known.
Whoever believes in every detail Allah mentioned about Himself including His attributes that are mentioned in Ayat ul Kursi, then he has grasped a trustworthy handhold (i.e. La ilaaha illa Allah). The fruit of which is that Allah will be your Wali. He will take care of you, protect you, reform both your worldly and religious affairs, enlighten your heart, give you strength, etc.
And whoever disbelieves in Allah, then their allies are the Taghoot. Imagine the state of the person whose guardian is Shaytaan. He will guide him to every evil, constrict his heart, corrupt his life, and cause him to fail.
Everyone has the light of Fitrah – human instinct which Allah has placed in our hearts. We use it to distinguish between right and wrong and to reach the truth. But because they had taken Shaytaan as their Wali, He took them out of that soundness and light, into darkness and corruption.
After this, 3 stories are mentioned:
The Story of Ibrahim and Namrud: Allah gave kingdom, power, and worldly things to Namrud, due to which he forgot who Allah is. He disputed with Ibrahim (‘Alayhissalam) and claimed that he also could give life and cause death.
When Ibrahim told him that if he had the power he claimed to have, then he should change the system of the universe and cause the sun to rise in the west. Namrud was defeated.
Atheists attribute these events that happen in the universe to nature. How can nature, which is lifeless, cause life and death?
This was a Prophet. He didn’t doubt in Allah’s ability, but wanted to witness it. So Allah caused him to die for 100 years. He preserved his food and drink although it is usually the first thing that perishes. He caused the donkey to die and turn into bones. When the prophet was resurrected, he saw his food and assumed he slept for a day or part of a day. Then he was commanded to look at the donkey. Allah brought the bones together and clothed it with flesh and blew the soul back into it. Then he said, “I know that Allah is over all things competent.”
If the believer has a doubt regarding any matter of ‘Aqeedah, and wants to know the truth, Allah will make him go through a situation where he witnesses it, in order for his faith to increase.
Ibrahim did not doubt Allah’s ability but he wanted to see how Allah gives life to the dead with his own eyes. He wanted to change from علم اليقين to عين اليقين. We all may have knowledge which causes certainty, but not all of us see it with our own eyes. There is a state called حق اليقين, which we will see on the Day of Judgement.
The Verses before Ayat-ul Kursi are about spending and Jihad. We know that life and death is in Allah’s hand, so we should go forth and do Jihad.
What is the relationship between Ayat-ul Kursi and spending (Verse 254)?
If we know that Allah, the One who granted us the money, will resurrect us on the Day of Judgement and take us into account, we will spend. We humans were created with stinginess and greediness. When you believe in Allah, in the attributes He mentioned in Ayat-ul Kursi, it will help you overcome this stinginess. You know that Allah is able to compensate you.
The Prophet (Salla Allahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) invoked Allah using the names Al-Hayy, Al-Qayoom profusely. These names have a great effect in removing any kind of distress or calamity.
“Allah has promised that anyone who says “O Ever Living One, O Eternal One, by Your mercy I call on You to set right all my affairs. Do not place me in charge of my soul even for the blinking of an eye (i.e. a moment)” three times every morning or evening will be pleased on the Day of Resurrection.”
Ahmad 4/ 337, An-Nasa’i, ‘Amalul-Yawm wal-Laylah p. 4, Ibn As-Sunni (no. 68), At-Tirmithi 5/465. Its chain of transmission is good (Hasan), Ibn Baz, p. 3
We do not know what trials we are going to face during the day. We are surrounded by different types of troubles and danger every morning and evening. No one can help or protect us, from these except Allah.
Ibn Mas’ud (Radi Allahu ‘anhu) said: the Prophet (SallaAllaahu’ alaihi wa sallam) said, “Whoever reads:
أستغفر الله الذي لا إله إلا هو الحي القيوم وأتوب إليه then it will be forgiven his sins even if never run away from the battlefield.”
Sunan Abi Dawud Shahiih (no. 1358)
Ibn Al Hajr said, “This signifies that whoever is like a person who runs away from the battlefield or lesser than that will be forgiven as long as the sin isn’t with regards to the rights of the people or their wealth.”
Say these with submission and humility, contemplating its meaning.
In Surah 20, Verse 111:
وَعَنَتِ الْوُجُوهُ لِلْحَيِّ الْقَيُّومِ ۖ وَقَدْ خَابَ مَنْ حَمَلَ ظُلْمًا
And [all] faces will be humbled before the Ever-Living, the Sustainer of existence. And he will have failed who carries injustice.
Faces will humble themselves to Al-Hayy, Al-Qayyoom. They will witness Allah on that Day, therefore they will show humility and submissiveness.
It was said that the true believers show humility in this life and on the Day of Judgement, those who didn’t show humility in this life, will show more humility, regret and submission on that day. Therefore one should know these two names in order to worship Allah with submission.
If you want to have submission in your acts of worship, you need to know who Allah is. The one who does wrong does so because he doesn’t know who Allah, Al-Hayy, Al-Qayyoom is.