3rd April: The Name of Allah- Al ‘Azeez (UnSummarised Notes)
To Allah belongs the glory, honour, support, victory. He grants it to whomever He wills among the believers. If we are really seeking honour, love, high status, victory, support, help, we should only seek it from Allah, because it’s only in His hands.
We have to practice Tawheed when we seek العزة.
Allah mentioned the state of the hypocrites in Surat An-Nisa [Verses 136-144].
They took the disbelievers as allies to get honour.
What is the correct attitude? They should seek it from Allah.
By doing what? Allying with the believers.
Ash-Shinqitee said commenting on Allah’s statement in Surat Ar-Rum Verse 7
يَعْلَمُونَ ظَاهِرًا مِّنَ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَهُمْ عَنِ الْآخِرَةِ هُمْ غَافِلُونَ
They know what is apparent of the worldly life, but they, of the Hereafter, are unaware.
Allah mentions the state of the People of the Dunya. They know every single thing about this life in detail, but are heedless concerning the hereafter. They don’t give it any importance. The fact that they’re going to die and meet Allah doesn’t concern them. All their intentions, concerns, efforts, are directed towards this life.
He said, “It is incumbent upon every Muslim to ponder upon this verse and explain its indications to others. This is because one of the greatest فتنة which will occur at the end of times is that when the weak minded see the progression of the disbelievers in worldly matters and the Muslims lagging behind in that specific field, they’ll believe that the disbelievers are on the correct path and the Muslims aren’t.”
This is something that increases at the end of time, and is severe ignorance – to equate worldly development with being on the truth.
The Story of Qarun in Surat Al-Qasas
When Qarun came out with his worldly riches, the people divided into two groups.
فَخَرَجَ عَلَىٰ قَوْمِهِ فِي زِينَتِهِ ۖ قَالَ الَّذِينَ يُرِيدُونَ الْحَيَاةَ الدُّنْيَا يَا لَيْتَ لَنَا مِثْلَ مَا أُوتِيَ قَارُونُ إِنَّهُ لَذُو حَظٍّ عَظِيمٍ
So he came out before his people in his adornment. Those who desired the worldly life said, “Oh, would that we had like what was given to Qarun. Indeed, he is one of great fortune.”
وَقَالَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْعِلْمَ وَيْلَكُمْ ثَوَابُ اللَّهِ خَيْرٌ لِّمَنْ آمَنَ وَعَمِلَ صَالِحًا وَلَا يُلَقَّاهَا إِلَّا الصَّابِرُونَ
But those who had been given knowledge said, “Woe to you! The reward of Allah is better for he who believes and does righteousness. And none are granted it except the patient.”
After this, the reality of Qarun was shown to those who were deceived by him
فَخَسَفْنَا بِهِ وَبِدَارِهِ الْأَرْضَ فَمَا كَانَ لَهُ مِن فِئَةٍ يَنصُرُونَهُ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ وَمَا كَانَ مِنَ الْمُنتَصِرِينَ
And We caused the earth to swallow him and his home. And there was for him no company to aid him other than Allah , nor was he of those who [could] defend themselves.
وَأَصْبَحَ الَّذِينَ تَمَنَّوْا مَكَانَهُ بِالْأَمْسِ يَقُولُونَ وَيْكَأَنَّ اللَّهَ يَبْسُطُ الرِّزْقَ لِمَن يَشَاءُ مِنْ عِبَادِهِ وَيَقْدِرُ ۖ لَوْلَا أَن مَّنَّ اللَّهُ عَلَيْنَا لَخَسَفَ بِنَا ۖ وَيْكَأَنَّهُ لَا يُفْلِحُ الْكَافِرُونَ
And those who had wished for his position the previous day began to say, “Oh, how Allah extends provision to whom He wills of His servants and restricts it! If not that Allah had conferred favor on us, He would have caused it to swallow us. Oh, how the disbelievers do not succeed!”
They previously wished to be like Qarun, but now they came to know that it is Allah who gives and takes, who grants and withholds, who expands and constricts.
The كافر will never be successful – neither in this life, nor in the hereafter. All this progress and civilization we see is nothing. But who knew this fact before the earth swallowed Qarun? Those who had been given knowledge.
But the people of the Dunya didn’t believe until they saw it with their eyes. And this is the state of those who have weak knowledge and faith – they don’t admit until the calamity happens.
Allah mentions two other facts in Verse 83
تِلْكَ الدَّارُ الْآخِرَةُ نَجْعَلُهَا لِلَّذِينَ لَا يُرِيدُونَ عُلُوًّا فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلَا فَسَادًا ۚ وَالْعَاقِبَةُ لِلْمُتَّقِينَ
That home of the Hereafter We assign to those who do not desire exaltedness upon the earth or corruption. And the [best] outcome is for the righteous.
Today the disbelievers may be superior. But it’s a temporary, untrue superiority, and means nothing. The end is for the متقين.
If you really think about it, the disbelievers work day and night in order to invent something. In the end we’re the ones benefitting. We’re at rest and they’re working hard. We get the Dunya and the hereafter – and the hereafter is far better.
The children always want to travel to the disbelievers countries, get certificates there, work there, etc. These facts are an Aqeedah which we need to teach them.
Whoever takes the Jews and Christians as allies or supporters, is one of them, and a ظالم – He’s done something wrong.
Surat Al Ma’ida
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَتَّخِذُوا الْيَهُودَ وَالنَّصَارَىٰ أَوْلِيَاءَ ۘ بَعْضُهُمْ أَوْلِيَاءُ بَعْضٍ ۚ وَمَن يَتَوَلَّهُم مِّنكُمْ فَإِنَّهُ مِنْهُمْ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الظَّالِمِينَ
O you who have believed, do not take the Jews and the Christians as allies. They are [in fact] allies of one another. And whoever is an ally to them among you – then indeed, he is [one] of them. Indeed, Allah guides not the wrongdoing people.
Who takes Jews and Christians as أولياء?
In Verse 52:
فَتَرَى الَّذِينَ فِي قُلُوبِهِم مَّرَضٌ يُسَارِعُونَ فِيهِمْ يَقُولُونَ نَخْشَىٰ أَن تُصِيبَنَا دَائِرَةٌ ۚ فَعَسَى اللَّهُ أَن يَأْتِيَ بِالْفَتْحِ أَوْ أَمْرٍ مِّنْ عِندِهِ فَيُصْبِحُوا عَلَىٰ مَا أَسَرُّوا فِي أَنفُسِهِمْ نَادِمِينَ
So you see those in whose hearts is disease hastening into [association with] them, saying, “We are afraid a misfortune may strike us.” But perhaps Allah will bring conquest or a decision from Him, and they will become, over what they have been concealing within themselves, regretful.
The Hypocrites. They have a disease in their heart -> Love of the Dunya.
Why do they hurry to be friends with the disbelievers? They are afraid that some misfortune or disaster might happen to the country they’re in, so they strengthen their relationship with the disbelievers, so they’ll have something with them in order to be saved.
If you ask them they’ll say, “If something were to happen, we can go back there and live well….”
They seek their worldly interest regardless if Allah is pleased or not with them – as if they know better than Allah. They say they are worried about the future of their children, but what future for your children is there with the disbelievers? We are free of those people.
Allah mentioned the ruling regarding this in Verse 54:
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مَن يَرْتَدَّ مِنكُمْ عَن دِينِهِ فَسَوْفَ يَأْتِي اللَّهُ بِقَوْمٍ يُحِبُّهُمْ وَيُحِبُّونَهُ أَذِلَّةٍ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَعِزَّةٍ عَلَى الْكَافِرِينَ يُجَاهِدُونَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَلَا يَخَافُونَ لَوْمَةَ لَائِمٍ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ فَضْلُ اللَّهِ يُؤْتِيهِ مَن يَشَاءُ ۚ وَاللَّهُ وَاسِعٌ عَلِيمٌ
O you who have believed, whoever of you should revert from his religion – Allah will bring forth [in place of them] a people He will love and who will love Him [who are] humble toward the believers, powerful against the disbelievers; they strive in the cause of Allah and do not fear the blame of a critic. That is the favor of Allah ; He bestows it upon whom He wills. And Allah is all-Encompassing and Knowing.
Whoever does the previous mentioned actions, they’re in danger of falling into apostasy. And if they turn away from the religion of Islam, Allah is in no need of them.
He will bring people He loves, and who love Him. It is easy for Allah to replace an entire nation.
What is the attitude of the true believers?
They are merciful, kind and humble towards each other while they are strong, stern towards the disbelievers.
According to Ibn Abbas, the believers are merciful to each other like the son is merciful to the father, the father to the son, the slave to his master.
Allah, again, says in Verse 57:
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَتَّخِذُوا الَّذِينَ اتَّخَذُوا دِينَكُمْ هُزُوًا وَلَعِبًا مِّنَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ وَالْكُفَّارَ أَوْلِيَاءَ ۚ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ إِن كُنتُم مُّؤْمِنِينَ
O you who have believed, take not those who have taken your religion in ridicule and amusement among the ones who were given the Scripture before you nor the disbelievers as allies. And fear Allah , if you should [truly] be believers.
They laugh at you and take you as a subject of jest. How can you take them as allies?
The scholars said that the verse of apostasy is sandwiched between the verses commanding us not take the disbelievers as allies, to indicate that taking the disbelievers as allies will lead a person to apostasy.
There are many verses in the Qur’an where Allah forbids us to take the disbelievers as allies. It’s prohibition is mentioned almost as much as the prohibition of Shirk. It’s that serious.