The Name of Allah – Al ‘Aleem العليم [Part 9]
The Name العليم Al- ‘Aleem is profusely mentioned in the context of good deeds. This is in order to encourage people to perfect the good deeds they perform. Many people may perform good deeds such as charity, but do not perfect it due to the fact that they are heedless that Allah knows about their deeds.
Allah uses the Name العليم Al ‘Aleem in the context of encouraging us to spend, perform Jihad, and also in the context of repentance, as mentioned previously.
1- The Name العليم in the Context of التوكل (Reliance on Allah)
In Surah Al-Anfal [8:61]:
“But if they incline to peace, you also incline to it, and (put your) trust in Allah. Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower.”
At-Tawakkul التوكل is in the heart, and it is to put trust in Allah and rely on Him when you want to do something good or repel harm from yourself, by taking the means. At-Tawakkul التوكل is not an action of the tongue, but the heart, therefore no one knows it except Allah.
2- The Name العليم in the Context of الإستعاذة (Seeking Refuge with Allah)
In Surah Al-A’raaf [7:200]:
“And if an evil whisper comes to you from Shaitan (Satan) then seek refuge with Allah. Verily, He is All-Hearer, All-Knower.”
If the Shaytan suggests evil suggestions in the heart of the believer, or adorns evil, or disheartens him from performing good deeds, or frightens him, or makes him commit sins and obey him in what he suggests – you should seek refuge with Allah. Say I seek refuge in Allah, The All-Seer, All- Knower from the Shaytan, the accursed devil أعوذ بالله السميع العليم من الشيطان الرجيم
Allah knows your statement, your need, and your fear. الإستعاذة will not be correct and effective unless the person feels that he is running to his resort. Allah knows if you are really afraid and running to Him. Many people say, “I say أعوذ بالله but the Shaytan is still there.” Your إستعاذة should be based on fear from what you are running from, along with the feeling that no one can protect you except Allah. If you have all these feelings and say the إستعاذة, it will be correct, and Allah will protect you.
Most of these good deeds are based on the heart. And Allah العليم knows about the heart. That is why the Name العليم is mostly mentioned in the context of the actions of the heart. And even if it is mentioned in the context of the actions of the limbs, actions of the limbs are based on the heart. Allah knows if you are showing off when you give your charity.
3- The Name العليم in the Context of Sins
In Surah An-Nisa [4:111]:
“And whoever earns sin, he earns it only against himself. And Allah is Ever All-Knowing, All-Wise.”
Allah knows about the sin which you have committed.
In Surah An-Nisa [4:148]:
“Allah does not like that the evil should be uttered in public except by him who has been wronged. And Allah is Ever All-Hearer, All-Knower.”
Allah does not like if you speak openly about your sins. There are people who expose their sins very easily, such as telling people that they did not wake up for Fajr.
In Surah An-Nisa [4:170]:
“O mankind! Verily, there has come to you the Messenger (Muhammad) with the truth from your Lord, so believe in him, it is better for you. But if you disbelieve, then certainly to Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth. And Allah is Ever All-Knowing, All-Wise.”
Allah warns us from Kufr.
In Surah Al-Baqarah [2:181]:
“Then whoever changes the bequest after hearing it, the sin shall be on those who make the change. Truly, Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower.”
4- The Name العليم in the context of the ظالمين (Wrongdoers
In Surah Al-Baqarah [2:246]:
“Have you not thought about the group of the Children of Israel after (the time of) Musa (Moses)? When they said to a Prophet of theirs, “Appoint for us a king and we will fight in Allah’s Way.” He said, “Would you then refrain from fighting, if fighting was prescribed for you?” They said, “Why should we not fight in Allah’s Way while we have been driven out of our homes and our children (families have been taken as captives)?” But when fighting was ordered for them, they turned away, all except a few of them. And Allah is All-Aware of the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers).”
In Surah Al-Baqarah [2:283]:
“And if you are on a journey and cannot find a scribe, then let there be a pledge taken (mortgaging); then if one of you entrust the other, let the one who is entrusted discharge his trust (faithfully), and let him be afraid of Allah, his Lord. And conceal not the evidence for he, who hides it, surely his heart is sinful. And Allah is All-Knower of what you do.”
In Surah An-Nahl [16:91], Allah said regarding those who break covenants:
“And fulfill the Covenant of Allah (Bai’a: pledge for Islam) when you have covenanted, and break not the oaths after you have confirmed them, and indeed you have appointed Allah your surety. Verily! Allah knows what you do.”
This is to tell us: Beware, Allah knows about your sins.
The Name العليم comes in the context of good deeds to encourage people, and comes in the context of bad deeds to warn people. This means that there is no good deed you do, and no sin you avoid, but Allah knows about it, and He will recompense you for it – good with good, and evil with evil.
This means that we should not be concerned with the appreciation or evaluation of people. Do not be upset or worried, Allah knows. You may work harder than anyone else, but it is enough for you that Allah knows what you are doing, and He will appreciate it and recompense you for it.
If you really believe in the Name العليم, it will make you a sincere person, who is only satisfied with Allah’s Pleasure. You will only be concerned about Allah’s pleasure and you will only perfect your deed for the sake of Allah, and not the sake of the people. Being aware of Allah’s vast knowledge reforms ones manners.
It grants a person Taqwa and is a means of reforming and purifying our hearts from every sin and sickness such as Hypocrisy, Riyaa, Pride, Envy, etc.
In Surah At-Taghabun [64:4]:
“He knows what is in the heavens and on earth, and He knows what you conceal and what you reveal. And Allah is the All-Knower of what is in the breasts (of men).”
In the Quran, Allah mentioned “عليم بذات الصدور” eleven times. This is a comprehensive word which entails all what the breasts comprises of feelings.
ذات in Arabic means the Companion. All what is established in the heart of beliefs, intentions, wills, sicknesses, accompany the breast. Allah knows about all this.
Ibn Jarir رحمه الله said, “Our Lord! You are the All-Knowing of all what was and what is going to be, and the All-Knower of all that is hidden of all your Creation”
He added saying, “Indeed Allah has knowledge of all what is concealed in the breasts of His creation of belief and disbelief, truth and falsehood, good and evil” [At-Tabari 1/175]
We are therefore commanded with Taqwa of Allah, because Allah knows what is accompanying our hearts of sins, wills, intention.
In Surah Al-Maa’idah [5:7]:
“And remember Allah’s Favour upon you and His Covenant with which He bound you when you said: “We hear and we obey.” And fear Allah. Verily, Allah is All-Knower of the secrets of (your) breasts.”
“واذكروا نعمة الله عليكم”
We should remember the favours of Allah with our tongue and heart. The blessings of Allah could be worldly or religious. When you remember the blessings of Allah, you will always thank Him for them, and remember His Ihsan upon you. It will be a means of removal of self conceit, because you will never attribute the blessing to yourself. You will attribute everything to Allah. It is therefore good to always remember Allah’s blessings with tongue and heart. Say: This is from the Bounty of Allah “هاذا من فضل الله”
“و ميثاقه الذي واثقكم به إذ قلتم سمعنا و أطعنا”
The covenant is to believe and obey Allah and His Messenger ﷺ.
“وتقوا الله إن الله عليم بذات الصدور”
Fear Allah, because He knows what is accompanying your breasts. He knows what is in your heart all day and night, and this is dangerous, especially if what is accompanying your heart is something evil. If you have a grudge for example, and think of it day and night, Allah is عليم بذات الصدور. So fear Allah.
Allah is just when He recompenses His servants because He knows their secrets and hidden affairs.
In Surah Az-Zumar [39:7]:
“If you disbelieve, then verily, Allah is not in need of you, He likes not disbelief for His slaves. And if you are grateful (by being believers), He is pleased therewith for you. No bearer of burdens shall bear the burden of another. Then to your Lord is your return, so He will inform you what you used to do. Verily, He is the All-Knower of that which is in (men’s) breasts.”
When Allah mentioned عليم بذات الصدور, He mentioned “و إليه ترجعون” (and to Him you will return).
What will help you purify your heart? Knowing that you will return to Allah one day.
Posted on March 25, 2017, in Allah's Names and Attributes, The Name of Allaah Al-'Aleem and tagged Al Aleem, All-Knower, Allaah's Names, Allaah's Names and attributes, EIIC, enlightenment into Islam center Kuwait, Knowledge of Allah, Sins. Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.