The Name of Allah- العزيز has been mentioned in the Qur’an over 90 times. It means that all strength, might, glory, honour, belongs to Allah. He’s dominant over His creation. Nothing can happen without His permission and will. He is perfect in all aspects. Nothing can touch Him with harm. No one can prevent Him from fulfilling His promises. He is unique in His attributes.
When we internalize these facts about Allah, we’d seek honour, glory, support from the One who owns it. He is العزيز, the One who grants the glory, power, victory, and no one else.
Allah defamed the hypocrites in سورة النساء and سورة المائدة for seeking عزة from the disbelievers instead of Allah, and warns us against being like them. If you truly want Allah to honour you, ally with the believers.
This brings us to the topic of:
Because many Muslims don’t understand the concept of الولاء و البراء we find corruption throughout the world and what people call “Jihad”. They don’t understand how we should deal with the disbelievers.
Allegiance is divided into two types:
2) Illegal, which is further divided into two types:
i) كفرية – One that makes a person a كافر
ii) حرام – The Forbidden Allegiance
This person is considered a sinner with Allah.
١) محبة الكفار و اتخاذهم أصدقاء
1) Loving the disbelievers and taking them as friends.
This is clearly prohibited in Surat Al Mujadila Verse 22
لَّا تَجِدُ قَوْمًا يُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ يُوَادُّونَ مَنْ حَادَّ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ وَلَوْ كَانُوا آبَاءَهُمْ أَوْ أَبْنَاءَهُمْ أَوْ إِخْوَانَهُمْ أَوْ عَشِيرَتَهُمْ ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ كَتَبَ فِي قُلُوبِهِمُ الْإِيمَانَ وَأَيَّدَهُم بِرُوحٍ مِّنْهُ ۖ وَيُدْخِلُهُمْ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِن تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا ۚ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمْ وَرَضُوا عَنْهُ ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ حِزْبُ اللَّهِ ۚ أَلَا إِنَّ حِزْبَ اللَّهِ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ
You will not find a people who believe in Allah and the Last Day having affection for those who oppose Allah and His Messenger, even if they were their fathers or their sons or their brothers or their kindred. Those – He has decreed within their hearts faith and supported them with spirit from Him. And We will admit them to gardens beneath which rivers flow, wherein they abide eternally. Allah is pleased with them, and they are pleased with Him – those are the party of Allah . Unquestionably, the party of Allah – they are the successful.
Why is it forbidden?
They’re fighting Allah when they ascribe a partner to Him and claim that He has a wife or son. They’re attributing deficient attributes to Allah, and are thus enemies of Him.
We should seek nearness to Allah by showing hostility to them.
Note: Love for disbelieving parents isn’t included under the prohibition. It’s natural to love your parents, no one can prevent you from that. However, you should be wary of allowing this natural love to exceed the limit, such that this love makes you disobey Allah or commit a sin.
٢) الاستيطان الدائم في بلاد الكفار، فلا يجوز للمسلم الانتقال إلى بلاد الكفار للاستيطان فيها، و لا يجوز له التجنس بجنسيتها و لو كان يستطيع إظهار شعائر دينه فيها إلا في حال الضرورة
2) To not live in their countries, adopt their nationalities, even if you can show your religion openly, except in the state of necessity.
و إذا أسلم الكافر و بلده بلد كفر فإن كان لا يستطيع إظهار شعائر دينه و يستطيع الهجرة وجبت عليه الهجرة إلى بلد من بلاد المسلمين بإجماع أهل العلم
When a disbeliever embraces Islam and can’t practice Islam openly in his country, if he is capable of emigrating to a Muslim country, it’s obligatory upon him to leave. All the Scholars are in consensus regarding this.
Surat An-Nisa Verse 97 and 98
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ تَوَفَّاهُمُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ ظَالِمِي أَنفُسِهِمْ قَالُوا فِيمَ كُنتُمْ ۖ قَالُوا كُنَّا مُسْتَضْعَفِينَ فِي الْأَرْضِ ۚ قَالُوا أَلَمْ تَكُنْ أَرْضُ اللَّهِ وَاسِعَةً فَتُهَاجِرُوا فِيهَا ۚ فَأُولَٰئِكَ مَأْوَاهُمْ جَهَنَّمُ ۖ وَسَاءَتْ مَصِيرًا
Indeed, those whom the angels take [in death] while wronging themselves – [the angels] will say, “In what [condition] were you?” They will say, “We were oppressed in the land.” The angels will say, “Was not the earth of Allah spacious [enough] for you to emigrate therein?” For those, their refuge is Hell – and evil it is as a destination.
إِلَّا الْمُسْتَضْعَفِينَ مِنَ الرِّجَالِ وَالنِّسَاءِ وَالْوِلْدَانِ لَا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ حِيلَةً وَلَا يَهْتَدُونَ سَبِيلًا
Except for the oppressed among men, women and children who cannot devise a plan nor are they directed to a way –
Ibn Kathir said in explanation of these verses, “Those who reside amongst idolaters while able to emigrate, and unable to practice their faith, are committing injustice against themselves and falling into a prohibition”
If the person can practice his religion freely, it becomes desirable for him to emigrate.
If he can call the people around him to Islam and teach them their religion, it’s recommendable for him to stay behind.
٣) السفر إلى بلاد الكفر في غير حال الحاجة، فيحرم على المسلم أن يسافر إليها إلا في حال الحاجة
3) Travelling to a non-Muslim country without a need.
Examples of needs:
1) To travel for Da’wah
3) Medical Treatment
4) Muslim Needs – Like when governments send Ambassadors
5) Studying Worldly Knowledge which isn’t available in Muslim Countries
And if you’re going for a need, you have to fulfill the following conditions:
1) You should have enough religious knowledge. You should know and be familiar with what benefits and what harms; what’s lawful and unlawful.
2) You should be safe from the causes of Fitnah that could afflict your religion and character.
3) You should be able to openly show and practice your religion freely there.
Ibn Uthaymeen spoke about those going for studies in his Fatawa. He said it was permissible, but very risky on the individuals religion. His teachers and those surrounding him will all be non-Muslims, and it’s very likely that he’ll feel an inferiority complex and abandon much of his religion in order to please them. It could cause فتنة for him, and he may be affected by their way of thinking, and adopt their way of life and manners. This has a serious effect on ones religion.
He also added some conditions for the student traveling to non-Muslim countries for education:
1) The student should have a high rank of maturity.
Don’t send your children who are 16,17 years old. Wait till they’re old enough. You’re responsible for what happens to them.
When you send those with minds which are not mature, there’s a great danger on their religion and manners, and they’ll be a bad influence on the rest of the Muslim nation when they come back.
2) The student should have enough religious knowledg such that he is able to distinguish between truth and falsehood.
3) The student should have religion, protecting him from the Kufr and disobedience. Because those who have weak faith will not be safe living there amongst them
4) There is a need for the knowledge he is seeking, which isn’t available in Muslim countries
Travelling to non-Muslim countries for tourism or vacations is strictly forbidden, even if it’s just for one or two days. You’re exposing your religion to danger for no reason.
٤) مشاركة الكفار في أعيادهم الدينية
4) Participating with the disbelievers in their Religious Festivals
All scholars in consensus that this is حرام.
لأن في ذالك إقرارا لعملهم و رضى به و إعانة عليه
In that, you’re giving them a seal of approval of their false religion, being pleased with them, and helping them on it.
Surat Al Ma’idah Verse 2
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تُحِلُّوا شَعَائِرَ اللَّهِ وَلَا الشَّهْرَ الْحَرَامَ وَلَا الْهَدْيَ وَلَا الْقَلَائِدَ وَلَا آمِّينَ الْبَيْتَ الْحَرَامَ يَبْتَغُونَ فَضْلًا مِّن رَّبِّهِمْ وَرِضْوَانًا ۚ وَإِذَا حَلَلْتُمْ فَاصْطَادُوا ۚ وَلَا يَجْرِمَنَّكُمْ شَنَآنُ قَوْمٍ أَن صَدُّوكُمْ عَنِ الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ أَن تَعْتَدُوا ۘ وَتَعَاوَنُوا عَلَى الْبِرِّ وَالتَّقْوَىٰ ۖ وَلَا تَعَاوَنُوا عَلَى الْإِثْمِ وَالْعُدْوَانِ ۚ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ ۖ إِنَّ اللَّهَ شَدِيدُ الْعِقَابِ
O you who have believed, do not violate the rites of Allah or [the sanctity of] the sacred month or [neglect the marking of] the sacrificial animals and garlanding [them] or [violate the safety of] those coming to the Sacred House seeking bounty from their Lord and [His] approval. But when you come out of ihram, then [you may] hunt. And do not let the hatred of a people for having obstructed you from al-Masjid al-Haram lead you to transgress. And cooperate in righteousness and piety, but do not cooperate in sin and aggression. And fear Allah ; indeed, Allah is severe in penalty.
If you’re working with non Muslims and they congratulate you for their festivals, you shouldn’t respond. This isn’t your festival, it’s theirs, and Allah isn’t pleased with it. Nor should you accept invitations to attend these Religious Festivals.
These are all considered forbidden whether a person does it out of courtesy or shyness, because you’re strengthening their falsehood.
Surat Al Kafirun Verse 6
لَكُمْ دِينُكُمْ وَلِيَ دِينِ
For you is your religion, and for me is my religion.”
٥) التشبه بهم فيما هو خاص بهم مما يتميز به الكفار عن المسلمين، فيحرم على المسلم أن يقلدهم في كل ما هو خاص بهم من عبادات و تقاليد أو آداب أو هيئات.
5) To imitate the disbelievers in what is particular to them of acts worship, manners, etc.
They have their own way of living, and we have our own. We are better than them and have our own Islamic Manners, which are stated in the Qur’an and Sunnah.
This doesn’t mean we don’t benefit from their inventions and technology or use their medical instruments, etc. This is not included in imitating their way of life; it’s not particular to them.
٦) اتخاذهم بطانة
6) Taking them as advisors and consultants
Allah mentioned what reforms the نفس in the Qur’an and Sunnah, and the remedy for the sicknesses of the soul. If you go and consult a non-Muslim psychologist or psychiatrist, from where would he advise you? He has no knowledge of the Qur’an and Sunnah.
Surat Ali ‘Imran Verses 118 and 119
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَتَّخِذُوا بِطَانَةً مِّن دُونِكُمْ لَا يَأْلُونَكُمْ خَبَالًا وَدُّوا مَا عَنِتُّمْ قَدْ بَدَتِ الْبَغْضَاءُ مِنْ أَفْوَاهِهِمْ وَمَا تُخْفِي صُدُورُهُمْ أَكْبَرُ ۚ قَدْ بَيَّنَّا لَكُمُ الْآيَاتِ ۖ إِن كُنتُمْ تَعْقِلُونَ
O you who have believed, do not take as intimates those other than yourselves, for they will not spare you [any] ruin. They wish you would have hardship. Hatred has already appeared from their mouths, and what their breasts conceal is greater. We have certainly made clear to you the signs, if you will use reason.
هَا أَنتُمْ أُولَاءِ تُحِبُّونَهُمْ وَلَا يُحِبُّونَكُمْ وَتُؤْمِنُونَ بِالْكِتَابِ كُلِّهِ وَإِذَا لَقُوكُمْ قَالُوا آمَنَّا وَإِذَا خَلَوْا عَضُّوا عَلَيْكُمُ الْأَنَامِلَ مِنَ الْغَيْظِ ۚ قُلْ مُوتُوا بِغَيْظِكُمْ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَلِيمٌ بِذَاتِ الصُّدُورِ
Here you are loving them but they are not loving you, while you believe in the Scripture – all of it. And when they meet you, they say, “We believe.” But when they are alone, they bite their fingertips at you in rage. Say, “Die in your rage. Indeed, Allah is Knowing of that within the breasts.”
٧) الساكن مع الكافر
7) To live with a disbeliever.
This isn’t permissible with the exception of non-Muslim parents, servants, wives, or unless you want to invite the person to Islam, or they’re relatives or neighbours who have rights upon you. Beyond that, it’s forbidden, because non-Muslim friends will undoubtedly have an effect on the religion of the person.
The aforementioned won’t bring a person out of the fold of Islam, but are all حرام. The person committing these actions is considered a sinner.