The Name of Allaah: Al-Malik Al-Mulk (Part 6) – Correcting our Tawheed [Contd.]

This post is an extension to the previously posted article under the same title,  in which we explained what makes people commit shirk today and how does one go about refuting the claims of those who call unto righteous people, saying that they call unto them because they have a high special status with Allaah.

As for this very post, we will begin with verses from surat an-Saba [34:22-23]:

“Say: [O Muhammad ﷺ  to those polytheists, pagans, etc.] “Call upon those whom you assert (to be associate gods) besides Allaah, they possess not even the weight of an atom (or a small ant), either in the heavens or on the earth, nor have they any share in either, nor is there for Him any supporter from among them.”

“Intercession with Him profits not, except for him whom He permits. Until when fear is banished from their (angels) hearts, they (angels) say: ‘What is it that your Lord has said?’ They say: ‘The truth.’ And He is the Most High, the Most Great.”

Allaah mentions four characteristics of those whom they call besides Allaah:

1) “لا يملكون مثقال ذرة في السماوات و لا في الأرض” – They do not own even the weight of an atom in the heavens or earth

2) “و ما لهم فيهما من شرك” – They do not have any share with Allaah in the dominion

3) “و ما له منهم من ظهير” – Allaah does not take any of them as supporters or helpers 

4) “و لا تنفع الشفاعة عنده إلا لمن أذن له” – And intercession with Allaah will not be beneficial unless He gives permission.

Ibn Al-Qayyim (رحمه الله) said regarding this verse, that Allaah has refuted all the pretense that the polytheists adhere to. The polytheists worship either idols or trees, stones, graves, a dead person(s), stars, etc. They worship their idols in order to receive benefit and repel harm. However, those who are asked to bring benefit and repel harm should have one of the following characteristics:

a) They should possess what the worshipper asks them 

b) They should be partners with the possessor of the dominion 

c) They should be a helper or supporter to the possessor of the dominion 

d) They should at least be intercessors if they are neither owners, partners, or helpers. And Allaah negated their ownership of intercession as well. 

Allaah negated their possession, partnership, help, and intercession. The polytheists use one of these four excuses to worship their idols. 

This verse is sufficient support for Tawheed and it uproots Shirk from the hearts of the people if they are truthful. 

In Surat Az-Zumar [39:43-44]: 

 أمِ اتَّخَذُوا مِن دُونِ اللَّـهِ شُفَعَاءَ قُلْ أَوَلَوْ كَانُوا لَا يَمْلِكُونَ شَيْئًا وَلَا يَعْقِلُونَ

“Have they taken others as intercessors besides Allaah? Say: ‘Even if they have power over nothing whatever and have no intelligence?’”

 قُل لِّلَّـهِ الشَّفَاعَةُ جَمِيعًا ۖ لَّهُ مُلْكُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۖ ثُمَّ إِلَيْهِ تُرْجَعُونَ

“Say: ‘To Allaah belongs all intercession. His is the Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth, then to Him you shall be brought back.’”

To Allaah belongs perfect knowledge; nothing is hidden from Him of His creation, to Him belongs the perfect power and ability, and to Him belongs the perfect rulership and decision. Allaah does not need intercessors to intercede with Him because He knows about everyone and everything in detail. The problem with the polytheists is that they resembled Allaah with the kings of this world. The kings of this world are humans, and their knowledge is thus deficient. They do not know everything that is going on in their kingdom. Also, their power is deficient; they do not have power over everyone and everything. Therefore, they need intercessors and partners. They defamed Allaah and attributed deficient attributes to Him when they compared Him to the kings of this world. 

Allaah negated intercession from other than Him in Surat Maryam [19:87]:

لَّا يَمْلِكُونَ الشَّفَاعَةَ إِلَّا مَنِ اتَّخَذَ عِندَ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ عَهْدًا

“None shall have the power of intercession, but such a one as has received permission (or promise) from the Most Beneficent (Allaah).”

And in Surat Az-Zukhruf [43:86]:

 وَلَا يَمْلِكُ الَّذِينَ يَدْعُونَ مِن دُونِهِ الشَّفَاعَةَ إِلَّا مَن شَهِدَ بِالْحَقِّ وَهُمْ يَعْلَمُونَ

“And those whom they invoke instead of Him have no power of intercession; except those who bear witness to the truth (i.e. believed in the Oneness of Allaah, and obeyed His Orders), and they know (the facts about the Oneness of Allaah).”

As-Sa’dee (رحمه الله) said regarding the verse in Surat Az-Zumar,

ينكر الله تعالى على من اتخد من دونه شفعاء يتعلق بهم و يسألهم و يعبدهم {قل} مبينا جهلهم و أنها لا تستحق شيئا من العبادة {أولو كانوا} أي: من اتخذتم من الشفعاء {لا يملكون شيئا} أي: لا مثقال ذرة في السماوات و لا في الأرض و لا أصغر من ذلك و لا أكبر بل و ليس لهم عقل يستحقون أن يمدحوا به لأنها جامدات: من أحجار و أشجار و صور و أموات {قل} لهم: {لله الشفاعة جميعا} لأن الأمر كله لله و كل شفيع فهو يخافه و لا يقدر أن يشفع عنده أحد إلا بإذنه، فإذا أراد رحمة عبده أذن للشفيع الكريم عنده أن يشفع رحمة بالإثنين. ثم قرر أن الشفاعة كلها له بقوله {له الملك السماوات و الأرض} أي: جميع ما فيهما من الذوات و الأفعال و الصفات فالواجب أن تطلب الشفاعة ممن يملكها و تخلص له العبادة {ثم إليه ترجعون} فجازي المخلص له بالثواب الجزيل و من أشرك به بالعذاب الوبيل

Allaah denied those who take other than Him as intercessors; attaching themselves to them, asking them, and worshipping them. [Say (O Muhammad ﷺ )] demonstrating their ignorance and that they do not deserve the least of worship [Even if they] Meaning: those who are taken as intercessors [do not own anything] Meaning: Not an atom in the heavens nor on the earth, nor smaller than that nor greater. They do not even have intelligence which makes them deserve praise because they are inanimate beings: Stones and trees and pictures and dead. [Say (O Muhammad ﷺ )] to them: [to Allaah belongs all intercession] because the matter belongs to Allaah in entirety, and all those who intercede fear him and are not able to intercede with Him without His permission. So if Allaah intends mercy for His slave, He gives permission to the intercessor who is honored with Him to intercede, as a mercy for them both. Then Allaah established that intercession only belongs to Him by saying [To Him belongs the dominion of the heavens and earth] Meaning: all that is in them of beings and actions and attributes, so the answer is to seek intercession from the One Who owns it, and to devote acts of worship to Him alone. [Then you will be returned to Him] so He will recompense those who are sincere to Him, with great reward and those who ascribe partners to Him, with a detrimental punishment.

All types of intercession belong to Allaah alone and no one else because all what is in the heavens and the earth belong to Allaah. This is Tawheed.


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About Enlightenment into Islam Center

The Enlightenment into Islam Center is a community of sisters who aim to please Allah by seeking knowledge and calling the people (Muslims as well as non-Muslims) to Tawheed and obedience to Allah by spreading the true knowledge of Islam based on the Qur'an and the Sunnah.

Posted on February 9, 2018, in The Name of Allaah: Al-Malek Al-Mulk. Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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