Preparing for Ramadan – Heart & Soul (Part 4)

One of the greatest blessings of Allah upon us is that Allah teaches us about His Noble Self. He chooses from among His servants and teaches them about Himself.

Sha’ban is the month in which the deeds are raised to Allah, and a month in which the Prophet (ﷺ) used to fast.

عن أبي موسى الأشعري عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال : ” إن الله ليطلع في ليلة النصف من شعبان فيغفر لجميع خلقه إلا لمشرك أو مشاحن

It was narrated from bu Moosa al-Ash’ari that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “Allaah looks down on the night of the fifteenth of Sha’ban and forgives all his creation except a mushrik or one who harbors hatred against the Muslims.” [Ibn Maajah, 1390]

مشرك Mushrik = The one who associates partners with Allah in worship 

مشاحن Mushahin = The one who holds grudges in his heart

If we believe with certainty that this happens, then it should motivate us to take action. This is a warning for us to clear our hearts of hatred, malice, and grudges against other Muslims.

Allah says in Surat al-Hashr [59:10]:

“And those who came after them say: ‘Our Lord! Forgive us and our brethren who have preceded us in Faith, and put not in our hearts any hatred against those who have believed. Our Lord! You are indeed full of kindness, Most Merciful.’”

This verse pertains to the distribution of the booty (spoils of war) which the Muslims acquire without war (i.e. Fai’). In this verse Allah mentions those who are entitled to it, and then mentions the supplication of those who come after the Muhajiroon and Ansar:

ربنا إغفرلنا و لإخواننا الذين سبقونا بالإيمان” – Our Lord, Forgive us and our Brethren who have preceded us in Faith

Shaikh As-Sa’dee (رحمه الله) said in his Tafseer:

و هذا دعاء شامل لجميع المؤمنين، السابقين من الصحابة و من قبلهم و من بعدهم، و هذا من فضائل الإيمان أن المؤمنين ينتفع بعضهم ببعض و يدعو بعضهم لبعض بسبب المشاركة في الإيمان

This supplication comprises all of the believers, the foremost from the Companions, and those before them and after them. And this is the virtue of Al-Iman (Faith); that the believers benefit from and supplicate for each other, due to the fact that they share the same faith.

This is a comprehensive Du’a. The common factor between you and other believers is the faith إيمان. Having faith requires you to love your brothers and sisters, and to invoke for them; as one can benefit his brothers and sisters in faith by including them in his Du’a.

و لا تجعل في قلوبنا غلا للذين آمنوا” – And do not put in our hearts any hatred against those who have believed

و لهذا ذكر الله في الدعاء نفي الغل عن القلب ،الشامل لقليل الغل و كثيرة الذي إذا انتفى ثبت ضده، و هو المحبة بين المؤمنين و الموالاة و النصح و نحو ذالك مما هو من حقوق المؤمنين.

Allah mentioned, in this supplication, a negation of hatred in the heart, which entails hatred in both little and big amounts. If it is negated, then its opposite is affirmed, which is love between the believers, friendship and sincerity, and similar to that from what is from the rights of the believers.

This means that we should be asking Allah to put love in our hearts for our brothers and sisters in faith. If we really are true believers, we should love one another. Supplicating for one another is an indication that we care for and love each other and want good for them. It indicates one’s belief. How often do we include our brothers and sisters in our Du’a?

The Prophet (ﷺ) said:

دعوة المرء المسلم لأخيه بظهر الغيب مستجابة، عند رأسه ملك موكل كلما دعا لأخيه بخير قال الملك الموكل به‏:‏ آمين، ولك بمثل‏

The supplication of a Muslim for his (Muslim) brother in his absence will certainly be answered. Everytime he makes a supplication for good for his brother, the angel appointed for this particular task says: ‘Ameen! May it be for you too.’” [Muslim]

Shaikh As-Sa’dee (رحمه الله) said:

…..ووصفهم بالإقرار بالذنوب و الإستغفار منها واستغفر بعضهم لبعض و اجتهادهم في إزالة الغل و الحقد عن قلوبهم لإخوانهم المؤمنين لأن دعاءهم بذالك مستلزم لما ذكرنا و متضمن لمحبة بعضهم بعضا و أن يحب أحدهم لأخيه ما يحب لنفسه و أن ينصح له حاضرا و غائبا حيّا و ميتا و دلت الآية الكريمة {على} أن هذا من جملة حقوق المؤمنين بعضهم لبعض.

….And He attributed them with acknowledging their sins and asking Allah to forgive them, asking Allah’s forgiveness for one another, and to struggle to remove hatred and malice from their hearts for their believing brothers. That is because their supplication necessitates what we have mentioned and it comprises love for each other, and loving for his brother what he loves for himself, and sincerity to his brother when present, absent, alive, and dead, and the word (على) in the honorable verse indicates that it is from the rights of the believers to one another.

Those people mentioned above could include your husband, your brother, your neighbor, anyone. We should make Du’a for them, not fight them or have resentment in our hearts towards them. This supplication indicates that we have to strive hard to remove all traces of resentment from our hearts. And one of the means of removing resentment is praying for them. It is one of the rights of the believers on each other to make Du’a for them. We should include all the believers in our supplication.

ربنا إنك رؤوف رحيم” – Our Lord, You are indeed full of kindness, Most Merciful

Shaikh As-Sa’dee (رحمه الله) says:

ثم ختموا دعاهم باسمين كريمين دالين على كمال رحمة الله و شدة رأفته و إحسانه بهم الذي من جملته بل من أجله توفيقهم للقيام بحقوق الله و حقوق عباده

Then they concluded their supplication with two Honorable Names, indicating the perfection of the Mercy of Allah and His Great Compassion and Goodness with them, which is from His Guidance with them in establishing the Rights of Allah and the rights of His slaves.

You are imploring Allah by His compassion and mercy to guide us to fulfill His Rights and the rights of our brothers and sisters in Islam. Allah guides the believers as how to fulfill His Rights and the rights of the Muslims.

One of the Salaf used to say that the best virtues to have are soundness of the heart, giving advice to the Ummah, and a generous soul. And the best among the Muslims is the one who forgives and pardons.

The Prophet (ﷺ) said:

 لاَ يَحِلُّ لِمُسْلِمٍ أَنْ يَهْجُرَ أَخَاهُ فَوْقَ ثَلاَثَةِ أَيَّامٍ يَلْتَقِيَانِ فَيُعْرِضُ هَذَا وَيُعْرِضُ هَذَا وَخَيْرُهُمَا الَّذِي يَبْدَأُ بِالسَّلاَمِ

It is not allowable for a Muslim to keep apart from his brother for more than three days. When they meet, this turns away from him, and that turns away from him. The better of the two is the one who initiates in salutation.” [Sunan Abu Dawud]

We should take this opportunity to be among those whose sins will be forgiven by Allah. We need our sins to be forgiven when we enter the month of Ramadan in order for us to have strong faith to worship (Ibadah) in Ramadan. If we enter Ramadan with sins, it will be a burden on us when fasting and praying. The best of the sinners are those who repent. We should take advantage of this opportunity and start a new page with Allah.

The Prophet (ﷺ) said:

‏ إِذَا دَخَلَ رَمَضَانُ فُتِّحَتْ أَبْوَابُ الْجَنَّةِ، وَغُلِّقَتْ أَبْوَابُ جَهَنَّمَ، وَسُلْسِلَتِ الشَّيَاطِينُ ‏

When the month of Ramadan comes, the gates of Paradise are opened and the gates of the (Hell) Fire are closed, and the devils are chained.” [Al-Bukhari]

It either means that the gates of Paradise are really open, and this is the view of the majority and the correct opinion, and As-Suyooti said it also may mean that Allah opens all the acts of obedience available to enter Paradise.

In this month (Sha’ban), the gates are closed. We have to knock on the door profusely in Sha’ban.

Abu ad-Dardaa’ said: من يكثر الدعاء عند الرخاء يستجاب له عند البلاء و من يكثر قرع الباب يفتح له

“Whoever makes plenty of supplications in times of ease will be responded to in times of calamity, and whoever knocks profusely on the door, it will be opened for him. “

Invoke Allah profusely, for the gate will open for whoever knocks a great deal.

  • Knock on the door with repentance. When you ask for forgiveness after performing any good deed, you are asking Allah to rectify any deficiencies in the act of worship and to give you the full reward of that deed.

Even when you are leaving an Islamic gathering, it is Sunnah to say the following before you get up:

 سبحانك اللهم وبحمدك أشهد أن لا اله الا أنت أستغفرك و أتوب إليك

Subhaanaka Allahumma wa bi hamdika Ash-hadu an Laa ilaha illa anta as taghfiruka wa atoobu ilaik

If you have any deficiency in your act of worship, Allah will forgive you and give you the full reward. We have to knock profusely on the door of Paradise during this month of Sha’ban, until the gate of Paradise is opened for us in the month of Ramadan.

  • We also have to remember Allah a great deal. If you do not train yourself to perform acts of worship now, it will be very difficult to perform them in the month of Ramadan. Seclude yourself from people and cry to Allah for the abundant sins you have. These teardrops will be a means of forgiveness for your sins and a shade on the Day of Judgment.
  • We should also recite the Qur’an profusely. We should recite it, understand it, ponder over it, and act upon it. If you have memorized a portion of it, review your memorization. Ibn Baaz and Ibn ‘Uthaimeen (رحمهما الله) said that it is permissible for the person who is praying Tahajjud alone in the house to hold the Qur’an and read from it in his night prayer. But it is even better to recite from your memorization.
  • Another way of preparing for Ramadan is by acquiring knowledge about the verdicts of fasting, the virtue of Ramadan, reading the Ahadeeth related to Ramadan, etc. By doing this, you show Allah that you care for this month. If you are truthful, Allah will be with you in the month of Ramadan.
  • Prepare your family by teaching them about the virtues of the month of Ramadan and fasting, and also of the Sunan practiced in Ramadan, the verdicts of fasting, etc. Share whatever you learn with your family. 

 

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About Enlightenment into Islam Center

The Enlightenment into Islam Center is a community of sisters who aim to please Allah by seeking knowledge and calling the people (Muslims as well as non-Muslims) to Tawheed and obedience to Allah by spreading the true knowledge of Islam based on the Qur'an and the Sunnah.

Posted on May 24, 2017, in Ramadan, Uncategorized and tagged , , . Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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