The Name of Allah- Al-‘Azeez (PART III)- 15th November 2015
Allah’s names are of two kinds:
1) أسماء جمال
E.g. Ar-Rahman, Al-Lateef, Al-Wadood, Ar-Raheem.
These names bring love in the heart of the person towards Allah.
2) أسماء جلال
E.g. Al-‘Azeez, Al-Jabbar, Al-Qawiy, Al-‘Adheem
These names bring fear and magnification of Allah in the heart of the person.
Surat Al-Baqarah, Verse 209:
فإن زللتم من بعد ما جاءتكم البينات فاعلموا أن الله عزيز حكيم
But if you deviate after clear proofs have come to you, then know that Allah is Exalted in Might and Wise.
وإذ قال إبراهيم رب أرني كيف تحيي الموتى قال أولم تؤمن قال بلى ولكن ليطمئن قلبي قال فخذ اربعة من الطير فصرهن إليك ثم اجعل على كل جبل منهن جزءا ثم ادعهن ياتينك سعيا واعلم أن الله عزيز حكيم
And [mention] when Abraham said, “My Lord, show me how You give life to the dead.” [ Allah ] said, “Have you not believed?” He said, “Yes, but [I ask] only that my heart may be satisfied.” [ Allah ] said, “Take four birds and commit them to yourself. Then [after slaughtering them] put on each hill a portion of them; then call them – they will come [flying] to you in haste. And know that Allah is Exalted in Might and Wise.”
These are clear evidences that it’s obligatory to learn that Allah is Al-‘Azeez. We need this knowledge in our lives more than we need food and drink. And by learning this name, we are acting upon these commands.
Surat An-Naml, Verse 9:
يا موسى إنه أنا الله العزيز الحكيم
O Moses, indeed it is I – Allah , the Exalted in Might, the Wise.”
If you study the story of Musa, you will witness the impact of all the different types of Allah’s ‘Iza clearly.
The third type of ‘Iza is عزة الامتناع – Might and Power of Prevention
1) Allah is rich by His essence, He is in no need of anyone.
None of His creation can touch Him with harm, nor can anyone benefit Him. Rather, it is He who causes harm and brings benefit. He is the One who gives and prevents.
Allah said: “… O My servants, you will not attain harming Me so as to harm Me, and you will not attain benefitting Me so as to benefit Me. …” [Muslim]
2) Allah is free of all defects. He is perfect.
3) He is free of being overcome or overpowered.
Allah’s Grandeur is invincible. He can never be defeated, nor can anyone cause Him to fail. No one can escape Him.
4) Allah is free of everything that does not suit His Majesty and Grandeur.
He is free of everything that negates His perfection. He is in no need of rivals, partners nor offspring.
When the Jews claim that Allah took rest on Saturday, they accuse Allah of having defective attributes, whilst He is perfect. They don’t believe in Allah’s عزة الامتناع, they don’t know who Al-‘Azeez is.
Evidences of عزة الامتناع:
Surat As-Saffat, Verses 180-182:
سبحان ربك رب العزة عما يصفون
Exalted is your Lord, the Lord of might, above what they describe.
وسلام على المرسلين
And peace upon the messengers.
والحمد لله رب العالمين
And praise to Allah , Lord of the worlds.
Allah is far above what the polytheists attribute to Him. All perfection belongs to Him.
The Messengers are the ones who attribute Allah with His perfect attributes.
Surat Ar-Rum, Verse 27:
وهو الذي يبدؤا الخلق ثم يعيده وهوأهون عليه وله المثل الأعلى في السماوات والأرض وهو العزيز الحكيم
And it is He who begins creation; then He repeats it, and that is [even] easier for Him. To Him belongs the highest attribute in the heavens and earth. And He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise.
The word المثل (Translated as Attribute in this verse) has three meanings, one of which is وصف (description). To Allah belongs the highest description. Nothing is comparable to Him.
Surat Saba, Verse 27:
قل أروني الذين ألحقتم به شركآء كلا بل هو الله العزيز الحكيم
Say, “Show me those whom you have attached to Him as partners. No! Rather, He [alone] is Allah , the Exalted in Might, the Wise.”
Impact of عزة المتناع:
No harm or deficiency can touch Allah by the disbelief or disobedience of anyone.
Surat Az-Zumar, Verse 7:
إن تكفروا فإن الله غني عنكم ولا يرضى لعباده الكفر وإن تشكروا يرضه لكم ولا تزر وازرة وزر أخرى ثم إلى ربكم مرجعكم فينبئكم بما كنتم تعملون إنه عليم بذات الصدور
If you disbelieve – indeed, Allah is Free from need of you. And He does not approve for His servants disbelief. And if you are grateful, He approves it for you; and no bearer of burdens will bear the burden of another. Then to your Lord is your return, and He will inform you about what you used to do. Indeed, He is Knowing of that within the breasts.
If you believe, you believe for the benefit of your own self.
Surat Fatir, Verses 16-17:
إن يشأ يذهبكم ويأت بخلق جديد
If He wills, He can do away with you and bring forth a new creation.
وما ذلك على الله بعزيز
And that is for Allah not difficult.
This should cause fear in your heart. It is not impossible for Allah to remove and destroy us, and bring forth a new creation; rather, it is easy for Him. Never make Allah angry. He is able to remove and replace you with someone better than you.
If Allah opens for you the gate of supporting the religion (e.g. Da’wah) and you show ungratefulness, Allah can remove you and bring someone else who is better in your place.
If Allah overpowers us, and everything happens according to His will alone then what’s the point in doing good deeds? (Are we compelled by Allah?)
Surat Al-Kahf, Verse 29:
وقل الحق من ربكم فمن شاء فليؤمن ومن شاء فليكفر إنا اعتدنا للظالمين نارا احاط بهم سرادقها و إن يستغيثوا يغاثوا بماء كالمهل يشوي الوجوه بئس الشراب وساءت مرتفقا
And say, “The truth is from your Lord, so whoever wills – let him believe; and whoever wills – let him disbelieve.” Indeed, We have prepared for the wrongdoers a fire whose walls will surround them. And if they call for relief, they will be relieved with water like murky oil, which scalds [their] faces. Wretched is the drink, and evil is the resting place.
Surat Ash-Shams, Verses 7-10:
و نفس و ما سواها
And [by] the soul and He who proportioned it
فألهمها فجورها و تقواها
And inspired it [with discernment of] its wickedness and its righteousness,
قد افلح من زكاها
He has succeeded who purifies it,
و قد خاب من دساها
And he has failed who instills it [with corruption].
The one who purified himself by accepting the truth succeeded, whereas the one who disobeyed Allah and rejected the truth failed.
The aforementioned verses prove that we are not compelled to do actions. Allah has shown us the truth, and it is upon us to either follow it or not. We have a choice with regards to our actions.
Nothing occurs in the universe without the Will of Allah. Everything happens by His knowledge and permission.
– All the decrees have already been decreed 50,000 years before the creation of the heavens and earth.
There are four ranks to Qadar: Knowledge, Writing, Will, Creation
-Knowledge: Allah knows about everything in detail. He knew that when such-and-such happened to you, you would act in the way you did.
-Writing: Allah wrote everything down in the Preserved Tablet.
These are Qadar.
-Will: Whatever happens now is by Allah’s مشيئة (Will). This is where you see عزة القهر ‘Iza of Dominance. No one can prevent what Allah has written from happening. Allah is overpowering us with this Qadar.
What is our part in this?
-The Creation الخلق – Allah gives us the ability to take the action. What happens of Allah’s Will is unavoidable and is a test for us.
For example, if Allah has decreed a woman to be unable to bear children, how she responds to this test will determine if she passes or fails it.
She could be the person who accepts Allah’s Qadar, is pleased with what He has written for her and passes the test, or she could be the person who is unsatisfied and angry with Allah and fails the test.
It is your actions that determine your success or failure. Actions aren’t restricted to limbs, they are with the heart and tongue as well.
Many times we don’t explain the Qadar, the actions of Allah, correctly. Allah, out of His Mercy, repeats it again so that we will succeed. We wonder why the same situation is repeated. It’s because we didn’t pass that test yet.
Our problem is that we don’t know how to explain the Qadar of Allah. We always blame Allah and ascribe purity to ourselves, not realizing that Allah is afflicting us in order to expiate our previous sins. But, this success is dependent on our actions.