The Name of Allaah: Al-Malik Al-Mulk (Part 6) – Correcting our Tawheed.
Impact no. 5- Knowing the Name of Allaah Al-Malik should make us correct our Tawheed.
Our attachment to Allaah should be strong, since He is Al-Malik Al-Mulk, to Whom belongs the whole dominion. Those other than Him do not own anything – not even a Qitmir (thin membrane over the date stone) or an atom – so only He deserves to be loved, magnified, and called unto. To Allaah belongs the true kingship and none else. Anyone who possesses anything, then what is in their possession is from Allaah.
Although there exists kings, their kingship is temporary and has been given to them by Allaah. Allaah says in Surat Aal-Imran [3:26]:
“Say [O Muhammad (ﷺ)]: ‘O Allaah! Possessor of the kingdom, You give the kingdom to whom You will, and You take the kingdom from whom You will, and You endue with honor whom You will, and You humiliate whom You will. In Your Hand is the good. Verily, You are Able to do all things.’”
Allaah rebuked the polytheists and denied their worship of other than Him of those who are weak, in need, incapable servants who do not own anything like them. In Surat an-Nahl [16:73] Allaah says:
“And they worship others besides Allaah, such as do not and cannot own any provision for them from the heavens or the earth.”
So what makes people commit Shirk?
If Allaah is singled out with perfect great Attributes, then He is the One Who deserves to be worshipped. This is what our Fitrah (natural disposition) dictates – that we should thank those who do good to us. Our natural disposition and sound intellect does not accept that if someone does good to us, we thank someone else. That is oppression. Our Fitrah (natural disposition) tells us that if someone does good to us, we thank him; The One Who owns, we ask Him. The One Who is perfect, we love Him. Our Fitrah accepts Tawheed and rejects Shirk. So why do people commit Shirk? ..
The first reason is because people do not know who Allaah is.
The Definition of Shirk: شراكة (Association) – It is associating something or someone with the Lord in His Rights.
People know that there is no partner with Allaah, but they make partners with regards to His Rights. They think that they have given Allaah His Rights by merely praying and fasting, and can do whatever they want besides that. This is because of their lack of knowledge of Allaah and His great Right upon us. The concept of شراكة (association) is rejected by the intellect. It is not logical to reward someone who failed, nor is it logical to thank someone other than the person who has done good to you. If someone’s favors are continuous upon you, it does not make sense to direct thanks to someone else.
E.g. we repeat Ayatul-Kursi five or six times a day. We are repeating the Name of Allaah, Al-Hayy, Al-Qayyoom.
Al-Qayyoom is the One in charge of His creation. He is قائم بنفسه مقيم لغيره – the Self-Subsisting, the One Who sustains everything else. Think about the blood which is flowing through your veins, and your stomach which is digesting, Allaah is the One in charge of that and He gives the permission for them to function. He is Qayyoom over every organ in our bodies, and this is just a small part of the Qayoomiyah of Allaah. How then can we consider our prayer and fasting to be a fulfillment of Allaah’s rights?
When you eat a meal, then know Allaah has fed you. Every blessing you are enjoying is from Allaah. Thinking about Allaah’s Qayoomiyah makes a person realize who he is and Who Allaah is. Reflecting over the details of Allaah’s Attributes makes a person realize that only Allaah deserves to be worshipped and no one else. The Right of Allaah on his slaves is for them to worship Him alone. Worship is not limited to praying and fasting; it includes the actions of one’s heart. There are approximately six hours between Fajr (dawn) prayer and Dhuhr (noon) prayer, and the true Muwwahid (monotheist) engages in worship during this time. Tawheed is to live as one on the earth for the One Who is in the heavens. If we really know Who Allaah is, we would be engaged in acts of worship in the day and night. We would be engaged in hope, fear, love, supplication, asking forgiveness, relying on Allaah, etc. Our worship should be perpetual; this is the purpose behind our creation.
Remain heedful of the fact that you have a Lord Who is perfect in His Attributes and Who has Rights.
IN CASE YOU’VE MISSED IT:
Impact of believing in the Name of Allah: Al Malek Al Mulk (Impact No. 4)
In Surat al-Isra’a [17:56-57] Allaah says:
“Say [O Muhammad (ﷺ)]:”Call unto those besides Him whom you pretend [to be gods like angels, ‘Eesa (Jesus), ‘Uzair (Ezra), etc.]. They have neither the power to remove the adversity from you, nor even to shift it from you to another person.”
Allaah informs us of a fact: “فلا يملكون كشف الضر عنكم و لا تحويلا” – Those whom you call besides Allaah do not own the power to remove adversity from you, nor can they shift it to another person.
Then, in verse 57, Allaah informs us of another fact:
“Those whom they call upon [like ‘Eesa (Jesus) – son of Maryam (Mary), ‘Uzair (Ezra), angel, etc.] desire (for themselves) means of access to their Lord (Allaah), as to which of them should be the nearest and they [‘Eesa (Jesus), ‘Uzair (Ezra), angels, etc.] hope for His Mercy and fear His Torment. Verily, the Torment of your Lord is something to be afraid of!”
These people whom they are calling are engaged in the worship of Allaah themselves. That is:
1) “يبتغون إلى ربهم الرسيلة” – They seek every means and perform every deed seeking the nearness of Allaah.
2) “يرجون رحمته” – They themselves hope for the mercy of Allaah.
3) “و يخافون عذابه” – They are afraid of His torment.
If this is their state, it indicates they are in need. They are in need of the mercy of Allaah, they are in need of Allaah to protect them from His punishment, etc. Allaah therefore rebuked those who call the righteous people, whilst they themselves are calling Allaah. Allaah says they neither have the power to remove harm from them, nor can they shift it to someone else.
Three attributes of the monotheist stem from this verse:
1) Seeking nearness to Allaah
2) Hoping for the mercy of Allaah
3) Fearing Allaah
From this verse, how do you refute the claim of those who call unto righteous people, saying that they call unto them because they have a high special status with Allaah?
We do not deny that the righteous people attained a great status with Allaah. However, the people of Shirk believe that their (the righteous people) status with Allaah enables them to control and manage the affairs of the universe. They believe that Allaah has given them some of His attributes. These are unfounded claims. We have evidence which refutes them. Allaah says:
“لا يملكون كشف الضر عنهم و لا تحويلا” – They have neither the power to remove the adversity from you nor even to shift it from you to another person.
And He said that they themselves do good deeds to please Allaah, hope for his mercy, and fear Him.
Allaah has never given His managing of the affairs to anyone. He is Al-Malik Al-Mulk; He is the One who disposes the affairs of His dominion and no one else. This does not mean we deny كرامات (miracles). Allaah honors some of the righteous people with miracles, however these miracles do not entail that we worship them. The miracle is particular to him, not for the people to take him as a partner with Allaah.
The Prophet (ﷺ) was given many miracles, such as the splitting of the moon. This does not mean that we worship him; rather it indicates his truthfulness – that he is a Prophet of Allaah. A person may be given a miracle, but he will not be given an attribute of Allaah.
If you approach someone and tell him that what he is doing is Shirk, he usually gets angry and does not accept what you say. Why?
The second reason behind Shirk:
When Allaah created Adam (عليه السلام), He particularized him with علم الأسماء (the knowledge of all the names of things). In Surat al-Baqarah [2:31] Allaah says:
“And He taught Adam all the names (of everything), then He showed them to the angels and said: ‘Tell Me the names of these if you are truthful.’”
Your thoughts are corrected when you give everything its correct name. Your thoughts become unclear and incorrect when you give things their wrong names.
In Surat al-A’raaf [7:71]:
“(Hud) said: “Torment and wrath have already fallen on you from your Lord. Dispute you with me over names which you have named – you and your fathers, with no authority from Allaah? Then wait, I am with you among those who wait.’”
Shirk is names. The polytheists didn’t call the idols idols; they gave them names which Allaah did not send down. The people allocated these names for them and thus worshipped them.
In Surat an-Najm [53:23]:
“They are but names which you have named, you and your fathers, for which Allaah has sent down no authority. They follow but a guess and that which they themselves desire, whereas there has surely come to them the Guidance from their Lord!”
People played with the names. They have given the wrong things good names and thus confused the people and themselves. Worshipping idols is Shirk, but they don’t call it Shirk. They gave it names which made people direct their worship to these idols. And this is not limited to Shirk – nowadays this is a war. People call the Hijab ‘oppression’, the share of the inheritance of the woman ‘oppression’; so when people hear the word oppression, and because our natural instinct does not like oppression, people have an aversion to the symbols of Allaah. Also people have called riba, interest, which is an attractive name to most people.
Allaah mentions this in the Qur’an because it is an important knowledge.
The Prophet (ﷺ) called his people to Tawheed, which our natural disposition accepts. His uncle would be behind him calling him a mad man, a magician, a poet, etc. The names they gave the Prophet (ﷺ) caused many Arab tribes to reject the Da’wah of the Prophet (ﷺ), although he was calling to the truth. Do not think that names do not have an effect on the heart; they have a great effect. So, we should use the right names for the right things.
There is a continuation to this post. Read it here.
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