The Name of Allah – Al ‘Aleem العليم [Part 6]

And Allah mentioned that His Knowledge encompasses the secrets, the open, the unseen, and the seen.

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Ibn Uthaymeen رحمه الله said that the heart is always concerned and intending to do things. It either is preoccupied with intending good, or preoccupied with intending evil.

The Prophet ﷺ said:

“إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَتَبَ الْحَسَنَاتِ وَالسَّيِّئَاتِ، ثُمَّ بَيَّنَ ذَلِكَ

“Allah ordered (the appointed angels over you) that the good and the bad deeds be written, and He then showed (the way) how (to write).

فَمَنْ هَمَّ بِحَسَنَةٍ فَلَمْ يَعْمَلْهَا كَتَبَهَا اللَّهُ لَهُ عِنْدَهُ حَسَنَةً كَامِلَةً، 

If somebody intends to do a good deed and he does not do it, then Allah will write for him a full good deed (in his account with Him);

e.g. He wants to perform ablution to recite the Quran. If he does not do it, regardless if it is intentional or unintentional, it will be written as a good deed for him.

فَإِنْ هُوَ هَمَّ بِهَا فَعَمِلَهَا كَتَبَهَا اللَّهُ لَهُ عِنْدَهُ عَشْرَ حَسَنَاتٍ إِلَى سَبْعِمِائَةِ ضِعْفٍ إِلَى أَضْعَافٍ كَثِيرَةٍ،

and if he intends to do a good deed and actually did it, then Allah will write for him (in his account) with Him (its reward equal) from ten to seven hundred times to many more times: 

The difference in reward is according to how much sincerity the person has and how much he follows the Sunnah. Ibn Othaimeen رحمه الله said that the more sincere a person is, and the more he follows the Sunnah, the more his reward will be. The less his sincerity, the less he follows the Sunnah, the less reward he will get. This is why the reward varies between people, although they may have performed the same deed.

وَمَنْ هَمَّ بِسَيِّئَةٍ فَلَمْ يَعْمَلْهَا كَتَبَهَا اللَّهُ لَهُ عِنْدَهُ حَسَنَةً كَامِلَةً

and if somebody intended to do a bad deed and he does not do it, then Allah will write a full good deed (in his account) with Him, 

In another narration it states “he does not do it out of fear of Allah”

Therefore, if a person wanted to do bad, but abandoned it out of fear of Allah, Allah will write it as a good deed.

فَإِنْ هُوَ هَمَّ بِهَا فَعَمِلَهَا كَتَبَهَا اللَّهُ لَهُ سَيِّئَةً وَاحِدَةً

and if he intended to do it (a bad deed) and actually did it, then Allah will write one bad deed (in his account) .” [Bukhari #6491] 

Also if someone resolved to do a bad deed, but failed to do it although he tried, a bad deed is written in his account.

e.g. He intended to steal, but was not able to because he could not open the safe or the police caught him. His reward is equal to the person who already performed the bad deed, the evidence is  the Hadith below:

عَنْ أَبِي مُوسَى، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ ” إِذَا الْتَقَى الْمُسْلِمَانِ بِسَيْفَيْهِمَا فَالْقَاتِلُ وَالْمَقْتُولُ فِي النَّارِ ” . قَالُوا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ هَذَا الْقَاتِلُ فَمَا بَالُ الْمَقْتُولِ قَالَ ” إِنَّهُ أَرَادَ قَتْلَ صَاحِبِهِ ”

It was narrated from Abu Musa that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “When two Muslims confront one another with their swords, both the killer and the slain will be in Hell.” They said: “O Messenger of Allah, (we understand about) this killer, but what is wrong with the one who is slain?” He said: “He wanted to kill his companion.’” [Ibn Majah #3964] 

We should always intend to do good. Intend to go for Hajj, to Umrah, etc. because even if you do not, you will have a reward for your intention. It does not cost you much; do not be miserly with yourself. The hearts of the righteous are always boiling with good intentions, whereas the hearts of the wicked are always boiling with bad intentions.

This is a commerce with Allah. The more good intentions you have, the more prosperous your business will be with Allah.

d) Surah Al-Baqarah [2:235]

“And there is no sin on you if you make a hint of betrothal or conceal it in yourself, Allah knows that you will remember them, but do not make a promise of contract with them in secret except that you speak an honourable saying according to the Islamic law (e.g. you can say to her, “If one finds a wife like you, he will be happy”). And do not consummate the marriage until the term prescribed is fulfilled. And know that Allah knows what is in your minds, so fear Him. And know that Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Forbearing.”

This is about a man who wants to propose to a woman who is in her Iddah after her husband died.

“عرّضتم”

– تعريض – Hint / Indirect Reference

You cannot directly ask her to marry you, but you can hint.

“واعلموا أن الله يعلم في انفسكم فاحذروا”

This is a severe warning from Allah. Allah Knows what is inside your inner self, so you should beware of Allah. This should frighten us. We should be careful of Allah; we should fear His Punishment.

“واعلموا أنّ الله غفور حليم”

And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Forbearing.

Allah knows what we are hiding in our hearts. Do not directly propose to the woman in her Iddah or make a contract with her secretly. Even if no one knows, Allah is the All Knower of the secrets. When her Iddah finishes, you are allowed to directly propose.

The person who is aware that Allah knows what is in his and not be deceived by the praise of the people. He will not rejoice nor think highly of himself when people praise him.

e) Surah Tawbah [9:78]:

“Know they not that Allah knows their secret ideas, and their Najwa (secret counsels), and that Allah is the All-Knower of the unseen.”

In the previous verses:

“And of them are some who made a covenant with Allah (saying): “If He bestowed on us of His Bounty, we will verily, give Sadaqah (Zakat and voluntary charity in Allah’s Cause) and will be certainly among those who are righteous.”

“Then when He gave them of His Bounty, they became niggardly [refused to pay the Sadaqah (Zakat or voluntary charity)], and turned away, averse.”

“So He punished them by putting hypocrisy into their hearts till the Day whereon they shall meet Him, because they broke that (covenant with Allah) which they had promised Him and because they used to tell lies.”

The context of the above verses is about the hypocrites. They made a covenant with Allah, saying that if Allah gave them of His bounty, they would spend out of it. Then Allah gave them, but they broke that covenant. Allah then punished them by putting hypocrisy in their hearts until the Day they meet Him. Then, Allah said in Verse 78:

“Know they not that Allah knows their secret ideas, and their Najwa (secret counsels), and that Allah is the All-Knower of the unseen.”

The hypocrites have lack of knowledge about Allah’s Knowledge and Awareness. This is why they showed something contrary to what was concealed in their hearts.  They thought they could deceive Allah.

Note: When Allah’s decrees descend upon someone and it is a severe calamity, we should not look at its severity. We should instead look at the Mercy of Allah in that situation, regardless if the person is a sinner or a righteous person.

When Allah sends the Qadar on the sinner, we should not say he does not deserve it, it is unfair, etc. because the One who decreed that affliction upon him is more Merciful than us. Because, when Allah, the Merciful, decreed it for that person, He did so for a wisdom. He is العليم الحكيم

e.g. A man deals with Riba. Allah afflicts him with loss of all properties so he has no money to feed himself or his family. Allah wills to purify him from his sin, and wills to make him quit that sin, to protect him from Hellfire, whose punishment is severer than this calamity.

Allah Knows best why He is afflicting him with that calamity. In it is a mercy from Allah; to purify him from his sins. It is good for him; if he shows patience.

Similarly, If the person is righteous we should not say that he does not deserve it. How do you know? You do not know what Allah wills for that person. If the person is really righteous this calamity will elevate him in ranks. Allah does not want him to be in a low degree in Paradise; he wants him to be in a higher degree.

If we meet anyone whom Allah has afflicted, we should help him be patient. Help him by encouraging him to have hope in Allah, by invoking for him in his absence, asking Allah to relieve him, cure him, remove the calamity.

You are commanded to be patient and endure that calamity patiently, and you will be rewarded abundantly. You may be protected from entering Hellfire because of that calamity. “والله يعلم و أنتم لا تعلمون” – Allah Knows and you do not know. Be patient, wait for the relief, even if you wait your entire life. This life is not important, what is important is the Day of Judgement. Perhaps this calamity you hate, will be a means from protecting you from Hellfire, a means of elevation of ranks with you in Paradise, a means of attaining Allah’s Pleasure and Pardon.

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The Enlightenment into Islam Center is a community of sisters who aim to please Allah by seeking knowledge and calling the people (Muslims as well as non-Muslims) to Tawheed and obedience to Allah by spreading the true knowledge of Islam based on the Qur'an and the Sunnah.

Posted on February 18, 2017, in Allah's Names and Attributes, The Name of Allaah Al-'Aleem and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

Jazakom Allaahu khayr, any comments?

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