The Name of Allaah: Al-Malik Al-Mulk (Part 11)
#6 – Since Allaah is Al-Malik, He should be obeyed.
In the Story of the Cow in Surat Al-Baqarah [2:67]:
“And (remember) when Musa [Moses (عليه السلام)] said to his people: ‘Verily, Allaah commands you that you slaughter a cow.’ They said: ‘Do you make fun of us?’ He said: ‘I take refuge in Allaah from being among Al-Jahilun (the ignorant or the foolish).’“
This event occurred after Bani Israeel were rescued by Allaah and they crossed the sea and were safe in the land. The story begins with Musa (عليه السلام) commanding them to slaughter a cow, without the reason being mentioned. This tells you that:
1) Whenever you relate an event or any story, you should start with the most important matter. Why Allaah commanded them to slaughter the cow is not important. What is important is that Allaah commanded them to slaughter a cow.
Allaah had ordered them to slaughter a cow because a man was killed, and Bani Israeel disputed as to who the killer was. They went to Musa (عليه السلام) to solve their dispute. Allaah commanded Musa (عليه السلام) to tell them to slaughter a cow.
“إن الله يأمركم” – Verily Allaah commands you
Musa (عليه السلام) said: Allaah is commanding you. Not me; not Musa.
And yet they replied:
“آتتخذنا هزوا” – Do you make fun of us?
They showed stubbornness and lagged behind from obeying the command of Allaah. If they were truly seeking the truth, they would have immediately obeyed. But this indicates that they were not truthful.
Also, they tried to understand the command of Allaah with their logic. If it was acceptable to their logic, they would do it. If it was not, they would not do it.
What was the wisdom behind commanding them to slaughter a cow and not any other cattle? Because as soon as Bani Israeel were saved by Allaah, they worshipped the calf. Allaah wanted to pluck out that Aqeedah (belief) from the heart of Bani Israeel; to tell them that the cow is for slaughtering, not for worshipping.
It is also said that Pharaoh would wear a necklace with the image of a calf, and this was their Aqeedah which they adopted from Pharaoh, although Pharaoh was killing and persecuting them. This is the state of people who feel inferior; they imitate their superiors, like the Muslim youth do. The enemies of Islam attack and abuse Islam, and the Muslim youth imitate the disbelievers, even though the enemies of Islam hate us.
Bani Israeel and the likes of them, i.e. hypocrites and disbelievers, look at the command of Allaah as:
a) Opposing their logic
b) Causing them to digress, not progress
c) Having no worldly benefit for them. If there is worldly benefit, they obey; if not, they disobey.
The true believers and the followers of the Messengers are from the group of “سمعنا و أطعنا” (we hear and we obey), whereas the disbelievers and the hypocrites are from the group of “أتتخذنا هزوا” (do you make fun of us?). Surat Al-Baqarah, from its beginning to end, is about these two groups of people. Which group are you from?
2) When Bani Israeel did not obey the command of Allaah, it was due to سوء الظن بالله (bad thinking about Allaah) and His Messenger, Musa (عليه السلام).
Many of those who do not obey the command of Allaah have this problem. They think bad about Allaah, which is a result of their lack of knowledge about Allaah. They do not know that Allaah is All-Wise when He commands something, even if their minds cannot comprehend the wisdom.
“قال أعوذ بالله أن أكون من الجاهلين’ – I seek refuge with Allaah from being one of the ignorant
3) Mocking or joking with regards to religious matters is something very grievous;- it is a type of ignorance. This is why Musa (عليه السلام) sought refuge with Allaah. Whenever one hears people making fun of the Religion of Allaah, he should seek refuge with Allaah.
4) Ignorance is one of the ugliest descriptions which one should not be attributed with.
Everyone should seek knowledge.
“They said: ‘Call upon your Lord for us that He may make plain to us what it is!’ He said: “He says: ‘Verily, it is a cow neither too old nor too young, but (it is) between the two conditions’, so do what you are commanded.’”
“قالوا ادع لنا ربك” – They said: Call upon your Lord for us
They said “your Lord” as if Allaah was only the Lord of Musa (عليه السلام) and not their Lord as well.
“يُبين لنا ما هي” – that He may make plain to us what it is
Action of Allaah
“يُبين” – Allaah makes clear
When one goes through any dispute or any matter which is unclear, he should ask Allaah by this action first; i.e. to make it clear.
(اللهم بين لي)
Bani Israeel showed partial submission here, but they were still looking for the reason behind slaughtering the cow.
“إنها بقرة لا فارض و لا بكر عوان بين ذلك” – Verily, it is a cow neither too old nor too young, but it is between the two conditions
Again, Allaah intends to pluck out Bani Israeel’s belief in the cow. There was a time when the cow was born, and later it will become old and die. God is not attributed with this description, thus the cow is not deserving of being worshipped. Bani Israeel should have benefited from knowing the age of the cow.
Allaah commanded them to slaughter any cow, but they were severe upon themselves. The Religion is easy, but whoever makes it difficult on themselves, Allaah will make it difficult for them.
“فافعلوا ما تؤمرون”- So do what you are commanded
This indicates the obligation of adhering to the command of Allaah.
“They said: ‘Call upon your Lord for us to make plain to us its color.” He said: “He says: ‘It is a yellow cow, bright in its color, pleasing to the beholders.'”
This is one of the favors of Allaah upon us. Allaah is the One Who created the colors in the world and they have an effect on the heart. One of the effects of colors is their benefit of bringing joy to the heart.
“They said: ‘Call upon your Lord for us to make plain to us what it is. Verily to us all cows are alike. And surely, if Allaah wills, we will be guided.”
“و إنا إن شاء الله لمهتدون” – And surely, if Allaah wills, we will be guided
Here, they joined their action to the will of Allaah. They either mean:
a) We entrust our affairs to Allaah; if Allaah wills He will guide us.
b) If we fail, Allaah did not will it for us. They wanted to use the will of Allaah as an excuse for not carrying out the command.
When you say “إن شاء الله” you should resolve to do the matter. Meaning, whenever you intend to do any matter, you should take the means and put forth effort, and if Allaah wills for you to get it, you will get it, and if He does not will for you to get it, you won’t.
“He [Musa (Moses)] said: “He says: ‘It is a cow neither trained to till the soil nor water the fields, sound, having no other color except bright yellow.’ “They said: ‘Now you have brought the truth.’ So they slaughtered it though they were near to not doing it.”
This was also to tell Bani Israeel that the cow is not for worshipping, it is for sowing seeds and watering the fields. To show them the lowliness of the matter that they worshipped.
“و ما كادوا يفعلون” – Though they were near to not doing it
Bani Israeel were so slow in their obedience to Allaah. Even if performing good deeds became easy for them, they showed laziness.
Then Allaah mentioned why they were commanded to slaughter the cow:
“And (remember) when you killed a man and fell into dispute among yourselves as to the crime. But Allaah brought forth that which you were hiding.”
“والله مخرج ما كنتم تكتمون”
مخرج is a restricted name of Allaah.
From this we learn: Do not hide in your heart except what pleases you if Allaah brings it forth before the people.
We have to continuously check and inspect our hearts.
“So We said: ‘Strike him (the dead man) with a piece of it (the cow).’ Thus Allaah brings the dead to life and shows you His Ayaat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) so that you may understand.”
Actions of Allaah
- a) “قلنا” – Allaah speaks
- b) “يحي” – Allaah gives life
- c) “يريكم” – Allaah shows you His signs
One of the supplications of the Salaf was:
اللهم أرنا الحق حقا و أرزقنا اتباعه و أرنا الباطل باطلا و أرزقنا اجتنابه
O Allaah, show us the truth as truth and help us follow it, and show us the falsehood as falsehood and help us avoid it.
When you supplicate, invoke Allaah with actions He affirmed to Himself in the Qur’an and Sunnah.
When you are in distress and you do not know the wisdom behind the matter, ask Allaah to show you the wisdom, the signs, the way. Use this action of Allaah.
E.g. A wife is doing everything and her husband’s heart is turned away from her. Later, Allaah shows her the wisdom behind the matter she went through. Allaah is the One Who showed her.
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Posted on January 24, 2019, in Allah's Names and Attributes, The Name of Allaah: Al-Malek Al-Mulk, Uncategorized and tagged Al- Mulk, Al-Malik, Allah's Names and Attributes, Lecture Transcripts. Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.