The Name of Allaah: Al-Malik Al-Mulk (Part 12)

Surat Al-Baqarah is the longest Surah in the Qur’an. It was revealed upon the Prophet (salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) over a 10 year period.

Theme of the Surah: This Surah mainly consists of التشريعات (At-Tashree-aat) legislations.

Ibn Taymiyah (رحمه الله) said: “The basis of every legislation in the Qur’an is in Surat Al-Baqarah.”

Name of the Surah: سورة البقرة Surat Al-Baqarah (The Cow)

Connection between the name and the theme of the Surah: Allaah warns us against being like Bani Israeel. The command of Allaah came to them and they showed stubbornness and did not comply with it. As a result, Allaah took the caliphate from Bani Israeel and gave it to the Muslim nation.

What should our attitude be as a Muslim nation? We should say: “سمعنا و أطعنا” (We hear and we obey). We should not be like Bani Israeel who said “أتتخذنا هزوا” (Do you make fun of us?)

Lessons from the Story of the Cow

#1 – This story shows the bad manners of Bani Israeel with their Lord and His Messenger Musa (عليه السلام).

This is shown when they said “أتتخذنا هزوا” (Do you make fun of us?) and “ادع لنا ربك” (Invoke your Lord for us).

#2 – Bani Israeel tried to use their logic to judge the command of Allaah.

Allaah granted us logic so that we would contemplate His signs; not to use it to object to His laws and commands.

Bani Israeel came to Musa (عليه السلام) complaining about the Fitnah of the killed person and not knowing the killer, and Musa (عليه السلام) told them that Allaah commanded them to slaughter the cow. They said: “أتتخذنا هزوا” (Do you make fun of us?)

It is as if they said: “O Musa, we are asking you about a killing, and you are telling us to slaughter a cow.

We came to you because we are undecided as to who the killer is, and you suggest that we do something that is not relative to what happened.”

Because they did not understand the relation, they did not comply with the command of Allaah. This indicates that they had bad thoughts about Allaah. It was as if they accused Allaah of being unwise and commanding them with something unreasonable. This was because they judged using their logic. They dealt with their Messenger like an opponent, not like a Messenger of Allaah. They accused Musa (عليه السلام) of not conveying the knowledge correctly, forgetting that he was a Messenger who was inspired by Allaah.

This is what people who follow their desires do. Only if their logic accepts do they obey.

E.g. you tell some Muslims that one of the means of enrichment is to get married. They say that there is more responsibility in marriage and question how they can say it is a means of enrichment.

Allaah says in Surat An-Nur [24:32]:

“And marry those among you who are single (i.e. a man who has no wife and the woman who has no husband) and (also marry) the Salihun (pious, fit and capable ones) of your (male) slaves and maid-servants (female slaves). If they be poor, Allaah will enrich them out of His Bounty. And Allaah is All-Sufficient for His creatures’ needs, All-Knowing (about the state of the people).”

This is a promise from Allaah and Allaah never fails to keep His promise.

A boy wants to get married and he is approaching his thirties, and his family tells him to wait until he can save enough money for marriage. Let him get married and you will see how Allaah will enrich them. You will be responsible in front of Allaah for delaying his marriage.

Marriage is a responsibility, but it is not a means of poverty. The problem with people is that they look at this matter through the lens of the Dunya. They do not believe in the bounty and blessing بركة from Allaah. For them, 1+1=2, so their faith never reaches the level of certainty. If Allaah said He will enrich them, He will enrich them. But people are lacking in faith. They are like the group of “أتتخذنا هزوا” (Are you making fun of us?)

E.g. you meet someone who is worried and concerned over a worldly matter which Allaah has already pre-decreed. You tell him: Entrust your affair to Allaah and He will take care of you. Say حسبنا الله و نعم الوكيل  (Allaah is Sufficient for us and He is the best of Guardians).

They will look at you saying they want another solution, a solution one can put in his hand. They tell you to be realistic; there are no means.

If you have no means, then call unto Allaah الأول (Al-Awwal) to bring the means into existence.

E.g. someone is in distress. You tell her: Ask forgiveness from Allaah. Allaah says in Surat Hud [11:52]:

“And O my people! Ask forgiveness of your Lord and then repent to Him. He will send you (from the sky) abundant rain, and add strength to your strength, so do not turn away as Mujrimun (criminals, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allaah).”

And in Surat Nuh [71:10-12]:

“I said (to them): ‘Ask forgiveness from your Lord; Verily, He is Oft-Forgiving; He will send rain to you in abundance; And give you increase in wealth and children, and bestow on you gardens and bestow on you rivers.

Or you say: Send Salaat upon the Prophet (salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) profusely.

In the Hadeeth:

قال أبي: قلت يا رسول اللّه إني أكثر الصلاة عليك فكم أجعل لك من صلاتي؟ قال: “ما شئت” قلت الربع، قال: “ما شئت فإن زدت فهو خير لك” قلت: فالنصف قال: {ما شئت فإن زدت فهو خير لك” قلت: فالثلثين، قال: “ما شئت فإن زدت فهو خير لك” قلت أجعل لك صلاتي كلها، قال: “إذن تكفي همك ويغفر لك ذنبك”

Ubayy bin Ka’b said: “O Messenger of Allaah, I make much Salawat upon you as a habit. How much of my prayer should I devote to you?” The Prophet (salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: “As much as you like.” Ubayy said: “A quarter?” The Prophet (salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: “As you like, but if you add to that it would be better for you.” Ubayy then mentioned a third, then a half, then two thirds, and always the Prophet (salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) answered: “As you like, but if you add to that it would be better for you.” Finally Ubayy said: “Ya Rasulallaah inni uridu an aj`ala salaati kullaha lak” – “O Messenger of Allaah, I want to devote my entire prayer (i.e. Du`a) to you.” Whereupon the Prophet (salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: “Then your worries would be sufficed and your sins would be forgiven.” [At-Tirmidhi]

Some people may make استغفار (Istighfaar), i.e. to seek forgiveness and repent to Allaah, then wait for the provision of Allaah. Remember that the promise of Allaah is true, but it will not always come according to our desires. It will come at the time Allaah has decreed. Allaah may postpone the relief to test your faith and truthfulness.

We have two problems:

a) الجهل – Ignorance

b) Judging the law using logic

The intellect should not object to the revelation. Whenever the intellect is used to oppose the revelation, Allaah’s anger will descend upon the person. “المغضوب عليهم “ (Maghdoobi alayhim)  ‘Those whom Allaah is angry with’ are the Jews, and one of the actions they did was that they judged the Shari’ah of Allaah with their mind.

E.g. there are people who say: If the Prophet (salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) was alive now, he would change the legislation. We are in the 21st century and have airplanes, so how can you say that a woman cannot travel except with a Mahram?

The meaning of their statement is that Allaah does not know the future or that the Prophet (salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) did not complete the mission that Allaah entrusted him with. Allaah says in Surat Al-Maa’idah [5:3]:

الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الْإِسْلَامَ دِينًا

“This day I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favor upon you, and have chosen for you, Islam as your religion.”

With the death of the Prophet (salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam), the Religion was completed. There is no addition to it.

Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه) narrated: “There is no good that brings us closer to Paradise except that the Prophet (salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) taught it to us and there is no evil that leads us to the Hellfire except that the Prophet (salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) warned us against it.”

#3 – When the Islamic law commands us with a command, it is obligatory upon us to hasten towards acting upon it. It is not enough just to obey; we should also hasten towards applying that command. Hastening indicates strong resolution. When Bani Israeel asked many questions, it indicated their weak resolution. They carried out the command only after a long discussion with Musa (عليه السلام).

Showing laziness is the state of the hypocrites and the state of Bani Israeel. Allaah said in many verses that when the hypocrites get up for prayer, they get up with laziness.

We are required to have “عزيمة” (‘azeema) ‘determination’ to act upon the command, especially during the virtuous seasons. We are in the month of Rajab, which is one of the sacred months of Allaah, in which good deeds are multiplied in reward and evil deeds are more severe. Today the matter is different from yesterday. As soon as the believer enters this virtuous season, he shows increase in performing good deeds. Stubbornly asking questions indicates that the person does not want to carry out the command.

In Surat At-Tawbah [9:46] Allaah says:

“And if they had intended to march out, certainly, they would have made some preparation for it, but Allaah was averse to their being sent forth, so He made them lag behind, and it was said (to them): ‘Sit you among those who sit (at home).’”

Allaah called all the believers to march forth to participate in the battle of Tabuk, but the hypocrites clung to the earth. They came to the Prophet (salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) giving excuses. All these excuses indicated that they did not want to march forth in battle; therefore Allaah removed the resolution from their hearts and they stayed behind. The gate to perform the good deed was closed for them, because Allaah disliked their marching forth for the battle. “التثبيط” (At-Tathbeet) is a punishment because of their bad intention.

Obedience to Allaah requires hastiness and avoiding “وسواس” (waswaas) ‘whispers’. When some people are commanded to perform any action, they reconsider and think and invent questions. These are all indications that the Shaytaan has overpowered these people. It does not indicate Taqwa. Repeating the Wudu’ and the Salaat many times is all from the Shaytaan.

E.g. to say when you receive evidence: How come? What if?

E.g. in Hajj there are prohibitions one should avoid, like cutting the hair. Because some people are excessive, they do not even touch or comb their hair. This is all from the Shaytaan. Know what is required from you and do it. Do not ask questions which have not happened and do not ask questions improperly.

Shaytaan has two ways: He takes some to extremes and makes others lazy, depending on the nature of the person.

If you become too strict, people will abandon the Religion or the act of worship. This is why we should go back to the first advice of the Shaikh; be gentle when you teach people their Religion.

#4 – العناد (stubbornness) is of the characteristics that prevents people from guidance. The questions of Bani Israeel were questions of people who are stubborn. They dealt with Musa

(عليه السلام) as if he had not given them sufficient knowledge. If they truly sought guidance, Allaah would have guided them. Do not be stubborn, especially when you are given any ruling or verdict in the Religion. You will not be guided in any situation where you have stubbornness.

E.g. when there is crowding in the Haram, the police close some pathways and open others. You only have one way to go. There are some people who do not listen and go the opposite way. This is because of stubbornness. Because they do this they will face a lot of difficulty, get lost, and may not reach their destination except after a long time. If they follow the rules, they will reach the way quickly.

Obey when you are told something, especially if the command comes from people who have authority over you. When those in charge institute rules, do not ask why.

Stubbornness prevents guidance.

Do not think that the example of Bani Israeel is not there in our lives as Muslims. People nowadays resemble Bani Israeel in all aspects of their lives. Allaah does not tell us the story of Bani Israeel except to warn us from being like that. We should be from among the party of the Prophet (salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) and his companions who say: “سمعنا و أطعنا” (We hear and we obey).

Wherever you are, obey the commands, and you will be rewarded for it.

In Surat An-Nisaa’ [4:59]:

“O you who believe! Obey Allaah and obey the Messenger [Muhammad (salla Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam)], and those of you (Muslims) who are in authority. (And) if you differ in anything amongst yourselves, refer it to Allaah and His Messenger if you believe in Allaah and in the Last Day. That is better and more suitable for final determination.”

Those who are in authority have made it a law (in some countries) that when you drive you have to wear a seatbelt. No one checks in every car to see who wears his seat belt. If you do that with the intention of acting upon this verse, you will be rewarded for it. And if you do not do that because no one can see you, you did not act upon this verse in the Qur’an. It will be a plea against you. This is a simple example – apply it to everything in your life.

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About Enlightenment into Islam Center

The Enlightenment into Islam Center is a community of sisters who aim to please Allah by seeking knowledge and calling the people (Muslims as well as non-Muslims) to Tawheed and obedience to Allah by spreading the true knowledge of Islam based on the Qur'an and the Sunnah.

Posted on February 6, 2019, in Allah's Names and Attributes, The Name of Allaah: Al-Malek Al-Mulk and tagged , , . Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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