Preparing for Ramadan (Part 5)

One of the things that will increase our faith before we enter the month of Ramadan is to study the Ahadeeth that are particular to this blessed month.

In one such Hadeeth the Prophet (ﷺ) said:

إذا جاء رضان فتحت أبواب الجنة، وغلقت أبواب النار، وصفدت الشياطين

When Ramadan begins, the gates of Jannah (Paradise) are opened, the gates of Hell are closed, and the devils are chained.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Explanation of the Hadeeth:

As the sun sets on the last day of Sha’ban, the gates of Paradise are opened. The scholars say that the gates of Paradise will actually be opened and the gates of Hellfire will actually be closed; a true opening and closing. It is required from Muslims to believe that the gates of Paradise will be opened and the gates of Hellfire will be closed.

Some scholars like Al-Baaji said that the opening of the gates of Paradise means abundant forgiveness, elevation in ranks, and the giving of abundant reward; while As-Suyooti, when explaining Sunan an-Nasaa’i said: “The gates of mercy are opened. This most probably refers to Allah opening the acts of obedience for His servants which are a means of entering Paradise. The closing of the gates of Hell means the diverting of intentions from committing sins which lead people to Hell.” [End quote]

All these interpretations are correct.  

The gates of Paradise are opened to encourage the good-doers to increase in the performance of acts of obedience. We advise everyone to do all the good deeds that one can in the month of Ramadan, because this is the only month in which the gates of Paradise are opened.

However, only the believers among the Muslims will be occupied with the performance of good deeds. This is why belief is a very important matter. Only the believers who truly believe with certainty will be engaged in the performance of abundant good deeds and avoid sins during the month of Ramadan. Belief with certainty motivates the believer to take action.

  • Knowledge about Paradise and Hell should be part of ones belief in the Day of Judgment. When one studies about Paradise and Hell, he is increasing his belief in the Day of Judgment.
  • Knowledge about Paradise and Hell is a means of softening one’s heart. One’s heart will be ready to accept the facts of faith and increase in faith.

The soft heart does not refer to a person that watches a film and cries; rather, the person with a soft heart is the person who when he hears about Paradise, Hell and Allah, his faith increases. This is what indicates the softness of a person’s heart.

As for the person with a hard heart, no matter how much he hears about the facts of faith, it has no effect on him.

We need to enter the month of Ramadan with soft hearts. The first thing that will happen in Ramadan is that the gates of Paradise will be opened and the gates of Hell will be closed, so if we do not know about Paradise and Hell, how will we be motivated to perform good deeds with Eemaan الايمان (Faith) and Ihtisaab إحتساب (Hoping for the reward)?

Allah informs us in the Qur’an that on the Day of Judgment, people will be of only two categories: فريق في الجنة و فريق في السَّعير – A party will be in Paradise and a party will be in the blazing Fire.

In Surat ash-Shura [42:7]:

And thus We have inspired unto you [O Muhammad (Salla-Allahu ‘alayhi wa sallam)] a Qur’an (in Arabic) that you may warn the Mother of the Towns (Makkah) and all around it. And warn of the Day of Assembling, of which there is no doubt, when a party will be in Paradise (those who believed in Allah and followed what Allah’s Messenger brought them) and a party in the blazing Fire (Hell) (those who disbelieved in Allah and followed not what Allah’s Messenger brought them).”

وكذالك أوحينا إليك قرءانا عربيا” – Allah revealed the Qur’an in Arabic to the Prophet (ﷺ).

What is the wisdom behind revealing the Qur’an in the Arabic language?

لتنذر أم القرى و من حولها

1) In order to warn the Mother of the Towns (Makkah) and all around it

و تنذر يوم الجمع لا ريب فيه

2) In order to warn of the Day of Assembling, in which there is no doubt

Then Allah says:

فريق في الجنة و فريق في سعير”

A party will be in Jannah (Paradise), a party will be in the blazing Fire.

Notice that this verse does not mention a third category. There is no third category.

From which category will we be? Will we be from the party of Paradise or the latter?

If we want to be from the party of the People of Paradise, we should know about Paradise itself; what it comprises of delights and the deeds that lead to it. If you do not know about Jannah (Paradise) in detail, how do you expect to be among its people? Most Muslims only know about Jannah generally – that it is magnificent gardens, eternal happiness with only bliss. We should know and believe in Paradise in its every detail.

We believe that on the Day of Judgment, a party will be in Paradise, and a party will be in the blazing Fire.

Everyone wants to be in Paradise, but how truthful are we in seeking it? One has to take the means of entering Jannah – and the first step is having a detailed knowledge of it. Because we do not have knowledge of it, we have weak motivation and weak good deeds; deeds without a soul. The true believer’s heart opens with the gates of Paradise in Ramadan.

The Qur’an and the Sunnah are the two sources from which we know about Jannah in detail.

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ لِرَجُلٍ “ مَا تَقُولُ فِي الصَّلاَةِ ” . قَالَ أَتَشَهَّدُ ثُمَّ أَسْأَلُ اللَّهَ الْجَنَّةَ وَأَعُوذُ بِهِ مِنَ النَّارِ أَمَا وَاللَّهِ مَا أُحْسِنُ دَنْدَنَتَكَ وَلاَ دَنْدَنَةَ مُعَاذٍ . فَقَالَ “حَوْلَهُمَا نُدَنْدِنُ    

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said to a man: “What do you say during your Salat?” He said: “The Tashahhud, then I ask Allah for Paradise and I seek refuge in Him from Hell, but I do not understand what you and Mu’adh murmur (during Salat).” He (ﷺ) said: “Our murmuring revolves around the same things.” [Ibn Majah]

دندنة Dandana is what we say with our tongues and intend with our hearts.

All our supplications revolve around Paradise and Hell. E.g. we ask Allah’s protection from Fitnah. This is so we are protected from Hellfire and enter into Paradise, which should be our greatest goal.

Paradise is not one garden; it is many gardens, and it is the abode of the People of Belief.

On the Day of Judgment, Allah’s Attributes will be clearly shown to the entire creation. Allah, by His pardoning, will make the believers cross As-Siraat (the bridge) which will be set over the Hellfire on the Day of Judgment. Allah will save them (believers) from falling into Hellfire by His pardon (‘Afuw عفو). When the believers cross the Siraat by Allah’s pardon, Allah will admit them into Paradise by His Mercy (Rahmatuh رحمته). When they enter Paradise they will take their position in Paradise according to Allah’s graciousness and bounty (Fadl فضل).

Allah is Al-‘Afuw العفوا; He is the One Who overlooks the evil deeds. For the person who either abandons an obligatory act or commits a sin, Allah, by His Pardon will overlook these sins and make it easy for him to cross the Siraat.

After the Siraat, Allah will enter them (believers) into Paradise by His Mercy, as in the Hadeeth of the Prophet (ﷺ):

لَنْ يُدْخِلَ أَحَدًا عَمَلُهُ الْجَنَّةَ “. قَالُوا وَلاَ أَنْتَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ قَالَ “ لاَ، وَلاَ أَنَا إِلاَّ أَنْ يَتَغَمَّدَنِي اللَّهُ بِفَضْلٍ وَرَحْمَةٍ

“The good deeds of any person will not cause him to enter Paradise.” (I.e. none can enter Paradise through his good deeds.) They (the Prophet’s Companions) said: ‘Not even you, O Messenger of Allah (ﷺ)?’ He said: “Not even myself, unless Allah bestows His favor and mercy on me.” [Al-Bukhari]

Everyone will then take his place in Paradise according to the bounty (Fadl- فضل) of Allah.

Allah deals with the believers with His Name Al-Ghafoor, Ash-Shakur غفور شكور. He is Ghafoor غفور in forgiving their sins and shortcomings, and will give them the reward of the full deed. Then, Allah will multiply the reward of that good deed manifold, because He is Ash-Shakur شكور.

Allah’s Attributes will be clearly shown to everyone, and specifically to the believers on the Day of Judgment. Knowing this, our attitudes should be different while we are in this Dunya; we should take advantage of every virtuous time to supplicate to Allah asking for His Pardon. Every good starts with ‘Afuw Allah عفو الله. If Allah pardons you, everything good will follow it. And what is better than Ramadan as an opportunity for the believers to ask Allah for His Pardon العفوا?

That is why, when ‘Aishah (رضي الله عنها) asked the Prophet (ﷺ) what to say if she thought it was Laylatul-Qadr, he told her to say only one thing:

اللهم إنك عفو تحب العفو فاعفُ عني

Allahumma innaka ‘afuwwun, tuhibbul-‘afwa, fa’fu ‘anni (O Allah, You are Most Forgiving, and You love forgiveness; so forgive me). [At-Tirmithi]

He taught this to ‘Aishah and Many Muslim women are concerned about their period in the last 10 days of Ramadan and the fact that they will not be able to go to the Masjid. The most important thing you should be concerned about is that Allah forgives you and pardons you. The Prophet (ﷺ) guided us to ask Allah for His Ghafoor (Pardon العفو). Put all your sins in front of you and ask Allah to pardon you. It is not about praying in a certain Masjid, for a certain number of hours, with a specific Imam.

Allah gives more than three chances for forgiveness in the month of Ramadan.

The Prophet (ﷺ) said: من صام رمضان إيمانًا واحتسابًا، غفر له ما تقدم من ذنب

“He who observes fasting during the month of Ramadan with Faith while seeking its reward from Allah, will have his past sins forgiven.” [Bukhari and Muslim]

من قام رمضان إيمانًا واحتسابًا غفر له ما تقدم من ذنبه

“He who observes optional prayer (Taraweeh prayers) throughout Ramadan, out of sincerity of Faith and in the hope of earning reward will have his past sins pardoned.”[Bukhari and Muslim]

من قام ليلة القدر إيمانا واحتسابًا غفر له ما تقدم من ذنبه

“He who performs Qiyam during Lailatul-Qadr (Night of Decree), with Faith and being hopeful of Allah’s reward, will have his former sins forgiven.” [Bukhari and Muslim]

If you are not forgiven in the month of Ramadan, then what life are you living? If Allah deals with you with His pardoning, then this is the beginning of every good.

Say this supplication profusely in your prostration, while you are closest to Allah. This should be our state in this Dunya, in order that Allah will deal with us with His pardoning in the Hereafter.

How will the state of the People of Hell be on the Day of Judgment? What was the state of the People of Hell in the Dunya that made them deserve the Hellfire?

In Surat an-Naba [78:27-30]:

“For verily, they used not to look for a reckoning.”

They never hoped for reward Hisaab حساب from Allah on the Day of Judgment. They were not keen or eager for any reward in the Hereafter. They did not perform any good deeds in this Dunya. They do not care or hope for any punishment or reward on the Day of Judgment. There are among Muslims who neglect their prayers, sleeping the whole day during the month of Ramadan. They do work towards attaining rewards. لا يرجون حسابا.

If a person expects reward حساب from Allah, he would not waste his time in the Dunya. Rather he would be diligent in performing good deeds.

In other words: Whoever hopes for a reward حساب on the Day of Judgment will be engaged in performing good deeds because he hopes for something on the Day of Judgment. He will be committed ملتزم; abiding by the law of Allah, performing good deeds, and not committing sins.

“But they belied Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, and that which our Prophet [Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) brought] completely.”

Ramadan is a great chance for attaining Allah’s forgiveness. So when this blessed month starts, we should clear our hearts from every worldly occupation and fill it with the aim to attain Paradise – Jannah, Allah, the reward, etc. Leave the people of the Dunya and the work of the Dunya and try to focus on the Hereafter.

In this Dunya we have to always covet eagerly for the reward of Allah. We should focus on attaining Allah’s pardon and mercy.

The state of the disbelievers is that they do not hope for reward from Allah -لا يرجون حسابا

The state of the believers is that they hope for the reward from Allah – يرجون حسابا  This is why they perform good deeds.

Jannah is not one, it is many gardens, as mentioned by Al-Bukhari in Kitab Ar-Riqaq. It is of different degrees, each person’s degree is according to his level of faith and Tawheed. The more you fulfill the Tawheed (Monotheism), the higher your rank will be in Paradise. At the end of the verses, Allah mentions their recompense:

“So taste you (the results of your evil actions); no increase shall We give you, except in torment.”

Shaikh As-Sa’di (رحمه الله) said:

{فلن نزيدكم إلا عذابا} و كل وقت و حين يزداد عذابهم و هذه الآية أشد الآيات في شدة عذاب أهل النار

The longer the time passes the more severe their punishment will become. Indeed, this verse contains the most severe description of the punishment designated for the people of the Fire. [Tayseer al-Kareem]

For the people of Paradise, the delight increases day by day; i.e. today’s delight will be better than yesterday’s. As for the people of Hell, their punishment increases day by day; the punishment will not stop at one level, it continues to increase. And the people of Hell will remain in Hell forever.

We have to stop at the verses where Allah talks about Hell and Paradise and reflect over the meaning.

The Names of Paradise

Allah has called Paradise with different names. And it is believed that whenever something has many names, it indicates its greatness and magnificence. Every name has a description, and every description has certain people for it.

#1 – دار السلام – The Abode of Peace

This is mentioned in two verses in the Holy Qur’an:

a) Surah Yunus [10:24-25]:

“Verily the likeness of (this) worldly life is as the water (rain) which We send down from the sky, so by it arises the intermingled produce of the earth of which men and cattle eat until when the earth is clad with its adornments and is beautified, and its people think that they have all the powers of disposal over it, Our Command reaches it by night or by day and We make it like a clean-mown harvest, as if it had not flourished yesterday! Thus do We explain the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, laws, etc.) in detail for the people who reflect.”

Allah describes the worldly life in this verse, and at the end of the parable, He mentions that He made it a clean mown harvest as if it had not flourished yesterday.

This is the state of the gardens of the Dunya and the state of any worldly matter. It becomes beautiful, flourishes, and then when the command of Allah suddenly comes, it is destroyed as if it had not flourished before.

Then in verse 25, Allah says:

“Allah calls to the Home of Peace (i.e. Paradise, by accepting Allah’s religion of Islamic Monotheism and by doing righteous good deeds and abstaining from polytheism and evil deeds) and guides whom He wills to a Straight Path.”

Allah calls all His servants to the Home of Peace – دار السلام; the Abode of Peace and soundness. But is it everyone that will enter it?

و يهدي من يشاء إلى الصراط المستقيم” – And guides whomever He wills to the Straight Path

Not everyone will enter it. Allah, by His Knowledge and Wisdom, knows who deserves it. He called everyone to it, but guides whomever He wills to it. It is out of Allah’s Grace, Wisdom, and Justice that He chooses whomever He wills to enter دار السلام.

Shaikh As-Sa’di (رحمه الله) said:

و سمى الله الجنة “دار السلام” لسلامتها من جميع الآفات و نقائص و ذالك لكمال نعيمها و تمامه و بقائه و حسنه من كل وجه

Allah called Paradise Darrussalam دار السلام because

  • of its soundness from any deficiency
  • of its perfect and complete delight.
  • it is eternal
  • it is beautiful in all aspects. Paradise reaches the utmost in beauty.

Comparing Paradise to the Dunya:

1) It is not free of every deficiency at all.

E.g. if the husband is good, the children will give a hard time. If the children are good, the husband gives a hard time. If the husband and children are good, the in-laws give you a hard time. If the husband and children and in-laws are good, the neighbors give you a hard time.

2) Do not look for perfection in this world, because there is no perfection in it.

Allah mentioned the Dunya first in order that our hearts be directed to the Abode of Peace دارالسلام, not the Dunya. One should not complain if things are not perfect; this is the state of the Dunya. One should have hope for Dar-us-Salam دار السلام. That same husband will be good in Jannah, those children will be good in Jannah, if Allah has written for you to be with them.

3) The delight of the Dunya is temporary and full of pain. If you enjoy one hour, then there are twenty-three hours of sadness. The delights of the Dunya are surrounded with grief, concern, worries; whether it is food, drinks, clothes, etc.

Mothers are always looking for husbands for their children. When the proposal comes they are happy. After that they are concerned from the moment the couple gets married, to when they have children, to when they have grandchildren. One time they are happy and the rest of the life they are unhappy. The delight of the Dunya is like this; it is surrounded with pain, worries, concern, problems. This is the حال الدنيا (state of the Dunya). Many people look for rest in the Dunya, but there is no rest in this Dunya.

If you are looking for rest in this world, you are mistaken. Rest is not here; it is in Jannah. We have to understand the fact about this life. It is the abode of trials, tests, worries, anxieties. The Dunya is not دار السلام. If you really believe this, you will be at rest. Whenever you see any problem, you’ll overlook it, because it is the state of the Dunya. You will not stay crying over the Dunya. We need to cry when we miss opportunities of doing good in the Dunya, when we miss Tahajjud, when we miss a day that we could have fasted.

4) If you see anything beautiful in the Dunya, then know that eventually it will turn into ugliness. A person is beautiful now. Later she will become old and her beauty will come to an end. This Dunya is the abode of deficiency.

Allah mentioned this in order that our hearts do not become attached to the Dunya, but to دار السلام. We need to remind ourselves of these facts.

After Allah told us about Jannah, you may be yearning to be in it. What should you do to enter it?

In verse 26:

“For those who have done good is the best (reward, i.e. Paradise) and even more (i.e. having the honor of glancing at the Countenance of Allah) Neither darkness nor dust nor any humiliating disgrace shall cover their faces. They are the dwellers of Paradise, they will abide therein forever.”

الإحسان has two meanings:

1) Doing Good

2) Perfection

We should perform good deeds with perfection.

Shaikh As-Sa’di (رحمه الله) explained this verse saying:

{للذين أحسنوا الحسنى و زيادة} أي: للذين آحسنوا في عبادة الخالق بأن عبدوه على وجه المراقبة و النصيحة في عبوديتة و قاموا بما قدروا عليه منها و أحسنوا إلى عباد الله بما يقدرون عليه من الإحسان القولي و الفعلي من بذل الإحسان المالي و الإحسان البدني و الأمر بالمعروف و النهي عن المنكر و تعليم الجاهلين و نصيحة المعرضين و غير ذالك من وجوه البر و الإحسان

Ihsan is of two types:

1) In worshipping Allah

We should worship our Creator with Ihsan, by believing that He is watchful over us, and perform our deeds with sincerity, and perform deeds of righteousness as much as we are able to.

2) With the creation

This is with statement and action.

a) Statement is by saying good, i.e. keeping silent if you have nothing good to say, etc; enjoining good and forbidding evil.

b) Actions here means the good deeds performed by the limbs – starting with those near to you than to those far. ]

 Surah al-An’am [6:126-127]:

“And this is the Path of your Lord (the Qur’an and Islam) leading Straight. We have detailed Our Revelations for a people who take heed.”

“For them will be the home of peace (Paradise) with their Lord. And He will be their Waliy (Helper and Protector) because of what they used to do.”

There is a difference between this position and the position in Surah Yunus. Who is Dar-us-salam دار السلام for?

قوم يذكرون” – a people who take heed

Shaikh As-Sa’di (رحمه الله) said: فإنهم الذين علموا فانتفعوا بعلمهم و أعد الله لهم الجزاء الجزيل و الأجر الجميل

They are those who learn and benefit from their knowledge. Accordingly, Allah prepared for them an abundant and beautiful reward (i.e. دار السلام)

{لهم دار السلام عند ربهم} و سُميت الجنة دار السلام لسلامتها من كل عيب وآفة و كدر و هم و غم و غير ذالك من المنغصات و يلزم من ذالك أن يكون نعيمها في غاية الكمال و نهاية التمام بحيث لا يقدر على وصفه الواصفون و لا يتمنى فوقه المتمنون من نعيم الروح و القلب و البدن و لهم فيها ما تشتهيه الأنفس وتلذ الأعين و هم فيه خالدون.

Paradise is called دار السلام because it is free of every fault, bitterness, worry, sorrow, etc. This entails that the bounties and blessings of Paradise are on the highest level of perfection, to the extent that none of those who describe it are able to describe it perfectly, nor can the wishes of the wish-makers surpass it. It contains pleasures for the soul, the heart, and the body; and for them they will have therein whatever they wish for, and what will give delight to their eyes, and they will abide therein eternally.

و هو وليهم بما كانوا يعلمون” – And He will be their Waliy because of what they used to do.

If Allah is your Waliy, what will He do for you?

{و هو وليهم} الذي يتولى تدبيرهم و تربيتهم و لطف بهم في جميع أمورهم وأعانهم على طاعته و يسر لهم كل سبب موصل إلى محبته

He manages their  (believers) lives, nurtures them, treats them with kindness and benevolence in all their affairs, aids them in His obedience, and makes every path that leads to His love easy for them.

What did they do so that they deserved the ولاية of Allah?

و إنما تولاهم بسبب أعمالهم الصالحة و مقدماتهم التي قصدوا بها رضا مولاهم

And He only takes them into His guardianship because of their good deeds and what they perform in order to gain His pleasure

The believers who go to Dar-us-salam دار السلام do good deeds and make Allah their Waliy in this world.

E.g. If they are sick and cannot pray the night prayer, Allah will help them pray it.

Allah will make the path that leads to His love easy for them. He will guide them to every deed through which they will attain the love of Allah. These are those whom Allah will be their Waliy and who will enter Dar-us-salam  دار السلام.

In Surat al-Baqarah [2:257]:

“Allah is the Waliy (Protector or Guardian) of those who believe. He brings them out from darkness into light. But as for those who disbelieve, their Auliyaa’ (supporters and helpers) are Taghut [false deities and false leaders, etc.], they bring them out from light into darkness. Those are the dwellers of the Fire, and they will abide therein forever.”

We have to strengthen our faith in order for Allah to be our Waliy.

There are people who seek Allah’s Wilaya, and others whom the Shayateen are their Waliy.

In verse 128:

“And on the Day when He will gather them (all) together (and say): “O you assembly of jinn! Many did you mislead of men,” and their Auliyaa’ (friends and helpers, etc.) amongst men will say: “Our Lord! We benefited one from the other, but now we have reached our appointed term which You did appoint for us.” He will say: “The Fire be your dwelling-place, you will dwell therein forever, except as Allah may will. Certainly your Lord is All-Wise, All-Knowing.”

The Jinn are Awliyaa’ to the men and the men are Awliyaa’ to the Jinn.

Shaikh As-Sa’di (رحمه الله) said:

أي: جميع الثقلين مِن الإنس و الجن من ضَل منهم و من أضل غيره

This refers to all those among the Jinn and men who misguided themselves and misguided others.

#2 – الجنة الخلد 

In Surat al-Furqaan (25:15-16):

“Say: [O Muhammad (ﷺ)] ‘Is that (torment) better or the Paradise of Eternity promised to the Muttaqun (pious and righteous people – see V.2:2)?’ It will be theirs as a reward and as a final destination.”

The Muttaqeen are the pious who fear Allaah and love Allaah much; they do what Allaah commanded and stay away from what Allaah has forbidden. They put a barrier between themselves and the punishment of Allaah.

“For them there will be therein all that they desire, and they will abide (there forever). It is a promise binding upon your Lord that must be fulfilled.”

They will live there forever and no one can make them leave it. In Surat al-Hijr (15:48), Allaah says:

“No sense of fatigue shall touch them, nor shall they (ever) be asked to leave it.”

The disbelievers also have Hellfire as دار الخلد. In Surat al-Fussilat (41:28), Allaah says:

“That is the recompense of the enemies of Allaah: The Fire, therein will be for them the eternal home, a (deserving) recompense for that they used to deny Our Ayaat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.).”

#3 – Dar-ul-Muqamu دار المقامة 

In Surat Faatir (35:34-35):

“And they will say: ‘All the praises and thanks be to Allaah, Who has removed from us (all) grief. Verily, our Lord is indeed Oft-Forgiving, Most Ready to appreciate (good deeds and to recompense).’”

“Who, out of His Grace, has lodged us in a home that will last forever; there, toil will not touch us, nor will weariness touch us.”

When the People of Jannah enter Jannah they will say الحمد لله الذي أذهبنا عنا الحزن – All praise and thanks be to Allaah, who has removed from us grief. This indicates that this world is دار الحزن Dar-ul-Huzn (The abode of grief). The Dunya is full of fatigue and Lughub لغوب  and Nusub نصب.

Who will be admitted into دار المقامة Dar-ul-Muqamu and say this? In verses 29 and 30:

“Verily, those who recite the Book of Allaah (this Qur’an), and perform As-Salaat (Iqamat as-Salaat), and spend (in charity) out of what We have provided for them, secretly and openly, hope for a (sure) trade gain that will never perish.”

“إن الذين يتلون كتاب الله”

تلاوة القرآن Tilawatul Qur’an is following the Qur’an. In Surat ash-Shams (91:2), Allaah says:

“And by the moon as it follows it (the sun);”

Shaikh As-Sa’di (رحمه الله) said:

أي: يتبعونه في أوامره فيمتثلونها، و في نواهيه فيتركوننا، و في أخباره فيصدقونها، و يعتقدونها، و لا يقدمون عليه من خالفه من الأقوال و يتلون أيضا ألفاظه بدراسته و معانيه بتتبعها و استخراجها

They recite the Qur’an, follow its commands, abstain from its prohibitions, believe in its news, and they do not precede the statement of anyone over the Statement of Allaah. They understand the meaning, ponder over it, and act upon it.

“و أقاموا الصلاة و أنفقوا مما رزقناهم سرا و علانية”

ثم خَصمن التلاوة بعد ما عّم، الصلاة التي هي عماد الدين ونور المسلمين و ميزان الإيمان و علامة صدق الإسلام

Then He specified the prayer from At-Tilawah after the general statement, which is the pillar of faith, the light of the Muslims, the scale of faith, and the sign of the truthfulness of ones Islam.

Allaah commands us to pray and give charity in the Qur’an, and it is emphasized in this verse, although the believers already do it. The prayer is a scale to measure your faith – if you want to measure your faith, check your prayer. It is a light for the believer in the Dunya, in his grave, and on the Day of Judgment. 

والنفقة على الاقارب و المساكين و اليتامى و غيرهم من الزكاة و الكفارات و النذور و الصدقات في جميع الأوقات

And spending on their relatives, on the poor, on the orphan, and others from Zakaat, expiation, vows, charity, in all times.

Spending in both secret and open indicates sincerity. 

يرجون تجارة لن تبور” – Hope for a sure trade gain which will never perish. 

This all indicates their sincerity. When one follows the Qur’an, prays, spends secretly and openly, he is hoping for a trade gain which never perishes. When someone enters into any investment, he has a capital.

What is your capital in your business with Allaah? Your good deeds – following the Qur’an, praying, giving openly and secretly. You hope that your business will be profitable. And be sure, that if you do everything with sincerity, Allaah will never let your deeds go in vain. It will increase in good and reward.

When they did this in the Dunya, how did Allaah deal with them in the Hereafter?

“That He may pay them their wages in full, and give them (even) more, out of His Grace. Verily! He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Ready to appreciate (good deeds and to recompense).”


About Enlightenment into Islam Center

The Enlightenment into Islam Center is a community of sisters who aim to please Allah by seeking knowledge and calling the people (Muslims as well as non-Muslims) to Tawheed and obedience to Allah by spreading the true knowledge of Islam based on the Qur'an and the Sunnah.

Posted on May 31, 2017, in Ramadan and tagged , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

Jazakom Allaahu khayr, any comments?

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