The Name of Allah Al-‘Aleem العليم [Part 2]
The Name العليم is mentioned 150 times in the Qur’an, and is considered one of the 99 Names of Allah because it has been mentioned in at least one position in the Qur’an without being restricted to anything.
Impacts of The Meaning of the Name of Allah العليم
1) As-Sa’di (رحمه الله)
2) Shaikh Abdur-Razzaq Al-Badr (حفظه الله)
Both of them said:
الذي أحاط علمه بالظواهر و البواطن و الإسرار و الإعلان
The One Whose Knowledge encompasses all the apparent and hidden matters, the secret and the open.
Allah’s Knowledge encompass everything; nothing is hidden from Allah. When you understand this meaning, what is the impact it should have on you?
#1 – Tawheed; You would single Allah out with Perfection in the Attribute of Knowledge
You will affirm Perfect Knowledge to Allah alone. i.e. No one encompasses everything in knowledge except Allah.
#2 – You would Focus on your Heart and its Actions
Our hearts and its actions are hidden, and Allah tells us that He Knows the hidden and the secrets. Allah tells us that His Knowledge encompasses everything; He knows our hearts and our thoughts.
Your belief in the Name of Allah العليم is an important means of reforming your heart and cleaning it from Shirk, Hypocrisy, Riyaa, and all its sicknesses.
The Prophet ﷺ said:
إِنَّ اللَّهَ لاَ يَنْظُرُ إِلَى صُوَرِكُمْ وَأَمْوَالِكُمْ وَلَكِنْ يَنْظُرُ إِلَى قُلُوبِكُمْ وَأَعْمَالِكُمْ
“Verily Allah does not look to your faces and your wealth but He looks to your heart and to your deeds.” [Muslim]
There are people who neglect their hearts and intentions, so they live in this world doing good deeds outwardly, while inwardly, all these deeds are based on Riyaa, Shirk, Showing-Off, Ill Intentions. They are deceived with their good deeds and are busy doing them, that they have no time to check their hearts, and ask themselves: Am I doing this for the sake of Allah or to show off?
If the person really believes that Allah is watching his heart, he will pause and take account of himself and his intention before taking the action.
There are people who neglected their hearts, so they lived in life lying to themselves and people, and on the Day of Judgement Allah will expose their intention in front of everyone.
E.g. A person is keen to show others that she is happy and content in her life and with her husband, while in heart she is unhappy and displeased with Allah and this husband. Allah will not leave her – He will expose her through the situations she goes through. And this is out of Allah’s Mercy. Allah makes the person go through situations in order to reveal the reality of what is established in her heart, to awaken her. If she ignores this, Allah will bring situations again and again. However, if she keeps ignoring and does not consider it as a nurturing of Allah, and blames people and ascribes purity to herself, Allah will seal her heart and insight until she no longer checks her heart and attitude, and she will live like that until she meets Allah. Allah will not let her see the right as right and wrong as wrong; she will see everything upside down.
E.g. A person rejoices at the misfortune of others. A conflict occured, and because of jealousy, she may advise the person while inwardly she is happy. Because of lack of belief in Allah’s Name العليم, she may say good words in the form of advice, while in her heart she is rejoices at the hardship of the person.
On the Day of Judgement, Allah will put a wall between the believers and hypocrites. What did the hypocrites do?
In Surat Al-Hadid [57:14]:
“(The hypocrites) will call the believers: “Were we not with you?” The believers will reply: “Yes! But you led yourselves into temptations, you looked forward for our destruction; you doubted (in Faith); and you were deceived by false desires, till the Command of Allah came to pass. And the chief deceiver (Satan) deceived you in respect of Allah.”
They would tell lies to themselves and the people.
We need to assess ourselves daily regarding every situation we went through that day;-E.g. Allah made them say this word to me, Why?
However, do not allow this to reach the state of Waswaas. There are some who the Shaytan takes into extreme regarding this matter; so they think they are hypocrites and that they do not do anything for the sake of Allah. Do not reach this state, nor neglect yourself. Be moderate; if you feel that you fell into shortcomings ask Allah to forgive and help you. Make Du’a in order to not let the Shaytan overcome you, because if he overcomes you he will make you despair in the Mercy of Allah and leave doing everything altogether.
It is important to check yourself before you take an action, while taking the action, and after taking the action. And always pray to Allah. If you do this, there will be no chance for the Shaytan to mislead and overcome you.
“غرتكم الآماني” – They were deceived by false hopes. They did abundant good deeds believing that they were all accepted by Allah, but because they were not based on sincerity, they were not accepted.
“و غرتكم بالله غرور” – And the Shaytan deceived them, by assuring them that their good deeds are accepted, they are guaranteed Paradise, etc.
In Surah Al-Infitar [82:6]:
“O man! What has made you careless concerning your Lord, the Most Generous?”
This is because he did not know about Allah’s Perfect Attributes. He did not know about Allah’s Perfect Knowledge; that Allah knows the details of our heart and intentions. Therefore, the person became deceived and dealt with Allah with carelessness.
When we deal with Allah, we have to deal with Him with our hearts, not outward deeds.
In Surah Shu’araah [26:87-89], Ibrahim عليه السلام said:
“And disgrace me not on the Day when (all the creatures) will be resurrected”
“The Day whereon neither wealth nor sons will avail,”
“Except him who brings to Allah a clean heart [clean from Shirk (polytheism) and Nifaq (hypocrisy)].”
The Prophet ﷺ used to ask Allah:
“…وَأَسْأَلُكَ قَلْبًا سَلِيمًا وَلِسَانًا صَادِقًا…”
“And I ask You for a sound heart and a truthful tongue”
This is what will benefit you with Allah on the Day of Judgement.
وبالعالم العلوي، و السفلي، بالماضي و الحاضر، و المستقبل، فلا يخفى عليه شيء من الأشياء
He Whose Knowledge encompasses the upper world, the lower world, the affairs of the creation, the past, the present, and the future; nothing is hidden from Him.
The Upper World = The Heavens and all it contains
The Lower World = The Earth and all it contains
Allah Knows what happened, what is happening, and what will happen in the future. He knows everything.
The Qur’an is full of evidences for this statement:
E.g. Surah Al-Qamar [54:49]:
“Verily, We have created all things with Qadar (Divine Preordainments of all things before their creation, as written in the Book of Decrees Al-Lauh Al-Mahfuz)”
Because of Allah’s Perfect Knowledge, 50,000 years before the creation of the heavens and earth, He Created the pen and commanded it to write everything that would happen in detail from that moment until the Day of Judgement. Even you putting your hand on your cheek is written in The Preserved Tablet. And Allah Knew about it before the creation of the heavens and earth, that on this day, on that moment, so-and-so will put her hand on her cheek, and it is inscribed on the Preserved Tablet.
Now, everything happens according to the Will of Allah; No one can repel it. Allah created you and your actions.
E.g. Surah Sad [38:85]:
“That I will fill Hell with you [Iblis (Satan)] and those of them (mankind) that follow you, together.”
Allah is informing Iblis of something that will happen on the Day of Judgement.
E.g. Surah Muzzamil [73:20]:
“Verily, your Lord knows that you do stand (to pray at night) a little less than two-thirds of the night, or half the night, or a third of the night, and so do a party of those with you, And Allah measures the night and the day. He knows that you are unable to pray the whole night, so He has turned to you (in mercy). So, recite you of the Quran as much as may be easy for you. He knows that there will be some among you sick, others travelling through the land, seeking of Allah’s Bounty; yet others fighting in Allah’s Cause. So recite as much of the Quran as may be easy (for you), and perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) and give Zakat, and lend to Allah a goodly loan, and whatever good you send before you for yourselves, (i.e. Nawafil non-obligatory acts of worship: prayers, charity, fasting, Hajj and ‘Umrah, etc.), you will certainly find it with Allah, better and greater in reward. And seek Forgiveness of Allah. Verily, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most-Merciful.”
Allah enjoined Qiyam Al-Layl upon the Prophet ﷺ. Allah informs us that He knows some are unable to pray the whole night, because they are sick, working, engaged in Jihad; therefore recite as much as you can – meaning establish the night with prayer with as much as you can recite of Qur’an.
E.g. Surah Al-Hadid [57:22]:
“No calamity befalls on the earth or in yourselves but is inscribed in the Book of Decrees (Al-Lauh Al-Mahfuz), before We bring it into existence. Verily, that is easy for Allah.”
There is no calamity that befalls you (sufferings, diseases, etc.) or in the land (famine, floods, etc.), except that Allah knew about it before He created the creation. And He Knew what your reaction was going to be before He sent the calamity. But we do not know, and that is our test.
The Prophet ﷺ said:
كَتَبَ اللَّهُ مَقَادِيرَ الْخَلاَئِقِ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَخْلُقَ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالأَرْضَ بِخَمْسِينَ أَلْفَ سَنَةٍ – قَالَ – وَعَرْشُهُ عَلَى الْمَاءِ
“Allah ordained the measures (of quality) of the creation fifty thousand years before He created the heavens and the earth, as His Throne was upon water.” [Muslim #2653]
Your رزق (provision) has already been written and ordained for you by Allah. You will not get more nor less than that.
علم ما كان و ما سيكون، و ما لم يكن أن لو كان كيف يكون
He knows what used to be and what will be, and knows what will not be how it will be (its state it if occurs)
Allah knows how what is never going to happen would be if it happened. There are two examples of this in the Qur’an:
Surah At-Tawbah [9:47]:
“Had they marched out with you, they would have added to you nothing except disorder, and they would have hurried about in your midst (spreading corruption) and sowing sedition among you, and there are some among you who would have listened to them. And Allah is the All-Knower of the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.).”
The Prophet ﷺ called everyone to march out for the Battle of Tabuk, and the hypocrites stayed behind. Allah informs us the wisdom behind making the hypocrites stay behind – they would not have added anything to the believers except disorder.
Do not be sad for whoever Allah makes stay behind from activities. You do not know, if those people come, they may cause disorder and Fitnah فتنة amongst us.
This did not happen – but Allah is informing us that if they had come out, this would have been the result.
Surah Al-Anbiya [21:22]:
“Had there been therein (in the heavens and the earth) gods besides Allah, then verily both would have been ruined. Glorified be Allah, the Lord of the Throne, (High is He) above what they attribute to Him!”
We have One Ilah. If there was another God besides Allah, the whole universe would be ruined. This did not happen and will never happen, but Allah knows the result of even the impossible. Allah’s Knowlesge encompasses everything.
#3 – When you know that Allah Knows the past, present, and future, you will feel at rest towards the Shari’ah of Allah
People say, “In the past they used to travel on camels, we have planes. Nowadays the woman needs to work, it is not like in the past, we live in the 21st Century…..”
People who say these words do not believe in the Name of Allah العليم. Whatever Allah has ordained and legislated for us is applicable to all people until the Day of Judgement, because Allah, the All-Knower legislated it. He Knows what will happen in the future.
If one follows what Allah commanded him with, he will attain every good in his life. And if one opposes the command of Allah, he will not attain any good in his life. Good comes in obeying Allah.
E.g. The Prophet ﷺ said:
“The brother in law is death” [Bukhari]
It is not allowed for a man to enter upon the wife of his brother. But people give excuses saying, “When I married his brother he was a little boy, and I took care of him, I am old…etc” in order to make the unlawful lawful. Allah Knows about the consequences of the matter which you deem impossible. Allah Knows, otherwise He would not legislate that. How can you judge the decision and Shari’ah of the Lawmaker with your deficient mind? This indicates lack of belief in the Name of Allah العليم.
Ruling: Deficiency in Action is due to Deficiency in Faith
Lack of belief that Allah’s Knowledge encompasses everything, makes a person measure everything with his logic. He does not believe that Allah is العليم so he judges everything in the Shari’ah and chooses what to act upon.
So do not allow your daughter in law to sit with her brother in laws, saying we are one family and have no feelings. You do not know what is in the heart of people, the woman is still a Fitnah for the man. Especially nowadays, where a 60 year old woman looks young. Do not judge the laws of Allah with your mind. This indicates the weak belief of the person.
Posted on November 27, 2016, in Allah's Names and Attributes, The Name of Allaah Al-'Aleem and tagged Al-'Aleem [Part 2], islam, knowledge, Knowledge of Allah. Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.