The Fruits of Tawheed (Part 5)
Beneficial Knowledge is the knowledge which increases our faith, purifies our hearts, and corrects our Tawheed.
The Angels encircle assemblies where Allah is being remembered, because the people of that gathering come out of their homes for one purpose; that is to learn about Allah, to know their Lord by His Names and Attributes and to come closer to Him.
The assemblies of Halaal and Haraam (i.e. Fiqh) are also included in these, because it is the belief of these people that made them gather to learn about the Halaal and Haraam. They believe that their Lord is الملك, who legislated laws, and whose Laws are perfect. As an honour, Allah created these Angels, and bestows His Mercy upon them, and forgives their sins. All these blessings are because of their belief in Allah.
The impact of sitting in the assemblies of remembrance of Allah is an increase in faith. And we should always be concerned about correcting our ‘Aqeedah and increasing our faith, because it will be weighed on the Day of Judgement. On the Day of Judgement Allah will ask us about our Belief in Him, Our Belief in the Messengers, etc. We want to be of those who testify with the Prophets against their people.
The Prophet ﷺ said:
“Noah and his nation will come (on the Day of Resurrection and Allah will ask (Noah), “Did you convey (the Message)?’ He will reply, ‘Yes, O my Lord!’ Then Allah will ask Noah’s nation, ‘Did Noah convey My Message to you?’ They will reply, ‘No, no prophet came to us.’ Then Allah will ask Noah, ‘Who will stand a witness for you?’ He will reply, ‘Muhammad and his followers (will stand witness for me).’ So, I and my followers will stand as witnesses for him (that he conveyed Allah’s Message).” That is, (the interpretation) of the Statement of Allah: “Thus we have made you a just and the best nation that you might be witnesses Over mankind ..” (2.143)” [Bukhari #3339]
Your belief in the Messengers now will make you of those who testify for them. But if you do not know who they are, why they were sent, what their message was, how can you be a witness for them on the Day of Judgement? We have to increase our faith now whilst in this Dunya in order to see the effect of that on the Day of Judgement.
What we are going to face from the moment of our death until the last abode are severe, horrible, difficult moments.
The Prophet ﷺ said:
“…By Allah, though I am Allah’s Messenger ﷺ I neither know what will happen to me, nor to you…” [Bukhari #7018]
And this is the Prophet ﷺ, the best of all Messengers. What about us? The religion is easy, what is required from us is easy, but we make it difficult for ourselves.
The Prophet ﷺ said,
“Recognize and acknowledge Allah in times of ease and prosperity, and He will remember you in times of adversity.” [40 Hadith Nawawi]
Regardless of what personal difficulty you are going through in your life, it is nothing compared to the difficulty on the Day of Judgement. We are in prosperity now, so take advantage of your life to increase your belief in Allah and the Day of Judgement, in order for Allah to remember and show us mercy on that day.
We want to be the person who loves to meet Allah when the Angel of Death comes to take his soul. But only the person who was engaged in life learning about Allah, wanting to please Him, will be happy to meet Allah when the Angels come to take his soul.
We do not want to be the person, who at the time of death, dislikes to meet Allah, so Allah dislikes to meet him. So we have to increase our faith now, to prepare ourselves for that difficult time, which we are all going to face. Not everyone will be saved on the Day of Judgement; only particular people. Those who had faith, and proved their faith by actions.
The Prophet ﷺ said:
“There was a man among those who came before you who thought badly of his deeds, so when death was approaching he said to his family: ‘When I am dead, burn my body and grind up my bones, then scatter me in the sea, for if Allah gets hold of me, He will never forgive me.’ But Allah commanded the angles to seize his soul. He said to him: ‘What made you do what you did?’ He said: ‘O Lord, I only did it because I feared You.’ So Allah forgave him.” [An-Nasaa’i #2080]
He did that out of his fear of meeting Allah. This person did not give Allah His due estimate; that Allah is Able to bring him back to life, even if he is particles of dust. Because of his fear of Allah, Allah forgave him.
The Prophet ﷺ said:
‘A man killed ninety-nine people, then the idea of repentance occurred to him. He asked who was the most knowledgeable of people on earth, and he was told of a man so he went to him and said: “I have killed ninety-nine people. Can I repent?” He said: “After ninety-nine people?!” He said: ‘So he drew his sword and killed him, thus completing one hundred. Then the idea of repentance occurred to him (again), so he asked who was the most knowledgeable of people, and he was told of a man (so he went to him) and said: “I have killed one hundred people. Can I repent?” He said: “Woe to you, what is stopping you from repenting? Leave the evil town where you are living and go to a good town, such and such town and worship your Lord there.” So he went out, heading for the good town, but death came to him on the road. The angels of mercy and angels of punishment argued over him. Iblis (Satan) said: “I have more right to him, for he never disobeyed me for a moment.” But the angels of mercy said: “He went out repenting.” (One of the narrators) Hammam said: “Humaid At-Tawil narrated to me from Bakr bin Abdullah that Abu Rafi said: ‘So Allah sent an angel to whom they referred (the case). He said: “Look and see which of the two towns was he closer, and put him with its people.” (One of the narrators) Qatadah said: “Hasan narrated to us: ‘When death came to him he strove and drew closer to the good town, and farther away from the evil town, so they put him with the people of the good town.” [Ibn Majah #2622]
He sought forgiveness from Allah and left his land, hoping to start a new life, but in the middle of the way he died. He killed 99 souls, but Allah forgave all the sins he committed, because of his belief.
This is how Allah deals with us. He will deal with you the way you think He will deal with you.
Surah As-Saaffaat, Verse 87 :
فَمَا ظَنُّكُم بِرَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ
Then what is your thought about the Lord of the worlds?
What do you expect from your Lord? If you expect good, you will receive good from Him.
The matter of faith is not something trivial or unimportant. We have to focus on our faith day and night, because we will meet Allah with this belief on the Day of Judgement.
When the believer is asked the questions in the grave, he will say:
‘He is Muhammad Allah’s Messengerﷺ who had come to us with clear evidences and guidance and so we accepted his teachings and followed him. And he is Muhammad.’ And he will repeat it thrice. Then the angels will say to him, ‘Sleep in peace as we have come to know that you were a faithful believer.’ [Bukhari #86]
But to whom will this be said? The person who has faith with certainty. Faith is not a matter of tongue; we should act upon this belief. And Allah will deal with you according to that in this world and in the next.
Correct belief should motivate the person to take the correct action.
We should have a daily portion where we learn one piece of information about Allah, whether it is from the Qur’an or Hadith, and live it in our lives. This is how your faith will increase day by day.
الإيمان has fruits, as As-Sa’di mentioned:
7) The seventh fruits is that Allah guides one to the Straight Path
We ask Allah for guidance to the straight path in our reciting of Surah Al-Fatihah every single day.
The believer receives calamities with contentment and patience and blessings with gratitude. When you see yourself with contentment, peace, and patience at times of calamity, then know this is from Allah’s Guidance. When you see yourself thanking Allah when receiving good, know that no one guided you to that except Allah. This is from the impacts of guidance to the Siraat Al-Mustaqeem.
Surah Yunus, Verse 9:
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ يَهْدِيهِمْ رَبُّهُم بِإِيمَانِهِمْ ۖ تَجْرِي مِن تَحْتِهِمُ الْأَنْهَارُ فِي جَنَّاتِ النَّعِيمِ
Verily, those who believe [in the Oneness of Allah along with the six articles of Faith, i.e. to believe in Allah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, Day of Resurrection, and Al-Qadr (Divine Pre-ordainments) – Islamic Monotheism], and do deeds of righteousness, their Lord will guide them through their Faith; under them will flow rivers in the Gardens of delight (Paradise).
Allah guides the believer in the details of his life; He guides the believer to the right statements, the right actions, the right behaviour.
This life is full of decision making, and we will make the correct decision when Allah guides us.
When Allah takes you into His Wilayah, and loves you, He will be your sense of seeing with which you see, your sense of hearing with which you hear, etc. Allah will guide you to what He is pleased with in all your affairs.
Strong faith will benefit the person in his walk to Allah. Allah will never detain any good from that believer; Allah will never disgrace Him; Allah will never let him down. Allah will not let the Shaytan overpower the person, but that is if his faith is strong. Allah will prevent the Shaytan from making the person confused, distracted and from behave wrongly.
Because of Umar رضي الله عنه’s strong faith, the Shaytan would take another path out of fear of him.
The Prophet ﷺ said regarding Ammar Ibn Yaasir رضي الله عنهما:
“Ammars heart overflows with faith (Literally, up to the top of his bones).'” [Ibn Majah]
All the companions of the Prophet ﷺ reached the peak of faith in their lives, which is why the Shaytan could never overpower them.
Ali Ibn Abi Taalib رضي الله عنه reported:
“I swear by Allah that Ammar Ibn Yasir fought against both humans and jinn during the life of the Prophet ﷺ. People said: “We know how he fought against humans, so how did he fight against jinn?
Ali رضي الله عنه said: “We were with the Prophet ﷺ on a journey and he told ‘Ammar to go get some water. So ‘Ammar رضي الله عنه went to get the water, but a devil, in the form of a black slave, appeared and prevented him from getting the water. ‘Ammar wrestled with him and brought him to the ground. Satan said: “Let me go and I will let you get the water.” ‘Ammar let him go, but again Satan prevented him from reaching the water. This happened three times, and the fourth time, Satan allowed ‘Ammar to get to the water. The Prophet ﷺ then told us: “Satan has assumed the form of a black slave and prevented ‘Ammar from having water, but Allah helped Ammar ‘defeat him.” ‘ Ali رضي الله عنه said: “When ‘Ammar came back we met him, saying: ‘Well done’Ammar, the Prophet ﷺ told us what happened to you.” Then ‘Ammar said: “I swear by Allah if I had known that he was a devil I would have killed him – I would have throttled him were it not for his bad smell.” [Sahih, reported by Abu ash-Sheikh in “AI-Adhamah” (1107), Ibn Sa’d in his “Tabaqaat” (3/179) and Al-Bayhaqi’s “Dala’i! an-Nubuwwah” (7/124) and at-Tabarani in “Mujma’ az-Zawa’id’ (9/293).]
The Shaytan plays with us; we need strong faith in order to overpower him. The person wants to give charity, and the Shaytan comes and makes him afraid of poverty. He wants to fast, the Shaytan reminds him of tiredness and sickness. This is our struggle with the Shaytan. If our faith was strong, the Shaytan would never come to distract us from doing good.
As-Sa’di mentioned the types of guidance in his Tafseer:
Their Lord will guide them by their faith, He will
1) He will teach them what benefits them
2) Bless them with actions that arise from this guidance
3) Allah will guide them to ponder over His signs
4) Allah will guide them to the Straight Path in this World, and in the Hereafter Allah will guide them to their homes in Paradise. This is based on the verse in Surah Muhammed.
Surah Tagabun Verse 11
مَا أَصَابَ مِن مُّصِيبَةٍ إِلَّا بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ ۗ وَمَن يُؤْمِن بِاللَّهِ يَهْدِ قَلْبَهُ ۚ وَاللَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ
No calamity befalls, but with the Leave [i.e. decision and Qadar (Divine Preordainments)] of Allah, and whosoever believes in Allah, He guides his heart [to the true Faith with certainty, i.e. what has befallen him was already written for him by Allah from the Qadar (Divine Preordainments)], and Allah is the All-Knower of everything.
Whoever believes that Allah decreed the calamity, knows Allah is Merciful, that He is Ra’oof and Wadud, that there is good behind the calamity, then Allah will guide his heart. Allah will give him peace of mind, rest in his heart, and pleasure.
He did not choose the calamity, but he received it with الإيمان.
The Impact of Allah’s Guidance on the Person who says “اهدنا الصراط المستقيم”
Ibn AlQayyim said:
1) There are Matters which the Person did in the Past without Knowledge. (I.e. The person committed sins ignorantly). Out of Allah’s Guidance, He will make him Remember these Sins and Guide him to Repent from them, in order for Allah to remove that sin from his record.
2) There are Matters which one knows the Basics, and General Information, but does not know the Details of. Allah will Guide him to Know the Details.
E.g. The person knows Islam generally; that he has to pray and fast, but he does not know beyond that. Out of Allah’s Guidance, He will guide him to the details of knowlege.
3) There are Matters in which one is Guided to one Aspect of but not the Other Aspects. Allah will Guide him to know the Matter from All Aspects.
E.g. He knows Tawakkul, but he does not know how to make Tawakkul, or the connection between taking the means with Tawakkul. Allah will guide him to know all the aspects of that matter.
4) There are Matters which one needs Guidance in the Future
E.g. The person may be performing a good deed, and is afraid of stopping in the future. When the person says, “اهدنا الصراط المستقيم” Allah will make him continue to do the good deed for the rest of his life; He will keep that person firm on the right path.
5) There are Matters the Person Thinks Wrongly about; Contrary to what Allah wants. Allah will Guide him to Think Correctly.
E.g. He thinks that no matter how nice he is to people, people will not respect him anyway. Out of Allah’s Guidance, Allah will guide him to be good because he is dealing with Allah, and to wait for the reward from Allah, not people.
6) There are Matters which the Person Knows about, and is Able to do, but he is Weak in Resolution.
E.g. He knows Qiyam Al-Layl is good. Out of Allah’s Guidance, Allah will enable him to take that action.
E.g. He knows of the virtues of the last third of the night, that Allah Descends and Asks:
“Who supplicates Me so that I may answer him? Who asks Me so that I may give to him? Who asks Me forgiveness so that I may forgive him?” [Muslim #758]
But he does not get up for the late night prayer. If he says, “اهدنا الصراط المستقيم” from his heart, Allah will enable him to get up.
7) There are Matters the Person is Unable to do, although he is Willing to Do Them.
E.g. The person has old, moody parents, whom nothing pleases. He wants to be dutiful to them, but he does not know what to do. Out of Allah’s Guidance, He will enable him to do good and be dutiful to his parents.
8) There are Matters the Person is Unable to do and has no Will to do. Allah will guide him to Perform Them and Give him Strong Will.
E.g. He believes that remembrance of Allah is a good deed, but he does not have the will to do it and is unable to. Allah will guide him to remember Allah and make him one of the “ذاكرين الله كثيرة”
9) There are Matters the Person Performs with Knowledge, Good Intention, Diligence, but he needs الثبات (Firmness). Out of Allah’s Guidance, Allah will keep him firm.
When will you attain these? When you say “اهدنا الصراط المستقيم – “Ihdeena as-sirat-al mustaqeem” truthfully and sincerely from your heart. We say this many times but we need to bring all these matters in front of our eyes.