The Name of Allah العليمAl-‘Aleem [Part 4]
Impacts of Believing in the Name of Allah العليم
In his explanation of Allah’s Name Al-‘Aleem العليم in Fiqh of Names of Allah فقه الأسماء الحسنى, Sheikh Abdur-Razzaq Al-Badr (حفظه الله) said:
Allah mentioned the vastness of His Knowledge in many verses. He said:
a) In Surah Al-An’am [6:80]:
“His people disputed with him. He said: “Do you dispute with me concerning Allah while He has guided me, and I fear not those whom you associate with Allah in worship. (Nothing can happen to me) except when my Lord (Allah) wills something. My Lord comprehends in His Knowledge all things. Will you not then remember?”
Allah’s Knowledge extends to everything. He knows about His worshippers, what they need, how they feel, what they are seeking, and He will accordingly give it to them. But these idols do not have any knowledge; they do not know about your feelings nor needs. So who then deserves to be worshipped? Allah.
b) In Surah Ghafir [40:7]:
“Those (angels) who bear the Throne (of Allah) and those around it glorify the praises of their Lord, and believe in Him, and ask forgiveness for those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah) (saying): “Our Lord! You comprehend all things in mercy and knowledge, so forgive those who repent and follow Your Way, and save them from the torment of the blazing Fire!”
The Bearers of the Throne are above the 7 Heavens, carrying the Throne of Allah. And yet they pray for the believers on earth – specifically those who transgressed against themselves and then repented to Allah.
Allah Knows about the repentance of the people, their real state, if they really feel remorse over the sin and abandoned it. This is why the Angels said, “ربنا وسعت كل شيء رحمة و علما” – “Our Lord! You comprehend all things in mercy and knowledge”
It is as if they are saying: O Allah you know that they committed sins before, and you know what the sin they committed are, and they are repenting to you, and you know if their repentance is true; if they are feeling regret and remorse, because Your Knowledge encompasses everything. So forgive their sins.
If you want forgiveness for your sins, pray as they did. Say “ربي وسعت كل شيء رحمة و علما فاغفرلي” (O my Lord, You encompass everything in mercy and knowledge, so forgive me)
This supplication demonstrates your belief in the Knowledge and Mercy of Allah, and this is more deserving of being accepted. Because Allah taught this دعاء (Invocation) and the manners the Angels have in it to us, in order that we do the same thing.
c) In Surah Ta-Ha [20:98]:
“Your Ilah (God) is only Allah, the One (La ilaha illa Huwa) (none has the right to be worshipped but He). He has full knowledge of all things.”
After mentioning the story of Samiri, Allah mentioned this verse.
Why do we worship Allah alone and no one else? Because His Knowledge encompasses everything, unlike the calf which does not even know about the one worshipping it.
And Allah mentioned that He surrounds everything with His Knowledge. He said:
a) Surah Talaq [65:12]:
“It is Allah Who has created seven heavens and of the earth the like thereof (i.e. seven). His Command descends between them (heavens and earth), that you may know that Allah has power over all things, and that Allah surrounds (comprehends) all things in (His) Knowledge.”
Allah connected His Creation of the whole dominion with His Ability and Knowledge. Allah encompasses everything in His Great Dominion with His Knowledge. Nothing is hidden from His Knowledge; Nothing escapes his Knowledge. He encompasses and surrounds us with His Knowledge.
b) Surah Aal-Imran [3:120]:
“If a good befalls you, it grieves them, but if some evil overtakes you, they rejoice at it. But if you remain patient and become Al-Muttaqun (the pious), not the least harm will their cunning do to you. Surely, Allah surrounds all that they do.”
Allah consoles the believers and threatens the disbelievers in this verse. The state of the disbelievers is that it grieves them whenever they see any good befalling the believers and rejoice when any evil overtakes them. Allah says that no harm will touch you because of their plot, but when will this happen? If you do two things:
1) “تصبروا” – Are Patient
2) “تتقوا” – Practice Taqwa
Then no matter what they plot against you, they will never harm you. Why?
“إن الله يعملون محيط” – (Because) Allah Encompasses everything they do
Do not worry, nor panic, because no matter what they do, no harm of the disbelievers will touch you, as long as you are patient and fear Allah. This is because you have taken the two important means of protection as a means of repulsion of their plot. Allah surrounds them and Allah is Able to repel their plot.
E.g. If, for example, someone comes complaining of the state of the Muslim World, and how the disbelievers are plotting against them, how would you reply to them?
Let them plot. If you are patient and have Taqwa of Allah then no harm will touch you. But the question is, are we patient and have Taqwa? Let every Muslim look into his personal life. When he is at home alone, does he practice Taqwa? Allah promised their plot will not harm you if you are patient and practice Taqwa. This is threat for the disbelievers and a consolation for the believers. If you are patient and Muttaqi do not be afraid, because Allah encompasses everything and surrounds them. Allah is Able to repel their harm, but you need to fear Allah and have patience.
Patience is to hold your tongue from complaining, gossiping, backbiting, etc. We should show patience when calamities befall us, when obeying Allah, when refraining from disobeying Allah. Do we show patience during these situations? If we are alone in our houses, countries, rooms, and no one is with us, do we really practice Taqwa? Then only can we complain that the disbelievers are plotting against us. This verse is a very important verse to understand, especially now, due to the calamities that surround us.
Allah is threatening the disbelievers and hypocrites who are always plotting against the believers; He surrounds their actions with His Knowledge. Allah will turn their plot against them and no harm will touch you.
Therefore, when you know that Allah’s Knowledge encompasses everything, If you are afraid or suspect that someone is plotting against you, you would deal with the situation with Patience and Taqwa.
Taqwa is by acting upon the command of Allah and avoiding the prohibitions of Allah, not by plotting back against the person who plots against you. It is wrong to waste your time plotting in revenge. Usually, the plot is hidden. We do not know about it; but Allah Knows. He Surrounds everything in His Knowledge.
You should just show patience, act upon the command of Allah in all your affairs and abstain from sins, and Allah will repel their plot from you. This applies to any plot and any situation. Do not be afraid and do not plot back against that person, even if you know who it is. And if you do not know, it is not required from you to look for the person who is trying to plot against you is. You should focus on obeying Allah and practicing Taqwa in your life. Their plot will never harm you, because Allah is Able to repel their harm from you. Just be patient and have Taqwa.
There are people who think that if someone did wrong to them it is lawful to backbite about them. But do not backbite, even if you know they are plotting against you. Show patience without complaint and be content with the Qadar of Allah. Their plot will vanish soon. Be at rest. This should be ones attitude throughout his life, regardless of who is plotting against him.
In Surah Fatir [35:43]:
“(They took to flight because of their) arrogance in the land and their plotting of evil. But the evil plot encompasses only him who makes it. Then, can they expect anything (else), but the Sunnah (way of dealing) of the peoples of old? So no change will you find in Allah’s Sunnah (way of dealing), and no turning off will you find in Allah’s Sunnah (way of dealing).”
“و لا يحيق المكر السَّيِّئ إلا بأهله” – “But the evil plot encompasses only him who makes it.”
Allah mentioned that whoever plots evil, sooner or later, this plot will turn back on him. This is the Sunnah of Allah in this life.
A long time ago, there was a second wife who wanted to separate a man from his first wife, and performed magic to separate between the two. After sometime, the first wife was cured by Allah’s Will. When the husband came to know about it, he divorced the second wife. She wanted the husband to divorce that wife, but it came back to her. No one plots evil, regardless of what kind of evil, but it will come back to the doer.
“فلن تجد لسنة الله تبديلا و لن تجد لسنة الله تحويلا” – “So no change will you find in Allah’s Sunnah (way of dealing), and no turning off will you find in Allah’s Sunnah (way of dealing).”
It has always been this way and will always be this way. So do not ever think of plotting against anyone. Leave it to Allah, because Allah Encompasses all what they do in Knowledge.
3) Surah Hud [11:91-92]:
When Shu’ayb عليه السلام told them to ask forgiveness, that Allah is Wadood, they said that they did not understand what he was saying and threatened to kill him. What was Shu’ayb عليه السلام’s response?
The ‘encompassment of Allah’ “إحاطة العلم الله” is mostly used as a response to those who attack or threaten the believers
This has a similar meaning to the verse in Surah Aal-Imran. Allah is Able to repel their plotting and harm. If you go through a similar situation,where someone threatens you, then if you are on the right path, your belief that Allah surrounds and encomapasses everything with His Knowledge should make you strong. As long as you are patient and have Taqwa of Allah, no harm will touch you.
The people of falsehood may sometimes overcome the believers, and this is a test from Allah for your belief and truthfulness. What will you think about Allah? This is exactly what happened to Imam Bukhari رحمه الله. If you go through a similar situation, sooner or later Allah will elevate your fame, or even after your death, or on the Day of Judgement. But have sure belief that this will happen.
In the Dunya the disbelievers are persecuting the believers and you see the situation getting worse and worse. But we have faith and belief that Allah will not let His religion fade away, He will support the believers sooner or later. It may happen during our lifetime or after our death, but be sure that this will happen.
Al-Bukhari went through a calamity at the end of his life. People forged a lie against him in order for people to not to come to his gatherings. They claimed that he had the wrong belief in Allah and the Qur’an. He left his own village, and died. But after his death, Allah elevated his fame. And look at Bukhari رحمه الله, it has been over a 1000 years, and now everyone says Bukhari along with رحمه الله. Millions of people send mercy on him. And his book is the most authentic after the Qur’an. Allah is the One who elevated him. Do not think that relief could be in this Dunya; it could be after your death or on the Day of Judgement, but be sure that the support of Allah will come.
The life of this world is a battle between patience, Taqwa, and your Rights. The one who shows patience and practices Taqwa will take his rights after some time. Look at Yusuf عليه اسلام, who was oppressed by his brothers. After so many years he was elevated by Allah, and his brothers came to him humiliated, whilst begging. And Yusuf عليه السلام said, as Allah mentioned in Surah Yusuf [12:90]:
“They said: “Are you indeed Yusuf (Joseph)?” He said: “I am Yusuf (Joseph), and this is my brother (Benjamin). Allah has indeed been gracious to us. Verily, he who fears Allah with obedience to Him (by abstaining from sins and evil deeds, and by performing righteous good deeds), and is patient, then surely, Allah makes not the reward of the Muhsinun (good-doers) to be lost.”
Do not forget patience and Taqwa. This is your weapon to face the calamities in this life. And Allah will never let the reward of the Good doers – Muhsineen go in vain.
4) In Surah Nisa [4:108]:
“They conceal [their evil intentions and deeds] from the people, but they cannot conceal [them] from Allah , and He is with them [in His knowledge] when they spend the night in such as He does not accept of speech. And ever is Allah of what they do, encompassing.”
This is in the context of the hypocrites. They hide their crimes from men, but not from Allah. When they leave the Prophet ﷺ and go home, they plot at night against him. Most of the verses about the إحاطة العلم الله is regarding plotting, because plotting is usually hidden, and no one knows about it except Allah. This is like a person who is smiling at you and hiding a dagger behind his back to kill you. He does not know that Allah is surrounding him with Knowledge; He knows what is behind is back. This person may say something to you, while he intends evil in his heart.
Allah is with us with His Knowledge, and it encompasses everything. If you have belief in this, you would show shyness before Allah.
You would feel shy to conceal an ill-intention, to say something and do something else, or say something with your tongue while your heart conceals something else, to plot against people, etc.
It is not of the attitude of the believers to plot against others. The one who hides his crime from people and does not hide his crime from Allah is not a sincere person. The sign of sincerity is that the deeds of the person in front of people is the same as when he is alone in his house. There is no difference his state in front of the people nor when he is alone in his house. The praise of the people does not affect him, nor does the blame of the people, nor does the punishment of the people, nor the reward and gifts from the people. He is the same person and performs the same deeds whether the people praise or dispraise him, whether they give him or do not give him, whether he is alone or in public.
What is the problem with the hypocrites – what made them hide their crimes from people? It is the lack of belief that Allah’s knowledge encompasses everything. Because of their weak faith in Allah and that His Knowledge encompasses everything, they show that they are good in front of people, whilst hiding the knife behind their backs. Allah Knows about Everything.